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Monte Valerio, Campiglia Marittima, Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge), Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Monte ValerioMountain
Campiglia Marittima- not defined -
Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)- not defined -
Livorno ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 2' 53'' North , 10° 35' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Lumiere154 (2014)0.5km
Venturina9,004 (2014)2.5km
Campiglia Marittima1,379 (2014)2.7km
Cafaggio407 (2014)4.3km
San Carlo256 (2014)5.5km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Monte Valerio, Campiglia Marittima, Campigliese (Monti di Campiglia), Provincia di Livorno, Toscana, Italia


Sn-W-As-Bi deposit at Monte Valerio, about 1.5 km SW of Campiglia Marittima.

The primary ore deposit, which contains cassiterite, pyrite, arsenopyrite, scheelite, and bismuthinite, is part of a Sn-W-As-Bi belt (Monte Valerio-Santa Caterina-Campo alle Buche) located along the western side of the buried monzogranite intrusion of Botro ai Marmi. Several arsenates have also been discovered within the oxidised ore portions.

To the east of Monte Valerio proper, on the western flank of the hill known as Monte Fumacchio, several narrow and labyrinthic tunnels were anciently dug in limestone, apparently to follow masses of iron hydroxides. These tunnels were known in the 19th century as the "Cento Camerelle" (i.e. "Hundred Roomlts"). In the second half of the 19th century, the British company Hollway tried to newly exploit the iron ore. In 1875 the mining engineer Frèdèric Blanchard observed that some of the exploited ore was unusually heavy and sent it to the laboratory for chemical analyses. The greyish-green to black ore proved to be pure cassiterite, admixed with minor iron hydroxides. Other occurrences of cassiterite in association with "limonite" were discovered eastwards, at Cavina, and westwards on Monte Valerio proper. The high-grade cassiterite deposit (up to 70 wt.% of Sn), discovered by Blanchard in the area of the ancient excavations (Cento Camerelle-Cavina), was exploited for only few years, due to its small over-all size. But it was just the near-surface expression of the large low-grade deposit of Monte Valerio (ca. 0.4 wt.% of Sn), intensively exploited until 1946. During the autarkic period (1930s and '40s), the company Società Stagno Italiana di Monte Valerio, belonging to the state-owned mining entrprise AMMI (Aziende Minerarie Metalli Italiani), exploited both the eastern (Cento Camerelle-Cavina-Discenderia Dux workings) and the western (Santa Barbara stope and Pozzo 2) sectors of the tin deposit. Mining operations definitively ceased in 1948.

Although most of the ancient (Etruscan?) workings, named Cento Camerelle in the 19th century, were destroyed by the works performed in the 1930s and 1940s, some parts remained visible until the end of the 1950s. Later, as a consequence of limestone quarrying, carried out by the company Sales on all the southern slope of Monte Valerio, the Cento Camerelle remnants have been almost completely erased, as well as most of the workings performed during the autarkic period.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Aloisi P., 1907. Adamina di Monte Valerio (Campiglia Marittima). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Proc. Verb., 16: 3-8; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 866.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Bertolani M., 1948. Sulla presenza della scorodite e dell'anglesite a Monte Valerio (Campiglia Marittima). Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei, Rend., 4: 451-456.
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Dini A., Senesi F. (2013): I giacimenti di Sn-W-As. Monte Valerio, Pozzatello, Santa Caterina, Botro ai Marmi e Campo alle Buche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 84-92.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: F. Cuteri & I. Mascaro (1995) - Colline Metallifere. Inventario del patrimonio minerario e mineralogico. Aspetti naturalistici e storico-archeologici. - Dip. Ambiente Regione Toscana.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: F. Cuteri & I. Mascaro (1995) - Colline Metallifere. Inventario del patrimonio minerario e mineralogico. Aspetti naturalistici e storico-archeologici. - Dip. Ambiente, Regione Toscana
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Aloisi P., 1915. Note di mineralogia toscana. Cassiterite di Campiglia Marittima. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 30: 216-218.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: F. Cuteri & I. Mascaro (1995) - Colline Metallifere. Inventario del patrimonio minerario e mineralogico. Aspetti naturalistici e storico-archeologici. - Dip. Ambiente, Regione Toscana
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: F. Cuteri & I. Mascaro (1995) - Colline Metallifere. Inventario del patrimonio minerario e mineralogico. Aspetti naturalistici e storico-archeologici. - Dip. Ambiente, Regione Toscana
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Dini A., Senesi F. (2013): I giacimenti di Sn-W-As. Monte Valerio, Pozzatello, Santa Caterina, Botro ai Marmi e Campo alle Buche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 84-92.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: E. Manasse (1899) - Analisi chimica della limonite di Monte Valerio. - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Proc. Verb., 12.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: ini A., Senesi F. (2013): I giacimenti di Sn-W-As. Monte Valerio, Pozzatello, Santa Caterina, Botro ai Marmi e Campo alle Buche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 84-92.
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: ini A., Senesi F. (2013): I giacimenti di Sn-W-As. Monte Valerio, Pozzatello, Santa Caterina, Botro ai Marmi e Campo alle Buche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 84-92.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: F. Cuteri & I. Mascaro (1995) - Colline Metallifere. Inventario del patrimonio minerario e mineralogico. Aspetti naturalistici e storico-archeologici. - Dip. Ambiente, Regione Toscana
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: F. Cuteri & I. Mascaro (1995) - Colline Metallifere. Inventario del patrimonio minerario e mineralogico. Aspetti naturalistici e storico-archeologici. - Dip. Ambiente, Regione Toscana
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bertolani M., 1948. Sulla presenza della scorodite e dell'anglesite a Monte Valerio (Campiglia Marittima). Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei, Rend., 4: 451-456.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: F. Cuteri & I. Mascaro (1995) - Colline Metallifere. Inventario del patrimonio minerario e mineralogico. Aspetti naturalistici e storico-archeologici. - Dip. Ambiente, Regione Toscana
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: G. Dessau, A. Leonardelli, L. Vighi (1975) - Memorie ill. Carta Mineraria d'Italia: V - Toscana, Mem. descr. Carta Geol. Italia, XIV: 85-114 - Servizio Geologico d'Italia, Roma

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Hedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hedyphane41.8.2.1Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Preisingerite41.10.9.1Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O HematiteFe2O3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S CovelliteCuS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
ZnZinc
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3184574
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3137798
Jurassic limestone

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{siliceous ooze,carbonates, consolidated,marlstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Blanchard F. (1876): Sulla scoperta della Cassiterite a Campiglia Marittima. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. d'Italia, 7, 52-54.
- Blanchard F. (1876): Sur la découverte de la Cassitérite à Campiglia Marittima. Atti R. Accad. Lincei, 273, ser. 2, 3, parte seconda, 93-94.
- Blanchard F. (1878): Sulle miniere di stagno di Campiglia. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. d'Italia, 9, 430-435.
- Church A.H. (1879): The discovery of tin ore in Italy, and its relation to the bronze manufacture of the ancients. Iron, new series, 14, No. 343 (August 9), 166-167 and No. 348 (September 13), 322-323.
- Church A.H. (1879): La scoperta del minerale di stagno in Italia e sue relazioni con la lavorazione del bronzo presso gli antichi. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. d'Italia, 7-8, 382-394 and 9-10, 545-556.
- D'Achiardi A. (1883): I metalli, loro minerali e miniere. Ed. Hoepli, Milano, 2 vol., 403 + 635 pp.
- Manasse E. (1899): Analisi chimica sulla limonite di Monte Valerio. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Proc. Verb., 12, 21-22.
- Lotti B. (1900): Sulla genesi dei giacimenti metalliferi di Campiglia Marittima in Toscana. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. d'Italia, 31, 327-337.
- Bergeat A. (1901): Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Erzlagerstätten von Campiglia Marittima (Toskana). Neues Jahrb. Geol. Palaeontol., Abh., 3, 135-156.
- Ristori G. (1904): I giacimenti limonitici di Monte Valerio, di Monte Spinosa e di Monte Rombolo. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 20, 60-75.
- Aloisi P. (1907): Adamina di Monte Valerio (Campiglia Marittima). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Proc. Verb., 17, 4-8.
- Cortese E. (1910): Relation sur la mine d'etain de Monte Valerio (Toscane). Relazione mineraria, Società Miniera Monte Valerio, 6 pp.
- Lotti B. (1910): Geologia della Toscana. Mem. Descr. Carta Geol. d’Italia, 13, 484 pp.
- Aloisi P. (1915): Note di mineralogia toscana. I. Cassiterite di Campiglia Marittima. Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 30, 216-218.
- Auctores Varii [including contributions of: Blanchard F., 1976; D'Achiardi A., 1883; Lotti B., 1910; Cortese E., 1910] (1933): Monte Valerio, Campiglia Marittima (Livorno): L'unica miniera di stagno in Italia. Tipografia F. Simoncini, Pisa, 27 pp.
- Dorn P. (1942): Studien über die Geologie und die Minerallagerstätten von Campiglia Marittima in Toskana. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 94, 19-37.
- Bertolani M. (1948): Sulla presenza della scorodite e dell'anglesite a Monte Valerio (Campiglia Marittima). Atti Accad. Naz. Lincei, Rend., 4: 451-456.
- Stella A. (1955): La miniera di stagno di Monte Valerio e i giacimenti del Campigliese nel quadro della catena metallifera toscana. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 74, 109-218.
- Bertolani M. (1958): Osservazioni sulle mineralizzazioni metallifere del Campigliese (Livorno). Per. Mineral., 27, 311-344.
- Venerandi Pirri I., Zuffardi P. (1981): The tin deposit of Monte Valerio (Tuscany): new factual observation for a genetic discussion. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 37, 1, 525-539.
- Benedettini G. (1983): Le miniere di Campiglia dagli Etruschi ai giorni nostri. Associazione intercommunale Val di Cornia. Tip. Bandecchi e Vivaldi, Pontedera, 195 pp.
- Casini A., Cascone G. (1998): La miniera di stagno di Monte Valerio (Campiglia Marittima - Livorno). In: Atti del XVIII Congesso Nazionale di Speleologia, Chiusa di Pesio, 29-31 ottobre 1998. Associazione Gruppi Speleologici Piemontesi, Mondovì, 77-84.
- Casini A., Cascone G. (2002): La miniera di stagno di Monte Valerio (Campiglia Marittima - Livorno). In: Atti del V Convegno Nazionale sulle Cavità Artificiali, Osoppo (Udine), 28 aprile-1 maggio 2001. Club Alpinistico Triestino, Trieste, 117-154.
- Dini A., Senesi F. (2013): I giacimenti di Sn-W-As. Monte Valerio, Pozzatello, Santa Caterina, Botro ai Marmi e Campo alle Buche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 84-92.


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