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Kangjiawan Pb-Zn-Ag-Au deposit, Shuikoushan ore field, Changning Co., Hengyang Prefecture, Hunan Province, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 26° 32' 44'' North , 112° 36' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 26.54556,112.60000
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Name(s) in local language(s):康家湾铅锌银矿, 水口山矿田, 常宁市, 衡阳市, 湖南省, 中国

The Kangjiawan deposit is a representative hydrothermal Pb-Zn-Ag-Au deposit in this region. The orebodies consist mainly of pyritic Pb-Zn ores. Silver minerals are associated with Pb-Zn mineralization. Ag-bearing Pb-Zn ores in the deposit are characterized by Ag > Cu > Sb content. Silver occurs mainly as silver minerals, such as minor argentian tetrahedrite, freibergite and abundant polybasite-arsenpolybasite, pearceite and pyrargyrite-proustite, and all are hosted in galena. The assemblages of silver minerals found in the major orebodies change from the southern to the northern part, from argentian tetrahedrite + pearceite + arsenpolybasite + pyrargyrite-proustite in the south, to polybasite-arsenpolybasite + pyrargyrite in the center, and to pyrargyrite in the north.

Mineral List

42 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

66 - 145 Ma

ID: 1382486
Cretaceous sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Chuanyi Yang (1985): Discovery and genesis of the Kangjiawan Pb-Zn deposit. Geology and Prospecting 21(5), 1-7 (in Chinese).
Ronglong Jin (1986): Lead and sulfur isotope data and fluid inclusion characteristics of the major Pb-Zn deposits in southern Hunan and their significance for prospecting. Geology and Prospecting 22(12), 29-35.
Zhengqin Li (1991): Distribution and mineralogical features of several large Ag deposits in Hunan Province. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(2), 148-154 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Hua Bi (1995): Prospecting directions of the Kangjiawan Pb-Zn-Au deposit, Hunan Province. Gold Science and Technology 3(1), 19-23 (in Chinese).
Jin Liu and Huamiao Hu (1998): The characteristics of natural thermoluminescence of the silicified breccia in Kangjiawan and its significance to mineral prospecting. Geology and Prospecting 34(4), 34-36.
Nanshi Zeng, Eiji Izawa, Yoshinobu Motomura, and Lairen Lai (2000): Silver Minerals and paragenesis in the Kangjiawan Pb-Zn-Ag-Au deposit of the Shuikoushan mineral district, Hunan Province, China. The Canadian Mineralogist 38, 11-22.
Deru Xu, Jing Liu, and Guanghao Chen (2002): Petrochemical characters of silicified breccia in the Kangjiawan polymetallic deposit, Changning, Hunan. Chinese Journal of Geology 37(3), 356-364.
Xingmin Luo (2006): Study on Pb-Zn-Au ore flotation technology in Kangjiawan mine. Hunan Nonferrous Metals 22(6), 4-8 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yanhua Zhang, Ge Lin, Roberts, P., and Ord, A. (2007): Numerical modelling of deformation and fluid flow in the Shuikoushan district, Hunan Province, South China. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 261-278.
Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Geodynamic settings and tectonic model of skarn gold deposits in China: An overview. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Yongsheng Li, Xinyou Zhu, Shimin Zhen, Fanying Gong, Fanyu Qi, and Xiaodong Gong (2010): Characteristics of breccias in the Kangjiawan Pb-Zn-Au deposit, Hunan Province, and their relationship with mineralization. Mineral Deposits 29(suppl.), 963-964 (in Chinese).

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