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Boulder Batholith, Jefferson Co., Montana, USAi
Regional Level Types
Boulder BatholithBatholith
Jefferson Co.County
MontanaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° North , 112° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~22km
Locality type:


A relatively small granitic batholith at 75 miles (121 km) N-S by 25 miles (40 km) E-W, that lies roughly between Butte and Helena, and between the Deer Lodge (Upper Clark Fork) Valley and the Broadwater (Upper Missouri) Valley. The volcanic Elkhorn Mountains are associated with the batholith. The structure was named for the prominent rounded boulders that typify its landscape, the result of spheroidal weathering of fractured granite.

The boulder batholith is a large intrusive body composed mainly of quartz monzonite, and is cut by plugs and dikes of alaskite and dacite.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Rocky Mountains, North AmericaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

60 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953)
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (William C. van Laer)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
'Axinite Group'
Reference: (In preparation)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record, Jan./Feb. 1976 (Robert L. Ruess)
'Chabazite'
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Richard Gibson collection
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Mineralogical Record, Jan./Feb. 1976 (Robert L. Ruess)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: WC van Laer, 2008
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Mineralogical Record, Jan./Feb. 1976 (Robert L. Ruess)
'Gummite'
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953)
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953)
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Chris Tucker
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
'Monazite'
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Onegite'
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: William C. van Laer
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: YFe3+Nb2O8
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 47:3 pp160-164; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Mineralogical Record, Jan./Feb. 1976 (Robert L. Ruess)
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: USGS Bulletin 988-G(1953); USGS Bull 988G
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25YFe3+Nb2O8
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Zeunerite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Danburite9.FA.65CaB2Si2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Gummite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Onegite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1YFe3+Nb2O8
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Zeunerite40.2a.14.1Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with[Si2O7] with borate groups
Danburite56.3.1.1CaB2Si2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Gummite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Onegite'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O CalciteCaCO3
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O RutileTiO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O UraniniteUO2
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O TenoriteCuO
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Sceptre Quartz)SiO2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S GalenaPbS
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S CinnabarHgS
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TenoriteCuO
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
YYttrium
Y Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Samarskite-(Y)YFe3+Nb2O8
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SbAntimony
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
BiBismuth
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
van Laer, W.C. (1985) The Lapidary Journal (May).

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