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Baradla Cave, Aggtelek, Putnok District, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County, Hungaryi
Regional Level Types
Baradla CaveCave
AggtelekVillage
Putnok DistrictDistrict
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén CountyCounty
HungaryCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
48° 28' 18'' North , 20° 29' 43'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Alsószuha475 (2010)11.2km
Rudabánya2,941 (2012)14.2km
Szendrő4,284 (2012)19.3km
Putnok7,501 (2014)19.6km
Rožňava19,261 (2016)21.2km


Baradla is a show cave, part of the Domica-Baradla cave system (included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1995 as "Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst") developing across the Slovakian and Hungarian border.


The cave has separate entrances at Aggtelek and Jósvafő; it is formed in the Middle Triassic (Ladinian) lagoon limestones of Wetterstein type.

Guano deposits are present as small accumulations from individual bats, or as large guano heaps. Among phosphates spheniscidite is found in a white laminated layer near the bottom of a guano accumulation, close to the contact with limestone and clay substratum; it is associated with taranakite, quartz, and illite. Hydroxylapatite occurs with calcite in the "urine crust" covering ceiling cupolas; fluorapatite in a yellow layer associated with brushite and quartz.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Reference: GEODA/2007/1; Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Demény, A., Németh, A., Kern, Z., Czuppon, G., Molnár, M., Leél-Őssy, S., Óvári, M., and Stieber, J. (2017) Recently forming stalagmites from the Baradla Cave and their suitability assessment for climate–proxy relationships. Central European Geology, 60(1), 1-34; Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Vid, G., Berényi Üveges, I., Viktorik, O., Németh, T., Bendő, Z., Józsa, S., and Berényi Üveges, J. (2013) Sediments at the Münnich Passage in the Baradla Cave (Hungary): Mineralogical and Petrological Study. In: Filippi, M., and Bosák, P. (eds), 2013, Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speology, July 21-28, Brno, Czech Republic. Volume 3, Karst and Caves in Carbonate Rocks, Salt and Gypsum, pages 150-153.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Vid, G., Berényi Üveges, I., Viktorik, O., Németh, T., Bendő, Z., Józsa, S., and Berényi Üveges, J. (2013) Sediments at the Münnich Passage in the Baradla Cave (Hungary): Mineralogical and Petrological Study. In: Filippi, M., and Bosák, P. (eds), 2013, Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speology, July 21-28, Brno, Czech Republic. Volume 3, Karst and Caves in Carbonate Rocks, Salt and Gypsum, pages 150-153.
Monetite
Formula: Ca(HPO4)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Vid, G., Berényi Üveges, I., Viktorik, O., Németh, T., Bendő, Z., Józsa, S., and Berényi Üveges, J. (2013) Sediments at the Münnich Passage in the Baradla Cave (Hungary): Mineralogical and Petrological Study. In: Filippi, M., and Bosák, P. (eds), 2013, Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speology, July 21-28, Brno, Czech Republic. Volume 3, Karst and Caves in Carbonate Rocks, Salt and Gypsum, pages 150-153; Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Vid, G., Berényi Üveges, I., Viktorik, O., Németh, T., Bendő, Z., Józsa, S., and Berényi Üveges, J. (2013) Sediments at the Münnich Passage in the Baradla Cave (Hungary): Mineralogical and Petrological Study. In: Filippi, M., and Bosák, P. (eds), 2013, Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speology, July 21-28, Brno, Czech Republic. Volume 3, Karst and Caves in Carbonate Rocks, Salt and Gypsum, pages 150-153; Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Spheniscidite
Formula: (NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Ardealite8.CJ.50Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Monetite8.AD.10Ca(HPO4)
Spheniscidite8.DH.10(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Monetite37.1.1.1Ca(HPO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Spheniscidite42.11.6.3(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Acid Compound Phosphates, etc·
Ardealite43.1.1.1Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
H MonetiteCa(HPO4)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
OOxygen
O Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O MonetiteCa(HPO4)
O HematiteFe2O3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
AlAluminium
Al Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
P MonetiteCa(HPO4)
P BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
P ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
KPotassium
K Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca MonetiteCa(HPO4)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
Ca ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Szakáll, S., Földessy, J., Less, G., Fűköh, Dávid, A., Németh, N., Hadobás, S., and Piros, O. (2010) Mineralizations in Mesozoic-Tertiary volcanic and sedimentary units of NE Hungary (with a tour in the Baradla Cave, Aggtelek). Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica Field Guide Series, 14, 1-32.
Galbács, G., Kevei-Bárány, I., Szőke, E., Jedlinszki, N., Gornushkin, I.B., and Galbács, M.Z. (2011) A study of stalagmite samples from Baradla Cave (Hungary) by laser induced plasma spectrometry with automatic signal correction. Microchemical Journal, 99(2), 406-414.
Vid, G., Berényi Üveges, I., Viktorik, O., Németh, T., Bendő, Z., Józsa, S., and Berényi Üveges, J. (2013) Sediments at the Münnich Passage in the Baradla Cave (Hungary): Mineralogical and Petrological Study. In: Filippi, M., and Bosák, P. (eds), 2013, Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speology, July 21-28, Brno, Czech Republic. Volume 3, Karst and Caves in Carbonate Rocks, Salt and Gypsum, pages 150-153.
Demény, A., Németh, A., Kern, Z., Czuppon, G., Molnár, M., Leél-Őssy, S., Óvári, M., and Stieber, J. (2017) Recently forming stalagmites from the Baradla Cave and their suitability assessment for climate–proxy relationships. Central European Geology, 60(1), 1-34.
Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Bella, P., Bosák, P., Braucher, R., Pruner, P., Hercman, H., Minár, J., Veselský, M., Holec, J., and Léanni, L. (2019) Multi-level Domica–Baradla cave system (Slovakia, Hungary): Middle Pliocene–Pleistocene evolution and implications for the denudation chronology of the Western Carpathians. Geomorphology, 327, 62-79.

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