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Diamond Hill, Cumberland, Providence Co., Rhode Island, USAi
Regional Level Types
Diamond HillHill
Cumberland- not defined -
Providence Co.County
Rhode IslandState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 59' North , 71° 24' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.98333,-71.40000
GeoHash:G#: drmnz6b4e
Locality type:Hill
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cumberland34,843 (2017)3.3km
Cumberland Hill7,934 (2017)5.6km
Plainville7,817 (2017)6.0km
North Attleborough Center16,796 (2017)6.3km
Lincoln21,670 (2017)7.5km


A prominent hill covering about one-third of a square mile, at least one-third of which is either quartz or highly silicified felsite. The quartz was formerly quarried, crushed and powdered for use as road metal, poultry grit, roofing gravels, fireproof brick and fire sand. It was also used as crushed stone for concrete (Warren and Powers, 1914).

Felsite is mostly light green to gray ignimbrites and ash flow tuffs of the Late Proterozoic Esmond Igneous Suite.

Epimorphs of quartz after barite (and fluorite) are frequently found.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
'Bloodstone'
Formula: SiO2
Reference: AmMIn 11:334-340
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: AmMIn 11:334-340
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Description: Pink
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston; Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Michael W. Kieron coll.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Michael W. Kieron coll.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: No reference listed
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: AmMin 11:334-340; Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Michael W. Kieron coll.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston; Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
Quartz var: Agate-Jasper
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Kunz,1892: Gems & Precious Stones of N. America, p.133.; Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: AmMIn 11:334-340
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Miller, C.E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston; Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1986) 61:264-275; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
Quartz var: Onyx
Formula: SiO2
Reference: AmMIn 11:334-340
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Samuel Robinson (1825) A Catalogue of American Minerals, with their localities. Boston
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: AmMIn 11:334-340
Quartz var: Sardonyx
Formula: SiO2
Reference: AmMIn 11:334-340
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: No reference listed
'Turgite'
Reference: P Cristofono collection
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: AmMin 11:334-340

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate-Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Onyx4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sardonyx4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
'Chrysoprase'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Turgite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
'Chrysoprase'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Agate-Jasper-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Onyx-SiO2
var: Prase-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Sardonyx-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Turgite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O HematiteFe2O3
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O BloodstoneSiO2
O Quartz (var: Onyx)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Sardonyx)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Agate-Jasper)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
MgMagnesium
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si BloodstoneSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Onyx)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Sardonyx)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Agate-Jasper)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pennsylvanian
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 3184341
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Comments: Narragansett And Boston Basins

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Pennsylvanian
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 2987449
Narragansett Bay Group - Rhode Island Formation

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Rhode Island Formation

Description: In northern Rhode Island, consists of gray to black, fine- to coarse-grained quartz arenite, litharenite, shale, and conglomerate, with minor beds of anthracite and meta-anthracite. In southern Rhode Island, consists of meta-sandstone, meta-conglomerate, schist, carbonaceous schist, and graphite. Plant fossils are common.

Comments: Part of Esmond-Dedham Subterrane. Narragansett Bay Group - deposited upon older rocks of both West Bay and East Bay parts of the Esmond-Dedham subterrane. Original map source: Hermes, O.D., Gromet, L.P., Murray, D.P., and Hamidzada, N.A., 1994, Bedrock Geology of Rhode Island; s44gbr95, Geological Survey of Rhode Island, scale 1:100,000.

Lithology: Incidental:{anthracite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Polehampton, Edward T. W. (1815): The Gallery of Nature and Art, Vol. II (London: R. Wilks), p. 317.
Robinson, Samuel (1825): A Catalogue of American Minerals, with Their Localities, p. 80.
Jackson, Charles T. (1840). Report on the geological and agricultural survey of the State of Rhode-Island (Providence: B. Cranston), p. 51-52.
Kunz G. F. (1892) Gems and Precious Stones of North America. (NY: The Scientific Publishing Company),p. 133.
Barber, Raymond J. and Mears, Henry S. (1906): An investigation of the quartz deposit at Diamond Hill, R.I. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mining Engineering and Metallurgy).
Emerson, B. K. and Perry, J. H. (1907). The green schists and associated granites and porphyries of Rhode Island. (USGS Bulletin 311), p. 56.
Warren, C. H. and Powers, Sidney (1914). Geology of the Diamond Hill - Cumberland District in Rhode Island - Massachusetts. (Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 25:435-476).
Fisher, Lloyd W. and Gedney,Edwin K. (1926): Notes on the mineral localities of Rhode Island; I. Providence County (American Mineralogist 11:334-340)
Miller, C.E.(1971): Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed. (University of Rhode Island, Kingston)

Localities in this Region
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