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Bastogne, Luxembourg, Wallonia, Belgiumi
Regional Level Types
BastogneMunicipality
LuxembourgProvince
WalloniaRegion
BelgiumCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Municipality - last checked 2019
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Bastogne14,395 (2013)
Other Languages:
Dutch:
Bastenaken, Luxemburg, Wallonië, België
French:
Bastogne, Province de Luxembourg, Région wallonne, Belgique
German:
Bastnach, Provinz Luxemburg, Wallonische Region, Belgien
Italian:
Bastogne, Provincia del Lussemburgo, Vallonia, Belgio
Russian:
Бастонь, Люксембург, Валлония, Бельгия
Simplified Chinese:
巴斯托涅, 盧森堡省, 瓦隆大区, 比利时
Spanish:
Bastoña, Provincia de Luxemburgo, Región Valona, Bélgica
Walloon:
Bastogne, Province do Lussimbork, Walonreye, Beldjike
Armenian:
Բաստոնյ, Լյուքսեմբուրգ, Վալոնիա, Բելգիա
Basque:
Bastogne, Luxenburgo, Valonia, Belgika
Belarusian:
Бастонь, Люксембург, Валонія, Бельгія
Breton:
Bastogne, Luksembourg, Wallonia, Belgia
Bulgarian:
Бастон, Люксембург, Валония, Белгия
Catalan:
Bastogne, Província de Luxemburg, Valònia, Bèlgica
Cebuano:
Bastogne , Province du Luxembourg, Wallonia, Belhika
Czech:
Bastogne, Lucemburk, Valonsko, Belgie
Danish:
Bastogne, Luxembourg, Vallonien, Belgien
Esperanto:
Bastogne, Luksemburgo, Valonio, Belgio
Estonian:
Bastogne, Luxembourgi provints, Valloonia, Belgia
Farsi/Persian:
بستونی, لوکزامبورگ, والونی, بلژیک
Finnish:
Bastogne, Luxembourgin provinssi, Vallonia, Belgia
Greek:
Μπαστόν, Λουξεμβούργο, Βαλλωνική Περιοχή, Βέλγιο
Hungarian:
Bastogne, Luxembourg, Vallónia, Belgium
Indonesian:
Bastogne, Luksemburg, Walonia, Belgia
Japanese:
バストーニュ, リュクサンブール州, ワロン地域, ベルギー
Korean:
바스토뉴, 뤽상부르주, 왈롱, 벨기에
Limburgian:
Bastenake, Luxemburg, Wallonië, Belsj
Lithuanian:
Bastonė, Liuksemburgo provincija, Valonija, Belgija
Luxembourgish:
Baaschtnech, Provënz Lëtzebuerg, Wallounesch Regioun, Belsch
Norwegian:
Bastogne, Luxembourg, Vallonia, Belgia
Occitan:
Bastogne, Província de Luxemborg, Valonia, Belgica
Polish:
Bastogne, Luksemburg, Region Waloński, Belgia
Portuguese:
Bastogne, Luxemburgo, Valônia, Bélgica
Romanian:
Bastogne, Luxemburg, Valonia, Belgia
Slovak:
Bastogne, Luxembourg, Valónsky región, Belgicko
Swedish:
Bastogne, Luxemburg, Vallonien, Belgien
Tamil:
பாஸ்டோன், லக்சம்பர்க், வல்லோனியா, பெல்ஜியம்
Turkish:
Bastogne, Lüksemburg, Valon Bölgesi, Belçika
Ukrainian:
Бастонь, Люксембург, Валлонія, Бельгія
Vietnamese:
Bastogne, Luxembourg, Wallonie, Bỉ
Volapük:
Bastogne, Luxembourg, Belgän
Waray:
Bastogne, Luxembourg, Wallonie, Belhika


"In the region of Bastogne (Belgian Ardennes), the "boudins", which occur in the Lower Siegenian sandstones and quartzites, are separated by quartz lenses. These lenses are characterized by a rich mineralogy. Biotite, the most abundant mineral of the lenses, was already identified by André Dumont (in Buttgenbach, 1947). Corin (1931) described xenotime, whereas chamosite was analyzed by Mélon et al. (1976)." [Hatert et al., 2000]

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

40 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Description: Acanthite occurs as fibrous radiating tufts of black crystals less than 100 µm in size, deposited on dendrites of native silver. The X-ray powder pattern is similar to that of synthetic acanthite (JCPDS 14-72). Qualitative chemical analysis confirms the presence of major Ag and S, together with minor Cu, Zn, and Cl.
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: A. Darimont et al., Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 321-330.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
'Bastonite'
Formula: near K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Buttgenbach, H. (1947) Les minéraux de Belgique et du Congo belge. Edition Vaillant-Cannanne, Liège (Belgique), 573 pp.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., and Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., and van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 pp.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Colour: light yellowish (polarised light)
Description: "Godfroid (1999) has identified native bismuth as micrometre-sized inclusions in the galena of Bastogne. Under the polarized reflection microscope, these planes appear light yellowish. Qualitative chemical analysis confirms the presence of Bi only." [Hatert et al., 2002]
Reference: Godfroid, E. (1999) Minéralogie des sulfures des massifs métamorphiques ardennais (Libramont-Bastogne, Rocroi et Stavelot). Mémoire de Licence, Université de Liège, 52 pages.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: José Dehove collection.; Mélon, J., Bourguignon, P., and Fransolet, A.M. (1976) Les minéraux de Belgique. Edition G. Lelotte, Dison (Belgium), 283 pp.; Hatert, F., Fransolet, A.-M., and Houssa, M. (1996) La titanite de Bastogne (Belgique) et les minéraux associés. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, 65(6), 387-397.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., and Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.
'Chlorite Group'
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Description: In dark carbonate-bearing sandstones rich in organic matter.
Reference: A. Darimont et al., Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 321-330.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Description: Hatert et al. (2000): "The turquoise blue coatings of chrysocolla resemble wroewolfeite but can be distinguished by their conchoidal fracture. The mineral has been identified by X-ray diffraction and its composition confirmed by a chemical analysis. In addition to Si and Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Ca and S exist as minor elements."
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., and Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., and van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 pp.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Hatert, F., Fransolet, A.-M., and Houssa, M. (1996) La titanite de Bastogne (Belgique) et les minéraux associés. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, 65(6), 387-397.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., and Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., and van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 pp.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Description: Microinclusions in quartz.
Reference: A. Darimont et al., Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 321-330.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Description: Hatert et al. (2000): "Linarite forms fan-like aggregates of tiny tubular crystals up to 500 µm, and a light blue color. The mineral is closely associated with cerussite and chalcopyrite. X-ray powder data are similar to these of linarite from the Mammoth mine, Arizona, USA (JCPDS 30-493). Chemical analysis reveals major Cu, Pb and S with low proportions of Cl."
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., and Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., and van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 pp.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., and Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., and van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 pp.
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Description: Microinclusions in quartz.
Reference: A. Darimont et al., Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 321-330.
Ottrélite ?
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rutilated Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Sagenite (of Saussure)
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Harjo Neutkens collection
'Saussurite'
Reference: A. Darimont et al., Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 321-330.
'Scapolite'
Description: Saussurite.
Reference: A. Darimont et al., Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 321-330.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Dendritic aggregates up to 4-5mm associated with altered galena and acanthite. The aggregates are formed by entangled crystals among which two forms are observed: the cube {100} and the rhombododecahedron {110}. The identification of this mineral has been confirmed by chemical analysis which shows Ag with minor Cu, Zn, I, and Cl. The two last elements are probably related to the presence of halides such as iodargyrite, AgI, or chlorargyrite, AgCl.
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Description: Hatert et al. (2000): "Wroewolfeite exists as microcrystalline turquoise blue coatings of acicular crystals averaging 100 µm. X-ray powder pattern of this rare mineral agrees with that of wroewolfeite from Loudville mine, Massachusetts, USA (JCPDS 27-1133). Chemical analysis only confirms Cu and S."
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., and Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., and van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 pp.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Description: Hatert et al. (2000): "Associated with altered galena and with pyromorphite, wulfenite occurs as isolated crystals up to 2 mm. They are orange-coloured, with a greasy luster. Crystals generally form very acute tetragonal dipyramids with curved faces unsuitable for goniometric measurements. Wulfenite crystallizes also as {101} tetragonal dipyramids, of which the orientation has been checked by X-ray diffraction. These crystals are sometimes modified by the forms {001} and {1k0}, with a relatively high k value difficult to determine with the classical goniometric methods. Both prismatic and tabular crystals exist. Some tabular crystals give the combination {100} {001}, sometimes modified by the small faces {101}. It is to be pointed out that tabular crystals of wulfenite, as well as crystals with {1k0} faces, had never been observed in Belgium as far. The parameters of the tetragonal unit-cell of wulfenite from Bastogne have been calculated from 26 reflections: a = 5.429(1) Å and c = 12.097(6) Å. These values correspond better with those given by Fransolet et al. (1977) for the wulfenite from Richelle than with those given by Hatert et al. (1998) for the wulfenite from Vielsalm. Chemical analysis shows Pb and Mo together with minor Fe and Cd. The presence of noticeable quantities of Fe and Cu into the lattice of the wulfenite from Vielsalm (Hatert et al 1998) could be responsible for the lower values of its unit-cell parameters when compared with these calculated for minerals from Bastogne and Richelle."
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Corin, F. (1931) Sur la présence de xénotime et d'autres minéraux contenant des terres rares dans les veines à bastonite de Bastogne. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, XLI, 109-111.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., and Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., and van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 pp.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Description: Saussurite.
Reference: A. Darimont et al., Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 321-330.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rutilated Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Sagenite (of Saussure)4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Ottrélite ?9.AF.85(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Bastonite'-near K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Saussurite'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Ottrélite ?52.3.3.3(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Andesine-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bastonite'-near K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rutilated Quartz-SiO2
Rutile
var: Sagenite (of Saussure)
-TiO2
'Saussurite'-
'Scapolite'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Bastonitenear K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Bastonitenear K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O CerussitePbCO3
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AnataseTiO2
O RutileTiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AragoniteCaCO3
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Rutile (var: Sagenite (of Saussure))TiO2
O Quartz (var: Rutilated Quartz)SiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na NahcoliteNaHCO3
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg Bastonitenear K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Bastonitenear K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Bastonitenear K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Rutilated Quartz)SiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Bastonitenear K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Sagenite (of Saussure))TiO2
MnManganese
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
FeIron
Fe Bastonitenear K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Corin, F. (1930) Contribution à l'étude pétrographique des filons de la région de Bastogne. Bulletin de l'Académie royale de Belgique, 5e série, 16, 130.
Corin, F. (1931) Sur la présence de xénotime et d'autres minéraux contenant des terres rares dans les veines à bastonite de Bastogne. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, 41, 109-111.
Vandendriessche, A. (1941) Bijdrage tot de petrographie der metamorphe gesteenten van de streek Bastogne-Libramont. Natuurwetenschappelijk Tijdschrift, n° hors série.
Buttgenbach, H. (1947) Les Minéraux de Belgique et du Congo belge. Dunod, Paris, 573 pages.
Antun, P. (1953) Les porphyroblastes de calcite du Dévonien métamorphique de l'Ardenne. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 77, B73.
Mélon, J., Bourguignon, P., Fransolet, A.-M. (1976) Les Minéraux de Belgique. Editions G. Lelotte, Dison (Belgique), 283 pages.
Hatert, F., Fransolet, A.-M., Houssa, M. (1996) La titanite de Bastogne (Belgique) et les minéraux associés. Bulletin de la Société royale des Sciences de Liège, 65(6), 387-397.
Godfroid, E. (1999) Minéralogie des sulfures des massifs métamorphiques ardennais (Libramont-Bastogne, Rocroi et Stavelot). Mémoire de Licence, Université de Liège, 52 pages.
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Houssa, M., Coune, F. (2000) Native gold, native silver and secondary minerals in the quartz veins from Bastogne, Belgium. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 70, 223-229.
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastogne
Wikidata ID:Q93925
GeoNames ID:2802584

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