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Tomtor Massif, Polar Yakutia, Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russiai
Regional Level Types
Tomtor MassifMassif
Polar Yakutia- not defined -
Sakha Republic (Yakutia)Republic
RussiaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):массив Томтор
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 71° 3' 12'' North , 116° 34' 15'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 71.05361,116.57111
GeoHash:G#: ysduhwumr
Locality type:Massif
Köppen climate type:Dfd : Extremely cold subarctic climate


Carbonitized K-rich lamproites over 250 km2(volcanic ring complex in a subsidence caldera related to an upper mantle plume and triple junction of upper mantle convection boundaries).
Complex structure with three distinct zones :
- Pyrochlore carbonatites
- Lower ore zone: metasomatically carbonatized volcanites enriched in REE, Nb, Y and Sc
- Upper ore zone: placer deposit affected by hydrothermal alteration

Presence of kamafugite dikes and pipes.

Scandium exists in a distinct phase : Sc(OH)3 film on phosphates.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Soviet Union (1922-1991)Country (Former)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


44 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko, Scientific Journ. Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept 2003, V44, N°9.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
'Apatite'
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko, Scientific Journ. Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept 2003, V44, N°9.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Description: Crandallite group phases.
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko and B.G. Pokrovsky, Economic Geology, May 1995, V90, N°3, pp. 676-689.
Crandallite var: Strontian Crandallite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Reference: Pavel M. kartashov analytical data
Diamond
Formula: C
Description: Single gem quality diamond crystals of not cymberlitic origin were often found in streams around the massif. Occasionally it can be found in heavy concentrates from rare-metal ores of the deposit.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Constituent of carbonatites.
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko, Scientific Journ. Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept 2003, V44, N°9.; Pavel M. Kartashov data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Description: Upper ore horizon.
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko and B.G. Pokrovsky, Economic Geology, May 1995, V90, N°3, pp. 676-689.; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Description: Upper ore horizon.
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko and B.G. Pokrovsky, Economic Geology, May 1995, V90, N°3, pp. 676-689.; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)'
Formula: Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
'K Feldspar'
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko, Scientific Journ. Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept 2003, V44, N°9.
'Khoharite'
Formula: Mg3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko, Scientific Journ. Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept 2003, V44, N°9.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
'Monazite'
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko, Scientific Journ. Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept 2003, V44, N°9.
Phlogopite var: Barium-Phlogopite
Formula: (K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Upper ore horizon.
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko and B.G. Pokrovsky, Economic Geology, May 1995, V90, N°3, pp. 676-689.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Description: In carbonatite. In upper ore horizon.
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko, Scientific Journ. Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept 2003, V44, N°9.; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko data
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Röntgenite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: Nb-rich rutile. Upper ore horizon.
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko and B.G. Pokrovsky, Economic Geology, May 1995, V90, N°3, pp. 676-689.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko and B.G. Pokrovsky, Economic Geology, May 1995, V90, N°3, pp. 676-689.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Description: Hydrothermal low T alteration.
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko, Scientific Journ. Russian Geology and Geophysics, Sept 2003, V44, N°9.; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Siderite var: Manganoan Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Tin
Formula: Sn
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Xenotime'
Reference: Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: S.M. Kravchenko and B.G. Pokrovsky, Economic Geology, May 1995, V90, N°3, pp. 676-689.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Tin1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
'Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Röntgenite-(Ce)5.BD.20dCa2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Manganoan Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var: Strontian Crandallite8.BL.10(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Barium-Phlogopite9.EC.20(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)'-Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
'K Feldspar'-
'Khoharite'-Mg3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Tin1.1.13.1Sn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.8A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Röntgenite-(Ce)16a.1.6.1Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Florencite-(Ce)41.5.10.2CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Gorceixite42.7.3.2BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Svanbergite43.4.1.6SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Crandallite
var: Strontian Crandallite
-(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)'-Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Khoharite'-Mg3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite
var: Barium-Phlogopite
-(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
'Pyrochlore'-
Siderite
var: Manganoan Siderite
-(Fe,Mn)CO3
'Xenotime'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
H GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
H Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
H Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
C CalciteCaCO3
C Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C DiamondC
OOxygen
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O SideriteFeCO3
O Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O RutileTiO2
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O CalciteCaCO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
O Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
O Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O KhohariteMg3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
F Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg KhohariteMg3Fe23+(SiO4)3
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Al GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Al Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si KhohariteMg3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
Ca Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
FeIron
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe KhohariteMg3Fe23+(SiO4)3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Sr Crandallite (var: Strontian Crandallite)(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Sr SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
SnTin
Sn TinSn
BaBarium
Ba GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Phlogopite (var: Barium-Phlogopite)(K,Ba)1-xMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
LaLanthanum
La Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
Ce Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Ce Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
TaTantalum
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Kravchenko, S.M., and Pokrovsky, B.G. (1995): Economic Geology, 90, 676-689.
- Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 09-1139.


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