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Servette-Chuc mining complex, Saint-Marcel, Aosta Valley, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 42' 3'' North , 7° 27' 17'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.70098,7.45481
GeoHash:G#: u0j7cxs7m
Area:1.0 km2
Locality type:Complex
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra
Name(s) in local language(s):Complesso minerario di Servette-Chuc, Saint-Marcel, Valle d'Aosta, Italia


An ancient Fe-Cu mining complex located in the lower Saint-Marcel valley in the meta-ophiolites of the Zermatt-Saas Unit. It consists of the Servette and Chuc deposits, on the right and left side of the valley, respectively.

The Servette deposit is situated between 1717 and 1890m in altitude. The Fe-Cu ore, consisting mainly of pyrite and chalcopyrite, is included in meta-ophiolite rocks (interlayered chlorite schists, talc schists, glaucophanite, quartzite, slices of eclogite-facies metagabbro and serpentinite). It is concentrated in two main ENE-dipping layers of 3-4 m in thickness, and some minor levels (less than 1 m) located at the boundary between chlorite schists and glaucophanite, but it is also disseminated throughout the surrounding rocks. The uppermost gallery was opened at 1829m in glaucophanite and Mn-rich quartzite layers that grade into carbonate-rich mica schists.

The Servette deposit was exploited in ancient (Roman or maybe even pre-Roman) times, surely in the Middle Ages, as indicated by the slag radiocarbon dating and the existence of old excavations. During the 18th century, it was exploited by the Challant family, as reported by Nicolis di Robilant (1786-87). However, most of the still visible mining remains date from the last period of exploitation between 1854 and 1950.

The Chuc deposit is situated between 1283 and 1443m in a geological environment quite similar to that of Servette. It includes five main mineralized levels, WNW-trending and SSW-dipping, that are located at the boundary between chlorite schists and glaucophanite. The mined ore was sent via cableway to a wash plant on the left bank of the Saint-Marcel brook, where it was crushed and enriched in sulphides, and then transported down to Saint-Marcel by a 4-km-long pipe, or in the last years, by a cableway. Mining operations ceased in 1957.

The abandoned mining village of Chuc at 1422m is located on the right side of the valley along the old “Cavour road” (Strada Cavour), i.e. the pathway that connects Plout village to the current main path Druges-Servette-Prabornaz mine. It was inhabited by the miners from 1854 to 1950 and linked to the Servette and Chuc mines through cableways.

Other sites connected with mining operations are the Servette slag heaps [http://www.mindat.org/loc-216201.html] and the spectacular streamlet Eva Verda (also reported as Eau Verte or Fontaine Verte in the old literature) [http://www.mindat.org/loc-251177.html].

Regions containing this locality

The Alps, Europe

Mountain Range - 2,211 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

58 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Scaini G.,Mariani P.-I minerali d'Italia-Rizzoli Editore (1978)
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
'Apatite'
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd international geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: Scaini G.,Mariani P.-I minerali d'Italia-Rizzoli Editore (1978)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
'Crossite'
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Flavio G. Taricco collection
Deerite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Reference: Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd international geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Tumiati, S., Godard, G., Masciocchi, N., Martin, S., Monticelli, D. (2008): Environmental factors controlling the precipitation of Cu-bearing hydrotalcite-like compounds from mine waters. The case of the "Eve verda" spring (Aosta Valley, Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 73-94.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192
Iron
Formula: Fe
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
Muscovite var: Alurgite
Formula: K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Reference: Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd international geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp
Omphacite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd international geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp
Omphacite var: Chrome-Omphacite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
Reference: Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd international geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd international geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
'Slag'
Slavíkite
Formula: (H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Reference: Scaini G.,Mariani P.-I minerali d'Italia-Rizzoli Editore (1978)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Martin, S, Godard, G., Rebay, G. (2004): The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). The 32nd international geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., Venturelli, G. (1980): The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In: Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Anilite2.BA.10Cu7S4
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hydrowoodwardite7.DD.35(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Slavíkite7.DF.30(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Barroisite9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Deerite9.DH.60(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Alurgite9.EC.15K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Omphacite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
var: Chrome-Omphacite9.DA.20(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Apatite-
Chlorite Group-
Crossite-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Phengite-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Slag-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Anilite2.4.7.5Cu7S4
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Slavíkite31.9.13.1(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chloritoid52.3.3.1(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Omphacite65.1.3b.1(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Glaucophane66.1.3c.1◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Deerite69.2.3.3(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Barroisite-☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Crossite'-
Hydrowoodwardite-(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Iron-Fe
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Alurgite
-K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Omphacite
var: Chrome-Omphacite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
'Phengite'-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
'Slag'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Alurgite)K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
H Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
H Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Muscovite (var: Alurgite)K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
O Omphacite (var: Chrome-Omphacite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O WüstiteFeO
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Omphacite (var: Chrome-Omphacite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
Na Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Muscovite (var: Alurgite)K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Mg Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Omphacite (var: Chrome-Omphacite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Mg Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Muscovite (var: Alurgite)K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Al Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Al Omphacite (var: Chrome-Omphacite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Alurgite)K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
Si Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Si Omphacite (var: Chrome-Omphacite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SSulfur
S AniliteCu7S4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
S Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S TroiliteFeS
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Alurgite)K2(Mg,Al)4-5(Al,Si)8O20(OH)4
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Omphacite (var: Chrome-Omphacite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr Omphacite (var: Chrome-Omphacite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Cr3+,Al)Si2O6
MnManganese
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IronFe
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Omphacite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(AleFef3+Feg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe WüstiteFeO
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu AniliteCu7S4
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Saint-Martin de La Motte, F. (1784-85) Sur la fontaine verte de Saint-Marcel dans la vallée d'Aoste. Memorie della Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino, 1(7), 1-12.
Nicolis di Robilant, S.B. (1786-87) Description du Duché d'Aoste, suivi d'un essai sur deux minières des anciens Romains et d'un supplément à la théorie des montagnes et des mines. Memorie della Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino, 1(8), 245-274.
De Saussure, H.B. (1796) Voyages dans les Alpes, précédés d'un essai sur l'histoire naturelle des environs de Genève. Fauche, Barde-Manget, Fauche-Borel (Ed.), Neuchâtel et Genève. Tome 4, p. 459.
Natale, P. (1969) Recrystallization and remobilisation in some pyrite deposits of the Western Alps. In Zuffardi, P. (Ed.) (1969) Remobilization of ores and minerals. Atti del Convegno sulla rimobilizzazione dei minerali metallici e non metallici. Ente Minerario Sardo, Cagliari, 23 pp.
Scaini, G. (1971) La slavikite della miniera di Servette a Saint Marcel (Aosta). Natura, 62(1), 135.
Castello, P. (1979) Studio geologico-giacimentologico nelle valli di Saint-Marcel e di Fenis e quadro sinottico delle mineralizzazioni a magnetite, ferro-rame e manganese della Valle d’Aosta. Tesi, Università degli Studi di Torino, 338 pp.
Castello, P., Dal Piaz, G.V., Gosso, G., Kienast, J.R., Martin, S., Natale, P., Nervo, R., Polino, R., and Venturelli, G. (1980) The Piedmont ophiolite nappe in the Aosta valley and related ore deposits. In Gruppo di Lavoro sulle Ofioliti Mediterranee, VI Ophiolite field conference, Field excursion guidebook, Firenze, 171-192.
Castello, P. (1981) Inventario delle mineralizzazioni a magnetite, ferro-rame e manganese del Complesso piemontese dei calcescisti con pietre verdi in Valle d'Aosta. Ofioliti, 6(1), 5-46.
Krutow-Mozgawa, A. (1988) Métamorphisme dans le sédiments riches en fer ou magnesium de la couverture des ophiolites piémontaises (mine de Servette, Val d’Aoste). Thèse de 3ème cycle, Université P. et M. Curie, Paris VI, 166 pp.
Martin, S. and Tartarotti, P. (1989) Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156.
Martin, S., Meggiolaro, V., and Tartarotti, P. (1990) Sulphide and oxide phases in the eclogitic mineralized lithologies of the lower St. Marcel valley. Plinius, 2, 67-68.
Lorenzini, C. (1995) Le antiche miniere della Valle d'Aosta. Musumeci, Ed., Quart (Aosta), 165 pp.
Zinetti, G. (2002) Analisi ambientale del dissesto idrogeologico causato dallo stato di abbandono e di degrado della miniera di Cu e Fe di Servette nel versante destro della bassa valle di Saint-Marcel (AO) e proposta di recupero ambientale. Tesi di Laurea, Università degli Studi dell'Insubria (Como).
Martin, S., Godard, G., and Rebay, G. (2004) The subducted Tethys in the Aosta Valley (Italian western Alps). 32nd International Geological Congress, Field trip Guide Book B-02, 48 pp.
Martin, S., Godard, G., and Rebay, G. (2004) Walking on a Paleo Ocean Floor. The subducted Thetys in the Western Alps - An Excursion Guide. In Beltrando, M., Lister, G., Ganne, J., and Boullier, A. (Eds.) Evolution of the western Alps: insights from metamorphism, structural geology, tectonics and geochronology. Journal of the Virtual Explorer, Electronic Edition, ISSN 1441-8142, Vol. 16, Paper 2.
Tumiati, S., Casartelli, P., Mambretti, A., Martin, S., Frizzo, P., and Rottoli, M. (2005) The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry, 47, 317-340.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., and Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
Martin, S., Rebay, G., Kienast, J.R., and Mével, C. (2008) An eclogitised oceanic palaeo-hydrothermal field from the St. Marcel valley (Italian western Alps). Ofioliti, 33, 49-63.
Tumiati, S., Godard, G., Masciocchi, N., Martin, S., and Monticelli, D. (2008) Environmental factors controlling the precipitation of Cu-bearing hydrotalcite-like compounds from mine waters. The case of the "Eve verda" spring (Aosta Valley, Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 73-94.

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Italy

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