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San Rafael Mine, Quebrada Honda, Caracoles mining district, Sierra Gorda District, Antofagasta Province, Antofagasta, Chilei
Regional Level Types
San Rafael MineMine
Quebrada Honda- not defined -
Caracoles mining districtMining District
Sierra Gorda DistrictDistrict
Antofagasta ProvinceProvince
AntofagastaRegion
ChileCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):San Rafael
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 23° South , 69° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~1km
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


An old abandoned Ag mine, active in May 1872.

Regions containing this locality

South America PlateTectonic Plate
South AmericaContinent
Atacama Desert, ChileDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Caracolite
Formula: Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Knut Eldjarn specimen
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 317.
Leucostaurite
Formula: Pb2[B5O9]Cl · 0.5H2O
Reference: Brugger J, Meisser N, Ansermat S, Krivovichev S V, Kahlenberg V, Belton D, Ryan C G (2012) Leucostaurite, Pb2[B5O9]Cl·0.5H2O, from the Atacama Desert: The first Pb-dominant member of the hilgardite group, and micro-determination of boron minerals by PIGE. American Mineralogist 97, 1206-1212
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Brent Thorne specimen
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Arzruni and Thaddéeff (1899) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 31: 229; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65, 317.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Knut Eldjarn specimen
'Percylite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 317.
Schwartzembergite
Formula: Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65, 317.
Seeligerite
Formula: Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Reference: Brent Thorne specimen
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: El Copiapino (newspaper), Copiapó, 8 de mayo de 1872: p. 2

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Schwartzembergite4.KB.10Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Seeligerite4.KB.15Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Group 6 - Borates
Leucostaurite6.EA.05Pb2[B5O9]Cl · 0.5H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Caracolite7.BD.20Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Percylite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A(O,OH)Xq
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
Group 22 - IODATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Schwartzembergite22.1.3.1Pb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Seeligerite22.1.2.1Pb3(IO3)OCl3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Caracolite30.3.2.1Na3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Leucostaurite-Pb2[B5O9]Cl · 0.5H2O
'Percylite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H LeucostauritePb2[B5O9]Cl · 0.5H2O
BBoron
B LeucostauritePb2[B5O9]Cl · 0.5H2O
OOxygen
O SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O LeucostauritePb2[B5O9]Cl · 0.5H2O
O CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
NaSodium
Na CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
ClChlorine
Cl SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl LeucostauritePb2[B5O9]Cl · 0.5H2O
Cl CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag SilverAg
IIodine
I SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
I SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
PbLead
Pb SchwartzembergitePb5H2(IO2)O4Cl3
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb SeeligeritePb3(IO3)OCl3
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb LeucostauritePb2[B5O9]Cl · 0.5H2O
Pb CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
El Copiapino (newspaper), Copiapó, 8 de mayo de 1872: p. 2
La Flor del Desierto: el Mineral de Caracoles y su impacto n la economía chilena - Quezada, Carmen Gloria Bravo - 2000
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65, 317.


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