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Nördlinger Ries Crater, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Nördlinger Ries CraterCrater
GermanyCountry

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Key
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Nördlingen19,492 (2013)
Wemding5,669 (2013)
Oettingen in Bayern5,336 (2013)
Wallerstein3,473 (2013)
Möttingen2,558 (2015)
Fremdingen2,192 (2017)
Name(s) in local language(s):
Nördlinger Ries, Schwaben, Bayern, Deutschland


A large meteorite crater, about 22 x 24 km in size.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

12 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Akaogiite (TL)
Formula: TiO2
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Description: Recrystallized on cooling after impact.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
Armalcolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Reference: J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997), 22
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Impact generated melts.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Schmitt RT, Lapke C, Kenkmann T, Stöffler D (1999): Impaktdiamanten aus dem Nördlinger Ries.- Ber. Dt. Mineral. Ges., Eur. J. Mineral. 12 Beih. 1:187
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Description: Overgrowths on apatite clasts. Impact generated melts.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Description: Overgrowths on apatite clasts. Impact generated melts.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Description: Recrystallized on cooling after impact.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
'Glass'
Description: Impact generated melts.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
'Harmotome-Phillipsite-Ca Series'
Description: Barium-phillipsite. Secondary phase.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: Impact generated melts.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
'Pyroxene Group'
Description: Recrystallized on cooling after impact.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Description: Spheroids in calcite.
Reference: G.R. Osinski et al. , Meteoritics and Planetary Science, V 39, Issue 10, Oct. 2004.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stähle, V., Altherr, R., Koch, M., and Nasdala, L. (2008): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 155, 457-472.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Stähle, V., Altherr, R., Koch, M., and Nasdala, L. (2008): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 155, 457-472.
Reidite
Formula: ZrSiO4
Reference: Gucsik, A. (2006). Identification of Reidite from the Ries Impact Crater Using Micro-Raman Spectroscopy: A Review. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 41, 5103.
Riesite (TL)
Formula: TiO2
Type Locality:
Reference: Tschauner, O. and Ma, C. (2017) Riesite, IMA 2015-110a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 35, February 2017, page 213; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 209–213.
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
'UM2000-41-O:Ti'
Formula: TiO2
Reference: El Goresy, A. et al. (2000, 2001a-c).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaogiite (TL)4.D0.TiO2
Armalcolite4.CB.15(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Group 9 - Silicates
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reidite9.AD.45ZrSiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Harmotome-Phillipsite-Ca Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Riesite (TL)-TiO2
'UM2000-41-O:Ti'-TiO2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Stishovite4.4.1.9SiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X5
Armalcolite7.7.1.2(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Coesite75.1.4.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Akaogiite (TL)-TiO2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Harmotome-Phillipsite-Ca Series'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Reidite-ZrSiO4
Riesite (TL)-TiO2
'UM2000-41-O:Ti'-TiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C DiamondC
OOxygen
O RiesiteTiO2
O AkaogiiteTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O UM2000-41-O:TiTiO2
O Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
O ReiditeZrSiO4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O CoesiteSiO2
O StishoviteSiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
AlAluminium
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si ReiditeZrSiO4
Si CoesiteSiO2
Si StishoviteSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti RiesiteTiO2
Ti AkaogiiteTiO2
Ti UM2000-41-O:TiTiO2
Ti Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
FeIron
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5
ZrZirconium
Zr ReiditeZrSiO4

Fossils

There are 4 fossil localities from the PaleoBioDB database within this region.

BETA TEST - These data are provided on an experimental basis and are taken from external databases. Mindat.org has no control currently over the accuracy of these data.

Occurrences46
Youngest Fossil Listed11.6 Ma (Miocene)
Oldest Fossil Listed33.9 Ma (Oligocene)
Fossils from RegionClick here to show the list.
Accepted NameHierarchy Age
Albanerpeton
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Osteichthyes : Temnospondyli : Albanerpetontidae : Albanerpeton33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Testudo
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Testudines : Testudinidae : Testudo15.97 - 11.608 Ma
Miocene
Ophisaurus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Anguidae : Ophisaurus33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Pseudosciurus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Theridomyidae : Pseudosciurus33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Entelodon
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Entelodontidae : Entelodon33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Propalaeochoerus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Suidae : Propalaeochoerus33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Amphitragulus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Palaeomerycidae : Amphitragulus33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Eggysodon
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Perissodactyla : Hyracodontidae : Eggysodon33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Isoptychus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Theridomyidae : Isoptychus33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Suevosciurus fraasi
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Theridomyidae : Suevosciurus : Suevosciurus fraasi33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Plesiomeryx cadurcensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Cainotheriidae : Plesiomeryx : Plesiomeryx cadurcensis33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Paroxacron bergeri
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Cainotheriidae : Paroxacron : Paroxacron bergeri33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Cricetodon aureus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae : Cricetodon : Cricetodon aureus13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Miostrellus risgoviensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Vespertilionidae : Miostrellus : Miostrellus risgoviensis13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Tadarida engesseri
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Molossidae : Tadarida : Tadarida engesseri13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Tadarida leptognatha
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Chiroptera : Molossidae : Tadarida : Tadarida leptognatha13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Meganycteris monslapidis
species
Meganycteris : Meganycteris monslapidis13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Cainotherium huerzeleri
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Cainotheriidae : Cainotherium : Cainotherium huerzeleri13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Bachitherium curtum
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Hypertragulidae : Bachitherium : Bachitherium curtum33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Paracricetodon dehmi
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae : Paracricetodon : Paracricetodon dehmi33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Melissiodon bernlochensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae : Melissiodon : Melissiodon bernlochensis33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Megacricetodon minor
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Muridae : Megacricetodon : Megacricetodon minor13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Democricetodon mutilus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Cricetidae : Democricetodon : Democricetodon mutilus13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Bunobrachyodus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Anthracotheriidae : Bunobrachyodus33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Blanus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Blanidae : Blanus13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Diacorixa germanica
species
Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Hemiptera : Corixidae : Diacorixa : Diacorixa germanica15.97 - 13.82 Ma
Miocene
Ptychogaster ronheimensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Testudines : Geoemydidae : Ptychogaster : Ptychogaster ronheimensis33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Ergilemys
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Testudines : Testudinidae : Ergilemys33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Palaeogekko risgoviensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Reptilia : Squamata : Gekkonidae : Palaeogekko : Palaeogekko risgoviensis13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Pseudogelocus
genus
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Tragulidae : Pseudogelocus33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Dacrytherium ovinum
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Anoplotheriidae : Dacrytherium : Dacrytherium ovinum33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Ronzotherium filholi
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Perissodactyla : Rhinocerotidae : Ronzotherium : Ronzotherium filholi33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Dichobune fraasi
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Dichobunidae : Dichobune : Dichobune fraasi33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Tapirulus hyracinus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Dacrytheriidae : Tapirulus : Tapirulus hyracinus33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Diplobune quercyi
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Anoplotheriidae : Diplobune : Diplobune quercyi33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Diplobune bavarica
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Anoplotheriidae : Diplobune : Diplobune bavarica33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Plagiolophus minor
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Perissodactyla : Palaeotheriidae : Plagiolophus : Plagiolophus minor33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Plesispermophilus angustidens
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Allomyidae : Plesispermophilus : Plesispermophilus angustidens33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Eomys antiquus
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Eomyidae : Eomys : Eomys antiquus33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Gelocus villebramarensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Artiodactyla : Gelocidae : Gelocus : Gelocus villebramarensis33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Suevosciurus ehingensis
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Rodentia : Theridomyidae : Suevosciurus : Suevosciurus ehingensis33.9 - 28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Lartetictis dubia
species
Animalia : Chordata : Mammalia : Carnivora : Mustelidae : Lartetictis : Lartetictis dubia13.65 - 12.75 Ma
Miocene
Fossil LocalitiesClick to show 4 fossil localities

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
El Goresy, A., P. Gillet, M. Chen, L. Dbrovinsky, and T.G. Sharp (2000): A new natural dense polymorph of rutile with the α-PbO2 structure in shocked gneisses from the Ries meteorite crater, Germany, Goldschmidt 2000, Sept. 3rd.-8th., Oxford, UK Journal of Conference Abstracts 5, 379.
El Goresy, A., M. Chen, L. Dbrovinsky, P. Gillet, and G. Graup (2001): An ultradense polymorph of rutile with seven-coordinated titanium from the Ries crater. Science 293, 1467-1470.
El Goresy, A., M. Chen, L. Dbrovinsky, P. Gillet, and G. Graup (2001): Two novel shock-induced very dense polymorphs of rutile in suevite from the Ries crater, Germany: implications for peak-shock pressures and post-shock temperatures. Proceedings of the Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII, Abstract 1084.
El Goresy, A., M. Chen, P. Gillet, L. Dbrovinsky, G. Graup, and R. Ahuja (2001): A natural shock-induced dense polymorph of rutile with α-PbO2 structure in the suevite from the Ries crater in Germany: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 192, 485-495.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
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