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Carlés Mine, Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spaini
Regional Level Types
Carlés MineMine
Carlés- not defined -
SalasMunicipality
AsturiasAutonomous Community
SpainCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 21' 47'' North , 6° 14' 44'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Salas6,350 (2014)5.5km
Belmonte2,011 (2008)9.3km
Tineo11,146 (2012)13.9km
Grado11,033 (2018)14.1km
Castañedo251 (2015)15.0km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mina de Carlés, Carlés, Salas, Asturies, España


Copper-gold deposit located in the Cantabrian zone of the Hercynian Iberian Massif.

The mineralization is associated with a late Hercynian granodioritic intrusion with numerous sill-like intrusions, developped along stratification planes and controlling fluid circulation.

The granodiorite intrudes Upper Silurian sandstones and Lower Devonian limestones and dolostones.

Several types of alteration are present :

- Exoskarn (metasomatic replacement of marbles) divided in different monomineralic zones replacing each other
- Endoskarn (metasomatic replacement of granodiorite)
- Veining stage : second hydrothermal episode affecting exoskarn
- Amphibole arsenopyrite replacement of marbles
- K-feldspar alteration of granodiorite
- Sericitic greisen and silicification developed in the granodiorite

Satellite mine of the El Valle Mine. Open-pit mining started in the fall of 2000. Underground mining developed since 2003.


Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


62 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Albite var. Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Col. Agustin Agudo Espinosa.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: JRGL photo
'Amphibole Supergroup var. Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: JRGL photo
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: JRGL collection
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Calvo, M.(2014). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VI, Sulfatos (seleniatos, teluratos), cromatos, molibdatos y wolframatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 653 pp.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Calvo, M.(2014). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VI, Sulfatos (seleniatos, teluratos), cromatos, molibdatos y wolframatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 653 pp.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Description: Element App Intensity Weight% Weight% Atomic% Conc. Corrn. Sigma O K 47.73 1.0941 41.76 0.64 72.09 Al K 1.02 0.4347 2.26 0.20 2.31 Si K 0.36 0.5293 0.66 0.14 0.65 S K 3.09 0.7398 3.99 0.18 3.44 Cu K 36.09 0.8823 39.14 0.62 17.02 As L 7.78 0.6103 12.19 0.51 4.50 Totals 100.00
Reference: Joan Rosell - RosellMinerals
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Euchroite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: JRGL collection
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Gold var. Electrum
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Hastingsite
Formula: NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Description: K-hastingsite.
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Calvo, M. (2003): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II, Sulfuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 705 pp
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
'K Feldspar'
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: JRGL collection
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Reference: JRGL collection
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: JRGL Collection
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
'Plumosite'
Reference: P. Bluemner
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Quartz var. Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: JRGL collection
'Scapolite'
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
Tremolite
Formula: ◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: D. Arcos et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 975-985.
Woodruffite
Formula: Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2 · yH2O
Reference: - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Gold1.AA.05Au
var. Electrum1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
'Plumosite'2..
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Oxyplumboroméite4.DH.Pb2Sb2O6O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var. Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Woodruffite4.FL.25Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2 · yH2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Euchroite8.DC.07Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chapmanite9.ED.25Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Ferro-actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite9.DE.15NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var. Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite Subgroup'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4C2+2)Sb4S12S
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Woodruffite7.8.1.2Zn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2 · yH2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Pyroaurite16b.6.2.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Euchroite42.6.3.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chapmanite71.1.3.2Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework with other Be/Al/Si frameworks
Marialite76.3.1.1Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var. Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var. Uralite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Andradite-Grossular Series'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'-
Ferro-actinolite-◻Ca2Fe2+5(Si8O22)OH2
Gold
var. Electrum
-(Au,Ag)
Hastingsite-NaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
'K Feldspar'-
Muscovite
var. Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Oxyplumboroméite-Pb2Sb2O6O
'Plumosite'-
Quartz
var. Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Scapolite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
H Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
H Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2 · yH2O
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
H PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
OOxygen
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
O Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
O ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2 · yH2O
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O KermesiteSb2S2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
MgMagnesium
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Mg PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Al Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
SiSilicon
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Si Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Si Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Si Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Quartz var. ChalcedonySiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyriteFeS2
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S StibniteSb2S3
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S KermesiteSb2S2O
ClChlorine
Cl MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Albite var. Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole Supergroup var. UraliteAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MnManganese
Mn WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2 · yH2O
FeIron
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Ferro-actinolite◻Ca2Fe52+(Si8O22)OH2
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe VesuvianiteCa19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(◻4)◻[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Fe PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
ZnZinc
Zn WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMnx3+)O2 · yH2O
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
AgSilver
Ag Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
SbAntimony
Sb ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb Tetrahedrite SubgroupCu6(Cu4C22+)Sb4S12S
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
AuGold
Au Gold var. Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
BiBismuth
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Bi BismuthBi

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Garcia Iglesias, J. and Loredo, J. (1990): Geological mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the Carles gold mineralization, Asturias, Spain. Mineralium Deposita 25, S53-S58.
Arcos, D.; Soler, A. and J. Delgado (1995): Fluid evolution in the Cu–Au deposit related to the Carle´s Granodiorite (Asturias). European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 975–985.
Paniagua, A. (1998): Ore mineralogy and thermodynamic evolution of the Carlés gold-bearing skarn. In: Gold exploration and mining in NW Spain (Arias, A., Martín-Izard, A. and Paniagua, A., Eds.), Oviedo, Spain, 106-111.
Martín Izard, A., Paniagua, A., Garcia Iglesias, J. Fuertes, M., Boixet, L., Maldonado, C. and Varela, A. (2000): The Carlés copper-gold-molybdenum skarn (Asturias, Spain): geometry, mineral associations and metasomatic evolution. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 71, 153-175.
Calvo, M. (2003): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II, Sulfuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 705 pp.
Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo, 752 pp.
Calvo, M. & Viñals, J. (2014): Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32.
Calvo, Miguel. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.

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