LIVE REPORT! The 46th Annual Friends of Mineralogy Pacific Northwest Chapter Mineral Symposiu - last updated 33 minutes ago. Click here to watch.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Sacramento pit (Sacramento Mine), Sacramento Hill, Bisbee, Cochise County, Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Sacramento pit (Sacramento Mine)Pit
Sacramento HillHill
BisbeeTown
Cochise CountyCounty
ArizonaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 26' 12'' North , 109° 54' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Bisbee5,208 (2017)2.5km
Naco1,046 (2011)12.0km
Naco6,064 (2018)12.8km
Palominas212 (2011)21.2km
Miracle Valley644 (2011)24.4km


A former medium-output surface Cu-Au-Ag-V-Bi-Cd mine located in the NW ¼ sec. 15, and the NE ¼ sec. 16, T.23S., R.24E (Bisbee 7.5 minute topo map), approximately ½ mile NW of Lowell, on private land. At the present time, it is assumed that the mine is now part of, and was subhumed by, the Lavender Pit. Owned and operated by the Phelps Dodge Corp.

Mineralization is copper sulfides (enriched chalcocite), oxides, and carbonates in irregular masses in brecciated and altered granite porphyry (Sacramento Hill Stock), contact breccia, and in relatively unaltered Mississippian Escabrosa Limestone cut by a porphyry dike. Ore control was nearby dikes and sills and faulting and associated brecciation. The replacement is perfect along the beds, as certain cherty bands are left untouched in the midst of the ore. Ore bodies are mainly in the Hardscrabble claim of the Sacramento Mine. The ore bodies are in direct contact with the Sacramento Dike (Sacramento Stock) on both sides and are replacements of Escabrosa Limestone. Ore concentration was bornite replacing pyrite. Alteration was gossan with Mn and Fe oxides induced by hydrothermal metamorphism. An associated rock unit is the Sacramento Hill Stock.

Local structures include common pre-mineralization faulting and tilting. Main fault directions are N10W to N40E and S30W to N50W.

Workings are a huge open pit operation and underground openings to a depth of 457.2 meters. Several hundred thousand tons of ore were produced up to about 1920. About 8.3 million tons of ore were produced from 1920 to 1929.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046235, MRDS ID #M241099.
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Habit: Tiny, beautifully-formed single crystals & twins
Description: In vugs in dense quartz-goethite gossan; commonly altered to pale blue, massive, botryoidal gibbsite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162; Williams, S.A. & B. Khin (1971), Chalcoalumite from Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 2: 126-127.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: Occurs as disseminated ores.
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ: 89 (Table 4); Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162; Ransome, F.L. (1904), The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, AZ, USGS PP 21; Guild, F.N. (1910), The mineralogy of Arizona, The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA; Trischka, C., et al (1929), Boxwork siderite, Econ.Geol.: 24: 677-686; Schwartz, G.M. & C.F. Park, Jr. (1932), A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell mine, Bisbee, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 27: 39-51; Schwartz, G.M. (1934), Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper, Econ.Geol.: 29: 55-75; Schwartz, G.M. (1939), Significance of bornite-chalcocite microtextures, Econ.Geol.: 34: 399-418; Grout, F.E. (1946), Microscopic characters of vein carbonates, Econ.Geol.: 41: 475-502; Hutton, C.O. (1957), Sengierite from Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 42: 408-411; Bain, G.W. (1952), The age of the 'Lower Cretaceous' from Bisbee, AZ, uraninite, Econ.Geol. 47: 305-315; Trischka (1938): 40.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046235, MRDS ID #M241099.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: No reference listed
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162; Williams, S.A. & B. Khin (1971), Chalcoalumite from Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 2: 126-127.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046235, MRDS ID #M241099.
Descloizite var: Cuprian Descloizite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046235, MRDS ID #M241099.
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Colour: Pale blue
Description: Massive, botryoidal material as an alteration product of chalcoalumite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162, 231; Williams, S.A. & B. Khin (1971), Chalcoalumite from Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 2: 126-127.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162; Williams, S.A. & B. Khin (1971), Chalcoalumite from Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 2: 126-127.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046235, MRDS ID #M241099.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162; Williams, S.A. & B. Khin (1971), Chalcoalumite from Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 2: 126-127.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 162; Williams, S.A. & B. Khin (1971), Chalcoalumite from Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 2: 126-127.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: No reference listed

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Descloizite8.BH.40Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Carbonatecyanotrichite16b.7.7.1Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Descloizite
var: Cuprian Descloizite
-Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
PPhosphorus
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
VVanadium
V Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
ZnZinc
Zn Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
PbLead
Pb Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ransome, F.L. (1904) The geology and ore deposits of the Bisbee quadrangle, Arizona. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 21.
Guild, F.N. (1910) The mineralogy of Arizona. The Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, PA.
Bonillas, Y.S., Tenny, J.B., and Feuchere, L. (1917) Geology of the Warren mining district: American Institute of Mining Engineers, Transactions, 55: 326-327, 329-330, 337, 340, 350.
Trischka, C. et al. (1929), Boxwork siderite. Economic Geology, 24, 677-686.
Schwartz, G.M. and Park, C.F. Jr. (1932) A microscopic study of ores from the Campbell mine, Bisbee, Arizona. Economic Geology, 27, 39-51.
Schwartz, G.M. (1934) Paragenesis of the oxidized ores of copper. Economic Geology, 29, 55-75.
Trischka, C. (1938) Bisbee district, in Some Arizona ore deposits, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 145: 40.
Schwartz, G.M. (1939) Significance of bornite-chalcocite microtextures. Economic Geology, 34, 399-418.
Grout, F.E. (1946) Microscopic characters of vein carbonates. Economic Geology, 41, 475-502.
Bain, G.W. (1952) The age of the 'Lower Cretaceous' from Bisbee, Arizona, uraninite. Economic Geology, 47, 305-315.
Hutton, C.O. (1957) Sengierite from Bisbee, Arizona. American Mineralogist, 42, 408-411.
Burnham, C.W. (1959) Metallogenic provinces of the southwestern US and northern Mexico. New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources Bulletin 65: 31.
Cooper, J.R. (1962) Bismuth in the United States, exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii. United States Geological Survey Mineral Investigations Resource Map MR-22, 19 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:3,168,000.
Williams, S.A. and Khin, B. (1971) Chalcoalumite from Bisbee, Arizona. Mineralogical Record, 2, 126-127.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973) Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, AZ. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 187: 89 (Table 4).
Niemuth, N.J. and Phillips, K.A. (1992) Copper Oxide Resources. Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 6 (Table 1).
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 162, 231.
Arizona Bureau of Mines files.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10046235, MRDS ID #M241099; and, Dep. ID #10282725, MAS ID #0040030318.

USGS MRDS Record:10046235

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate
USA

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 20, 2019 07:24:07 Page generated: October 5, 2019 09:03:59
Go to top of page