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Travona Mine, Butte Mining District (Summit Valley Mining District), Butte-Silver Bow, Montana, USAi
Regional Level Types
Travona MineMine
Butte Mining District (Summit Valley Mining District)Mining District
Butte-Silver BowCity
MontanaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 0' 17'' North , 112° 32' 43'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Butte34,190 (2011)0.8km
Walkerville700 (2017)3.3km
Butte-Silver Bow (Balance)33,525 (2013)14.3km
Warm Springs3,000 (2013)26.9km
Anaconda9,417 (2011)33.5km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Asteroid Mine, Travonia Mine


The site of the first silver strike in Butte originally named the Asteroid by Willam Farlin in 1874. Farlin further developed the mine operations via a $30,000 loan taken out from W.A. Clark's Deerloge bank to build the Dexter Mill. Farlin eventually defaulted on the loan giving Clark his first Butte property upon which his fame as one of the three Butte "Copper Kings" was founded. The mine name is commonly misspelled "Travonia" by Butte residents, this mispelling becoming the official name of the street which runs adjacent the mine yard in which the head frame can still be seen.

Associated rocks include the Late Cretaceous Butte Quartz Monzonite (Boulder Batholith). Local rocks include Boulder batholith and broadly related stocks.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: undefined
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Species confirmed by Ray Lasmanis. He personally collected the specimen as an ore sample and had it analyzed while working as a newly minted mining geologist in Butte upon graduation in 1960. His label shows species and date collected from the Western dumps of the Travona Mine. (Personal visit and communication in October 2018).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Sales, R. (1914) Ore deposits at Butte, Montana. American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers Transactions, Vol. 46, p. 4-106.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Manganese at Butte, Montana; J.T. Pardee 1918; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rhodonite
Formula: CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Reference: Sales, R. (1914) Ore deposits at Butte, Montana. American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers Transactions, Vol. 46, p. 4-106.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Sales, R. (1914) Ore deposits at Butte, Montana. American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers Transactions, Vol. 46, p. 4-106.; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Rhodonite9.DK.05CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1CaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
O PsilomelaneMn, O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AlabanditeMnS
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Weed, W.H., Emmons, S.F., and Tower, G.W. (1897), Butte special folio, Montana, USGS Geologic Atlas of the United States Folio GF-38, map scale: 1:15,000.
Harder, Edmund Cecil (1910), Manganese Deposits of the United States, USGS Bulletin 427: 135.
Weed, W.H. (1912), Geology and Ore Deposits of the Butte District, Montana, USGS Professional Paper 74.
Sales, R. H. (1914), Ore Deposits at Butte, Montana, American Institute of Mining Engineers (A.I.M.E.) Transaction : 46: 3-109.
Pardee, J.T. (1919), Contributions to economic geology, 1918, Part I, Metals and nonmetals except fuels--Manganese at Butte, Montana, USGS Bulletin 690-E: 111-130.
Pardee, J.T. (1921), Deposits of manganese ore in Montana, Utah, Oregon, and Washington, in: Contributions to Economic Geology (Short Papers and Preliminary Reports), P_art I, Metals and Nonmetals Except Fuels: USGS Bulletin 725-C: 141.
Perry, Eugene Sheridan (1933), 1932 International Geological Congress, 16th Session, United States, Guidebook 23, excursion C2.
Hart, Lyman Herbert, Giclel, Murl Harold, Perry, Eugene Sheridan (1935), The Butte mining district, Montana: Copper resources of the world, Washington, 16th International Geological Congress, 1935: 287-305.
Reyner, M.L. (1950), Directory of Mining Properties, 1949, Montana Bureau of Mines and geology, Memoir 31: 98.
USGS-U.S. Bureau of Mines (1951-1953), Mineral Yearbooks.
Stout, K.S. et. al. (1958) Directory of known mining properties, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Bulletin 10: 67.
Sullivan, W. A. Stickney, and Bush, R.D. (1961), Beneficiating Manganese Oxide Ores From . the Butte-Phillipsburgh Federal Stockpile, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation RI 5728, 19 pages.
U.S. Bureau of Mines (1995), Minerals Availability System/Mineral Industry Location System (MAS/MILS): file #0300930103.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10019639 & 10124295.
USGS MRDS ID #DC11026.
Wayland, unpublished USGS Report: 29.
Butte Shafts - Surface Preliminary Map, Anaconda Company Unpublished

Other Databases

Link to USGS MRDS:10019639

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate

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