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Lower New Street quarry, Paterson, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Lower New Street quarryQuarry
Paterson- not defined -
Passaic Co.County
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 54' 18'' North , 74° 11' 14'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Paterson147,754 (2017)1.8km
Woodland Park12,518 (2017)1.8km
Totowa10,973 (2017)1.9km
Haledon8,451 (2017)3.4km
Prospect Park5,953 (2017)3.7km


A trap rock quarry in Watchung Basalt worked between 1900 and 1936. The New Street quarries exploited an area of the basalt that was extruded over a probable shallow wetland or lake, thus the lava cooled in pillows. The large interstitial spaces between the pillows yielded superb minerals.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


27 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Minerals of NJ, Mason, B. (1960).
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978).
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Ref.:Mineral Collector 15: 113-118, Papke, H. (1908); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978).
'Chabazite'
Habit: rhombohedra and penetration twins up to 45mm across
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 115
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978).
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Specimen collected by and in the collection of Andrew Kruegel.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: American Museum of Nat. History, NY, specimen; Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978).
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Hawkins (1933); Mineralogical Record 9:157-179, Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978).
'Gmelinite'
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Habit: Tabular six-sided crystals
Colour: Golden yellow
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Minerals of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Pseudomorphs after glauberite.
Reference: Peters, Joseph J. (1984), Triassic Traprock Minerals of New Jersey, Rocks & Minerals (July-August): 59: 173.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183, Peters, Joseph J. (1984).
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183, Peters, Jospeh J. (1984).
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Ref.:Mineral Collector 15: 113-118, Papke, H. (1908).
Orpiment ?
Formula: As2S3
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Minerals of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984).
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Habit: Large botryopidal aggregates of prehnite, sometimes showing good terminations.
Colour: Various shades of light to medium green, rarely yellow or white.
Reference: Ref.:Mineral Collector 15: 113-118, Papke, H. (1908); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.
Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Formula: Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Minerals of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183, Peters, Joseph J. (1984).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mason, B. H. (1960). Trap rock minerals of New Jersey (Vol. 64). State of New Jersey, Department of Conservation and Economic Development, Division of Planning and Development.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Minerals of NJ, Mason, B. (1960).
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Minerals of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183, Peters, Joseph J. (1984).
Realgar ?
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min.:59:157-183, Peters, Joseph J. (1984); Amer. Museum of Nat. History, NY, specimen.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.; Amer. Museum of Nat. History, NY, specimen.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Minerals of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183, Peters, Joseph J. (1984).
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Habit: Bladed crystals arranged in hemispherical clusters to 6 cm.
Colour: White to colorless
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Minerals of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59: 157-183 (1984), Peters, Joseph J.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Orpiment ?2.FA.30As2S3
Realgar ?2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Mg)9.BG.20Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Realgar ?2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment ?2.11.1.1As2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Pumpellyite-(Mg)58.2.2.7Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gmelinite'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
OOxygen
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SSulfur
S GreenockiteCdS
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
S RealgarAs4S4
KPotassium
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
CaCalcium
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2821781
Orange Mountain Basalt

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Orange Mountain Basalt

Description: (Olsen, 1980) - Dark-greenish-gray to greenish-black basalt composed mostly of calcic plagioclase (typically An65) and clinopyroxene (augite and pigeonite); crystals are generally less than 1 mm (0.04 in) long. Consists of three major flows. The flows are separated in places by a weathered zone or by a thin, up to 3-m- (10-ft-) thick bed of red siltstone (not shown on map) or volcaniclastic rock. Lowest flow is generally massive and has widely spaced curvilinear joints; columnar joints in lowest flow become more common toward the northeast. Middle flow is massive or has columnar jointing. Lower part of the uppermost flow has pillow structures; upper part has pahoehoe flow structures. Tops and bottoms of flow layers are vesicular. Maximum thickness is about 182 m (597 ft).

Comments: Newark Supergroup, Brunswick Group (Lyttle and Epstein, 1987). Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{basalt}, Minor:{siltstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3187774
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Newark Graben System; Newark-Delaware Basin

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

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References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Papke, H. (1908), Mineral Collector: 15: 113-118.
Mason, B. (1960), Trap Rock Minerals of New Jersey, New Jersey Geological Survey Bull. #64.
Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978), Mineralogical Record: 9: 157-179.
Peters, J.J. (1984) Rocks & Minerals: 59: 157-183.
Tschernich, R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, 115.


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