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Larvik, Vestfold, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
LarvikMunicipality
VestfoldCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Area:
535 km2
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Larvik23,113 (2018)
Stavern5,593 (2018)
Kvelde854 (2018)
Other Languages:
French:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norvège
German:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norwegen
Italian:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norvegia
Norwegian:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norge
Russian:
Ларвик, Вестфолл, Норвегия
Simplified Chinese:
拉尔维克, 西福尔郡, 挪威
Spanish:
Larvik, Vestfold, Noruega
Albanian:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norvegjia
Arabic:
لارفيك, فستفولد, النرويج
Armenian:
Լարվիկ, Վեստֆոլ, Նորվեգիա
Asturian:
Larvik, Vestfold, Noruega
Basque:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norvegia
Belarusian:
Ларвік, Вестфал, Нарвегія
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Лярвік, Вэстфол, Нарвэгія
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
লারভিক, বেস্টফোল্ড, নরৱে
Bulgarian:
Ларвик, Вестфол, Норвегия
Catalan:
Larvik, Vestfold, Noruega
Cebuano:
Larvik, Vestfold fylke, Norway
Croatian:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norveška
Czech:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norsko
Danish:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norge
Dutch:
Larvik, Vestfold, Noorwegen
Esperanto:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norvegio
Estonian:
Larviki vald, Vestfold, Norra
Farsi/Persian:
لارویک, وستفولد, نروژ
Finnish:
Larvik, Vestfoldin lääni, Norja
Georgian:
ლარვიკი, ვესტფოლდი, ნორვეგია
Greenlandic:
Larvik, Norge
Hebrew:
לרוויק, וסטפולד, נורבגיה
Hungarian:
Larvik, Vestfold megye, Norvégia
Icelandic:
Larvik, Vestfold, Noregur
Indonesian:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norwegia
Interlingue:
Larvik, Norvegia
Japanese:
ラルヴィク, ヴェストフォル県, ノルウェー
Korean:
라르비크, 베스트폴주, 노르웨이
Latin:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norvegia
Limburgian:
Larvik, Vestfold, Noorwege
Lithuanian:
Larvikas, Vestfoldas, Norvegija
Low Saxon/Low German:
Kommun Larvik, Amt Vestfold, Norwegen
Luxembourgish:
Larvik, Norwegen
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
Larvik, Vestfold, Lo̍k-ui
Northern Sami:
Larvik, Vestfolda fylka, Norga
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
Larvik, Vestfold fylke, Noreg
Polish:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norwegia
Portuguese:
Larvik, Vestfold, Noruega
Romanian:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norvegia
Scots:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norawa
Serbian:
Ларвик, Вестфолд, Норвешка
Silesian:
Larvik, Norwygijo
Slovenian:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norveška
Swahili:
Larvik, Norwei
Swedish:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norge
Traditional Chinese:
拉爾維克, 挪威
Tumbuka:
Larvik, Norway
Turkish:
Larvik, Vestfold, Norveç
Ukrainian:
Ларвік, Вестфол, Норвегія
Vietnamese:
Larvik, Vestfold, Na Uy
Waray:
Larvik, Vestfold, Noruega
Welsh:
Larvik, Norwy


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Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

218 valid minerals. 26 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 10 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite ?
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Larsen, K. E. & Andersen, F. (2009): Mineralforekomster i den østlige delen av Siljan-Hvarnes plutonkompleks, sørvestre Vestfold. Bergverksmuseets Skrift, 41: 54-63
Aegirine (TL)
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Reference: Berzelius, [J]. (1835): [without titel dated 13 jan. 1835]. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Gegnosie, Geologie und Petrefaktenkunde, 1835, 184-185 ; Murad E (2006) Mineralogy of aegirine from Låven Island, Langesundfjorden, southern Norway, Norwegian Journal of Geology, 86, 435-438
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Alflarsenite (TL)
Formula: NaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Bladed crystals
Colour: Colorless; aggregates pale beige
Description: According to the type description the mineral has so far been found on one specimen only - collected in 1969.
Reference: Raade, G., Grice, J.D., Cooper, M.A. (2009): Alflarsenite, a new beryllium-silicate zeolite from a syenitic pegmatite in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo Region, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 21, 893-900
'Alkali Feldspar'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Ancylite'
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Ancylite Group'
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (1988): Helvite group minerals form syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no 68. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68: 119-124
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 107.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Description: Found by Ragnar Hansen and Svein A. Berge in 1983.
Reference: Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Description: As a secondary coating on arsenopyrite
Reference: Selbekk, R. S., Husdal, T. A. & Berg, H.-J. (2010) Nye mineraler for Norge i 2010. Stein 37 (4): 24-26
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Astrophyllite (TL)
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Reference: Scheerer, T. (1854): Verhandlungen des bergmännischen Vereins zu Freiberg, Berg- und hüttenmännische Zeitung. 13, 239-240 ; Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie. 198 (2/122), 107-138
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
'Banalsite-Stronalsite Series'
Reference: Dahlgren, S. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): Minerals of the banalsite-stronalsite series in amygdules from the Brunlanes ultramafic series. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 49, 93-100
'Barkevikite'
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1),15-71
Behoite
Formula: Be(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Berborite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH,F) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Description: Reported by Weibye (1848), probably a misidentification of fluorapatite
Reference: Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Reference: Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Burpalite
Formula: Na2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
Reference: Friis, H., Balić Žunić, T., Williams, T. & Petersen, O. V. (2010): Minerals of the låvenite group from South Greenland and Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 43, 35-39. (monoclinic polytype)
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calciohilairite
Formula: CaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: Larsen, K. E. (2015). Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2013-2015. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 79-88.
'Calciopyrochlore'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Cappelenite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
Reference: Brögger, W. C. (1884): Forelöbig meddelelse om to nye norske mineraler, Låvenit og Cappelenit. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 7, 598-600; Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 462-467
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Catapleiite (TL)
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Habit: platy
Colour: pale brownish red
Description: embedded in feldspar
Reference: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineral.(1849) 521-525; Weibye, P. C. (1850): Neue Mineralien aus Norwegen, beschrieben von P.H. [sic!] Weibye; analysirt von N.J. Berlin, K.A. Sjögren und J.B. von Borck (Erster Theil). [1.Tritomit, 2. Katapleiit, 3.Atheriasit, 4. Eudnophit.], Annalen der Physik und Chemie (herausgegeben zu Berlin von J.C. Poggendorff), 79: 299-304; Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Husdal,T., Bo, F.D., Friis, H. Berge, S.A.,Ljøstad, O.T. and Andresen, P. (2019) New mineral discoveries from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019, 47-51
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Reference: Husdal, T., Bo, F.D., Friis, H. Berge, S.A.,Ljøstad, O.T. and Andresen, P. (2019) New mineral discoveries from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019, 47-51
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Geological Survey of Norway. The Ore Database. Deposit Area 709 - 006. Sæteråsen.
Chiavennite
Formula: CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Sæbø, P.C. (1965): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. 1: The first occurrence of the rare mineral barylite, Be2BaSi2O7, in Norway. 2: Note on a new occurrence of chrysoberyl in Norway. 3: The first occurence of ramsayite, Na2Ti2Si2O9, in Norway. 38pp. Unpublished thesis, University of Oslo.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Ihlen, P. M. (1983) Geologiske og petrokjemiske resultater fra diamantboring på Sæteråsen niob-forekomst. NGU-rapport 1800/76B.
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Husdal,T., Bo, F.D., Friis, H. Berge, S.A.,Ljøstad, O.T. and Andresen, P. (2019) New mineral discoveries from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019, 47-51
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection, # MM-1875
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Eirikite (TL)
Formula: KNa6Be2(Si15Al3)O39F2
Type Locality:
Habit: Bundles of radiating fibres reach 3 cm in length;
Description:
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p: Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Erdmannite (of Berlin)'
Reference: Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde (C.J.B.Karsten und von Dechen) 22: 465-544 (p.531)
'Erdmannite (of Engström and Des Cloizeaux & Damour)'
Reference: Des Cloizeaux, [A.] & Damour,[A.] (1877): Note sur la forme cristalline, les propriétés optiques et la composition chimique de la homilite. Annales de Chimie et de Physique. 12: 405-412; Ito, J. & Hafner, S.S. (1974): Synthesis and study of gadolinites. American Mineralogist. 59: 700-708
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Eudialyte Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Eudialyte Group var: Eucolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Eudidymite (TL)
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1887). Om ”Eudidymit”, et nyt norsk mineral. Forelöbig meddelelse. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 31, 196-199; Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 586-597; Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 663 pp,
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse (NGU) Ore Dateabase: Sæteråsen Deposit no. 6 in Larvik (0709) municipality.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Widenfalk, L. & Gorbatschev, R. (1971): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway , No. 43. A note on a New Occurence of Baddeleyite in Larvikite from Larvik, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 51, 193-194
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Cryptoperthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse (NGU) Ore Dateabase: Sæteråsen Deposit no. 6 in Larvik (0709) municipality.
Ferri-fluoro-leakeite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2013): Surkhobitt fra Bratthagen i Lågendalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 89-92;Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Kristiansen, R. (2014): Ferri-fluoro-leakeite: a second occurrence at Bratthagen (Norway), with new data on Zn partitioning and the oxo component in Na amphiboles. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 861-869.
Ferrochiavennite (TL)
Formula: Ca1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Grice, J. D., Kristiansen, R., Friis, H., Rowe, R., Poirier, G.G., Selbekk, R.S., Cooper, M.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2013): Ferrochiavennite, a new beryllium silicate zeolite from syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo region, Southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 285-296
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ferro-ferri-nybøite
Formula: NaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 51: 735-770
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.handbookofmineralogy.com/pdfs/ferrohornblende.pdf
Ferro-katophorite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1894): Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes, I. Die Gesteine der Grorudit-Tinguait-Serie. Videnskabsselkabets Skrifter. I. Mathematisknaturv. Klasse, 1894, 4, 1-206. (pp. 27-39)
Ferrokentbrooksite
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Ferro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): The mineralogy and crystal chemistry of alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo rift valley, Norway. Part 1. Magmatic and secondary zircon: implications for petrogenesis from trace-element geochemistry. Mineralogical Magazine. 76, 649-672
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 735-770
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2013): Pyrochlore supergroup minerals from the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 50, 63-82.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Gadolinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Gaidonnayite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Gonyerite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. (2004): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2003-2004. STEIN 31 (2), 36-44; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Description: Later showed to be hainite-(Y). NB spelled erronously as gozenitt in Eldjarn (1983)
Reference: Eldjarn, K. (1983): Mineraler fra Syenitt-Pegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. NAGS-nytt 10 (2): 4-41
Graphite
Formula: C
Grenmarite (TL)
Formula: Na4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2
Type Locality:
Habit: semi-parallell aggregates of elongated,flattened crystals up to 1 cm.
Colour: yellowish brown
Reference: Bellezza, M., Franzini, F., Larsen, A. O., Merlino, S., Perchiazzi, N. (2004): Grenmarite, a new member of the götzenite-seidozerite-rosenbuschite group from Langesundsfjord district: definition and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16, 971-978.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gugiaite ?
Formula: Ca2Be(Si2O7)
Description: Collected in the early 1980s and identified as leucophanite, but recent studies at the Oslo University Mineralogical Museum have identified the mineral as gugiaite. But hydroxyl was not determined and as with other previously analyzed gugiaites, it could be the newly described mineral hydroxylgugiaite, Knut Eldjarn comment in caption on photo-58820, mars 2017. See also messageboard at https://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-406626.html
Reference: Identified on a personally collected specimen (Knut Eldjarn) in my collection by Henrik Friis at the Oslo University Mineralogical Museum des. 2013, see Knut Eldjarn photo, Photo id 58820
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
'Hackmanite'
Formula: Na8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
Hainite-(Y)
Formula: Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
Hambergite (TL)
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Description: In this pegmatite Brøgger only found one crystal, 3,5cm long and 1,5cm broad.
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p. 67; Bäckström (1890) Bihang KVAH Bd. 15:2, pp.23-24; Neumann (1985) p. 104.
Hansesmarkite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mn2Nb6O19·20H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Friis, H., Weller, M.T., Kampf, A.R. (2016): Hansesmarkite, Ca2Mn2Nb6O19·20H2O, a new hexaniobate from a syenite pegmatite in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 543-554.
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 735-770
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Helvine Group'
Formula: Be3M4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Heyerdahlite (TL)
Formula: Na3Mn7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F(H2O)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Sokolova, E., Day, M.C., Hawthorne, F.C. and Kristiansen, R. (2017) Heyerdahlite, IMA 2016-108. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 407; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403 – 409
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hingganite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hiortdahlite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
'Hiortdahlite I' (FRL)
Formula: Na4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Habit: euhedral, plate-shaped crystals
Colour: Pale yellow
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16. 663 pp (p 367-377; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hochelagaite
Formula: (Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Homilite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Paijkull, S. R (1876): Homilit, ett mineral från Brevig i Norge, Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 3, 229-232; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
'Hornblende'
Locality: Stavern (Fredriksvärn), Larvik, Vestfold, Norway - erroneously reported
Reference: Schumacher, C.F (1801): Versuch eines Verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Ilmenite-Pyrophanite Series'
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Peter Andresen Collection.
Karibibite
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (2013): Contributions to the mineralogy of the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 101-109.
Keldyshite
Formula: (Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Description: Weibye (1848) describes "adular" from pockets in a syenite pegmatite. However, from his description it is clear that he described albite, which is common in this area.
Reference: Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544
Kochite ?
Formula: Na3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A.O. & Selbekk, R.S. (2012): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zr and Ti mineral assemblages in miaskitic and agpaitic pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Mineralogia Polonica. 43 (2), 3- 34
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Låvenite (TL)
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Colour: chestnutbrown to yellowish
Reference: Brøgger, W.C.(1885): Forelöpig meddelelse om to nye norske mineraler, Låvenit og Cappelenit. Geologiske Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 7, 598-600; Tscherm. Min. Petr. Mitt. (1981), 28, 99-112; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Selbekk, R. S., Husdal, T. A. & Berg, H-J. (2010): Nye mineraler for Norge i 2010. Stein. 37 (4): 24-26; Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: ~1mm grain
Description: One grain of leadhillite was found inside a cavity in a corroded galena crystal.
Reference: Åmli, R. & Griffin, W. L. (1972): Three minerals new to Norway. Wickmannite, leadhillite, and hydrocerussite. Nor. Geol. Tidsskr., 52, 193-196; Neumann (1985, p. 101).
Leifite
Formula: (Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Description: Originally reported as leifite (Larsen & Åsheim 1995). Later showed to be the K-analoge; IMA 2007-17= Eirikite
Reference: Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Larsen, A. O. & Åsheim, A. (1995) Leifite from a nepheline syenite pegmatite on Vesle Arøya in the Langesundsfjord district, Oslo Region , Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 75: 243-246
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Locality: Stavern (Fredriksvärn), Larvik, Vestfold, Norway - erroneously reported
Description: Reported by Schumacher (1801), refers to analcime.
Reference: Schumacher, C.F (1801): Versuch eines Verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen, p.113
Leucophanite (TL)
Formula: NaCaBeSi2O6F
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Reference: Erdmann A (1842) Undersökning af leucophan, ett nytt mineral frän trakten af Brewig i Norrige, Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1840, 191-200; Brøgger,W.C.(1880):Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitegänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI,663pp
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Habit: Massive
Description: Litharge was found in a pegmatite at level 1, in July 2009. It occur in and around grains of galena. Analysed by Alf Olav Larsen.
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p; Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Luinaite-(OH)
Formula: Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Magnesio-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanocerite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
Habit: Rhombohedral crystals
Colour: Brown to black
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1887):Forelöbig meddelelse om mineralerne på de sydnorske augit- og nefelinsyeniters grovkornige gange. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 9: 247-274; Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates (p. 468-477)
Melanocerite-(Ce) var: Caryocerite (FRL)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
Type Locality:
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp (p 478-482)
Melanocerite-(Ce) var: Freyalite
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
Meliphanite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)[Si2O6(OH,F)]
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Description: Scheerer (1852)describes the locality as "in der Gegend von Friedrichsvärn" without other info.
Reference: Scheerer, T. (1852): Melinophan, eine neue mineralspecies. Journal für Praktische Chemie. 55, 449-451
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Locality: Tvedalen, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway - erroneously reported
Description: A whitw, powderish mineral is reported as mesolite with a questionmark and without any further information by Eldjarn (1983). It is highly unlikely in this geological setting and is regarded as errounously. (May be pectolite?)
Reference: Eldjarn, K. (1983) Mineraler fra Syenitt-Pegmatitter i Langesundsfjordområdet. NAGS-Nytt, 10 (3): 4-41 [p.28]
'Metaloparite'
Formula: REETi2O6-x
Reference: Lumpkin, G.R., Colella, M., Smith, K.L., Mitchell, R.H. & Larsen, A. O. (1997) Chemical Composition, Geochemical Alteration, and Radiation Damage Effects in Natural Perovskite. MRS Proceedings, 506: 207-214; Chakhmouradian, R. H., Mitchell, A. V. Pankov, N. V. & Chukanov, N.V. (1999) Loparite and "metaloparite" from the Burpala alkaline complex, Baikal Alkaline Province (Russia). Mineralogical Magazine: 63 (4): 519-534
'Mica Group'
Micheelsenite
Formula: (Ca,Y)3Al(HPO4,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Microcline (TL)
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 80 localities in this region.
Reference: Breithaupt, A. (1830): Ueber die Felsite und einige neue Specien ihres Geschlechts. Journal für Chemie und Physik, 60: 316-330; Larsen, K. E. (2015): Mikroklin- et mineral førstegangsbeskrevet fra Norge. Stein 42 (4), 9-11.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Description: Showed to be pyrochlore (Larsen 2010)
Reference: Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Reference: Larsen, K. E. & Andersen, F. (2009): Mineralforekomster i den østlige delen av Siljan-Hvarnes plutonkompleks, sørvestre Vestfold. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift, 41: 54-63
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Moonstone'
Description: "moonstone" is in this locality the name for schillerising kryptoperthite (microcline/albite)
Reference: Berge, S. A. (1978): Månestein. NAGS-nytt 5 (1),9-10
Mosandrite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Description: Crystals are often altered with only traces left of the original mosandrite. The contents of the pseudomorphs are fluorite, agerine, calcite and a brownish substance.
Reference: Brøgger,W.C.(1890):Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitegänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI,663 pp; Sokolova, E. & Cámara, F. (2008): From structure topology to chemical composition. VIII. Titanium silicates: the crystal chemistry of mosandrite from type locality of Låven (Skådön), Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 887-897.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MAC depository of Unpublished Data, document Larvik Plutonic complex, CM51_735 (Piilonen et al 2013)
'Muscovite-1M'
'Muscovite-2M1'
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Natrolite var: Spreustein
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Nepheline var: Elaeolite
Formula: (Na,K)AlSiO4
Nordenskiöldine (TL)
Formula: CaSn4+[BO3]2
Colour: citronyellow; sulfuryellow to wineyellow, partly whiteish yellow
Description: Looks like melinophane
Reference: Brøgger (1887): Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholms Förhandlinger 9, 247-274; Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p. 61-64
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Orthoclase ?
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
Parakeldyshite
Formula: Na2ZrSi2O7
Habit: irregular cleavage masses up to several cm in size.
Colour: white with slight bluish tinge; translucent
Fluorescence: strong cream in short-wave
Description: Shows polysyntetic twinning, like plagioclase. Easily weathered on exposed surfaces.
Reference: Raade, G.& Mladeck, Michel H.(1977): Parakeldyshite from Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 15,102-107
Paranatrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 51: 735-770
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Petarasite
Formula: Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Larsen, A.O. (ed.) (2010): "The Langesundsfjord, History, Geology, Pegmatites, Minerals" , Bode Verlag GmBH.;Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
Peterandresenite (TL)
Formula: Mn4Nb6O19·14H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Friis, H., Larsen, A.O., Kampf, A.R., Evans, R.J., Selbekk, R.S. and Kihle, J. (2013): Peterandresenite, IMA 2012-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2696; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709; Friis, H., Larsen, A.O., Kampf, A.R., Evans, R.J., Selbekk, R.S., Aranda Sanchez, A., Kihle, J. (2014): Peterandresenite, Mn4Nb6O19·14H2O, a new mineral containing the Lindqvist ion from a syenite pegmatite of the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26, 567-576.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
Philipsbornite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (2013): Contributions to the mineralogy of the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 101-109.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Polymignite'
Formula: (Ca,Fe,Y,Th)(Nb,Ti,Ta,Zr)O4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Pterolite'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore'
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Group' (FRL)
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Description: Wöhler (1826) describe pyrochlore as a new mineral from a locality near Friedrichsvärn (Stavern), found by Tank.
Reference: Wöhler, F. (1826): Ueber den Pyrochlor, eine neue Mineralspecies. Annalen der Physik und Chemie. 7, 417-428
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-3864
'Rhabdophane Group'
Formula: (REE,Ca,Th)(PO4)·H2O
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 735-770
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
'Rhodochrosite-Siderite Series'
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
'Rinkite Group'
Formula: AP2MH2MO4(Si2O7)2(XOM)2(XOA)2
Rosenbuschite (TL)
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1887): Foreløpig meddelelse om Mineralerne paa de sydnorske augit-og nefelinsyeniters grovkornige gange. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 9, 247-274; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Saponite ?
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2446
'Scapolite'
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection, # MM-1875
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Husdal, T., Bo, F.D., Friis, H. Berge, S.A.,Ljøstad, O.T. and Andresen, P. (2019) New mineral discoveries from the Larvik Plutonic Complex, southern Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019, 47-51
Senaite
Formula: Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Reference: Larsen, A.O. (1989): Senaite from syenite pegmatite at Tvedalen in the southern part of the Oslo Region, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 69, 235-238
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Description: a manganoan siderite as massive aggregates several cm across
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Sphaerobertrandite (TL)
Formula: Be3(SiO4)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N. V., Larsen, A.O., Merlino, S.,Pasero, M., Pushcharovsky, D.Y., Ivaldi, G., Zadov, A.E., Grishin, V. G., Åsheim, A., Taftø, J. & Chistyakova, N.I. (2003): Sphaerobertrandite, Be3SiO4(OH)2: new data, crystal structure and genesis. European Journal of Mineralogy. 15: 157-166
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stillwellite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Surkhobite
Formula: NaCaBa2Mn8Ti4(Si2O7)4O5F5
Description: As tiny (150 x 10 mikron) colorless, platy crystals on kupleskite
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2013): Surkhobitt fra Bratthagen i Lågendalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 89-92
Tadzhikite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Taramite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): The mineralogy and crystal chemistry of alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo rift valley, Norway. Part 1. Magmatic and secondary zircon: implications for petrogenesis from trace-element geochemistry. Mineralogical Magazine. 76, 649-672
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Tetrawickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Dahlgren, S. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): Minerals of the banalsite-stronalsite series in amygdules from the Brunlanes ultramafic series. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 49, 93-100
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Thorite var: Calciothorite
Formula: (Th,Ca2)SiO4 · 3.5H2O
Thorite var: Orangite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Titanite var: Eucolite-Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 663 pp, p. 57
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tritomite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ce5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,O)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Weibye, P. C. (1850): Neue Mineralien aus Norwegen, beschrieben von P.H. [sic!] Weibye; analysirt von N.J. Berlin, K.A. Sjögren und J.B. von Borck (Erster Theil). [1.Tritomit, 2. Katapleiit, 3.Atheriasit, 4. Eudnophit.], Annalen der Physik und Chemie (herausgegeben zu Berlin von J.C. Poggendorff), 79: 299-304
Tvedalite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Mn)4Be3Si6O17(OH)4 · 3H2O
Habit: Spherulites up to 3 mm in diameter; also as radially oriented, platy aggregates completely lining small analcime cavities
Colour: Chreme-white to pale beige; white
Description: In vugs. The tvedalite is always overgrown by a crust of chiavennite
Reference: Larsen, A. O.; Åsheim, A.; Raade, G. & Taftø, J. (1992): Tvedalite, (Ca,Mn)4Be3Si6O17(OH)4• 3H2O, a new mineral from syenite pegmatite in the Oslo Region, Norway, American Mineralogist 77, 438-443
'Unnamed (F-analogue of Luinaite-(OH))'
Formula: Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41. [sample possibly from Arøya; originally studied by Brøgger (1890)]
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vesuvianite
Formula: Ca19Fe3+Al4(Al6Mg2)(☐4)☐[Si2O7]4[(SiO4)10]O(OH)9
Reference: Bergen Museum, Norway collection
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Vivianite occure as nodules in the lake-sediments, the weight of these nodules can be up to 0,5g.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp (p. 125)
Volkonskoite ?
Formula: Ca0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Colour: green
Description: Clay-like mineral found in a patch of 1 x 1 cm in the middle of a red spreustein pseudomorph. XRD gave powder pattern similar to volkonskoite (Nilssen & Raade 1973), but the content of Cr2O3 was however not determined.
Reference: Nilssen, B. & Raade, G. (1973): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway, No 54. On Chromian Montmorillonite (Volkonskoite) in Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 54: 329-331
'Wad'
Description: Described by Flink (1988) as manganschwärtze
Reference: Flink, G. (1899): Über einige seltene Mineralien aus der Gegend von Langesund in Norwegen. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Uppsala 4, 16-27
'Weibyeite'
Description: A sample labelled Weibyeite and collected by W.C.Brøgger in 1902 was showed by Sverdrup et al. (1959) to be bastnäsite-(Ce). Sæbø (1963) rexamined Brøggers "Weibyeite" and found it to be a mixture of Ancylite-(Ce) and bastnäsite-(Ce) pseudomorphs after ancylite-(Ce)
Reference: Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp (p. 650-658); Sverdrup, T. L.,Bryn, K. Ø. & Sæbø, P.Chr.(1959): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 2. Bastnäsite, a new mineral for Norway. Geologisk Tidsskrift 39, 237-247; Sæbø, P.C.(1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No. 20. The identity of Weibyeite. Geologisk Tidsskrift 439, 441-447
Wickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yukonite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Larsen, A. O. (2013): Contributions to the mineralogy of the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 101-109.
Zektzerite
Formula: LiNaZrSi6O15
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 83 localities in this region.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Zirconolite-3O'
Formula: (Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Description: Zirkelite was found as grains to 0,1 mm.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp.(p. 70).
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Geological Survey of Norway. The Ore Database. Deposit Area 709 - 006. Sæteråsen.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Behoite4.FA.05aBe(OH)2
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hochelagaite4.FM.15(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Karibibite4.JA.15Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group' ?4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Nordstrandite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group' (TL)4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Senaite4.CC.40Pb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38
Tetrawickmanite4.FC.15Mn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Wickmanite4.FC.10Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
Calcioancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Kamphaugite-(Y)5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Berborite6.AB.10Be2(BO3)(OH,F) · H2O
Hambergite (TL)6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Nordenskiöldine (TL)6.AA.15CaSn4+[BO3]2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Chernovite-(Y)8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Micheelsenite8.DO.30(Ca,Y)3Al(HPO4,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsbornite8.BL.10PbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Yukonite8.DM.25Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite ?9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine (TL)9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Alflarsenite (TL)9.00.NaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite (TL)9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Barylite9.BB.15Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl ?9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Burpalite9.BE.17Na2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
Calciohilairite9.DM.10CaZr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cappelenite-(Y) (TL)9.AJ.30Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2
Catapleiite (TL)9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chiavennite9.GF.25CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Eirikite (TL)9.EH.25KNa6Be2(Si15Al3)O39F2
Elpidite9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Epididymite9.DG.55Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Eudidymite (TL)9.DG.60Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferri-fluoro-leakeite9.DE.05{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2
Ferro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-ferri-nybøite9.DE.25NaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite (TL)9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrokentbrooksite9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Gadolinite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gaidonnayite9.DM.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Genthelvite9.FB.10Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Gonyerite9.EC.55(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Grenmarite (TL)9.BE.25Na4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gugiaite ?9.BB.10Ca2Be(Si2O7)
Gyrolite9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Götzenite ?9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Hainite-(Y)9.BE.22Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Hilairite9.DM.10Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Hingganite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hiortdahlite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
'Hiortdahlite I' (TL)9.BE.17Na4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Homilite (TL)9.AJ.20Ca2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Keldyshite9.BC.10(Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
Kochite ?9.BE.22Na3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Kupletskite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Leifite ?9.EH.25(Na,H2O)Na6[Be2Al2(Al,Si)Si15O39]F2
Leucite ?9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Leucophanite (TL)9.DH.05NaCaBeSi2O6F
Lorenzenite9.DB.10Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Luinaite-(OH)9.CK.05Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Låvenite (TL)9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Magnesio-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Melanocerite-(Ce) (TL)9.AJ.20(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
var: Caryocerite (TL)9.AJ.20(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
var: Freyalite9.AJ.20(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)
Meliphanite (TL)9.DP.05(Ca,Na)2(Be,Al)[Si2O6(OH,F)]
Mesolite ?9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline (TL)9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mosandrite-(Ce) (TL)9.BE.20(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
var: Spreustein9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
var: Elaeolite9.FA.05(Na,K)AlSiO4
Orthoclase ?9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Parakeldyshite9.BC.10Na2ZrSi2O7
Paranatrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Petarasite9.CJ.40Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Rosenbuschite (TL)9.BE.22Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Saponite ?9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sphaerobertrandite (TL)9.AE.50Be3(SiO4)(OH)2
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stillwellite-(Ce)9.AJ.25(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Surkhobite9.BE.67NaCaBa2Mn8Ti4(Si2O7)4O5F5