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Kusasalethu Mine (Elandskraal Mine; Elandsrand Mine; Deelkraal Mine), Carletonville, Western Sector, Far West Rand (West Wits Line), West Rand District (West Rand), Witwatersrand field, Gauteng Province, South Africa

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 26° 27' 14'' South , 27° 21' 33'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -26.45389,27.35917
GeoHash:G#: ke73w84qf
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cwb : Subtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters
Name(s) in local language(s):Kusasalethu Mine


A gold mine owned by the Anglo American Corp. Produced 10,694 kg of gold (1984). West Wits Line. 10 km SW of Carletonville. Sold in 2001 to Harmony Gold Mining Co. Ltd, who amalgamated Elandsrand mine and Deelkraal mine and is now known as Kusasalethu (formely Elandskraal). Deelkraal section is 5km to the west, was owned by Goldfields of South Africa. 1,445 kilo tons of ore yielded 7,298 kg Au (1984).

Regions containing this locality

Transvaal, South Africa

Province (Former) - 831 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: prismatic
Colour: Amber
Description: The largest (70 x 30cm) baryte crystals in the world were found here in 1997 in a cavity 2600 metres below the surface, attractive amber coloured crystals are associated with quartz, galena, carbon and pyrite.
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Rademeyer, B., (2001) Large barite crystals from the Elandsrand gold mine, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 32(3) 177-180; Cairncross, B., (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa, pg 46;
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: [MinRec 32:177]
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: [MinRec 32:177]; http://www.harmony.co.za/; Mining Annual Review(1985):412.
'Pyrobitumen'
Reference: Cairncross photo ID 728881
'Pyrrhotite Group'
Reference: Cairncross photo ID 728883
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [MinRec 32:177]
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: [MinRec 32:177]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Bismutite'5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyrrhotite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Pyrobitumen'-
'Pyrrhotite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O QuartzSiO2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Rhyacian - Siderian
2050 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2232019
Pretoria Group of Transvaal Supergroup

Age: Proterozoic (2050 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Pretoria Group

Description: Shale, quartzite, conglomerate, breccia, diamictite

Reference: Council for Geoscience. Geologic map of South Africa, 1:1M. National Science Councils of South Africa. [41]

Rhyacian
2050 - 2300 Ma



ID: 3310587

Age: Rhyacian (2050 - 2300 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Siderian
2300 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3185125
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Siderian (2300 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic-intermediate undivided volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mining Annual Review (1985): 412.
Econ Geol (1991) 86:261-277
Cairncross, B., and Rademeyer, B., (2001) Large barite crystals from the Elandsrand gold mine, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 32(3) 177-180
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa.

External Links



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