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Grotta dell'Allume, Faraglione Nico (Faraglione Piccolo; Faragghiune Nicu), Faraglioni di Levante (Grotte dei Faraglioni; Grotte del Faraglione; "Grotte de Faraglione"), Porto Levante, Vulcano Island, Lipari, Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands), Messina Province, Sicily, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Grotta dell'Allume- not defined -
Faraglione Nico (Faraglione Piccolo; Faragghiune Nicu)- not defined -
Faraglioni di Levante (Grotte dei Faraglioni; Grotte del Faraglione; "Grotte de Faraglione")- not defined -
Porto Levante- not defined -
Vulcano IslandIsland
Lipari- not defined -
Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)Group of Islands
Messina ProvinceProvince
SicilyAutonomous Region
ItalyCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° North , 14° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~5km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Grotta dell'Allume, Faraglione Nico (Faraglione Piccolo; Faragghiune Nicu), Faraglioni di Levante (Grotte dei Faraglioni; Grotte del Faraglione), Porto Levante, Isola di Vulcano, Lipari, Isole Eolie, Provincia di Messina, Sicilia, Italia


The Grotta dell'Allume (literally "Alum Cave") doesn't exist anymore because it collapsed in the 1940s. It was placed in the Faraglione Nico (see the corresponding mindat page). (Correction May 2010 by Frank de Wit: parts of the Grotta dell'Allume are still accessible in the Faraglione Ranni hill. See also http://www.vulcanospeleology.org/sym07/ISV7x06.pdf.)

For correct naming of the localities and adding minerals to the correct locality, please see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-181492.html.

The correct type locality of magnesioaubertite (found in 1982 and described in 1988 - IMA 1982-015) is not the Grotta dell'Allume (as described in the type-description) but the Faraglione Ranni. Today it is still possible to find some rare samples of magnesioaubertite in its original type locality (Faraglione Ranni).

Panichi (1914) classified as "kalinite" a mineral appearing as an asbestous felt or a white compact furlike coating, consisting of an assembly of fibres of variable length with a slightly sericeous lustre, in association with alunogen, gypsum, salammoniac, and other sulfates. According to Campostrini et al. (2011), "kalinite" of Panichi is verisimilarly a mixture of alum-K, pickeringite, and gypsum. Panichi (1914) observed also that rare idiomorphic crystals of alum-K, appearing as small colourless or slightly pink octahedra, can occur where the rock is wet, because they crystallise from solutions that naturally leached the sulfate masses. In more recent times, the presence of small octahedral crystals of alum-K has been reported by Garavelli et al. (1996) and also by Campostrini et al. (2011), mainly in association with chalcantite and alunogen.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aluminocopiapite ?
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: I. Campostrini, 2008, pers. com. [M.E. Ciriotti]
Aluminocoquimbite (TL)
Formula: FeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Castellano, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I. (2010): Aluminum-for-iron substitution, hydrogen bonding, and a novel structure-type in coquimbite-like minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 323-333.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55; Garavelli, A., Grasso, M.F., Vurro, F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta, 39, 251-261; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55; Forti, P., Panzica La Manna, M., Rossi, A. (1994): The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology (Canary Islands, November 1994), 35-44.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Aubertite
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44; Demartin, F., Castellano, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I. (2010): Aluminum-for-iron substitution, hydrogen bonding, and a novel structure-type in coquimbite-like minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 323-333.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55; CAROBBI G. (1925): Su una varietà di gesso dell'isola di Vulcano (Eolie) contenente bario e stronzio. - Annali del Reale Osservatorio Vesuviano - serie 3 - 2, 125; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Hydrobasaluminite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Description: panichi (1914) classified as "kalinite" a mineral appearing as an asbestous felt or a white compact furlike coating, consisting of an assembly of fibres of variable length with a slightly sericeous lustre, in association with alunogen, gypsum, salammoniac, and other sulfates. According to Campostrini et al. (2011), "kalinite" of Panichi is verisimilarly a mixture of alum-K, pickeringite, and gypsum.
Reference: Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55; Forti, P., Panzica La Manna, M., Rossi, A. (1994): The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology (Canary Islands, November 1994), 35-44; Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.
'Keramohalite'
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Magnesioaubertite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: GEBHARD G., MEDENBACH O., GEBERT W. (1988): Magnesioaubertit, (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl.14H2O ein neues Chlorsulfat von Vulcano, Liparische Inseln. - Der Aufschluss - 39, 2, 97-102. GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: LACROIX A. (1907) - Sur deux gisement noveaux de metavoltine. - Bulletin de Mineralogie - 30, 30. PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
Millosevichite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Panichi, U. (1913): Millosevichite, nuovo minerale del Faraglione di Levante nell'Isola di Vulcano. Rendiconti dell'Accademia dei Lincei, Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali, Serie 5, 12, 303
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Pertlikite
Formula: K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: GEBHARD G., MEDENBACH O., GEBERT W. (1988): Magnesioaubertit, (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl.14H2O ein neues Chlorsulfat von Vulcano, Liparische Inseln. - Der Aufschluss - 39, 2, 97-102. GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Reference: Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: LOMBARDI G., SPOSATO A. (1981): Tamarugite from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - Canadian Mineralogist - 19, 403-407.; B. Onac et al (2009, July) Mineralogical and Stable Isotope Investigations of Minerals from Caves on Cerna Valley (Romania). Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. pp318-323
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
Yavapaiite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Zaherite
Formula: Al12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)7.CC.20NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminocopiapite ?7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Aluminocoquimbite (TL)7.CB.50FeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Aubertite7.DB.05CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Bassanite7.CD.45Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hydrobasaluminite7.DE.60Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Krausite7.CC.05KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Magnesioaubertite7.DB.05(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Mendozite7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Millosevichite (TL)7.AB.05(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Pertlikite7.CC.25K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Yavapaiite7.AC.15KFe(SO4)2
Zaherite7.DE.65Al12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Keramohalite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Yavapaiite28.3.4.1KFe(SO4)2
Miscellaneous
Millosevichite (TL)28.4.5.1(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)29.5.5.2NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Krausite29.5.1.1KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Mendozite29.5.4.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Aluminocoquimbite (TL)29.8.8.FeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Pertlikite29.9.1.3K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Hydrobasaluminite31.4.6.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Aubertite31.9.8.1CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Magnesioaubertite31.9.8.3(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite ?31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Zaherite31.10.3.1Al12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Keramohalite'-
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
H PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
H BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
OOxygen
O Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
O AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
O PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
O BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
NaSodium
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Mg PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
AlAluminium
Al Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Al AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Al PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Al Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
SiSilicon
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
SSulfur
S Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
S AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
S PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
S BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
S MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
ClChlorine
Cl Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Cl AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
KPotassium
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
K PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
K KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
FeIron
Fe Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Fe AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Fe PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
CuCopper
Cu AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Panichi, U. (1914): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell’isola di Vulcano. Memorie di Matematica e Scienze Fisiche e Naturali della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL), ser. 3, 19, 3-55.
Forti, P., Panzica La Manna, M., Rossi, A. (1994): The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology (Canary Islands, November 1994), 35-44.
Garavelli, A., Grasso, M.F., Vurro, F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta, 39, 251-261.
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. & Gramaccioli, C.M. (2010): Vulcano: ein außergewöhnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt, 21, 3, 40-57.
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 344 pp.


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