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Skorpion Mine, Rosh Pinah, Oranjemund, Karas Region, Namibiai
Regional Level Types
Skorpion MineMine
Rosh PinahTown
OranjemundConstituency
Karas RegionRegion
NamibiaCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
27° 49' 22'' South , 16° 36' 23'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


The Skorpion mine is an oxidic zinc deposit, the main ore being sauconite.
The mine is located about 40 km north of the Orange River (which forms the border between Namibia and South Africa) and 25 km north-northwest of the Rosh Pinah mine. The host rock is folded metamorphosed arkose, interbedded with tuff and underlain by a non-mineralized limestone.

"Opened in 2000 and operated by Anglo American Corporation, this US$454 million mining operation is expected to produce 150,000 tonnes of high-grade zinc per year over a lifetime of at least 15 years.
It is the largest investment in Namibia since its independence, and is expected to contribute up to 4% to Namibia's GDP."

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


34 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, pg 41 (in English)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Hinder, G. (2015): Sensationeller Neufund von Churchit-(Y) aus der Skorpion Zink Mine in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 26 (3), 28-29.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: http://www.metalin.com/skorpion.html; Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Herbertsmithite
Formula: Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2014) Namibia Minerals and Localities I. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 608 pp (in English)
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Reference: Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771.; Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Hetaerolite var: Hydrohetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Description: Found in association with Tarbuttite and Hemimorphite as a white crystalline coating.
Reference: Jordi Fabre photo ID 654901
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: http://www.metalin.com/skorpion.html; Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Parádsasvárite
Formula: Zn2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: http://www.metalin.com/skorpion.html; Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Scholzite
Formula: CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Skorpionite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Krause, W., et al.: "Skorpionite, a new mineral from Namibia: description and crystal structure", Eur. J. Mineralogy 20, 271-280 (2008); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771.; Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German)
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: http://www.metalin.com/skorpion.html; Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English); Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
Tarbuttite
Formula: Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771.; Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German)
Zincolibethenite
Formula: CuZn(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Herbertsmithite3.DA.10cCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Scholzite8.CA.45CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Skorpionite (TL)8.DO.45Ca3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Tarbuttite8.BB.35Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Zincolibethenite8.BB.30CuZn(PO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Parádsasvárite-Zn2(CO3)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite7.2.7.3ZnMn2O4 · H2O
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
AB8X16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Scholzite40.2.6.1CaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Tarbuttite41.6.7.1Zn2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Skorpionite (TL)43.5.20.Ca3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Herbertsmithite-Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Parádsasvárite-Zn2(CO3)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Zincolibethenite-CuZn(PO4)(OH)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SkorpioniteCa3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
H ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H ParádsasváriteZn2(CO3)(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
CCarbon
C SkorpioniteCa3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C ParádsasváriteZn2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O SkorpioniteCa3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
O ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O QuartzSiO2
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O BaryteBaSO4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O ParádsasváriteZn2(CO3)(OH)2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P SkorpioniteCa3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
P TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
P ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
P ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ClChlorine
Cl HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
CaCalcium
Ca SkorpioniteCa3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Ca ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
MnManganese
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
FeIron
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Cu ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SkorpioniteCa3Zn2(PO4)2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
Zn ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
Zn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ParádsasváriteZn2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3306501

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186877
Neoproterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Gariep Complex

Lithology: Felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., and Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003) Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98: 749-771.
Jahn, S. (2007) Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4): 56-66 (in German).
von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 253 (in English).
Niedermayr. G. (2012) Die Skorpion-Mine, Weltklasse-Mineralien aus der Wüste Namibias. Mineralien-Welt, 23 (6), 68-75 (in German).
Hinder, G. (2015) Sensationeller Neufund von Churchit-(Y) aus der Skorpion Zink Mine in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 26 (3), 28-29.

External Links



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