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Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Tuscany Landscape

Tuscany, Italy
View of the Massa marble quarrying, in 1955.

Massa, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italy
Tuscany Landscape

Tuscany, Italy
View of the Massa marble quarrying, in 1955.

Massa, Massa-Carrara Province, Tuscany, Italy
Name in French:Toscane, Italie
Name in German:Toskana, Italien
Name in Italian:Toscana, Italia
Name in Russian:Тоскана, Италия
Name in Spanish:Toscana, Italia
Name in Corsican:Tuscana, Italia
Name in Emilian-Romagnol:Tuschèna (Tuscana; Tuscâna; Toscäna), Itâlia
Name in Latin:Tuscia, Italia
Name in Ligurian:Toscann-a, Italia
Name in Lombard:Toscana, Italia
Name in Sardinian:Toscana, Itàlia
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Region
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Florence349,296 (2017)
Prato181,820 (2016)
Livorno153,773 (2017)
Lucca81,748 (2016)
Pisa77,007 (2018)
Arezzo76,346 (2018)
Museums in region:


For about 30 centuries, Tuscany has been one of the most important mining regions of Italy producing a large variety of resources, including pyrite, iron, base metals, geothermal steam, and several industrial minerals, ornamental stones, and building materials.

The Tuscan metallogenic province includes the Fe oxides deposits of Elba Island, the pyrite (± bayrite ± Fe oxides) deposits of southern Tuscany and Apuane Alps, the base- and precious-metals deposits of the “Colline Metallifere” district (southern Tuscany), the Hg deposits of the Monte Amiata area, the Sb deposits of the Capalbio-Monti Romani belt. The newest addition to the metallogenic framework of Tuscany, is the discovery in the mid-1980s of “Carlin-type” epithermal gold mineralisation. Most of the Au prospects, of limited economic importance, are closely related to Sb deposits.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

665 valid minerals. 77 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Actinolite var: Smaragdite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Description: PXRD spectrum collected on samples described as smaragdite show that actually it is a montmorillonite-like phase.
Reference: Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1985. I minerali della "Sorgente Solfurea" di Micciano (PI). Quad. Mus. Storia Nat. Livorno, 6: 11-25.; Duchi G. (1983) - Il deposito antimonifero di Micciano(Comune di Pomarance, Pisa)- Atti Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali - Memorie, serie A, 90, pp. 141-163
'Actinolite-Ferro-actinolite Series'
Reference: Peter Roegner (EPMA) - http://forum.amiminerals.org/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=4606
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Afghanite
Formula: (Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6
Reference: Liotti L., 1991. I minerali dei vulcani laziali a Pitigliano (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 15: 121-139.
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Senesi, F. & Sabelli, C. (1999): Gli arseniati degli antichi scavi di Valle S. Caterina (Campiglia Marittima). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23(1), 51-55.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Aktashite
Formula: Cu6Hg3As4S12
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2014): Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). II. Aktashite, Cu6Hg3As4S12, and laffittite, AgHgAsS3, from the Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. Periodico di Mineralogia, 83, 1-18.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 86 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Fodor, R.V. & Keil, K. (1975) Implications of poikilitic textures in LL-group chondrites. Meteoritics 10(4), 325-340. (Dec 1975).
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Algodonite ?
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: Prosperi, B., Batacchi, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Ceccantini, L. (2013): Ercinite, perovskite, pirofanite e nuove segnalazioni dalle ofioliti dell' Impruneta, Firenze. Micro, 1/2013, 32-38-
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La) (TL)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic
Colour: black
Description: xls up to 5 mm. Type V-1 veins.
Reference: Orlandi, P. & Pasero, M. (2006): Allanite-(La) from Buca della Vena mine, Apuan Alps, Italy, an epidote-group mineral. Canadian Mineralogist, 44: 63-68
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: F. Quagliarella (1966) - Su alcuni solfati di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Rend. Soc. Min. It., 22: 210.
'Amber'
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Reference: R. von Görgey (1908) - Amblygonit aus dem Turmalinpegmatit der Grube Fonte del Prete bei S. Piero in Campo. - Tscherm. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 26.
Ammonioborite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2[B5O6(OH)4]2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: D'Achiardi G. (1932): Considerazioni e ricerche sulla larderellite, ammonioborite (?) e bechilite (?) di Larderello (Pisa). Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 36-42; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 366; Chukanov, N.V. (2014) Infrared spectroscopy of minerals. Extended library. Volume 1. Springer, Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, pages 73 and 75.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Capperi M., Nannoni R., Brizzi G., 1996. Gavorrano e le sue miniere. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Anapaite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Sammartino F., 2009, Minerali miniere e cave dei Monti Livornesi, Comune di Livorno.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Liotti L., 1991. I minerali dei vulcani laziali a Pitigliano (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 15 (3): 121-139.
Andradite var: Topazolite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Andreadiniite (TL)
Formula: CuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48
Type Locality:
Reference: Biagioni, C., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. and Paar, W.H. (2014) Andreadiniite, IMA 2014-049. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1244; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Collection Lechner Alois
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Marinelli, P., Carletti, P. (1999): Genesis of Roccastrada volcanic rocks (central Italy): inferences from melt inclusions analyses, Periodico di Mineralogia, Vol.: 68, 1, pp. 69-80
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Locality: