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Olympiada Mine (Olympias Mine), Cassandra Mines, Aristotelis, Chalkidiki, Central Macedonia, Greecei
Regional Level Types
Olympiada Mine (Olympias Mine)Mine
Cassandra MinesGroup of Mines
Aristotelis- not defined -
ChalkidikiRegional Unit
Central MacedoniaAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 36' 2'' North , 23° 44' 54'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Olympiáda741 (2014)3.0km
Stágeira352 (2014)7.8km
Stratoníki561 (2014)8.2km
Varvára538 (2014)8.3km
Stratónion1,057 (2014)11.6km


Epithermal, carbonate-hosted replacement deposit near the coastal town of Olympiada. Mined (for lead and zinc) 1972-1995. A recent project for gold extraction from stockpiled ore has been cancelled due to environmental concerns.

The Madem Lakos and Mavres Petres deposits are similar.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


33 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: http://www.brgm.fr/mineo/SiteReport/European_ores_geologF.pdf
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: S. I. Kalogeropoulos, S. P. Kilias, D. C. Bitzios, M. Nicolaou and R. A. Both (1989): Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece. Economic Geology 84, 1210-1234.; antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: No reference listed
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: http://www.brgm.fr/mineo/SiteReport/European_ores_geologF.pdf
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: K.Gatedal; S. I. Kalogeropoulos, S. P. Kilias, D. C. Bitzios, M. Nicolaou and R. A. Both (1989): Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece. Economic Geology 84, 1210-1234.; antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: No reference listed
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: http://www.brgm.fr/mineo/SiteReport/European_ores_geologF.pdf
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: http://www.brgm.fr/mineo/SiteReport/European_ores_geologF.pdf
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: No reference listed
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: K.Gatedal
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: K.Gatedal
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: S. I. Kalogeropoulos, S. P. Kilias, D. C. Bitzios, M. Nicolaou and R. A. Both (1989): Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece. Economic Geology 84, 1210-1234.; antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Reference: No reference listed
Graphite
Formula: C
Habit: Hexagonal platy singel crystals
Colour: black
Description: Found in carbonates aside with sulfides
Reference: Kjell Gatedal; antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: http://www.brgm.fr/mineo/SiteReport/European_ores_geologF.pdf
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: K.Gatedal
'Manganese' ?
Formula: Mn
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: http://www.brgm.fr/mineo/SiteReport/European_ores_geologF.pdf
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Reference: No reference listed
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection; S. I. Kalogeropoulos, S. P. Kilias, D. C. Bitzios, M. Nicolaou and R. A. Both (1989): Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece. Economic Geology 84, 1210-1234.; antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: Michailidis, K. & Sofianska, E. (2010): Spheroidal and radiating aggregates of Mn-pyroxenoids in the Olympias carbonate-hosted polymetallic sulfide ore deposit, E. Chalkidiki peninsula, N. Greece. Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 71, 59-68.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: S. I. Kalogeropoulos, S. P. Kilias, D. C. Bitzios, M. Nicolaou and R. A. Both (1989): Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece. Economic Geology 84, 1210-1234.; antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; S. I. Kalogeropoulos, S. P. Kilias, D. C. Bitzios, M. Nicolaou and R. A. Both (1989): Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece. Economic Geology 84, 1210-1234; Michailidis, K. & Sofianska, E. (2010): Spheroidal and radiating aggregates of Mn-pyroxenoids in the Olympias carbonate-hosted polymetallic sulfide ore deposit, E. Chalkidiki peninsula, N. Greece. Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 71, 59-68.; antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Michailidis, K. & Sofianska, E. (2010): Spheroidal and radiating aggregates of Mn-pyroxenoids in the Olympias carbonate-hosted polymetallic sulfide ore deposit, E. Chalkidiki peninsula, N. Greece. Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 71, 59-68.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Habit: Singel crystals (micro)
Colour: Reddish brownish
Description: Micro crystals seen in polished sections
Reference: Kjell Gatedal
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: K.Gatedal
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection; S. I. Kalogeropoulos, S. P. Kilias, D. C. Bitzios, M. Nicolaou and R. A. Both (1989): Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece. Economic Geology 84, 1210-1234.; antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Reference: antigoldgreece.files.wordpress.com/2013/02/olympiasreport43-10114_07_11_final-2.pdf

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
'Manganese' ?1.AE.30Mn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Geocronite3.3.1.2Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Meneghinite3.3.5.1Pb13CuSb7S24
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=7
Pyroxmangite65.6.1.1MnSiO3
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Manganese' ?-Mn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O RutileTiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S GalenaPbS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
Mn ManganeseMn
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Sb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(X)2Sb4S13
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
Pb CerussitePbCO3
BiBismuth
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kalogeropoulos, S.I., Kilias, S.P., Bitzios, D., Nicolaou, M., and Both, R.A. (1989) Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece. Economic Geology 84, 1210-1234.
Cabri, L.J. and Chryssoulis, S.L. (1990) Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, northern Greece; discussion. Economic Geology 85, 651.
Kalogeropoulos, S.I., Kilias, S.P., Bitzios, D., Nicolaou, M., and Both, R.A. (1990) Genesis of the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, Eastern Chalkidiki Peninsula, N. Greece - A reply. Economic Geology, 85, 651-652.
Kilias, S.P., Kalogeropoulos, S.I., and Konnerup-Madsen, J. (1996) Fluid inclusion evidence for the physicochemical conditions of sulfide deposition in the Olympias carbonate-hosted Pb-Zn (Au, Ag) sulfide ore deposit, E. Chalkidiki Peninsula, N. Greece. Mineralium Deposita 31, 394-406.
Michailidis, K. and Sofianska, E. (2010) Spheroidal and radiating aggregates of Mn-pyroxenoids in the Olympias carbonate-hosted polymetallic sulfide ore deposit, E. Chalkidiki peninsula, N. Greece. Spisanie na Bulgarskoto Geologichesko Druzhestvo 71, 59-68. [http://www.bgd.bg/REVIEW_BGS/REVIEW_BGD_2010/PDF/05_Mihaelidis_BGD_Review_2010.pdf]

External Links


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