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Paratoo copper mine, Yunta, Olary Province, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Paratoo copper mineMine
Yunta- not defined -
Olary ProvinceProvince
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 40' 40'' South , 139° 19' 50'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -32.67778,139.33056
GeoHash:G#: r45n4e1qj
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


Paratoo SI 5401
Record of Mines - Summary Card No:198 states:

"Location: 2 1/2 ml from. Paratoo R.S."
"Geology: Lode: quartz, malachite, azurite, iron oxide. Country rock: dolomite, sandstone."
"Workings: No. 1 vertical shaft 70 ft. No. 2 vertical shaft 70 ft. Over 12 shafts. Open cuts."
"Production: Pre 1900. Over 10 tons 20%.
1912-1967 357 tons (1966/6 160 tons 4%-5%)"

"History: The Paratoo copper deposit was discovered in 1888 when it was worked by a syndicate up to 1890. Two shafts were sunk during this period and several parcels of ore were despatched to Port Adelaide for treatment. The mine was reopened in 1899 for a short period and some good ore was raised. The Paratoo Mine was on section 135.
It was reworked from 1912 to 1926 during which time about 200 tons of ore was raised. Four mineral claims (No. 4806-9, 5320/1) were taken up in 1965 by Electro Winning P/L on this mine and others adjoining and large scale mining was commenced and was carried on for a number of years."

An old, rather small copper mine 30 km to the west of Yunta. Paratoo was known for very little other than sparse samples of copper minerals.
In 1998, a local collector, Mr. J. Toma, brought samples of an unknown blue mineral to Dr. Allan Pring at the South Australian Museum for identification. Studies by Pring & Kolitsch found it to be a then new species, which was later approved and named decrespignyite-(Y).
Since then further studies have identified to date numerous REE minerals including another TL species, paratooite-(La).
Many believe this locality still has the ability to produce yet more unusual and rare minerals, possibly even more TL species.
Hence, this locality is now known for a highly unusual assemblage of secondary REE and Cu-REE carbonate minerals.

Previously this mine was listed as North Mt Lofty Ranges. However, in order to keep consistently and order, including listings in popular (South Australian) publications, it is now listed as Olary Province.
Please contact me if you have any questions regarding this change.
Mark Willoughby.

Regions containing this locality

Australia Pllate

Plate - 0 mineral species & varietal names listed

Delamerian Orogen, Australia

Orogen - 963 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


49 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
'Apatite'
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Francis, G.L., 211. Minerals from the Paratoo mining area, Yunta, South Australia. (self published).
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 9. No. 1. 2003. pg47
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: Pring, A., Wallwork, K., Brugger, J., Kolitsch, U. (2006): "Paratooite-(La), a new lanthanum-dominant rare-earth copper carbonate from Paratoo, South Australia", Mineralogical Magazine 70, 131-138
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Formula: Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Caysichite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Decrespignyite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: K. Wallwork, U. Kolitsch, A. Pring and L. Nasdala (2002): Decrespignyite-(Y), a new copper yttrium rare earth carbonate chloride hydrate from Paratoo, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 66, 181-188.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: [C. Kovac, pers com]
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Francis, G.L., 211. Minerals from the Paratoo mining area, Yunta, South Australia. (self published).
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: [C. Kovac, pers com]
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Paratooite-(La) (TL)
Formula: (REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
Type Locality:
Reference: Pring, A., Wallwork, K., Brugger, J., Kolitsch, U. (2006): "Paratooite-(La), a new lanthanum-dominant rare-earth copper carbonate from Paratoo, South Australia", Mineralogical Magazine 70, 131-138
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Reference: Australian Journal of Mineralogy. Vol 9. No. 1. 2003. pg47
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Törnebohmite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: The Paratoo, iron oxide, copper and REE deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Joel Brugger, Allan Pring and Jason Tilley, South Australian Museum. (Talk prepared and given to the 26th annual conference of the State’s Mineralogical Societies, Australia. June 2003
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
'Atacamite'3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Brannerite'4.DH.05(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Bastnäsite-(Ce)'5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
'Bastnäsite-(La)'5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
'Calcioancylite-(Nd)'5.DC.05Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Decrespignyite-(Y) (TL)5.CC.35Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Donnayite-(Y)5.CC.05NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Kamphaugite-(Y)5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Paratooite-(La) (TL)5.AD.20(REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Celestine'7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Anorthite'9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Britholite-(Ce)'9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Caysichite-(Y)'9.DJ.15Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
'Chabazite-Na'9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Törnebohmite-(La)9.AG.45(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
Chlorite Group-
K Feldspar-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Brannerite8.3.4.1(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Donnayite-(Y)15.3.4.1NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)16a.1.1.2La(CO3)F
Decrespignyite-(Y) (TL)16a.1.11.1Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Calcioancylite-(Nd)16b.1.1.3Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Törnebohmite-(La)52.4.5.2(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Caysichite-(Y)70.1.2.2Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
Chabazite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paratooite-(La) (TL)-(REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
H Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
H Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
H Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
C Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
C Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Paratooite-(La)(REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
C SideriteFeCO3
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
O Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Paratooite-(La)(REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
O UraniniteUO2
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Paratooite-(La)(REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Si Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
KPotassium
K Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ca Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Paratooite-(La)(REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Paratooite-(La)(REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TenoriteCuO
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Sr Paratooite-(La)(REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
YYttrium
Y Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Y Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
Y Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Y Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
La Paratooite-(La)(REE,Ca,Na,Sr)12Cu2(CO3)16
La Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
NdNeodymium
Nd Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
ThThorium
Th Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Pleistocene
0.0117 - 0.126 Ma



ID: 915579
Pooraka Formation

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 0.126 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Pooraka Formation

Description: Unconsolidated red-brown poorly-sorted clayey sand, gravel, conglomerate, breccia; as colluvial sheet wash, alluvial fan and residual lag; forms extensive, coalesced, low-angle fans, high-angle talus cones and scree slopes

Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Regolith

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186197
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Sandstone,shale,limestone,siltstone,tillite,dolomite

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gee, L.C.E. & Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia, 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Record of Mines (1980), Summary Card No:198, Paratoo SI 5401
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
K. Wallwork, U. Kolitsch, A. Pring and L. Nasdala (2002): Decrespignyite-(Y), a new copper yttrium rare earth carbonate chloride hydrate from Paratoo, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 66, 181-188.
Pring, A., Wallwork, K., Brugger, J., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Paratooite-(La), a new lanthanum-dominant rare-earth copper carbonate from Paratoo, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 131-138.
Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
Francis, G.L., (2011), Minerals from the Paratoo mining area, Yunta, South Australia. (self published).


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