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Mawi pegmatite, Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field, Du Ab District, Nuristan, Afghanistani
Regional Level Types
Mawi pegmatitePegmatite
Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite fieldPegmatite Field
Du Ab DistrictDistrict
NuristanProvince
AfghanistanCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 12' 7'' North , 70° 20' 9'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.20194,70.33583
GeoHash:G#: tw60282fp
Locality type:Pegmatite
Köppen climate type:Dsb : Warm, dry-summer continental climate


A gem pegmatite. Located in the Mawi valley, a small western branch of the Kolum valley.


NOTE: The USGS report lists wrong coordinates for this locality.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Richard Dale Collection (via Mountain Minerals)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Mark Wrigley
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Rakovan, J. (20130) Apatite from Nuristan, Afghanistan. In Apatite - The Great Pretender p. 96-97.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Bariand & Poullen (1978) reports balls of botryiodal muscovite with a diameter of 30 cm- found on the dumps.
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Nanpingite
Formula: CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: David Eicher
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Colour: green, blue, pink, yellow and colorless
Description: Very large crystals has been found
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Reference: Herb Obodda
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Colour: tricolored
Reference: Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite9.EC.15CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
AB2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nanpingite71.2.2a.8CsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Lepidolite'-
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
LiLithium
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Cs NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleogene
23.03 - 66 Ma



ID: 3185376
Cenozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 2154592
Early Cretaceous gabbro and monzonite

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Description: gabbro, monzonite > diorite, granodiorite

Lithology: Gabbro and monzonite

Reference: Doebrich, J.L., R.R. Wahl et al. Geologic and mineral resource map of Afghanistan. isbn: 9781411318038. USGS Open-File Report 2006-1038. [28]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
- Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110.

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