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Las Manforas Mine (Aliva Mine), Camaleño, Cantabria, Spaini
Regional Level Types
Las Manforas Mine (Aliva Mine)Mine (Inactive)
CamaleñoMunicipality
CantabriaAutonomous Community
SpainCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 9' 2'' North , 4° 41' 39'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Inactive) - last checked 2020
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Potes1,481 (2018)6.0km
Pesaguero-La Parte391 (2012)15.2km
Posada de Valdeón503 (2012)18.4km
Carreña2,262 (2011)22.2km
Boca de Huérgano564 (2012)27.2km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Minas de Manforas


This locality is world-famous for its specimens of transparent sphalerite in several different colours. The locality is often labelled as "Picos de Europa, Santander" - "Picos de Europa" being rather vague since those mountains cover bits of three different Autonomous Regions and several municipalities, and "Santander" being just an obsolete name for Cantabria.

The coordinates given are for the town center.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


8 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Gómez Fernández, F., Claverol, M.G., Luque, C., and Calvo Rebollar, M. (2006) La mina de Áliva. La blenda acaramelada de los Picos de Europa. Bocamina, 17, 28-112. Calvo, Miguel. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Colour: orange, red, yellow, green
Description: Larger and fine crystals, transparent or translucent, in many cases, gemmy quality. A world classic location.
Reference: Gómez Fernández, F., Claverol, M.G., Luque, C., and Calvo Rebollar, M. (2006) La mina de Áliva. La blenda acaramelada de los Picos de Europa. Bocamina, 17, 28-112.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Calvo, Miguel (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 pp.
Orellana, R.S. and Alvarez, J.R.R. (2005) Les sphalérites d'Aliva, Picos de Europa (Espagne). Le Règne Minéral, 63, 6-27.
Orellana, R.S. and Alvarez, J.R.R. (2005) Aliva, Picos de Europa (Espagne). Revista de minerales, 2(6), 1-38.
Gómez Fernández, F., Claverol, M.G., Luque, C., and Calvo Rebollar, M. (2006) La mina de Áliva. La blenda acaramelada de los Picos de Europa. Bocamina, 17, 28-112.
Locker, H. (2011) Blenda acaramelada - Auf Tour in den Picos de Europa, Nordspanien. Lapis, 36(7-8), 20-24.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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