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Kraubath an der Mur, Leoben, Styria, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Kraubath an der Mur- not defined -
Leoben- not defined -
StyriaState
AustriaCountry

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Key
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Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Kraubath an der Mur995 (2018)
Leising239 (2018)
Name(s) in local language(s):
Kraubath an der Mur, Leoben, Steiermark, Österreich


Large ultramafic body (28 km2) of the middle Austro-alpine unit (Paleozoic age), mainly consisting of dunite and serpentinite.

Since the early 19th century, this complex was worked for chromite (1855-1881, for the production of pigments) and for magnesite (since about 1850).
Ancient galleries, adits and dumps of the mines are still present south of Kraubath (Mitterberg and Fledelberg mountains, Augraben) and southeast of Kraubath (Sommergraben). At Gulsen, Preg (part of St Lorenzen bei Knittelfeld) and in the Lobminggraben (near St Stefan ob Leoben), the serpentinite is quarried to produce a gravel for road and railway construction.

Note on the mineral list: Kollegger et al. (2008) also mention several unidentified tiny PGE phases, including a Pt-Fe-phase.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

71 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Actinolite var: Smaragdite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Roland Nilica
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Strontian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: www.crocoite.com/collection/europe.pdf.
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Bowieite
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277; Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Meixner, H. (1959): Kraubather Lagerstättenstudien. V. Die Nickelmineralisation im Kraubather Serpentingebiet. - Berg- und Hüttenmännische Mh. 104, 83-87.
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Meixner, H. (1959): Kraubather Lagerstättenstudien. V. Die Nickelmineralisation im Kraubather Serpentingebiet. - Berg- und Hüttenmännische Mh. 104, 83-87; Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: MEIXNER, H. (1967): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XXII. Carinthia II, 157./77., 88-104.; Exel, R. (1993); Taucher, J. & Hollerer, Ch. E. (2006)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Roland Nilica collection (analysed)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 246.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: collection Landesmuseum Joanneum - Graz
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Meixner, H. (1952): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XII. Carinthia II, 142./62, 27-46.
Cuproiridsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
'Deweylite'
Formula: Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dypingite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Sigmund 1912
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
'Ferrorhodsite'
Formula: (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Meixner 1967
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Collection from Roland Nilica
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Roland Nilica
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Roland Nilica
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Reference: Min. & Pet. 73:247-277.
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277; Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Lansfordite
Formula: MgCO3 · 5H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277; Kollegger, P., Mogessie, A. & Mali, H. (2008): Geochemie und Vererzung im Kraubath-Massiv, südöstlich von Kraubath an der Mur, Steiermark, Österreich. Joannea Mineralogie 4, 53-97.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Magnesite var: Gelmagnesite
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Roland Nilica
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Meixner, H. (1952): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XII. Carinthia II, 142./62, 27-46.; Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Postl, W. & Moser, B. (1988): Mineralogische Notizen aus der Steiermark. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 56, 5-47.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Nakauriite
Formula: Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Reference: Postl, W. & Moser, B. (1988): Mineralogische Notizen aus der Steiermark. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 56, 5-47.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: Meixner, H. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(3), 195-209.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: C.Auer (2019)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Platarsite
Formula: PtAsS
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277; Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Potarite
Formula: PdHg
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Exel, R. (1993); Taucher, J. & Hollerer, Ch. E. (2006)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Renierite
Formula: (Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Ruarsite
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Roland Nilica
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Saponite var: Bowlingite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Reference: Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Roland Nilica
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Roland Nilica
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Zaratite
Formula: Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Aufschluss 1972(SB), 80-83

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Potarite1.AD.25PdHg
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bowieite2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cuproiridsite2.DA.05(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cuprorhodsite2.DA.05(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
'Ferrorhodsite'2.DA.05(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Platarsite2.EB.25PtAsS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Renierite2.CB.35a(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Ruarsite2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Sr)CO3
Artinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dypingite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Lansfordite5.CA.10MgCO3 · 5H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Gelmagnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Nesquehonite5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Zaratite5.DA.15Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Nakauriite7.DG.30Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite9.DE.10Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Bowlingite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Deweylite'-Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Potarite1.2.4.4PdHg
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Keithconnite2.2.6.1Pd20Te7
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Stibiopalladinite2.3.3.1Pd5Sb2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Braggite2.8.5.3(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Renierite2.9.4.1(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Cuproiridsite2.10.1.15(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cuprorhodsite2.10.1.16(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bowieite2.11.12.1(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Kashinite2.11.12.2(Ir,Rh)2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Platarsite2.12.3.6PtAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Ruarsite2.12.4.4(Ru,Os)AsS
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Miscellaneous
Mertieite-II2.16.3.1Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nesquehonite13.1.5.1MgCO3 · 3H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Lansfordite15.1.6.1MgCO3 · 5H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite16a.3.1.4(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Artinite16b.3.1.1Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Zaratite16b.4.1.1Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Pyroaurite16b.6.2.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Dypingite16b.7.2.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Nakauriite32.4.1.1Cu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Uvarovite51.4.3b.3Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite-Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite-(Ca,Sr)CO3
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
Clinochlore
var: Chromian Clinochlore
-Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
'Deweylite'-Mg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Enstatite
var: Bronzite
-(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Ferrorhodsite'-(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Magnesite
var: Gelmagnesite
-MgCO3
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Saponite
var: Bowlingite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
H Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
H Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
H LansforditeMgCO3 · 5H2O
H NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
H Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
H NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
C ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
C ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
C DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
C LansforditeMgCO3 · 5H2O
C NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
C Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
C NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
C PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
O ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
O Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
O DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
O LansforditeMgCO3 · 5H2O
O NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
O Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
O NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O RutileTiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O CupriteCu2O
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
NaSodium
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Mg DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Mg LansforditeMgCO3 · 5H2O
Mg NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
Mg Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al HydrotalciteMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Al Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DeweyliteMg4Si3O10 · 6H2O ?
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
SSulfur
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S CovelliteCuS
S MilleriteNiS
S Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
S Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
S Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
S Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh23+S4
S Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
S PlatarsitePtAsS
S Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
S Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
S NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
S LauriteRuS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Ca UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Ca Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Cr UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
Cr Clinochlore (var: Chromian Clinochlore)Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Fe Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh23+S4
Fe Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Fe Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Enstatite (var: Bronzite)(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni NickelineNiAs
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CopperCu
Cu Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cu Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh23+S4
Cu Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Cu Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
Cu Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CupriteCu2O
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
GeGermanium
Ge Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
AsArsenic
As Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
As PlatarsitePtAsS
As Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
As SperrylitePtAs2
As Renierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16
As NickelineNiAs
SrStrontium
Sr Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
RuRuthenium
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ru Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
Ru LauriteRuS2
RhRhodium
Rh Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
Rh Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Rh Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh23+S4
Rh Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Rh Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
PdPalladium
Pd KeithconnitePd20Te7
Pd StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Pd PotaritePdHg
Pd Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
SbAntimony
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
Sb StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
Sb Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5
TeTellurium
Te KeithconnitePd20Te7
OsOsmium
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
Os Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
IrIridium
Ir Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
Ir Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Ir Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Ir Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Pt Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Pt Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt PlatarsitePtAsS
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
HgMercury
Hg PotaritePdHg

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic - Late Cretaceous
0 - 100.5 Ma



ID: 3158242
Ostalpines Kristallin

Age: Phanerozoic (0 - 100.5 Ma)

Description: ophiolite complex

Lithology: Major:{plutonic ultramafic group}, Minor{basalt group,gabbro}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Klaproth, M.H. (1810) Chemische Untersuchung des Bronzits, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Fünfter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 32-36.
Sigmund, A. (1912) Neue Mineralfunde in Steiermark und Niederösterreich. Mitt. Naturwiss. Verein, Graz 1913.
Meixner, H. (1952) Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XII. Carinthia II, 142./62, 27-46.
Meixner, H. (1953) Die Minerale aus dem Dunitserpentinit von Kraubath. Mitteilungsblatt der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, 1953 (1), 21-23.
Alker, A. (1959) Zur Mineralogie der Steiermark. Mitteilungsblatt der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, 127 pp.
Meixner, H. (1959) Kraubather Lagerstättenstudien. V. Die Nickelmineralisation im Kraubather Serpentingebiet. Berg- und Hüttenmännische Mh. 104, 83-87.
Der Aufschluss (1972) special ed., 80-83.
Schantl, J. (1975) Die Paragenese Serpentin + Brucit in Serpentiniten aus der Ultramafitmasse von Kraubath (Steiermark). Der Karinthin, 72/73, p. 185-189.
Die Eisenblüte (1992) Sonderband 5.
Malitch, K. N., Melcher, F., & Mühlhans, H. (2001). Palladium and gold mineralization in podiform chromitite at Kraubath, Austria. Mineralogy and Petrology, 73(4), 247-277.
Kollegger, P., Mogessie, A., and Mali, H. (2008) Geochemie und Vererzung im Kraubath-Massiv, südöstlich von Kraubath an der Mur, Steiermark, Österreich. Joannea Mineralogie 4, 53-97.
Thalhammer, O., Ebner, F., Horkel, K., and Mali, H. (2010) Der Ultramafit-Komplex von Kraubath/The Kraubath Ultramafic Massif. Journal of Alpine geology 52, 137-158.
Unterweissacher, T.F. (2013) Stabile Isotopengeothermometer angewendet an ausgewählten gangförmigen Erzvorkommen der Ostalpen. Dissertation, Montan-Universität Leoben, 124 pp.
Thalhammer, O.A.R. and Mali, H. (2016) The Kraubath Ultramafic Massif - Excursion Guide ÖMG Conference Leoben 2015, Austria. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 162, 7-22. [https://www.uibk.ac.at/mineralogie/oemg/bd_162/162_7-22_thalhammer.pdf]

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