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Xikuangshan Sb deposit, Lengshuijiang Co., Loudi Prefecture, Hunan Province, China

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Name(s) in local language(s):锡矿山锑矿田, 冷水江市, 新化县, 湖南省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 47' North , 111° 29' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 27.78333,111.48333
GeoHash:G#: wkzq0cg9t
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


World's largest antimony deposit, located in the northern part of the Xiangzhong Basin near Lengshuijiang City. It occurs along the axis of a short anticline that strikes at 30° and plunges both north and south. Host rocks are dark grey cherts in the black shales series of the Upper Devonian Shetianqiao formation, which occur in the core of the anticline, surrounded by the Lower Carboniferous Yanguan and Datang formations.

The deposit covers an area of about 16 km2 and comprises four orebodies, which are named Feishuiyan, Tongjiayuan, Laokuangshan and Wuhua. The former two are eplored by the South Mine and North Mine, respectively. The latter two have not been worked yet.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50; Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330; Jiantang Peng and Ruizhong Hu (2001): Geological Review 47(1), 34-41; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387; Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Liang Qi, Junhong Zhao, and Yazhou Fu (2004): Geological Review 50(1), 25-32; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50; Yanxian Yang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(9), 54-57; Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330; Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Jiantang Peng and Ruizhong Hu (2001): Geological Review 47(1), 34-41; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387; Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Liang Qi, Junhong Zhao, and Yazhou Fu (2004): Geological Review 50(1), 25-32
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
'Chert'
Reference: www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn916
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50; Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Jiantang Peng and Ruizhong Hu (2001): Geological Review 47(1), 34-41; Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Liang Qi, Junhong Zhao, and Yazhou Fu (2004): Geological Review 50(1), 25-32; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330; Jiantang Peng and Ruizhong Hu (2001): Geological Review 47(1), 34-41; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50; Yanxian Yang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(9), 54-57; Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330; Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387; Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Liang Qi, Junhong Zhao, and Yazhou Fu (2004): Geological Review 50(1), 25-32; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50; Yanxian Yang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(9), 54-57; Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330; Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387; Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Liang Qi, Junhong Zhao, and Yazhou Fu (2004): Geological Review 50(1), 25-32
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27
'Roméite Group'
Reference: Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50; Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50; Yanxian Yang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(9), 54-57; Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330; Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387; Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Liang Qi, Junhong Zhao, and Yazhou Fu (2004): Geological Review 50(1), 25-32
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Yongnian Jiang (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3), 263-267; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50; Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330; Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cervantite'4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Roméite Group4.DH.
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Stibiconite4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunite'7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chert-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Oxysulfides
Kermesite2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cervantite4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Roméite Group'44.1.1.3
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chert'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O ValentiniteSb2O3
FFluorine
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
AlAluminium
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BaryteBaSO4
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
S SulphurS8
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
SbAntimony
Sb CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187133
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Guangmo Liu and Houming Jian (1983): Geological characteristics of the Xikuangshan antimony ore field. Mineral Deposits 2(3), 43-50 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yanxian Yang (1986): Anomaly characteristics of the Xikuangshan Sb ore field. Geology and Prospecting 22(9), 54-57.
Tongxi Zhou (1988): Geochemical characteristics and ore-forming mechanism of the antimony ore field of Xikuangshan in Hunan, China. Journal of Guilin College of Geology 8, 187-195 (in Chinese).
Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Preliminary study on ore-controlling regularities and metallogenic mechanism of super large-sized Sb-deposits in Xikuangshan. Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27.
Yongnian Jiang (1993): Native sulfur in the oxidized zone of the Xikuangshan antimony ore deposit, Hunan. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(3), 263-267.
Zhaozhu Yang, Hui Qiu, and Dongsheng Ma (1998): The study of silicified limestone in the Xikuangshan antimony deposit. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 17(4), 323-330 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Jiantang Peng and Ruizhong Hu (2001): Carbon and oxygen isotope systematics in the Xikuangshan giant antimony deposit, central Hunan. Geological Review 47(1), 34-41 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yan Tao, Zhenmin Gao, Jingfu Jin, and Lingjiao Zeng (2001): The origin of ore-forming fluid of Xikuangshan-type antimony deposits in central Hunan Province. Geology-Geochemistry 29(1), 14-20 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Yuanxian Lin, and Junhong Zhao (2002): Sm-Nd isotope dating of hydrothermal calcites from the Xikuangshan antimony deposit, Central Hunan. Chinese Science Bulletin 47(13), 1134-1137.
Dongsheng Ma, Jiayong Pan, Qinglin Xie, and Jiang He (2002): Ore source of Sb-(Au) deposits in Central Hunan: I. Evidences of trace elements and experimental geochemistry. Mineral Deposits 21(3), 366-376 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Mingyue He, Ya'er Lou, and Pu Wang (2002): Relationship between silicification and stibnite mineralization in Xikuangshan antimony deposit, Hunan Province. Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 384-387 (in Chinese with English title).
Delian Fan, Tao Zhang, and Jie Yie (2004): The Xikuangshan Sb deposit hosted by the Upper Devonian black shale series, Hunan, China. Ore Geology Reviews 24(1/2), 121-133.
Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Liang Qi, Junhong Zhao, and Yazhou Fu (2004): REE distribution pattern for the hydrothermal calcites from the Xikuangshan antimony deposit and its constraining factors. Geological Review 50(1), 25-32.
Dongsheng Yang, Masaaki Shimizu, Hidehiko Shimazaki, Xianhua Li, and Qinglin Xie (2006): Sulfur Isotope Geochemistry of the Supergiant Xikuangshan Sb Deposit, Central Hunan, China: Constraints on Sources of Ore Constituents. Resource Geology 56(4), 385-396.
Ruiyan Yang, Dongsheng Ma, Zhengyu Bao, Jiayong Pan, Shuanglin Cao, and Fei Xia (2006): Geothermal and fluid flowing simulation of ore-forming antimony deposits in Xikuangshan. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 49(8), 862-871.
Ottens, B. (2006): Chinesisches Tagebuch (III): Von Nandan uber Guichi nach Xikuangshan: Baryt, Rhodochrosit, Azurit, Antimonit und Wulfenit. Lapis 31(10), 33-38 (in German).
Ottens, B. (2006): Antimonit aus China. Lapis 31(2), 23-34 (in German).
Ottens, B. (2007): Chinese stibnite: Xikuangshan, Lushi, Wuning and other localities. Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17.


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