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Bellows Falls, Rockingham, Windham Co., Vermont, USAi
Regional Level Types
Bellows Falls- not defined -
Rockingham- not defined -
Windham Co.County
VermontState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
43° 8' 0'' North , 72° 26' 40'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Bellows Falls3,048 (2017)0.0km
North Walpole828 (2017)0.7km
North Westminster247 (2017)1.8km
Saxtons River552 (2017)5.3km
Walpole605 (2017)6.2km


Bellows Falls is an incorporated village located in the town of Rockingham.

Bethlehem gneiss and associated schists, pegmatites, and hydrothermal veins occur along the Connecticut River (Grant, 1968).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Description: mostly micro minerals
Reference: J. Swarts collection
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: http://serc.carleton.edu/files/NAGTWorkshops/petrology/teaching_examples/JS_pelitic_lab.doc.
'Chabazite'
Description: mostly micro minerals
Reference: J. Swarts collection
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Johannes Swarts collection
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: http://serc.carleton.edu/files/NAGTWorkshops/petrology/teaching_examples/JS_pelitic_lab.doc.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: P. Cristofono collection, 2010
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: mostly micro minerals
Reference: Thompson, Zadock (1824). A Gazetteer of the state of Vermont, p. 230.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: http://serc.carleton.edu/files/NAGTWorkshops/petrology/teaching_examples/JS_pelitic_lab.doc.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Description: mostly micro minerals
Reference: Hitchcock, Edward (1835): Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany, and Zoology of Massachusetts, pp. 393, 430.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:6 pp520-526
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Dana 8:1419
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Thompson, Zadock (1853). Natural History of Vermont: with Numerous Engravings and an Appendix
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Description: mostly micro minerals
Reference: Dana, James Dwight (1850). A System of Mineralogy, 3rd ed., p. 313.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: mostly micro minerals
Reference: J. Swarts collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Description: mostly micro minerals
Reference: J. Swarts collection
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: http://serc.carleton.edu/files/NAGTWorkshops/petrology/teaching_examples/JS_pelitic_lab.doc.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Description: mostly micro minerals
Reference: J. Swarts collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Johannes Swarts collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
OOxygen
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O CerussitePbCO3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
CeCerium
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Silliman, Benjamin (1820). Remarks, Made on a Short Tour: Between Hartford and Quebec, in the Autumn of 1819 (New Haven, CT: S. Converse), pp. 392-396.
Thompson, Zadock (1824). A Gazetteer of the state of Vermont, p. 230. Reports tremolite, prehnite, fluorite, kyanite and other minerals.
Hall, Frederick (1824). Catalogue of Minerals Found in the State of Vermont and in the Adjacent States.
Hitchcock, Edward (1831). Report on the Geology of Vermont, Volume 1, p. 468.
Hitchcock, Edward (1835). Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany, and Zoology of Massachusetts, pp. 393, 430. Reports an occurrence of "lincolnite" (heulandite) which he believed to be a new species.
Dana, James Dwight (1850). A System of Mineralogy, 3rd ed., p. 313. Reports prehnite.
Thompson, Zadock (1853). Natural History of Vermont: with Numerous Engravings and an Appendix.
Perkins, George H. (1910). Report of the State Geologist on the Mineral Industries and Geology of Certain Areas of Vermont, 1909-1910.
Grant, Raymond W. (1968). Mineral Collecting in Vermont (Vermont Geological Survey, Special Publication 2).

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