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Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit), Bayan Obo, Bayan Obo mining district, Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture), Inner Mongolia, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)Deposit
Bayan Obo- not defined -
Bayan Obo mining districtMining District
Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)- not defined -
Inner MongoliaAutonomous Region
ChinaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 47' 44'' North , 109° 58' 9'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.79583,109.96944
GeoHash:G#: wrqjy2tq3
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


Super large polygenic REE-Fe-Nb deposit (Bayan-Obo type), discovered as an iron deposit in 1927. REE minerals were discovered in 1936, and Nb-bearing ores in the late 1950s. Reserves are estimated at more than 40 million tons of REE minerals grading at 3-5.4% REE (70% of world's known REE reserves), 1 million tons of Nb2O5 and 470 million tons of iron. The deposit also contains a vast amount of fluorite, which is contained in all ore types; reserves are estimated at 130 million tons.
The ore is transported to the industrial city of Baotou for processing (hydrometallurgical leaching). There, liquid waste fills a 10 km2 surface pool (coordinates: 40.65 N, 109.70 E).

Bayon Obo is the world's largest REE deposit. The fluorite content of the ores also makes it the world's largest fluorite deposit.

The deposit occurs in an east-west trending Mesoproterozoic rift zone along the northern margin of the Sino-Korean Craton. Host strata are quartzite, slate, limestone, and dolomite. The latter is also the main host rock. The orebodies are stratiform and lenticular, with masses, bands, layers, veins, and disseminations. Besides clear features of hot water sedimentation, the deposit also exhibits Mg, Fe, Na and F metasomatism. Sm-Nd monazite isochron age for bastnaesite and riebeckite is 1200 to 1300 Ma, whereas Th-Pb and Sm-Nd age of Ba-REE-F carbonates and aeschynite is 474 to 402 Ma.

Aegirine from metamorphic rocks associated with the ore is peculiar in being colourless in thin section, possibly due to the lack of charge transfer transitions.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

127 valid minerals. 15 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Smith, M.P. (2007): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Aeschynite'
Reference: Smith, M.P. (2007): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Aeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003): Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720
Aeschynite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: (Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Type Locality:
Reference: Peishan Zhang and Kejie Tao (1982): Scientia Geologica Sinica 4, 424-428; Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003): Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Anatase var: Niobian Anatase
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Rock and Mineral Museum of the Institute of Geology, Ministry of Metallurgical Industry (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(8), 21
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Youbin Liang (1990): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 9(1)
Aragonite var: Strontian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: Youbin Liang (1990): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 9(1)
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Smith, M.P. (2006): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Arsenopyrite ?
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Bafertisite (TL)
Formula: Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Reference: American Mineralogist 57 (1972), 1005; Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216
Baotite (TL)
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Semenov, E. I., Hung Weng-hsing, and Kapitonova, T. A. (1961): Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 136(4), 915-916 (in Russian).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Beiyinite'
Reference: [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index", p65]
Benstonite
Formula: Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
'Biotite'
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Reference: Tiegeng Liu, Guanxin Wang, and Jiwen Gong (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(2), 177-182
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Calcite var: Strontian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: Rock and Mineral Museum of the Institute of Geology, Ministry of Metallurgical Industry (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(8), 21; Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Cebaite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Reference: Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Geochemistry RE mineral research group (1972): Cebaite - A type of RE and barium fluorine carbonate new mineral. Geochemistry 1, 86-91 (in English).
'Cebaite-(Nd)'
Formula: Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17 ; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Type Locality:
Reference: Ren Yingchen, Ximen Lulu, and Peng Zhizhong (1983): Geochemistry 2(2), 180-84.
Dingdaohengite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Jinsha Xu, Guaming Yang, Guowu Li, Zhilan Wu, Ganfu Shen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(3), 237-243
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17 ; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Fergusonite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)-β (TL)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Reference: Kuo Chi-Ti, Wang I-Hsien, Wang Hsien-Chueh, Wang Chung-Kang, and Hou Hung-Chuan (1973): Geochimica 2, 86-92.
'Fergusonite-(Nd)'
Formula: (Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Fergusonite-(Nd)-β (TL)
Formula: (Nd,Ce)NbO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Sun Weijun, Ma Fengjun, and Zhuang Shijie (1983): Scientia Geologica Sinica 1983(1), 78-81.
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Ferrisepiolite
Formula: (Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Kuifeng Yang, Hongrui Fan, Fangfang Hu, Xianghui Li, Jianyong Liu, Yonggang Zhao, Shuang Liu, and Kaiyi Wang (2007): Acta Petrologica Sinica 23(5), 1018-1022
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Campbell, L.S., and Henderson, P. (1997): Lithos 42(1/2), 89-103.; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Reference: Miyawaki, R.,Shimazaki, H.,Shigeoka, M., Yokoyama, K.,Matsubara, S.,Yurimoto, H., Yang, Z., Zhang, P., Inoue, A., Kogure, T. and Jige, M.(2011): Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite; new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science. 15 (1), 13-18.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Type Locality:
Reference: Li Guowu, Yang Guangming, Lu Fude, Xiong Ming, Ge Xiangkun and Pan Baoming (2013) Fluorcalciopyrochlore, IMA 2013-055 . CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3003; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluorokinoshitalite (TL)
Formula: BaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H, Yang Z, Zhang P (2011) Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite: new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science 15, 13-18
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216
Fluorotetraferriphlogopite (TL)
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Miyawaki, R.,Shimazaki, H.,Shigeoka, M., Yokoyama, K.,Matsubara, S.,Yurimoto, H., Yang, Z., Zhang, P., Inoue, A., Kogure, T. and Jige, M.(2011): Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite; new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science. 15 (1), 13-18. ; Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, and Kaiyi Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 808-811
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Kaiyi Wang, and Wilde, S.A. (2004): Ore Geology Reviews 25, 301-309.; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: H.-R. Fan et al.: International Geology Review 46(7):638-648 (2004)
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Halloysite var: Ferrian Halloysite'
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17 ; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
'Hornblende'
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Huanghoite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: BaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Semenov, E.I., and Chang Peishan (1961): Scientia Sinica 10(8), 1007-1011; Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Description: Three skarn types are recognized: humite-phlogopite skarn, tremolite-phlogopite skarn and Na-tremolite-humite skarn
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China, Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, and Kaiyi Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 808-811
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
Reference: Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216; Jinsha Xu, Guaming Yang, Guowu Li, Zhilan Wu, and Ganfu Shen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(3), 237-243
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Lanthanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Leucoxene
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Genesis of the Bayan Obo carbonatite deposits. Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Loparite-(Ce)
Formula: (Na,REE)Ti2O6
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Magbasite (TL)
Formula: KBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Type Locality:
Reference: Semenov, I. E., A. R Khomyakov, and A. V. Bukova (1965): Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 163(3), 718-719
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Smith, M.P. (2006): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, and Kaiyi Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 808-811
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Smith, M.P. (2006): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Zongqing Zhang (2004): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 23(1), 19-25
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Monazite'
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Zongqing Zhang (2004): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 23(1), 19-25; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003): Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720
'Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)'
Formula: (Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Yang Zhuming, Smith, M., Henderson, P., Le Bas, M.J., Tao Kejie, and Zhang Peishan (2001): European Journal of Mineralogy 13(6), 1207-1214; Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003): Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
'Oborite'
Reference: T. L. Ho (1935) Bull. Geol. Soc. China 14:279 in Hey's Mineral Index 3rd ed.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Paralstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
'Parisite'
Reference: Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
'Parisite-(Nd)'
Formula: Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 226.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: F. Pertlik, Z. Yang: Scientia Geologica Sinica 6:117-122 (1997)
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: USGS Bull. 2143, Table 1, Principal minerals of the Bayan Obo ore deposit .
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Jinsha Xu, Guaming Yang, Guowu Li, Zhilan Wu, Ganfu Shen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(3), 237-243; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Röntgenite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Tiegeng Liu, Guanxin Wang, and Jiwen Gong (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(2), 177-182; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Kaiyi Wang, and Wilde, S.A. (2004): Ore Geology Reviews 25, 301-309.; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
'Scapolite'
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Jinsha Xu, Guaming Yang, Guowu Li, Zhilan Wu, Ganfu Shen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(3), 237-243; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Strontianite var: Emmonite
Formula: (Sr,Ca)CO3
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: H.-R. Fan et al.: International Geology Review 46(7):638-648 (2004)
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Reference: Le Bas, M.J., Kellere, J., Tao Kejie, Wall, F., William, C.T., and Zhang Peishan (1992): Mineralogy and Petrology 46(3), 195-228.
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Thorite var: Ferrithorite
Formula: (Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Reference: Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Rock and Mineral Museum of the Institute of Geology, Ministry of Metallurgical Industry (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(8), 21
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Jinsha Xu, Guaming Yang, Guowu Li, Zhilan Wu, Ganfu Shen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(3), 237-243; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Kaiyi Wang, and Wilde, S.A. (2004): Ore Geology Reviews 25, 301-309; Jinsha Xu, Guaming Yang, Guowu Li, Zhilan Wu, Ganfu Shen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(3), 237-243; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
'UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi'
Formula: ~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
Reference: Peishan Zhang, Kejie Tao (1986): Bayan Obo mineralogy. Science Publisher, Beijing, China, 208 pp. (in Chinese, with English summary); in: Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J., Ercit, T.S., Grice, J.D. (1988): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1493 Smith, D.G.W., Nickel, E.H. (2007): A System of Codification for Unnamed Minerals: Report of the SubCommittee for Unnamed Minerals of the IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification. Canadian Mineralogist: 45: 983-1055; http://nrmima.nrm.se (2016)
'Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)'
Formula: (Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
'Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)'
Formula: Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
Reference: Shen J., Mi J. (1991) Crystal structure of (Ca0.5◻0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F . Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica,10, p. 246-251 (in Chinese, English abstract).
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Yangzhumingite (TL)
Formula: KMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Zhangpeishanite (TL)
Formula: BaFCl
Type Locality:
Reference: Shimazaki H, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yang Z (2008) Zhangpeishanite, BaFCl, a new mineral in fluorite from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 20, 1141-1144
'Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)'
Formula: Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Tao Kejie, and Li Fanghua (1981): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(2), 65-74.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Youbin Liang (1990): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 9(1); Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite ?2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Zhangpeishanite (TL)3.DC.25BaFCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Nd) (TL)4.DF.05(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
var: Niobian Anatase4.DD.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Fergusonite-(Ce)-β (TL)4.DG.10(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Nd)-β (TL)4.DG.10(Nd,Ce)NbO4
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.CC.35(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
'Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)'4.DF.05(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alstonite5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Sr)CO3
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)5.BD.20aY(CO3)F
Benstonite5.AB.55Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
var: Strontian Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Sr)CO3
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cebaite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.15Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
'Cebaite-(Nd)'5.BD.15Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
Cordylite-(Ce)5.BD.05NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (TL)5.BF.15(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Huanghoite-(Ce) (TL)5.BD.35BaCe(CO3)2F
Lanthanite-(Ce)5.CC.25(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Paralstonite5.AB.40BaCa(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
'Parisite-(Nd)'5.BD.20bCa(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Röntgenite-(Ce)5.BD.20dCa2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
var: Emmonite5.AB.15(Sr,Ca)CO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
'Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)'5.BD.10Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)7.GA.05(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
'Fergusonite-(Nd)'7.GA.05(Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Bafertisite (TL)9.BE.55Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Baotite (TL)9.CE.15Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Dingdaohengite-(Ce) (TL)9.BE.70(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferrisepiolite9.00.(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Ferro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Fluorokinoshitalite (TL)9.EC.35BaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Fluorotetraferriphlogopite (TL)9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'var: Ferrian Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
'Labradorite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Magbasite (TL)9.HA.25KBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Tainiolite9.EC.15KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Ferrithorite9.AD.30(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Yangzhumingite (TL)9.EC.20KMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aeschynite'-
'Apatite'-
'Beiyinite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluorcalciopyrochlore (TL)-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Oborite'-
'Parisite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi'-~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
'Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)'-(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
'Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)'-Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite ?2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Loparite-(Ce)4.3.3.3(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Thorianite5.1.1.2ThO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnesiochromite7.2.3.1MgCr2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)8.1.1.3(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Ce)-β (TL)8.1.2.2(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
'Fergusonite-(Nd)'8.1.1.4(Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
Fergusonite-(Nd)-β (TL)8.1.2.3(Nd,Ce)NbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)'8.2.1.6A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.1(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Aeschynite-(Nd) (TL)8.3.6.5(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)8.3.6.2(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Zhangpeishanite (TL)9.2.11.3BaFCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Alstonite14.2.5.1BaCa(CO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Benstonite14.2.3.1Ba6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Norsethite14.2.2.1BaMg(CO3)2
Paralstonite14.2.2.2BaCa(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Carbocernaite14.4.6.1(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Lanthanite-(Ce)15.4.2.3(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)16a.1.1.3Y(CO3)F
Cebaite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.9.1Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Cordylite-(Ce)16a.1.7.1NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Huanghoite-(Ce) (TL)16a.1.4.1BaCe(CO3)2F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
'Parisite-(Nd)'16a.1.5.2Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Röntgenite-(Ce)16a.1.6.1Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
'Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)'16a.1.8.1Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Daqingshanite-(Ce) (TL)17.1.10.1(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Brockite40.4.7.5(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Fluorbritholite-(Ce)52.4.9.8(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Bafertisite (TL)56.2.6b.1Ba2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Dingdaohengite-(Ce) (TL)56.2.13.9(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Perrierite-(Ce)56.2.8.3Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Baotite (TL)60.1.2.1Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Cummingtonite66.1.1.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Magbasite (TL)69.2.1c.1KBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Fluorokinoshitalite (TL)71.2.21.4BaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tainiolite71.2.2b.9KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aeschynite'-
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Anatase
var: Niobian Anatase
-(Ti,Nb)O2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite-(Ca,Sr)CO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Beiyinite'-
'Biotite'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
var: Strontian Calcite-(Ca,Sr)CO3
'Cebaite-(Nd)'-Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
'Chlorite Group'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferrisepiolite-(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Ferro-edenite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluorcalciopyrochlore (TL)-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Fluorotetraferriphlogopite (TL)-KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite
var: Ferrian Halloysite'
-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)'-(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
'Oborite'-
'Parisite'-
'Psilomelane'-
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Strontianite
var: Emmonite
-(Sr,Ca)CO3
Thorite
var: Ferrithorite
-(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
var: Uranothorite-(Th,U)SiO4
'UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi'-~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
'Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)'-(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
'Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)'-Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
Yangzhumingite (TL)-KMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
H MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
H Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
H Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Thorite (var: Ferrithorite)(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
H Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Ferrisepiolite(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
BeBeryllium
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
C Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
C Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
C Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
C Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
C Calcite (var: Strontian Calcite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
C Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
C AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C GraphiteC
C ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
C Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
C Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
C Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
C NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
C BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
C Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
C Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
O Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
O Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
O BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
O Fergusonite-(Ce)-β(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
O MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
O Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
O Fergusonite-(Nd)-β(Nd,Ce)NbO4
O Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
O FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
O Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
O FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
O Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
O Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
O Calcite (var: Strontian Calcite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
O Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
O Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Fergusonite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O AnataseTiO2
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
O QuartzSiO2
O AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
O Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
O Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
O Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Anatase (var: Niobian Anatase)(Ti,Nb)O2
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
O RutileTiO2
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Thorite (var: Ferrithorite)(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
O Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
O Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Ferrisepiolite(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O ThorianiteThO2
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
O NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
O BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
O Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
O Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
FFluorine
F BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
F Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
F Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
F MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
F ZhangpeishaniteBaFCl
F Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
F YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
F FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
F Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
F FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
F Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
F Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
F Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
F Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
F Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
F FluoriteCaF2
F Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
F Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
F Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Mg Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
Mg FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Mg FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Ferrisepiolite(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
Mg BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
AlAluminium
Al FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Si BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Si MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Si Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
Si FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Si FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Thorite (var: Ferrithorite)(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Si Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Ferrisepiolite(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Si NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
PPhosphorus
P Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
P Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
SSulfur
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ClChlorine
Cl BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Cl ZhangpeishaniteBaFCl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
KPotassium
K MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
K YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
K FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K SylviteKCl
K TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Ca Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ca Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Calcite (var: Strontian Calcite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Ca Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Ca AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Ca Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
Ca BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Ca Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
Ca Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
Ca Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Ti BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Ti Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Fergusonite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ti Anatase (var: Niobian Anatase)(Ti,Nb)O2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
CrChromium
Cr MagnesiochromiteMgCr2O4
MnManganese
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
FeIron
Fe BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Fe MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Fe Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe Thorite (var: Ferrithorite)(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Fe Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Ferrisepiolite(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4((Si,Fe3+)6O15)(O,OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
SrStrontium
Sr Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Sr Calcite (var: Strontian Calcite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Sr Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Sr Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Sr Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Strontianite (var: Emmonite)(Sr,Ca)CO3
Sr Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
YYttrium
Y Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Fergusonite-(Ce)-β(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Nb Fergusonite-(Nd)-β(Nd,Ce)NbO4
Nb Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Nb Rutile (var: Niobian Rutile)(Ti,Nb)O2
Nb Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Fergusonite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
Nb Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Nb Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Nb Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Nb Anatase (var: Niobian Anatase)(Ti,Nb)O2
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
BaBarium
Ba BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
Ba Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Ba Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
Ba BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Ba MagbasiteKBaFe3+Mg7Si8O22(OH)2F6
Ba ZhangpeishaniteBaFCl
Ba Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Ba FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
Ba Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ba Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Ba AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
Ba BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
Ba Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
Ba Unnamed (Ca-Ba Carbonate)(Ca,Sr)2Ba[CO3]3
LaLanthanum
La Fergusonite-(Ce)-β(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
La Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
La Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
La Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
La Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
La Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
CeCerium
Ce Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
Ce Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Fergusonite-(Ce)-β(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Ce Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Ce Fergusonite-(Nd)-β(Nd,Ce)NbO4
Ce Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
Ce Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Ce Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ce Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ce Fergusonite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Ce Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Ce Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Ce Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Ce Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Ce Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Ce Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Ce Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
Ce Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
Ce Fluorbritholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3F
Ce UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
NdNeodymium
Nd Fergusonite-(Ce)-β(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Nd Fergusonite-(Nd)-β(Nd,Ce)NbO4
Nd Aeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ln,Ca)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nd Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
Nd Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
Nd Fergusonite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O4
Nd Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Nd Fergusonite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)NbO4
Nd UM1986-64-SiO:NbREETi~(Nd,Ce,REE)6Ti24Nb4Si12O91
TaTantalum
Ta Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th Loparite-(Ce)(Na,REE)Ti2O6
Th Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Th Thorite (var: Ferrithorite)(Th,Fe3+)[Si(O,OH)4]
Th Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
Th ThorianiteThO2
UUranium
U Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3191972
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Qingchang Meng (1981) Genesis of the Bayan Obo carbonatite deposits. Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17 (in Chinese).
Zonglin Hou (1982) Discussion on a symbiotic sedimentary-metamorphic origin of the Bayan Obo deposit. Geology and Prospecting 18(8), 24-29, 52 (in Chinese).
Ren Yingchen, Ximen Lulu, and Peng Zhizhong (1983) Daqingshanite: A new mineral recently discovered in China. Geochemistry 2(2), 180-84 (in English).
Jutian Qiu and Tiegeng Liu (1986) On the genesis of the Bayan Obo carbonatites. Geology and Prospecting 22(8), 35-40 (in Chinese).
Zhang, P. and Tao, K. (1986) Bayan Obo mineralogy. Science Publishers, Beijing, 208 pp. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Tiegeng Liu, Guanxin Wang, and Jiwen Gong (1987) A study of brockite found in China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(2), 177-182.
Zonglin Hou (1989) The Bayan Obo Fe-Nb-REE deposit: its basic geological features, metallogenesis and genetic model. Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Youbin Liang (1990) The Discovery and Study of Strontianiferous Aragonite. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 9(1).
Drew, L.J., Qingrun Meng, and Weijun Sun (1990) The Bayan Obo iron-rare-earth-niobium deposits, Inner Mongolia, China. Lithos, 26, 43-65.
Le Bas, M.J., Kellere, J., Tao Kejie, Wall, F., William, C.T., and Zhang Peishan (1992) Carbonatite dykes at Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Mineralogy and Petrology 46(3), 195-228.
Wenmei Wang and Yongfu Yu (1993) A study on aegirine from Baiyun Obo ore deposit. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(2), 169-173.
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996) Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China, Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997) Distribution of alkaline intrusive rocks and related metallic ore deposits of China. Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Tu Guangchi and Wang Kaiyi (1997) Factors Constraining the Formation of the Superlarge Bayan-Obo REE-Fe-Nb Deposit. In: Pei Rongfu (ed.): Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress, Vol.9, VSP (Utrecht, Tokyo), pp. 83-90.
Chao, E.C.T., Back, J.M., Minkin, J.A., Tatsumoto, M., Wang Junwen, Conrad, J.E., McKee, E.H., Hou Zonglin, Meng Qingrun, and Huang Shengguang (1997) The Sedimentary Carbonate-Hosted Giant Bayan Obo REE-Fe-Nb Ore Deposit of Inner Mongolia, China: A Cornerstone Example for Giant Polymetallic Ore Deposits of Hydrothermal Origin. USGS Bulletin 2143.
Jiyuan Gao, Yixian Wang, Yuzhuo Qiu, and Qian Zhang (1999) Origin of the ore-bearing dolomite in Baiyun Obo ore deposit. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 17(s1), 675-680.
Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., and Peishan, Z. (1999) Reaction relationships in the Bayan Obo Fe-REE-Nb deposit Inner Mongolia, China: implications for the relative stability of rare-earth element phosphates and fluorocarbonates. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 134, 294-310.
Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., and Campbell, L.S. (2000) Fractionation of the REE during hydrothermal processes: constraints from the Bayan Obo Fe-REE-Nb deposit, Inner Mongolia, China. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 64(18), 3141-1360.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002) USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Zongqing Zhang (2004) Autometasomatic phenomena of host rocks in the Bayan Obo ore deposit and their significance. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 23(1), 19-25.
Zhuming Yang, Rengui Song, Kejie Tao, and Peishan Zhang (2003) Rare earth compositional variation of aeschynite group minerals. Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 21(6), 716-720.
Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Kaiyi Wang, and Wilde, S.A. (2004) Methane-rich fluid inclusions in skarn near the giant REE–Nb–Fe deposit at Bayan Obo, Northern China. Ore Geology Reviews 25, 301-309.
Jinsha Xu and Ganfu Shen (2005) Mineralogical study on fluorophlogopite from the Bayan Obo ore deposit. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 25(3), 213-216.
Gupta, C.K., and Krishnamurthy, N. (2005) Extractive Metallurgy of Rare Earths. CRC Press (Boca Raton), 484 pp.
Zhanfeng Yang and Jianyong Liu (2007) Necessity and feasibility of Baiyunebo rare earth deposit prospecting. Chinese Rare Earths 28(6), 84-87.
Jinsha Xu, Guaming Yang, Guowu Li, Zhilan Wu, Ganfu Shen (2008) A new mineral, Dingdaohengite-(Ce): the polymorph of Perrierite-(Ce) and a titanium analog at the C(1) site of Chevkinite sub-group. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(3), 237-243.
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. USGS Open-File Report 09-1139.
Jindrich Kynicky, Martin P. Smith and Cheng Xu (2012) Diversity of Rare Earth Deposits: The Key Example of China. Elements 8, 361-367.
Ribeiro Da Costa, I., Rodrigues, C.R., Barriga, F.J.A.S., Rona, P.A., Nunes, C.D., Vaz, P.D. (2014) Colourless aegirine in metamorphic rocks from Bayan Obo (Inner Mongolia): lack of charge transfer transitions as possible explanation. European Journal of Mineralogy 25: 987-993.
Smith, M.P., Campbell, L.S., Kynicky, J. (2015) A review of the genesis of the world class Bayan obo Fe-REE-Nb deposit, Inner Mongolia, China: multistage processes and outstanding questions. Ore Geology Reviews 64: 459–476.

External Links


Localities in this Region
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  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)

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