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Wanshan Mine, Wanshan District, Tongren, Guizhou, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Wanshan MineMine
Wanshan DistrictDistrict
TongrenPrefecture
GuizhouProvince
ChinaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
27° 30' North , 109° 8' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Gaolouping121 (2012)4.2km
Youyupu1,124 (2015)5.7km
Chadian1,089 (2012)9.1km
Heiyan490 (2015)11.6km
Bozhou1,150 (2012)19.6km
Name(s) in local language(s):
万山汞矿, 万山特区, 铜仁地区, 贵州省, 中国


Superlarge carbonate-hosted Hg-(As) deposit. The primary ore is cinnabar, other sulphides are rare. The four principal adits (sometimes referred to as "Wanshan Mines") are named Sheng Hsi Hsien, Hei Lung Tsu, Lao Shan Keng and Ta Tung.

Located south of Tongren.

Regions containing this locality

AsiaContinent
Southwest China, ChinaRegion
Yangtze PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Liangzuo Fu (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 83-92; Zhengxiang Bao (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(4), 81-88
'Bitumen'
Reference: Liangzuo Fu (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 83-92
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Liangzuo Fu (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 83-92; Zhengxiang Bao (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(4), 81-88; Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Habit: Modified rhombs and penetration twins to several cm
Colour: Blood red on Dolomite, Dark red on Quartz
Fluorescence: none
Reference: Zhengxiang Bao (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(4), 81-88; Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622; Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Liangzuo Fu (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 83-92; Zhengxiang Bao (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(4), 81-88; Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622; Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Metacinnabar var: Onofrite
Formula: Hg(S,Se)
Reference: Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622; Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Liangzuo Fu (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 83-92; Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622; Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Liangzuo Fu (1984): Mineral Deposits 3(1), 83-92; Zhengxiang Bao (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(4), 81-88; Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622; Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622; Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe
Reference: Jingxian Li and Jiajun Liu (2014): Resources & Industries 16(2), 90-97

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
var: Onofrite2.CB.05aHg(S,Se)
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bitumen'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Tiemannite2.8.2.4HgSe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Bitumen'-
Metacinnabar
var: Onofrite
-Hg(S,Se)

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S CinnabarHgS
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S StibniteSb2S3
S RealgarAs4S4
S BaryteBaSO4
S MetacinnabarHgS
S Metacinnabar (var: Onofrite)Hg(S,Se)
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
SeSelenium
Se Metacinnabar (var: Onofrite)Hg(S,Se)
Se TiemanniteHgSe
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
Hg Metacinnabar (var: Onofrite)Hg(S,Se)
Hg TiemanniteHgSe
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Liangzuo Fu (1984): A preliminary investigation into the ore-forming mechanism of mercury and lead-zinc stratabound deposits in Guizhou Province. Mineral Deposits 3(1), 83-92 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zhengxiang Bao (1985): Mode of occurrence of two different types of orebodies in the western Hunan-eastern Guizhou mercury ore belt. Mineral Deposits 4(4), 81-88 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Pan Jiayong, Zhang Qian, Shao Shuxun, and Zhang Zhong (1999): Geochemistry of halogens in the Wanshan mercury deposit and its geological implications. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 19(1).
Xianxiao Xiong (2000): Classification, minerogenic models and prospecting of realgar/orpiment deposits in China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 74(3), 618-622.
Guoping Zhang, Congqiang Liu, Pan Wu, and Yuangen Yang (2004): Environmental Geochemical Characteristics of Mine Wastes form the Wanshan Mercury Mine, Guizhou, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica [Kuangwu Xuebao] 24(3), 231-238.
Zhenhua Ding, Wenhua Wang, Liya Qu, Qinghe Tang, Cai'e Liu, Jinping Cheng, and Weixuan Hu (2004): Mercury pollution and its ecosystem effects in Wanshan mercury mine area, Guizhou. Environmental Science 25(2), 111-114 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Liu, G. (2005): Chinese Cinnabar. Mineralogical Record 36(1), 69-80.
Jingxian Li and Jiajun Liu (2014): Advances in selenium resource study. Resources & Industries 16(2), 90-97 (in Chinese with English abstract).


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