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Sukari gold mine, Marsa Alam, Eastern Desert, Red Sea, Egypti
Regional Level Types
Sukari gold mineMine
Marsa Alam- not defined -
Eastern DesertDesert
Red SeaGovernorate
EgyptCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 24° 55' 59'' North , 34° 42' 26'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 24.93333,34.70750
GeoHash:G#: su2tvfcpp
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Marsa Alam10,000 (2014)23.4km


Located 15 km west of the Red Sea coast (23 km west of the coastal town of Marsa Alam) in the southern central Eastern Desert of Egypt, on Sukari Hill.
Gold was worked out by the Pharaohs and the Romans.
Estimated resources: 18.8 Mt at 2.41 g/t Au.

Sukari consists of four primary zones that contain varying degrees of ore: Amun, Ra, Gazelle, and Pharaoh. The open pit is based on the Main and Hapi ore zones which have been drilled extensively in the Amun and Ra/ Gazelle areas revealing various high-grade zones (http://www.centamin.com/current-projects/).


The epi-mesothermal mineralization is associated with stacked quartz veins and stockworks (repeated veining and leaching followed by leaching) in an altered granodiorite/rhyodacite porphyry.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
Sahara Desert, North AfricaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.; A. El-Taher, K.-L. Kratz, A. Nossair, A.H. Azzam (2003) Determination of gold in two Egyptian gold ores using instrumental neutron activation analysis. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 68:751–755
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
'Monazite'
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Arsenian pyrite.
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.; A. El-Taher, K.-L. Kratz, A. Nossair, A.H. Azzam (2003) Determination of gold in two Egyptian gold ores using instrumental neutron activation analysis. Radiation Physics and Chemistry 68:751–755
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Helmy, H. M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., & Loizenbauer, J. (2004). The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Monazite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306424

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Stenian - Ectasian
1000 - 1400 Ma



ID: 3185491
Mesoproterozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1400 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Helmy, H.M., Kaindl, R., Fritz, H., and Loizenbauer, J. (2004) The Sukari Gold Mine, Eastern Desert—Egypt: structural setting, mineralogy and fluid inclusion study. Mineralium Deposita, 39(4), 495-511.
Zoheir, B., Deshesh, F., Broman, C., Pitcairn, I., El-Metwally, A., and Mashaal, S. (2018) Granitoid-associated gold mineralization in Egypt: a case study from the Atalla mine. Mineralium Deposita, 53(5), 701-720.
Abdelnasser, A. and Kumral, M. (2017) The nature of gold-bearing fluids in Atud gold deposit, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. International Geology Review, 59(15), 1845-1860.

External Links



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