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Walton barite mine (Magnet Cove Barium Corp. mine), Walton, Hants Co., Nova Scotia, Canada

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 45° 12' 11'' North , 64° 2' 44'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 45.20306,-64.04583
GeoHash:G#: f843nsgnz
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate


A barite mine and lead-zinc-silver-copper deposit. During its operation it was Canada's largest barite mine and one of the largest deposits in the world. The type locality for aplowite and moorhouseite. It was the first locality in Canada for penroseite, lavendulan, and metavoltine. Unfortunately, while the dumps are extensive, they have all been reclaimed and it is now difficult to even find interesting microminerals.

History

A barite outcrop, only a few square feet in size, was known from at least 1894. It was not until 1940, however, when a local prospector, Roscoe Hiltz, rediscovered the outcrop and brought it to the attention of Springer Sturgeon Gold Mines Ltd. The importance was immediately realized and test drilling began in the fall of 1940, continuing through the winter into 1941. It would become Canada's largest barite mine and one of the largest deposits in the world. A nice report from the very beginning of the mine is written by Cameron (1941).

Barite production began in 1941 and was operated by Canadian Industrial Minerals, a subsidiary of Springer Strugeon, until 1955. At that time the mine was leased to Magnet Cove Barium Corporation, a subsidiary of Dresser Industries Inc., of Dallas, Texas. Some specimen labels will indicate Dresser Industries Quarry as the name of the location.

The Nova Scotia Department of Mines conducted a diamond drilling program in 1956 revealing a lead-zinc-silver-copper orebody below the large barite deposit. A mill was constructed and sulfide production began in 1961. In 1967 Magnet Cove Barium Corporation became Dresser Minerals.

In 1970, an unfortunate blast was made in one of the large fault zones, which resulted in flooding. The flood water was initially fresh, but after a few months it became brackish. The saline water indicated that it was originating from the nearby Minas Basin and therefore would not stop. In 1976 the mine began phase-out operations and in February 1978 production ended. The mine had produced 4.3 million tons of barite of the 38 years of operation, and there are still nearly 1 million tons underground. Over that time, most of the barite was used in the oil drilling industry in the United States and the Caribbean. From the sulfide zone, 412 thousand tons of ore were produced, grading 4.28% Pn, 1.29% Zn, 0.52% Cu and 350 g/t Ag.

Geology

The structure of the deposit is described as 'exceedingly complex' by Boyle. The region within tens of kilometers around the deposit is marked by two major sets of faults, oriented east-west and northwest-southeast. At the Walton deposit the dominant feature is an east-west fault zone in the foot wall of the barite mass that joins a northwest fault that is close to the hanging wall of the barite. The faults are pre-ore and are brecciated over several tens of feet. Post-ore movement also brecciated the barite and sulfides. The age of the faulting is probably post-Triassic.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


40 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
Aplowite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Colour: Bright pink
Reference: Jambor, J.L., Boyle, R.W. (1965) Moorhousite and Aplowite, New Cobalt Minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 8(2): 166-171; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: p398.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: p398.
'commodity:Barite (Barytes)'
Reference: From USGS MRDS database
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Colour: White, reddish
Fluorescence: Some material fluoresces white or faint yellow under Short Wave UV and Long Wave UV.
Reference: Jambor, J.L., Boyle, R.W. (1965) Moorhousite and Aplowite, New Cobalt Minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogis: 8(2): 166-171; Hewett, D.F. (1968) Silver in Veins of Hypogene Manganese Oxides. United States Geological Survey Circular 553; Mossman, D.J., Brown, M.J. (1986) Stratiform barite in sabkha sediments, Walton-Cheverie, Nova Scotia. Economic Geology: 81: 2016-2021; Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184.
'Bitumen'
Reference: Edith Trybalski
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720; Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Colour: Green
Reference: Collected by Ronnie Van Dommelen (~1999) Material analyzed via Raman spectroscopy by Malcolm Back and the Royal Ontario Museum, Ontario, Canada.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Colour: White, creamy white, reddish, brown
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Mossman, D.J., Brown, M.J. (1986) Stratiform barite in sabkha sediments, Walton-Cheverie, Nova Scotia. Economic Geology: 81: 2016-2021; Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Colour: Bright blue
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: 398.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia , Volume 69 p398
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Colour: Brass yellow
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Mossman, D.J., Brown, M.J. (1986) Stratiform barite in sabkha sediments, Walton-Cheverie, Nova Scotia. Economic Geology: 81: 2016-2021; Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184; Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
'Chlorite Group'
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Boyle, R.W., Jambor, J.L. (1966) Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Origin of the Magnet Cove Barite-Sulphide Deposit, Walton, N.S.. Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin: 59(654): 1209-1228.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference:  
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Boyle, R.W., Jambor, J.L. (1966) Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Origin of the Magnet Cove Barite-Sulphide Deposit, Walton, N.S.. Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin: 59(654): 1209-1228.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Colour: Pink
Reference: Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: 398.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Habit: Cube, octahedron, dodecahedral modifications.
Colour: Gray
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Yedlin, N. (1972) Yedlin on Micromounting. Mineralogical Record: 3: 204; Mossman, D.J., Brown, M.J. (1986) Stratiform barite in sabkha sediments, Walton-Cheverie, Nova Scotia. Economic Geology: 81: 2016-2021; Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184; Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: D. F. Sangster, M. D. Burtt and D. J. Kontak (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada ). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists 93(6):869-882
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Colour: Black
Reference: Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: 398.
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Colour: Black
Reference: Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Hewett, D.F. (1968) Silver in Veins of Hypogene Manganese Oxides. United States Geological Survey Circular 553.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Colour: Black to earthy red
Reference: Boyle, R.W., Jambor, J.L. (1966) Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Origin of the Magnet Cove Barite-Sulphide Deposit, Walton, N.S. Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin: 59(654): 1209-1228; Nova Scotia Report of Activities 2008 p104.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Habit: Clusters of platey crystals.
Colour: Cream
Reference: Boyle, R.W., Jambor, J.L. (1966) Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Origin of the Magnet Cove Barite-Sulphide Deposit, Walton, N.S. Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin: 59(654): 1209-1228.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Colour: Blue
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166. Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: 398.
'commodity:Lead'
Formula: Pb
Reference:  
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia , Volume 69 p398
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Colour: Green
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: p398.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Colour: Black
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184.
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: 398.
Moorhouseite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Colour: Pink
Reference: Jambor, J.L., Boyle, R.W. (1965) Moorhouseite and Aplowite, New Cobalt Minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 8(2): 166-171; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: p398.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Boyle, R.W., Jambor, J.L. (1966) Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Origin of the Magnet Cove Barite-Sulphide Deposit, Walton, N.S. Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin: 59(654): 1209-1228. Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
Penroseite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Reference: Boyle, R.W., Jambor, J.L. (1966) Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Origin of the Magnet Cove Barite-Sulphide Deposit, Walton, N.S. Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin: 59(654): 1209-1228.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Colour: Silvery, red
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
'Psilomelane'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Colour: Brass yellow
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166. Mossman, D.J., Brown, M.J. (1986) Stratiform barite in sabkha sediments, Walton-Cheverie, Nova Scotia. Economic Geology: 81: 2016-2021. Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184.
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Reference: J.L. Jambor and R.W. Boyle, "Moorhouseite and Aplowite, New Cobalt Minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia", Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 8, pt. 2, pp. 166-171, 1965.
Pyrite var: Nickelian Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720; Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Colour: Black
Reference: Hewett, D.F. (1968) Silver in Veins of Hypogene Manganese Oxides. United States Geological Survey Circular 553; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: 398.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Colour: Cream or light brown, to dark brown and black
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Hewett, D.F. (1968) Silver in Veins of Hypogene Manganese Oxides. United States Geological Survey Circular 553; Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
'commodity:Silver'
Formula: Ag
Reference:  
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Mossman, D.J., Brown, M.J. (1986) Stratiform barite in sabkha sediments, Walton-Cheverie, Nova Scotia. Economic Geology: 81: 2016-2021; Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184; Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Boyle, R.W., Jambor, J.L. (1966) Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Origin of the Magnet Cove Barite-Sulphide Deposit, Walton, N.S. Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin: 59(654): 1209-1228. Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720. Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Colour: White, pale pink
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166; Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia: 69: 398.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Habit: Tetrahedron with modifying forms.
Colour: Gray
Description: Other ID method is qualitative EDS.
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166. Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
'commodity:Zinc'
Formula: Zn
Reference:  

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Clausthalite'2.CD.10PbSe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Penroseite2.EB.05a(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
var: Nickelian Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Ni)S2
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Aplowite' (TL)7.CB.15(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Moorhouseite (TL)7.CB.25(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bitumen'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Psilomelane-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Penroseite2.12.1.4(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Aplowite (TL)29.6.6.4(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Moorhouseite (TL)29.6.8.5(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bitumen'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Chlorite Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Psilomelane'-
Pyrite
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
-(Fe,Co)S2
var: Nickelian Pyrite-(Fe,Ni)S2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
NaSodium
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
S Pyrite (var: Nickelian Pyrite)(Fe,Ni)S2
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ClChlorine
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
KPotassium
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
MnManganese
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe Pyrite (var: Nickelian Pyrite)(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
CoCobalt
Co Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
Co Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Co Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
NiNickel
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni Pyrite (var: Nickelian Pyrite)(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
SeSelenium
Se ClausthalitePbSe
Se Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SbAntimony
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187973
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 2683689
White Quarry, Stewiacke, Carrolls Corner, Macumber and Gays River Formations

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: White Quarry Formation; Stewiacke Formation; Carrolls Corner Formation; Macumber Formation; Gays River Formation

Description: Anhydrite, salt, marine dolostone and limestone (Viséan (Arundian), A subzone fauna and spores); includes the White Quarry Formation, Stewiacke Formation, Carrolls Corner Formation, Macumber Formation, and Gays River Formation; angular unconformity on Cheverie Formation, Devonian granitoids and Meguma Group

Reference: Kippie, J.D. (compiler), B.E. Fisher, J.C. Poole. Geological Map of the Province of Nova Scotia, Scale 1:500 000. Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources. [118]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cameron, A.E. (1941) Barytes Deposit at Pembroke, Hants County, Nova Scotia. Proceedings of the Nova Scotia Institute of Science: 20(3): 57-63. http://dalspace.library.dal.ca/bitstream/handle/10222/13456/v20_p3_a1_Cameron_barytes_deposit_Pembroke_Hants_County_Nova_Scotia.pdf?sequence=1
Boyle, R.W. (1962) Geology of the Barite, Gypsum, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 62-25.
Boyle, R.W. (1962) Geology and Geochemistry of the Magnet Cove Barium-Lead-Zinc-Silver Deposit, Walton, Nova Scotia. Canadian Mining Journal: 83(4): 104-110.
Rumery, B. (1965) Walton Mines and Whale Cove Manganese Location, Nova Scotia, Canada. Rocks and Minerals: 136-137.
Jambor, J.L., Boyle, R.W. (1965) Moorhouseite and Aplowite, New Cobalt Minerals from Walton, Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 8(2): 166-171. http://rruff.info/doclib/cm/vol8/CM8_166.pdf
Boyle, R.W., Jambor, J.L. (1966) Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Origin of the Magnet Cove Barite-Sulphide Deposit, Walton, N.S. Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin: 59(654): 1209-1228.
Gregory, G.E. (1966) Mineral Hunting at the Magnet Cove Barite Mine in Walton, Nova Scotia. Rocks and Minerals: 335-338.
Hewett, D.F. (1968) Silver in Veins of Hypogene Manganese Oxides. United States Geological Survey Circular 552. https://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1968/0553/report.pdf
Majmundar, H.H. (1969) Ramsdellite and Groutite from Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 718-720.
Boyle, R.W. (1972) The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166.
Yedlin, N. (1972) Yedlin on Micromounting. Mineralogical Record: 3: 204.
Yedlin, N. (1973) Yedlin on Micromounting. Mineralogical Record: 4: 84-85.
Mossman, D.J., Brown, M.J. (1986) Stratiform barite in sabkha sediments, Walton-Cheverie, Nova Scotia. Economic Geology: 81: 2016-2021.
Fowler, J.H. (1988) Barite, Celestite and Fluorite in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources, Minerals and Energy Branch, Information Circular ME 15.
Sangster, D.F., Burtt, M.D., Kontak, D.J. (1998) Geology of the B baseline zone, Walton Cu-Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba deposit, Nova Scotia, Canada (in A special issue devoted to zinc-lead mineralization and basinal brine movement, lower Windsor Group (Visean), Nova Scotia, Canada). Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists: 93(6): 869-882.
Whitehead, N., MacDonald, A. (1998) Dispersion of tailings from the Walton Ba-Cu-Pb-Zn mine site, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 34: 171-184.

External Links



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