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Wissahickon Valley, Philadelphia, Philadelphia Co., Pennsylvania, USAi
Regional Level Types
Wissahickon ValleyValley
Philadelphia- not defined -
Philadelphia Co.County
PennsylvaniaState
USACountry

This page kindly sponsored by Philadelphia Mineralogical Society
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
39° North , 75° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~8km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


Ref: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


32 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Chabazite'
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Hornblende'
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Gordon, 1922. The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O QuartzSiO2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O RutileTiO2
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O AnataseTiO2
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
SiSilicon
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2

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