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Khan Mine, Arandis, Erongo Region, Namibia

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View of the Khan copper mining area, in 1958.

Khan Mine, Arandis, Erongo Region, Namibia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 30' 29'' South , 14° 59' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -22.50813,14.99185
GeoHash:G#: k7fxvns8x
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


A former copper mine that closed in 1918. The former mine lies 4.4 miles (7 kilometers) south of Arandis.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


25 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, pg 41 (in English)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83; Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 341 pp (in English)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
'Hornblende'
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Rob Lavinsky specimen http://www.mindat.org/photo-206094.html
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 341 pp. (in English)
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83
Titanite var: Keilhauite
Formula: (Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Reference: Harvard Museum no. 89494
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p.80-83

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Dyscrasite'2.AA.35Ag3Sb
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Delafossite'4.AB.15CuFeO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Keilhauite9.AG.15(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Hornblende'-
Pyroxene Group-
Stilbite subgroup-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Delafossite7.1.1.1CuFeO2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Titanite
var: Keilhauite
-(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DelafossiteCuFeO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Titanite (var: Keilhauite)(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Titanite (var: Keilhauite)(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Titanite (var: Keilhauite)(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Titanite (var: Keilhauite)(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti Titanite (var: Keilhauite)(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe DelafossiteCuFeO2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Titanite (var: Keilhauite)(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DelafossiteCuFeO2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
YYttrium
Y Titanite (var: Keilhauite)(Ca,Y3+)(Ti,Al,Fe3+)[SiO4]O
AgSilver
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
SbAntimony
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186935
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Metasedimentary/metavolcanic schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Ramdohr, P. (1938): Die Khan-Grube bei Arandis, Südwestafrika. Z. prakt. Geol. 46, 42-50.
- Bürg, G. (1942): Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika, pp. 80-83.


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