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Maoniuping Mine, Mianning Co., Liangshan, Sichuan, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Maoniuping MineMine
Mianning Co.County
LiangshanPrefecture
SichuanProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):牦牛坪稀土矿, 冕宁县, 凉山彝族自治州, 四川省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 28° 26' 52'' North , 101° 58' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 28.44778,101.97889
GeoHash:G#: wm09bdfb2
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cwb : Subtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters


World's second largest REE deposit (originally started as a molybdenum mine), with proven reserves of 0.4 million tonnes of ore grading at 2% REE oxides. The deposit consists of bastnäsite-baryte-carbonate veins, which are associated with nordmarkite and hosted in a carbonatite-syenite complex (K-Ar ages of arfvedsonites and biotites: 27.8-40.3 Ma).

Located within the Panzhihua-Xichang ("Pan-Xi") rift, a N-S trending major regional pull-apart graben structure developed during the late Paleozoic.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Southwest China, ChinaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


56 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Jiuhua Xu, Yuling Xie, Jianping Li, and Zengqian Hou (2001): Progress in Natural Science 11(11), 833-837; Cheng Xu, Zhilong Huang, Liang Qi, Huayun Xiao, Wenbo Li, and Congqiang Liu (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(5), 24-28
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Cheng Xu, Zhilong Huang, Liang Qi, Huayun Xiao, Wenbo Li, and Congqiang Liu (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(5), 24-28
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
'Aeschynite'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
'Apatite'
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Xie Yuling, Hou Zengqian, Xu Jiuhua, Yuan Zhongxin, Bai Ge, and Li Xiaoyu (2006): Science in China Series D 49(6), 597-603
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Colour: white
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991) Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23.; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997) Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48.; Cheng Xu, Zhilong Huang, Liang Qi, Huayun Xiao, Wenbo Li, and Congqiang Liu (2001) Geology and Prospecting 37(5), 24-28.; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005) Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577.; Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite from the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.
Baryte var: Strontian Baryte
Formula: (Ba,Sr)SO4
Reference: Niu Hecai, Shan Qiang, Chen Xiaoming, and Zhang Haixiang (2003): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 46(Suppl.), 41-49.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991) Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23.; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997) Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48.; Zhengxi Yang, Williams-Jones, A.E., and Guangping Pu (2000) Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 21(2), 28-34.; Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite from the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.
'Biotite'
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Cheng Xu, Zhilong Huang, Liang Qi, Huayun Xiao, Wenbo Li, and Congqiang Liu (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(5), 24-28; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Xu Jiuhua, Xie Yuling, Li Jianping, and Hou Zengqian (2001): Progress in Natural Science 11(11), 833-837; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Celestine var: Barian Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Yang Zhuming, Fleck, M., Smith, M., Tao Kejie, Song Renkui, and Zhang Peishan (2002): European Journal of Mineralogy 14, 969-975
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Copper var: Stanniferous Copper
Formula: (Cu,Sn)
Reference: Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Xu Jiuhua, Xie Yuling, Li Jianping, and Hou Zengqian (2001): Progress in Natural Science 11(11), 833-837.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Xu, C., and Huang, Z.-L. (2003): Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement 67(18), 540; Cheng Xu, Zhilong Huang, Liang Qi, Huayun Xiao, Wenbo Li, and Congqiang Liu (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(5), 24-28; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Fluornatropyrochlore
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Reference: Yin Jingwu, Li Guowu, Yang Guangming, Xiong Ming, Ge Xiangkun und Pan Baoming (2013) Fluornatropyrochlore, IMA 2013-056. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3003; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997 - 3005.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Xu Jiuhua, Xie Yuling, Li Jianping, and Hou Zengqian (2001): Progress in Natural Science 11(11), 833-837.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Xu Jiuhua, Xie Yuling, Li Jianping, and Hou Zengqian (2001): Progress in Natural Science 11(11), 833-837.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, G., Li, G., Xiong, M., Pan, B. and Yan, C. (2011): Hydroxycalciopyrochlore, IMA 2011-026. CNMNC Newsletter no. 10, October 2011, page 2554; Yang, G., Li, G., Xiong, M., Pan, B., Yan C. (2014): Hydroxycalciopyrochlore, a new mineral species from Sichuan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica - English Edition, 88, 748–753.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Denghong Wang, Yuchuan Chen, Jue Xu, Jianmin Yang, Chunji Xue, and Shenghao Yan (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica 74(3), 478-484.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Denghong Wang, Yuchuan Chen, Jue Xu, Jianmin Yang, Chunji Xue, and Shenghao Yan (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica 74(3), 478-484.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Maoniupingite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Yang, Z., Fleck, M., Smith, M., Tao, K., Song, R., Zhang, P. (2002) The crystal structure of natural Fe-rich chevkinite-(Ce). European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 969-975.; Shen, G.-F., Yang, G., Xu, J. (2005) Maoniupingite-(Ce): a new rare-earth mineral from the Maoniuping rare-earth deposit in Mianning, Sichuan. Chenji yu Tetisi Dizhi (Sedimentary and Tethyan Geology), 25(1-2): 210-216.; Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite from the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
'Monazite'
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Xu Cheng, Huang Zhilong, Liu Congqiang, Qi Liang, Li Wenbo, and Guan Tao (2003): Geochemical Journal 37, 391-399
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Dawei Meng, Xiuling Wu, Tao Mu, and Douxing Li (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39, 1713-1724.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Pectolite var: Manganoan Pectolite
Formula: Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Xu, C., Huang, Z.-L., Liu, C.-Q., Li, W.-B., and Guan, T. (2003): International Geology Review, 45(7), 635-645; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
Röntgenite-(Ce)
Formula: Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Reference: Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Xu Jiuhua, Xie Yuling, Li Jianping, and Hou Zengqian (2001): Progress in Natural Science 11(11), 833-837.; Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
'Synchysite'
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Yang, Z., Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., Le Bas, M.J., Tao, K., and Zhang, P. (2000): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, ?(10), 466-480; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
'Tongxinite'
Formula: Cu2Zn
Reference: Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Colour: yellow to red
Reference: Liu, G. (2006) Fine Minerals of China. AAA Minerals Ag, Zug, Switzerland.; Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite from the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.; Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009) Ore Geology Reviews (in press).
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
var: Stanniferous Copper1.AA.05(Cu,Sn)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
'Tongxinite'1.AB.10bCu2Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Fluornatropyrochlore4.DH.(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Röntgenite-(Ce)5.BD.20dCa2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
var: Strontian Baryte7.AD.35(Ba,Sr)SO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
var: Barian Celestine7.AD.35(Sr,Ba)SO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Maoniupingite-(Ce) (TL)9.BE.70(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
var: Manganoan Pectolite9.DG.05Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Aeschynite'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fergusonite'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore (TL)-(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Monazite'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Synchysite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
'Tongxinite'1.1.6.3Cu2Zn
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Samarskite-(Y)8.1.11.1(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Röntgenite-(Ce)16a.1.6.1Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Aeschynite'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Baryte
var: Strontian Baryte
-(Ba,Sr)SO4
'Biotite'-
Celestine
var: Barian Celestine
-(Sr,Ba)SO4
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Copper
var: Stanniferous Copper
-(Cu,Sn)
'Fergusonite'-
'Fluocerite'-
Fluornatropyrochlore-(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
Hydroxycalciopyrochlore (TL)-(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Iron-Fe
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesio-riebeckite-◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'-
Maoniupingite-(Ce) (TL)-(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
'Monazite'-
Pectolite
var: Manganoan Pectolite
-Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Synchysite'-
Thorite
var: Uranothorite
-(Th,U)SiO4
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Pectolite (var: Manganoan Pectolite)Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C CerussitePbCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
OOxygen
O Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
O Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Pectolite (var: Manganoan Pectolite)Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
O Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O CerussitePbCO3
O WitheriteBaCO3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
O HematiteFe2O3
O RutileTiO2
O MassicotPbO
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
O Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
NaSodium
Na Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Pectolite (var: Manganoan Pectolite)Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Na Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
MgMagnesium
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si Pectolite (var: Manganoan Pectolite)Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Si Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
S Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Pectolite (var: Manganoan Pectolite)Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Ca Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
TiTitanium
Ti Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
Ti Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Ti AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Pectolite (var: Manganoan Pectolite)Na(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
FeIron
Fe Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IronFe
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu Copper (var: Stanniferous Copper)(Cu,Sn)
Cu TongxiniteCu2Zn
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn TongxiniteCu2Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
Sr Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
Nb Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Nb Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
SnTin
Sn Copper (var: Stanniferous Copper)(Cu,Sn)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba Celestine (var: Barian Celestine)(Sr,Ba)SO4
Ba Baryte (var: Strontian Baryte)(Ba,Sr)SO4
LaLanthanum
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
TaTantalum
Ta Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Th Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
UUranium
U Hydroxycalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na,U,□)2(Nb,Ti)2O6(OH)
U Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
U Thorite (var: Uranothorite)(Th,U)SiO4
U Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3191052
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991) Geological features and genesis of the Maoniuping rare earth element deposit, Sichuan. Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23.
Yuan, Z., Shi, Z., and Chi, R. (1995) The Maoniuping Rare Earth Deposit, Sichuang, China. Beijing Earthquake Press, Beijing, pp. 14–40.
Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997) Distribution of alkaline intrusive rocks and related metallic ore deposits of China. Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yang, Z., Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., Le Bas, M.J., Tao, K., and Zhang, P. (2000) Compositional variation of the bastnaesite-synchysite polysomatic series from the Maoniuping REE deposit, Southwest China. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, ?(10), 466-480.
Cheng Xu, Zhilong Huang, Liang Qi, Huayun Xiao, Wenbo Li, and Congqiang Liu (2001) Source and evolution of ore-forming fluids of Maoniuping rare earth deposit - evidence from REE geochemistry of fluorites. Geology and Prospecting 37(5), 24-28.
Wang, D., Yang, J., Yan, S., Xu, J., Chen, Y., Pu, G., and Luo, Y. (2001) A special orogenic-type rare earth element deposit in Maoniuping, Sichuan, China: geology and geochemistry. Resource Geology 51 (3), 177-188.
Jiuhua Xu, Yuling Xie, Jianping Li, and Zengqian Hou (2001) Discovery of Sr-bearing and LREE daughter minerals in fluid inclusions of Maoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province. Progress in Natural Science 11(11), 833-837.
Dawei Meng, Xiuling Wu, Tao Mu, and Douxing Li (2001) Microstructural investigation of new polytypes of Parisite-(Ce) by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Canadian Mineralogist 39, 1713-1724.
Zhuming, Y. (2002) Composition of Ca-REE Fluorocarbonate Minerals in Maoniuping and Implications to Their Genesis. Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society 20(1), 61-67.
Wang, D.H., Yang, J.M., and Yan, S.H. (2002) Dynamics of the REE mineralization in Maoniuping area, Sichuan Province: Isotopic geochemistry of carbonatites. Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(5), 539-544.
Yang, Z., Fleck, M., Smith, M., Tao, K., Song, R., Zhang, P. (2002) The crystal structure of natural Fe-rich chevkinite-(Ce). European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 969-975.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002) Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits and Occurrences. USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
Xu, C. and Huang, Z.-L. (2003) Origin of PGE in fluorites from Maoniuping REE Deposit, Sichuan Province China. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Supplement 67(18), 540.
Xu, C., Huang, Z.-L., Liu, C.-Q., Li, W.-B., and Guan, T. (2003) Sources of Ore-Forming Fluids in the Maoniuping REE Deposit, Sichuan Province, China: Evidence from REE, Radiogenic Sr, Nd, and Stable-Isotope Studies. International Geology Review, 45(7), 635-645.
Xu Cheng, Huang Zhilong, Liu Congqiang, Qi Liang, Li Wenbo, and Guan Tao (2003) PGE geochemistry of carbonatites in Maoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province, China: Preliminary study. Geochemical Journal 37, 391-399.
Niu Hecai, Shan Qiang, Chen Xiaoming, and Zhang Haixiang (2003) Relationship between light rare earth deposits and mantle processes in Panxi rift, China. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 46 (Suppl.), 41-49.
Cheng Xu, Huan Zhang, Zhilong Huang, Congqiang Liu, Liang Qi, Wenbo Li, and Tao Guan (2004) Genesis of the carbonatite-syenite complex and REE deposit at Maoniuping, Sichuan Province, China: Evidence from Pb isotope geochemistry. Geochemical Journal 38(1), 67-76.
Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005) Discovery of copper-zinc and copper-tin alloy minerals in the Mianning-Dechang rare earth mineralization belt of Sichuan Province and its implications. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577 (in Chinese).
Shen, G.-F., Yang, G., Xu, J. (2005) Maoniupingite-(Ce): a new rare-earth mineral from the Maoniuping rare-earth deposit in Mianning, Sichuan. Chenji yu Tetisi Dizhi (Sedimentary and Tethyan Geology), 25(1-2): 210-216 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Liu, G. (2006) Fine Minerals of China. AAA Minerals Ag, Zug, Switzerland.
Huang, Z.L., Yan, Z.F., Xu, C., Zhang, Z.L., and Liu, C.Q. (2006) Mineralization by mantle fluids in the Miaoniuping REE deposit, Sichuan Province, China. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 89(1-3), 165-169.
Xie, Y., Hou, Z., Xu, J., Yuan, Z., Bai, G., and Li, X. (2006) Discovery of Cu-Zn, Cu-Sn intermetallic minerals and its significance for genesis of the Mianning-Dechang REE Metallogenic Belt, Sichuan Province, China. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 49 (6), 597-603.
Wilson, W.E. and Origlieri, M.J. (2007) Red wulfenite from the Kuruktag Mountains, Xinjiang Uygur, China. The Mineralogical Record 38, 67-71.
Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009) The Himalayan Mianning-Dechang REE belt associated with carbonatite-alkaline complexes, eastern Indo-Asian collision zone, SW China. Ore Geology Reviews 36, 90-105.
Yang, G., Li, G., Xiong, M., Pan, B., Yan C. (2014) Hydroxycalciopyrochlore, a new mineral species from Sichuan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica - English Edition, 88, 748–753.

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