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Gorob Mine, Namib-Naukluft National Park, Swakopmund, Erongo Region, Namibia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 23° 32' 54'' South , 15° 25' 13'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -23.54861,15.42028
GeoHash:G#: k7ffncheq
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Abandoned copper mine, 150 km SE of Swakopmund in the Namib Naukluft National Park. Altitude 2100 ft. Massive sulfides.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 344(in English).
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm
'Biotite'
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm
'Breccia'
Reference: Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 508 pp. (in English); Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).; Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 510 pp. (in English)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
'Gossan'
Reference: Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:6 pp520-526; Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
'Mica schist'
Reference: Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 83:6 pp520-526; Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm; Econ Geology (1993)88:72-90; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
Vésigniéite
Formula: BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Bürg, G. , Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika (1942), p. 86-89; www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Atacamite'3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Gahnite'4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
'Ilmenite'4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Vésigniéite8.BH.45BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Group 9 - Silicates
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Cordierite'9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Kyanite'9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Breccia'-
'Gossan'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica schist'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Vésigniéite41.5.13.1BaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Breccia'-
'Gossan'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica schist'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O CupriteCu2O
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
SSulfur
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
VVanadium
V VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3192486
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Damara Supergroup

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3306663

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bürg, G. (1942): Die Nutzbaren Minerallagerstätten von Deutsch-Südwestafrika, pp. 86-89.
Schneider, G. I. C., & Lauenstein, H. (1992). A new occurrence of vesignigite from the Gorob-Hope copper deposit, Namibia. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(382), 67-69.
Econ. Geology 88 (1993) 72-90.
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 344 pp. (in English)

External Links

www.attawaygems.com/NMFG/lets_talk_gemstones_staurolite.htm



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