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Wigwam deposit, Revelstoke Mining Division, British Columbia, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Wigwam depositDeposit
Revelstoke Mining DivisionDivision
British ColumbiaProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
50° 52' 48'' North , 117° 58' 4'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Revelstoke7,533 (2016)20.6km


Located in the Akolkolex River area, SE of Revelstoke. It is a metamorphosed Mississippi-Valley type base-metal deposit.

The occurrence has been known since 1915. Wigwam Mining Co. explored the property in 1925, drilling, open cutting and doing some underground development. In the years since, the property has been owned by several companies, building additional infrastructure, mapping, and drilling. A total of 4100 metres of drilling in 56 holes has been completed on the property.

Mineralization consists of massive and disseminated sulfides. Other minerals encountered in drilling include fluorite, graphite, magnetite, smithsonite, gypsum, cerussite and native sulphur. Also present are dipside, andalusite and sericite. The mineralization is within quartzites and carbonates. The new minerals zoltaiite and greenwoodite were also discovered here.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Am Min 90: 1655-1660
Batisivite
Formula: BaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22
Reference: Bartholomew et al. Canadian Mineralogist 50, 1233-1242.
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Am Min 90: 1655-1660
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Am Min 90: 1655-1660
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Greenwoodite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,V3+O)2V3+9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Si2O22
Type Locality:
Reference: Bartholomew, P.R., Mancini, P., Harlow, G.E., Deifel, N., Cahill, C., Bernhardt, H.-J. (2012) Greenwoodite, a new nesosilicate from British Columbia with a Ba-VOH coupled substitution and tetrahedral Fe: description and structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 50, 1233-1242.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Am Min 90: 1655-1660
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Am Min 90: 1655-1660
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Am Min 90: 1655-1660
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Am Min 90: 1655-1660
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: British Columbia, Energy and Mines, MINFILE No 082KNW068
Zoltaiite (TL)
Formula: BaV4+2V3+12(SiO4)2O19
Type Locality:
Reference: BARTHOLOMEW, P.R., MANCINI, F., CAHILL, C., HARLOW, G.E. & BERNHARDT, H.-J. (2005): Zoltaiite, a new barium-vanadium nesosubsilicate mineral from British Columbia: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 90, 1655-1660.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Batisivite9.BE.95BaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Zoltaiite (TL)9.AG.85BaV4+2V3+12(SiO4)2O19
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Greenwoodite (TL)-(Ba,V3+O)2V3+9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Si2O22

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Batisivite56.2.20.BaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Greenwoodite (TL)-(Ba,V3+O)2V3+9(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Si2O22
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Zoltaiite (TL)-BaV4+2V3+12(SiO4)2O19

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O ZoltaiiteBaV24+V123+(SiO4)2O19
O Greenwoodite(Ba,V3+O)2V93+(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Si2O22
O QuartzSiO2
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O BatisiviteBaV83+Ti6(Si2O7)O22
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si ZoltaiiteBaV24+V123+(SiO4)2O19
Si Greenwoodite(Ba,V3+O)2V93+(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Si2O22
Si QuartzSiO2
Si CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si BatisiviteBaV83+Ti6(Si2O7)O22
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti BatisiviteBaV83+Ti6(Si2O7)O22
VVanadium
V ZoltaiiteBaV24+V123+(SiO4)2O19
V Greenwoodite(Ba,V3+O)2V93+(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Si2O22
V BatisiviteBaV83+Ti6(Si2O7)O22
CrChromium
Cr BatisiviteBaV83+Ti6(Si2O7)O22
FeIron
Fe Greenwoodite(Ba,V3+O)2V93+(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Si2O22
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
BaBarium
Ba ZoltaiiteBaV24+V123+(SiO4)2O19
Ba Greenwoodite(Ba,V3+O)2V93+(Fe3+,Fe2+)2Si2O22
Ba CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Ba BatisiviteBaV83+Ti6(Si2O7)O22
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bartholomew, P.R., Mancini, F., Cahill, C., Harlow, G.E. & Bernhardt, H.-J. (2005) Zoltaiite, a new barium-vanadium nesosubsilicate mineral from British Columbia: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist: 90: 1655-1660.
Bartholomew, P.R., Mancini, P., Harlow, G.E., Deifel, N., Cahill, C., Bernhardt, H.-J. (2012) Greenwoodite, a new nesosilicate from British Columbia with a Ba-VOH coupled substitution and tetrahedral Fe: description and structure. Canadian Mineralogist: 50: 1233-1242.

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