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Mun. de Muzo, Vasquez-Yacopí Mining District, Boyacá Department, Colombia

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 5° North , 74° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~5km
Köppen climate type:Af : Tropical rainforest climate

Famous emerald district.
Located 60 miles north of Bogota.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

18 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Pogue, J. E. (1916). Emerald Deposits of Muzo, Colombia. Transactions of the AIME, 50:910-934.
- Feininger, T. (1970): Emerald Mining in Colombia: History & Geology. Mineralogical Record, 1 (4), 142-149.
- Nassau, K. (1978): Wie Mahlwerke für Zuckerrohr: Trapiche Smaragde von Muzo / Kolumbien. Lapis, 3 (4), 20 (in German).
- Hintze, J. (1979): Die Smaragdlagerstätten Kolumbiens. Der Aufschluss, 30 (3), 83-92 (in German).
- Nottes, G. (1981): Eine Reise zu den Smaragd-Gruben Kolumbiens. Der Aufschluss, 32 (10), 325-334 (in German).
- Schäfer, W. (1984): Die kolumbianischen Smaragdlagerstätten Chivor und Muzo. Lapis, 9 (4), 9-xx (in German).

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