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Idria Mine (Idrija Mine), Idrija, Gorizia Region, Sloveniai
Regional Level Types
Idria Mine (Idrija Mine)Mine
IdrijaMunicipality
Gorizia RegionStatistical Region
SloveniaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 0' 11'' North , 14° 1' 37'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Idrija5,955 (2014)0.3km
Gore129 (2014)2.3km
Spodnja Idrija1,501 (2014)3.2km
Srednja Kanomlja170 (2014)3.7km
Jelični Vrh121 (2014)3.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Idrija


A famous mercury mine started from 1490. Produced 2.000 flasks per year of Hg (1984).

NOTE: This mine was once part of Italy and also part of Austria. Old labels may carry the region name Carniola (see there).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

24 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)" + microchemical essay
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Rečnik, A., Režun, B. & Herlec, U. (2010): Idrija, eine weltberühmte Quecksilber-Lagerstätte. Mineralien-Welt 21 (3), 20-39.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]; Jost V. Lavric & Jorge E. Spangenberg (2001) Geochemistry of Fossil Hydrothermal Vents of the Idrija Mercury Deposit, Slovenia: Insights from δ13C, δ18O, δ34S and Organic Geochemical Data. in European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: RMZ - Materials and Geoenvironment (2005), 52(2), 429-436
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Rečnik, A., Režun, B. & Herlec, U. (2010): Idrija, eine weltberühmte Quecksilber-Lagerstätte. Mineralien-Welt 21 (3), 20-39. ; Jost V. Lavric & Jorge E. Spangenberg (2001) Geochemistry of Fossil Hydrothermal Vents of the Idrija Mercury Deposit, Slovenia: Insights from δ13C, δ18O, δ34S and Organic Geochemical Data. in European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]; Jost V. Lavric & Jorge E. Spangenberg (2001) Geochemistry of Fossil Hydrothermal Vents of the Idrija Mercury Deposit, Slovenia: Insights from δ13C, δ18O, δ34S and Organic Geochemical Data. in European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 512; Mineralogical Record: 22: 207.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Rečnik, A., Režun, B. & Herlec, U. (2010): Idrija, eine weltberühmte Quecksilber-Lagerstätte. Mineralien-Welt 21 (3), 20-39.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Rečnik, A., Režun, B. & Herlec, U. (2010): Idrija, eine weltberühmte Quecksilber-Lagerstätte. Mineralien-Welt 21 (3), 20-39.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rečnik, A., Režun, B. & Herlec, U. (2010): Idrija, eine weltberühmte Quecksilber-Lagerstätte. Mineralien-Welt 21 (3), 20-39.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526.
Idrialite (TL)
Formula: C22H14
Type Locality:
Reference: [NJMM (1965), 19; MinRec 22:207]; Jost V. Lavric & Jorge E. Spangenberg (2001) Geochemistry of Fossil Hydrothermal Vents of the Idrija Mercury Deposit, Slovenia: Insights from δ13C, δ18O, δ34S and Organic Geochemical Data. in European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
'Idrizite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 502; Mineralogical Record: 22: 207.
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]; Jost V. Lavric & Jorge E. Spangenberg (2001) Geochemistry of Fossil Hydrothermal Vents of the Idrija Mercury Deposit, Slovenia: Insights from δ13C, δ18O, δ34S and Organic Geochemical Data. in European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]; Rečnik, A., Režun, B. & Herlec, U. (2010): Idrija, eine weltberühmte Quecksilber-Lagerstätte. Mineralien-Welt 21 (3), 20-39. ; Jost V. Lavric & Jorge E. Spangenberg (2001) Geochemistry of Fossil Hydrothermal Vents of the Idrija Mercury Deposit, Slovenia: Insights from δ13C, δ18O, δ34S and Organic Geochemical Data. in European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Rečnik, A., Režun, B. & Herlec, U. (2010): Idrija, eine weltberühmte Quecksilber-Lagerstätte. Mineralien-Welt 21 (3), 20-39.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]; Jost V. Lavric & Jorge E. Spangenberg (2001) Geochemistry of Fossil Hydrothermal Vents of the Idrija Mercury Deposit, Slovenia: Insights from δ13C, δ18O, δ34S and Organic Geochemical Data. in European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]
Siderotil (TL)
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 492; Canadian Mineralogist (1963): 7: 751.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: [MinRec 22:207]
'Unnamed (Hg(II) Sulphate)'
Formula: HgSO4
Reference: Seyfriedsberger, G. (1890): Ueber Quecksilbersulfate aus dem Mauerwerke eines Idrianer Ofens. Z. Kristallogr. 17, 433-444.
'Unnamed (Hg(I) Sulphate)'
Formula: Hg2SO4
Reference: Seyfriedsberger, G. (1890): Ueber Quecksilbersulfate aus dem Mauerwerke eines Idrianer Ofens. Z. Kristallogr. 17, 433-444.
Zinczippeite
Formula: Zn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Siderotil (TL)7.CB.20FeSO4 · 5H2O
Zinczippeite7.EC.05Zn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Idrialite (TL)10.BA.20C22H14
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Idrizite'-(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
'Unnamed (Hg(I) Sulphate)'-Hg2SO4
'Unnamed (Hg(II) Sulphate)'-HgSO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Siderotil (TL)29.6.7.2FeSO4 · 5H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Zinczippeite31.10.4.5Zn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Hydrocarbons
Idrialite (TL)50.3.10. C22H14
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Idrizite'-(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Unnamed (Hg(I) Sulphate)'-Hg2SO4
'Unnamed (Hg(II) Sulphate)'-HgSO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H IdrialiteC22H14
H SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H ZinczippeiteZn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
CCarbon
C IdrialiteC22H14
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
O CelestineSrSO4
O Unnamed (Hg(I) Sulphate)Hg2SO4
O Unnamed (Hg(II) Sulphate)HgSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O ZinczippeiteZn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S MetacinnabarHgS
S PyriteFeS2
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
S CelestineSrSO4
S Unnamed (Hg(I) Sulphate)Hg2SO4
S Unnamed (Hg(II) Sulphate)HgSO4
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ZinczippeiteZn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S OrpimentAs2S3
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn ZinczippeiteZn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
Hg Unnamed (Hg(I) Sulphate)Hg2SO4
Hg Unnamed (Hg(II) Sulphate)HgSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
UUranium
U ZinczippeiteZn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3185977
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Comments: Dinaric Alps

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Middle Triassic
237 - 247.2 Ma



ID: 3135596
Eastern Alps; Southern Alps; Internal and External Dinarides

Age: Middle Triassic (237 - 247.2 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{siliclastics, consolidated}, Minor{carbonates, consolidated,undifferentiated,volcano-sediments}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hitzinger, P. (1860) Das Quecksilber-Bergwerk Idria, von seinem Beginne bis zur Gegenwart. Laibach, xx pp.
Kossmat, F. (1900) Ueber die geologischen Verhältnisse des Bergbaugebietes von Idria. Jahrbuch der k.k. Geologischen Reichsanstalt, 49, 259-286.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 492, 618.
Canadian Mineralogist (1963) 7, 751.
Mining Annual Review (1985) 119.
Bancroft, P., Čar, J., Žorž, M., and Kobler, G. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: The Idria Mines, Slovenia, Yugoslavia. Mineralogical Record, 22(3), 201-208.
Kladnik, Bogdan and Leskovec, Ivana (1995) Idrijski rudnik. Zaklad, Ljubljana, xx pp. (in Slovenian.)
Rečnik, A., Režun, B., and Herlec, U. (2010) Idrija, eine weltberühmte Quecksilber-Lagerstätte. Mineralien-Welt, 21(3), 20-39 (in German).
Rečnik, A. (2012) Mineralien der Quecksilberlagerstätte Idrija. Bode Verlag & Institut Jožef Stefan, Ljubljana, 112 pp. (in German).
Gosar, Mateja and Teršič, Tamara (2015) Contaminated sediment loads from ancient mercury ore roasting sites, Idrija area, Slovenia. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 149, 97-105.

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