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Moroccoi
Regional Level Types
MoroccoCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Djebel Ightem, Bou Azzer district

Morocco
Simplified map of the Touissit-Bou Beker district

Touissit-Bou Beker District, Jerada Province, L'oriental Region, Morocco
Djebel Ightem, Bou Azzer district

Morocco
Simplified map of the Touissit-Bou Beker district

Touissit-Bou Beker District, Jerada Province, L'oriental Region, Morocco
Djebel Ightem, Bou Azzer district

Morocco
Simplified map of the Touissit-Bou Beker district

Touissit-Bou Beker District, Jerada Province, L'oriental Region, Morocco
Name in French:Maroc
Name in German:Marokko
Name in Italian:Marocco
Name in Russian:Марокко
Name in Simplified Chinese:摩洛哥
Name in Spanish:Marruecos
Name in Afrikaans:Marokko
Name in Albanian:Maroku
Name in Arabic:المغرب
Name in Belarusian:Марока
Name in Bulgarian:Мароко
Name in Catalan:Marroc
Name in Czech:Maroko
Name in Danish:Marokko
Name in Dutch:Marokko
Name in Estonian:Maroko
Name in Farsi/Persian:مراکش
Name in Finnish:Marokko
Name in Galician:Marrocos
Name in Greek:Μαρόκο
Name in Hebrew:מרוקו
Name in Hindi:मोरक्को
Name in Hungarian:Marokkó
Name in Icelandic:Marokkó
Name in Indonesian:Maroko
Name in Irish Gaelic:Maracó
Name in Japanese:モロッコ
Name in Korean:모로코
Name in Latvian:Maroka
Name in Lithuanian:Marokas
Name in Macedonian:Мароко
Name in Norwegian:Marokko
Name in Polish:Maroko
Name in Portuguese:Marrocos
Name in Romanian:Maroc
Name in Serbian:Мароко
Name in Slovak:Maroko
Name in Slovenian:Maroko
Name in Swahili:Moroko
Name in Swedish:Marocko
Name in Tagalog:Maruekos
Name in Thai:ประเทศโมร็อกโก
Name in Turkish:Fas
Name in Ukrainian:Марокко
Name in Vietnamese:Maroc
Name in Welsh:Moroco
Area:446,550 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Casablanca3,144,909 (2016)
Rabat1,655,753 (2016)
Fès964,891 (2016)
Sale903,485 (2016)
Marrakesh839,296 (2016)
Agadir698,310 (2017)
Museums in region:


The country comprises four main mountain ranges, from south to north : Anti Atlas, High Atlas, Middle Atlas and Rif.

The 2015 administrative reform has reshaped the regions.
The number of regions changed from 16 to 12.
The names of the regions used in Mindat comply with the official decree 2-15-40 of Feb. 20., 2015.
Each region is divided into provinces and prefectures (same hierarchical level). There are 13 prefectures and 62 provinces. The names of prefectures and provinces have been made compliant with the 2015 decree.

An updated map of the region (with some typos in the names) is given in:
http://www.mindat.org/photo-788469.html

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

532 valid minerals. 27 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Alumino Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Al)2AsO4(OH)
Colour: sky-blue
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: KHADEM ALLAH, B., FONTAN, F., KADAR, M., MONCHOUX, P. & SØRENSEN, H. (1998): Reactions between agpaitic nepheline syenitic melts and sedimentary carbonate rocks, exemplified by the Tamazeght complex, Morocco. Geokhimiya 7, 643-655.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Agardite-(Ce)
Formula: CeCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: T. Witzke, U. Kolitsch, W. Krause, A. Wiechowski, O. Medenbach, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele and G. Favreau (2006): Guanacoite, Cu2Mg2(Mg0.5Cu0.5)(OH)4(H2O)4(AsO4)2, a new arsenate mineral species from the El Guanaco Mine, near Taltal, Chile: Description and crystal structure. Eur. J. Mineral. (in press).
Agardite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Habit: needles
Colour: yellowish green, green, blue-green
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000; American Mineralogist 55:1448
Ahrensite (TL)
Formula: SiFe2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Liu, Y. and Sinogeikin, S. (2013) Ahrensite, IMA 2013-028. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
Akimotoite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Mineralogische Bonanzas - die Funde der letzten beiden Jahre in Bou Azzer, Marokko. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 68-77; Praszkier, T. (2010): Dyskrasit, Allargentum und Safflorit: Neufunde aus der Bouismas Mine, Bou Azzer, Marokko. Lapis, 35 (11), 32-34.
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
'Alluaudite-Na□'
Formula: 4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
Reference: Van King
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: various added photos
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: KHADEM ALLAH, B., FONTAN, F., KADAR, M., MONCHOUX, P. & SØRENSEN, H. (1998): Reactions between agpaitic nepheline syenitic melts and sedimentary carbonate rocks, exemplified by the Tamazeght complex, Morocco. Geokhimiya 7, 643-655.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Stanniferous Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Andradite var: Titanoan Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Angarfite (TL)
Formula: NaFe3+5(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: needles
Colour: brownish yellow
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J-C, and Bourgoin, V. (2012) Angarfite, a new mineral species from the Angarf-sud pegmatite, Morocco : description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 50, pages 781-791. DOI 10.3749/canmin.50.4.781
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Annabergite var: Cobaltoan Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Co)3[AsO4]2 · 8H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Annabergite var: Magnesian Annabergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Annabergite-Erythrite Series'
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentopyrite ?
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Arhbarite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
Type Locality:
Description: only three specimens are known
Reference: Schmetzer, K., Tremmel, G. and Medenbach, O. (1982): Arhbarit, Cu2[OH|AsO4]•6H2O, ein neues Mineral von Bou-Azzer, Marokko. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1982, 529-533; Krause, W., H.-J. Bernhardt, H. Effenberger, U. Kolitsch and C. Lengauer (2003): Redefinition of arhbarite, Cu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3. Mineralogical Magazine: 67, 1099-1107.
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: Riches et al., (2012). Mineralogical and trace-element constraints on the petrogenesis of Angrites. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLII, pdf#2229
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Austinite var: Cobaltoan Austinite
Formula: Ca(Zn,Co)AsO4(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Austinite var: Cuprian Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1989) 84:575-590
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Analyses for Jordi Frabre
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Habit: small crude crystals and balls
Colour: green
Reference: Georges Favreau collection
Bayleyite
Formula: Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Reference: J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia & J. Chervet (1960): "Les minéraux uranifères français et leurs gisements" p231
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Habit: Earthy
Colour: Yellow
Reference: Joan Rosell - Rosellminerals.com (07/2015)
Bederite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+)4(Fe3+)2(PO4)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J-C, and Bourgoin, V. (2012) Angarfite, a new mineral species from the Angarf-sud pegmatite, Morocco : description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 50, pages 781-791. DOI 10.3749/canmin.50.4.781
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch, D. Atencio, N. V. Chukanov, N. V. Zubkova, L. A. D. Menezes Filho, J. M. V. Coutinho, W. D. Birch, J. Schlüter, D. Pohl, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele, G. Favreau, L. Nasdala, S. Möckel, G. Giester and D. Yu. Pushcharovsky (2010): Bendadaite, a new iron arsenate mineral of the arthurite group. Mineralogical Magazine 74, 469-486.
Benyacarite
Formula: (H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2O
Habit: small square plates
Colour: pale yellow
Description: EDS analysis A. Kasatkin 11/2013
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
β-Roselite
Formula: Ca2Co(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Beudantite var: Cuprian Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Van King
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Reference: Vinogradova, R. A.; Uljanov, A. A.; Korotaeva, N. N.; Obraztsov, V. V.; Azizi, S. M. R.; Maasha, L. (1994): Selenium-bearing sulfarsenides of the cobaltite-gersdorffite series from deposits of Bu-Azzer district (Morocco). Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 123, 64-68 (in Russian).
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Bouazzerite (TL)
Formula: Bi6(Mg,Co)11Fe3+14(AsO4)18(OH)4O12 · 86H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Brugger, J., N. Meissier, S. Krivovichev, T.Armbruster, G. Favreau (2007): "Mineralogy and crystal structure of bouazzerite from Bou azzer, Anti-Atlas, Morocco: Bi-As-Fe nanoclusters containing Fe3+ in trigonal prismatic coordination", Am. Min. 92, 1630-1639.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Bowieite ?
Formula: (Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Boukhari, A. E., Maacha, L., Maddi, A., & Mhaili, M. (2008). Platinum group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Bou Azzer ophiolite, Anti Atlas, Central Morocco. Mineralogy and Petrology, 92(1-2), 59-80.
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II'
Formula: CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Habit: elongates striated dipyramidal xls, thick tabular xls
Colour: dark gray
Reference: FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71. (in French)
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: WALENTA (1981) Grüner Helvin von Azegour, Der Aufschluß, 32, 443-449
Burtite (TL)
Formula: Ca[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Cabalzarite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
'Calamine'
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 81 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Iceland Spar
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Anthony Geneyton Collection
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Calcite var: Strontian Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Description: In sövite.
Reference: Journal of Petrology, Vol. 44, Number 5, 2003, pp. 937-965.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: collected by JE Dietrich in the 1960's
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
'Cerite'
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.186)
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Jordi Fabre specimens
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Description: single find in the 1970s
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Habit: Long prisms to 15cm
Colour: grey black
Fluorescence: none
Description: The chalcostibite is pseudomorphing to azurite. The distinctive blue and black is unique. These chalcostibites are superior to the recent French ones tauted as world's finest.
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp; Jahn, S., Bode, R., Lyckberg,P., Medenbach, O. & Lierl, H.-J. (2003): Marokko. land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag. 535p. (p.154-157)
'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'
Reference: Jordi Fabre photo
Chenmingite (TL)
Formula: FeCr2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Ma, C. and Tschauner, O. (2017) Chenmingite, IMA 2017-036. CNMNC Newsletter No. 38, August 2017, page 1037; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1033–1038.
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Jean-Pierre Barral specimens
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Lotfi, F., Belkabir, A., Brunet, S., Brown, A. C., & Marcoux, E. (2010). Lithogeochemical, mineralogical analyses and oxygen–hydrogen isotopes of the Hercynian Koudiat Aïcha massive sulphide deposit, Morocco. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(4), 150-166.
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Lotfi, F., Belkabir, A., Brunet, S., Brown, A. C., & Marcoux, E. (2010). Lithogeochemical, mineralogical analyses and oxygen–hydrogen isotopes of the Hercynian Koudiat Aïcha massive sulphide deposit, Morocco. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(4), 150-166.
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
'Clinotyrolite'
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Cobaltarthurite
Formula: (Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Cobaltaustinite
Formula: CaCo(AsO4)(OH)
Cobaltaustinite var: Cuprian Cobaltaustinite
Formula: Ca(Co,Cu)AsO4(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cobaltlotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Co,Fe3+,Ni)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Cobaltlotharmeyerite var: Manganoan Cobaltlotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Co,Mn2+)2[AsO4]2 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Cobaltoan calcite-spherocobaltite'
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Pang, R. L., Zhang, A. C., Wang, S. Z., Wang, R. C., & Yurimoto, H. (2016). High-pressure minerals in eucrite suggest a small source crater on Vesta. Scientific reports, 6, 26063.
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Habit: elongated tetragonal prisms with flat termination
Colour: bright blue
Description: EDS Association Jean Wyart, Paris
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Pang, R.-L., Harries, D., Pollok, K., Zhang, Ai-C., Langenhorst, F. (2018): Vestaite, (Ti4+Fe2+)Ti34+O9, a new mineral in the shocked eucrite Northwest Africa 8003. American Mineralogist: 103:, 1502–1511.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Jordi Fabre (referring to the cronstedtite specimens attributed to the Hammam mines, 2017); PXRD by Alfredo Petrov, July 2016.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Favreau & Dietrich (2006)
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Harold C. Connally, Jr. & 7 others (2007). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 92, 2007 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, 1647-1694.
Delhayelite
Formula: (Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2O
Reference: Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
Descloizite ?
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Collection Elmar Lackner
'Descloizite-Mottramite Series'
Reference: Van King
'Desert Rose'
Reference: António Manuel Ináçio Martins.
Despujolsite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1968) 91, 43-50
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: Grossman, J. N. & Zipfel, J. (2001). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 85, 2001 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36 (9,Suppl.): A293-A322. (Sept 2001).
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series' ?
Description: Pyroxene crystals labelled as such in mineral shows, but probably without any analysis
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.186)
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Dmitryivanovite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Am. Min. 94,746-750(2009)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Cobaltoan Dolomite
Formula: (Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Karel Bal Collection
Dolomite var: Manganoan Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Steve Rust Collection
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Harold C. Connally, Jr. & 7 others (2007). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 92, 2007 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, 1647-1694.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Eugenite
Formula: Ag11Hg2
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
'Famatinite-Luzonite Series'
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Leroux, H., & Cordier, P. (2006). Magmatic cristobalite and quartz in the NWA 856 Martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 41(6), 913-923.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Ferrilotharmeyerite var: Cobaltoan Ferrilotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Fe3+,Co)2[AsO4]2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Ferrisicklerite (TL)
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Bulletin de Minéralogie 99 (1976), 274
Ferroalluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Description: The ferroalluadite from this locality is in the alluaudite-NaNa field according to Fransolet et al. (1985).
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data; FRANSOLET, A.-M. (1974) Les phosphates lithiques des pegmatites de la plaine des Zenaga (Anti-Atlas, Maroc). Notes Serv. géol. Maroc, 35, 137-143
'Ferroalluaudite-NaNa'
Formula: Na4Na4Fe2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12
Reference: Moore and Ito, 1971, Mineralogical Magazine 43:227
Fettelite ?
Formula: [Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Description: PXRD inconclusive (similar to polybasite, see http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-93085.html) Considered polybasite in Barral et al. (2009).
Reference: Marcus Origlieri (PXRD analysis) (see also http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-93085.html)
Fluellite
Formula: Al2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Ph. M. Sonnet : "Burtite, Calcium Hexahydrostannate, a New Mineral from El Hamman, Central Morocco", Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 19, 1981, pp. 397-401.
Fluorarrojadite-(BaFe) (TL)
Formula: {Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Fornacite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: F. Choulet, M. Buatier, L. Barbanson, R. Guégan, A. Ennaciri (2016): Zinc-rich clays in supergene non-sulfide zinc deposits. Mineralium Deposita 51, 467–490.
Francevillite
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Reference: W.Paar (1974)
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Garnierite'
Gaudefroyite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist. 87 (1964), 216
Geminite
Formula: Cu(HAsO4) · H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Gerhardtite ?
Formula: Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Glass'
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Gordonite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: KHADEM ALLAH, B., FONTAN, F., KADAR, M., MONCHOUX, P. & SØRENSEN, H. (1998): Reactions between agpaitic nepheline syenitic melts and sedimentary carbonate rocks, exemplified by the Tamazeght complex, Morocco. Geokhimiya 7, 643-655.
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Grossite
Formula: CaAl4O7
Reference: Ivanova, M. A. et al (2002): Meteorit.Planet. Sci. 37, 1337-1444.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
'Grünlingite'
Reference: Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., Roberts, A. C., Stanley, C. J., & Culetto, F. J. (2006). Jonassonite, Au (Bi, Pb) 5S4, a new mineral species from Nagybörzsöny, Hungary. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(5), 1127-1136.
Guanacoite
Formula: Cu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: T. Witzke, U. Kolitsch, W. Krause, A. Wiechowski, O. Medenbach, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele and G. Favreau (2006): Guanacoite, Cu2Mg2(Mg0.5Cu0.5)(OH)4(H2O)4(AsO4)2, a new arsenate mineral species from the El Guanaco Mine, near Taltal, Chile: Description and crystal structure. Eur. J. Mineral. 18, 813-821.
Guérinite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2O
'Gummite'
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hafnon
Formula: HfSiO4
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Haidingerite
Formula: CaHAsO4 · H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Hainite-(Y)
Formula: Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Henritermierite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist. 92 (1969), 185; Handbook of Mineralogy 2/1 (1995)
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Hibonite
Formula: (Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Reference: Ivanova, M. A. et al (2002): Meteorit.Planet. Sci. 37, 1337-1444.
Hiortdahlite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Reference: Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
Hoganite
Formula: Cu(CH3COO)2 · H2O
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Hornblende'
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Imiterite (TL)
Formula: Ag2HgS2
Reference: Bull.Min.(1985) 108, 457-464; Anthony, et al. Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol 1, pg. 230; Uwe Kolitsch collection (analysed by single-crystal XRD); Burniaux, P. and Williams-Jones, A.E., (2006) Controls Of Silver-Mercury Mineralization At Imiter, Morocco. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 3
Irhtemite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist: 59: 209
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
Reference: Rubin, A. E., Zolensky, M. E. & Bodnar, R. J. (2002) The halite-bearing Zag and Monahans (1998) meteorite breccias: Shock metamorphism, thermal metamorphism and aqueous alteration on the H-chondrite parent body. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, vol. 37( 1) pp. 125-141 (Jan 2002)
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Jacquesdietrichite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(H2BO3)(OH)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R. & Favreau, G. (2004): Jacquesdietrichite, Cu2[BO(OH)2](OH)3, a new mineral from the Tachgagalt mine, Morocco: Description and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16, 361-366.
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn)
Formula: {Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: elongated prisms
Colour: clove brown
Description: EDS analysis A. Kasatkin 11/2013 Associated with angarfite
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Jahnsite-(NaFeMg)
Formula: NaFe3+Mg2Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: boat shaped xls
Colour: reddish brown
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J-C, and Bourgoin, V. (2012) Angarfite, a new mineral species from the Angarf-sud pegmatite, Morocco : description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 50, pages 781-791. DOI 10.3749/canmin.50.4.781
Janggunite
Formula: Mn5-x(Mn,Fe)1+xO8(OH)6
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jonassonite
Formula: AuBi5S4
Reference: . Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. , France.; Canadian Mineralogist 44,1127(2006)
Jordisite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. , France.
Jouravskite (TL)
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1965) 88, 254-262
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Karibibite
Formula: Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Kashinite
Formula: (Ir,Rh)2S3
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Keldyshite ?
Formula: (Na,H)2ZrSi2O7
Description: Potassium rich variety.
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Kieftite
Formula: CoSb3
Reference: Praszkier, T. (2010): Dyskrasit, Allargentum und Safflorit: Neufunde aus der Bouismas Mine, Bou Azzer, Marokko. Lapis, 35 (11), 32-34.
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Reference: http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?code=44983; Connolly, Jr., H. C. et al., (2007) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 92, 2007 September: MAPS 42 (9), 1647-1694. (Sept 2007)
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Kryzhanovskite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Habit: small blocky crystals
Colour: grayish green, green
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Kuratite
Formula: Ca2(Fe2+5Ti)O2[Si4Al2O18]
Reference: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFM.P41A0219K (as rhönite); http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2014/pdf/1818.pdf
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: El Adnani, M., Plante, B., Benzaazoua, M., Hakkou, R., & Bouzahzah, H. (2016). Tailings weathering and arsenic mobility at the abandoned Zgounder Silver Mine, Morocco. Mine Water and the Environment, 35(4), 508-524.
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: Belkabir, A., Gibson, H.L., Marcoux, E., Lentz, D., and Rziki, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 280-306.
Lamprophyllite
Formula: (Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Georges Favreau collection
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Lecolle, Michel; Derre, Colette; Rjimati, Ech Cherki; Fonteilles, Michel; Azza, Addi; Benanni, Abdelhak (1993): A silicated and phosphated peraluminous hydrothermal alteration with associated rutile in the Upper Proterozoic of the Saghro (Anti-​Atlas, Morocco)​. Genesis and metallogenic consequences. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Serie II: Mecanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers 316, 123-130.
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ben Youssef Malek specimen
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Leucoxene
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lingunite
Formula: (Na,Ca)AlSi3O8
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Lithiophosphate
Formula: Li3PO4
Habit: striated flattened prisms (3 mm max.)
Colour: white
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Luanheite
Formula: Ag3Hg
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Benchekroun, F., & Jettane, A. (2004). Fluid inclusions and quantitative model for gold precipitation in the Tiouit deposit (Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 39(3), 295-300.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1990) 85:112-132
Maghrebite (TL)
Formula: MgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Habit: gypsum-like xls (same shape as mangangordonite)
Colour: colorless
Description: Maghrebite was first found (together with cabalzarite) in the open pit at Aghbar (not in the mine)
Reference: N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71; Meisser, N.; Brugger, J.; Krivovichev, S.; Armbruster, T.; Favreau, G. (2012): Description and crystal structure of maghrebite, MgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2•8H2O, from Aghbar, Anti-Atlas, Morocco: first arsenate in the laueite mineral group. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 717-726.
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
Reference: Favreau, G., Meisser, N., Kampf, A., Devouard, B., Parodi, G.C. (2007): Descriptions complémentaires des minéraux du district de Bou Azzer (2001-2007). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2/2007, 3-96.
Magnesiozippeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
Habit: balls of short needles
Colour: bright yellow
Description: SEM-EDS analysis Association Jean Wyart, Paris. The first uranium mineral described in the district. Associated with ktenasite and serpierite.
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Nickeloan Magnetite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Fe3+2O4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Majorite
Formula: Mg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Malayaite
Formula: CaSn(SiO4)O
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. , France.
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manganoneptunite
Formula: Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Marokite (TL)
Formula: CaMn3+2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Gaudefroy, C., Jouravsky, G., Permingeat, F. (1963) La marokite, CaMn2O4 une nouvelle éspèce minérale. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 86: 359-67.
'Maskelynite'
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Mélonjosephite (TL)
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Type Locality:
Habit: fibrous in matrix
Colour: black
Reference: Fransolet, A.-M. (1973): La mélonjosephite, CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH), une nouvelle espèce minérale. Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral., 96, 135–142 (in French with English abs.).
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Mertieite-I
Formula: Pd11(Sb,As)4
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Messelite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: FRANSOLET, A.-M. (1974) Les phosphates lithiques des pegmatites de la plaine des Zenaga (Anti-Atlas, Maroc). Notes Serv. géol. Maroc, 35, 137-143
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Metanováčekite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Meteoritic Iron'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Molybdenite var: Rhenian Molybdenite
Formula: (Mo,Re)S2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Description: Microinclusions in quartz.
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 255-272.
'Monazite'
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Moorhouseite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber and Thomas Witzke (2010) Lapis, 35, #11, 35-36.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Nadorite
Formula: PbSbClO2
Reference: Mineralogical Record Nov-Dec 2013 Volume 44 Number 6
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Nantokite
Formula: CuCl
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
'Native Amalgam'
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Natrodufrénite
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neltnerite (TL)
Formula: CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Type Locality:
Description: Vein N° 2. Associated with braunite II rich in calcium. Neltnerite also shows hausmannite inclusions.
Reference: Bull.Min.(1982) 105, 161-165
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Nickelaustinite (TL)
Formula: CaNi(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Nickellotharmeyerite
Formula: Ca(Ni,Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Nickeltalmessite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: ZRMO 138(4),32-39 (2009); N. V. Chukanov, A. A. Mukhanova, S. Möckel, D. I. Belakovsky und L. A. Levitskaya (2010): Nickeltalmessite, Ca2Ni(AsO4)2 • 2H2O, a new mineral species of the fairfieldite group, Bou Azzer, Morocco. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 606-611.
Normandite
Formula: NaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
'Nováčekite'
Nováčekite-I
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Harold C. Connally, Jr. & 7 others (2007). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 92, 2007 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, 1647-1694.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Olivenite var: Cobaltoan Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Co)2AsO4(OH)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Olivenite var: Zincian Olivenite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)(OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Palladseite
Formula: Pd17Se15
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Palygorskite ?
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Description: Maybe the same as the smectite in the 2009 reference
Reference: MINERALOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF Mg-SMECTITE FROM JBEL GHASSOUL, MOROCCO, A. Benhammou, B. Tanouti, L. Nibou, A. Yaacoubi and J.-P. Bonnet; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 57 p. 264 (2009). ANALYSES OF PALYGORSKITES AND ASSOCIATED CLAYS FROM THE JBEL RHASSOUL (MOROCCO) A. Chahi, J. Duplay, J. Luca; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 41 p. 401 (1993).
Paraguanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Reference: Belkabir, A., Gibson, H.L., Marcoux, E., Lentz, D., and Rziki, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 280-306.
Paralaurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Pararammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006); Econ Geol (1997) 92:360-367
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parasymplesite var: Cobaltoan Parasymplesite
Formula: (Fe,Co)3[AsO4]2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Parisite'
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Paulkerrite
Formula: K(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
Habit: small square plates
Colour: pale yellow
Description: EDS analysis P. Orlandi (Pisa)
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pecoraite
Formula: Ni3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens (with nickeltalmessite)
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Pekoite
Formula: PbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Reference: Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., Roberts, A. C., Stanley, C. J., & Culetto, F. J. (2006). Jonassonite, Au (Bi, Pb) 5S4, a new mineral species from Nagybörzsöny, Hungary. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(5), 1127-1136.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Pharmacoalumite
Formula: KAl4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6.5H2O
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Joan Rosell - Rosell Minerals
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71. (in French)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Pimelite'
Formula: Ni3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1205-1215.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Tristan Mantoy's collection
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polybasite-Tac
Reference: Burniaux, P. and Williams-Jones, A.E., (2006) Controls Of Silver-Mercury Mineralization At Imiter, Morocco. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 3
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Habit: balls, rounded platy crystals
Colour: dark blue
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Potarite ?
Formula: PdHg
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite
Formula: [(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Psilomelane'
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrostilpnite ?
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Thomas Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 116 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Habit: Slender crystals, often with Dauphiné habit tips.
Colour: Dark yellow.
Reference: Amir Akhavan collection
Quartz var: Eisenkiesel
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lapis 39 (2014), p. 70
Quartz var: Ferruginous Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Iris Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Specimen in Spirifer Society Collection, Poland
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Zbynek Burival collection
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A.M.I. Martins collection
Quartz var: Quartzine
Formula: SiO2
Description: Unsuspiciously intergrown with length-fast chalcedony in agates. White bands in agates from this locality are potential candidates.
Reference: "Amir Akhavan" Collection;
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: https://sites.google.com/site/mineralienmuseumguntersblum/bildergalerien/achate/afrika/marokko/agouim
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
Rhönite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Description: Later recognised as kuratite.
Reference: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFM.P41A0219K (as rhönite); http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2014/pdf/1818.pdf; Kuehner, S. M. & Irving, A. J. (2007) Primary Ferric Iron-Bearing Rhönite in Plutonic Igneous Angrite NWA 4590: Implications for Redox Conditions on the Angrite Parent Body, American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2007, abs. #P41A-0219. (Dec 2007)
Ringwoodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Liu, Y., Beckett, J. R., Rossman, G. R., Zuravlev, K., ... & Taylor, L. A. (2014, March). Discovery of Ahrensite gamma-Fe2SiO4 and Tissintite (Ca, Na, □) AlSi2O6: Two New High Pressure Minerals from the Tissint Martian Meteorite. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 45, p. 1222).; Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Reference: Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Rittmannite
Formula: {(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Roselite
Formula: Ca2(Co2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Roselite-Wendwilsonite Series'
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: WALENTA (1981) Grüner Helvin von Azegour, Der Aufschluß, 32, 443-449
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sainfeldite
Formula: Ca5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Salmonsite'
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
Sarmientite
Formula: Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti collection [S. Möckel 2010 - EDX+PXRD]
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Flavien Choulet, Nicolas Charles, Luc Barbanson, Yannick Branquet, Stanislas Sizaret, Aomar Ennaciri, Lakhlifi Badra, Yan Chen (2014): Non-sulfide zinc deposits of the Moroccan High Atlas: Multi-scale characterization and origin. Ore Geology Reviews, 56, 115-140.; F. Choulet, M. Buatier, L. Barbanson, R. Guégan, A. Ennaciri (2016): Zinc-rich clays in supergene non-sulfide zinc deposits. Mineralium Deposita 51, 467–490.
'Scapolite'
Reference: various added photos
'Scapolite Group'
Reference: Bouabdellah, M., Lebret, N., Marcoux, E., Sadequi, M. (2013) Les mines de Beni Bou Ifrour-Ouixane (Rif Oriental): un district ferrugineux néogènede type skarns. The Beni Bou Ifrour-Ouixane mines (Eastern Rif), Neogene Skarn Type Iron Deposits. Chalouan, A.A., Rjimati , E., MouttaqiMichard, A., Saddiqi, O. Nouveaux Guides Géologiques et miniers du Maroc, Notes et mémoires du Service géologique du Maroc, pp.357-362, 2012, Notes et mémoires N° 564 du Service géologique du Maroc- 2011.
Schachnerite
Formula: Ag1.1Hg0.9
Reference: In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schneiderhöhnite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Harold C. Connally, Jr. & 7 others (2007). The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 92, 2007 September. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 42, 1647-1694.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Habit: hexagonal plates, balls
Colour: light greenish blue
Reference: Georges FAVREAU collection
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Sengierite
Formula: Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (1957) 42:408-410
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Silica'
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Silver var: Kongsbergite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Cheilletz, A., Levresse, G., Gasquet, D., Azizi-Samir, M., Zyadi, R., Archibald, D. A., & Farrar, E. (2002). The giant Imiter silver deposit: Neoproterozoic epithermal mineralization in the Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Mineralium Deposita, 37(8), 772-781.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Smolyaninovite
Formula: Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Schalenblende
Reference: Philip Bluemner Collection
Spherocobaltite
Formula: CoCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: D. Blamart et al. , Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 355-368.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch collection (analysed by single-crystal XRD); Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: MINERALOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF Mg-SMECTITE FROM JBEL GHASSOUL, MOROCCO, A. Benhammou, B. Tanouti, L. Nibou, A. Yaacoubi and J.-P. Bonnet; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 57 p. 264 (2009). ANALYSES OF PALYGORSKITES AND ASSOCIATED CLAYS FROM THE JBEL RHASSOUL (MOROCCO) A. Chahi, J. Duplay, J. Luca; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 41 p. 401 (1993).
Stevensite var: Ghassoulite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: MINERALOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF Mg-SMECTITE FROM JBEL GHASSOUL, MOROCCO, A. Benhammou, B. Tanouti, L. Nibou, A. Yaacoubi and J.-P. Bonnet; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 57 p. 264 (2009). ANALYSES OF PALYGORSKITES AND ASSOCIATED CLAYS FROM THE JBEL RHASSOUL (MOROCCO) A. Chahi, J. Duplay, J. Luca; Clays and Clay Minerals; v. 41 p. 401 (1993).
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Jahn, S., Bode, R., Lyckberg,P., Medenbach, O. & Lierl, H.-J. (2003): Marokko. land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag. 535p. (p.154-157)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Jordi Fabre specimens
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.195)
Stishovite
Formula: SiO2
Stöfflerite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8
Type Locality:
Reference: Tschauner, O., Ma, C. (2017): Stöfflerite, IMA 2017-062. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1285; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1279–1286; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.phpf=5&t=14029&sid=1bd8fea6f10174ac7bdd04a79c06bffd (2017
Stokesite
Formula: CaSn[Si3O9] · 2H2O
Strashimirite ?
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
'Strawberry Quartz'
Reference: Yves Masson
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: WALENTA (1981) Grüner Helvin von Azegour, Der Aufschluß, 32, 443-449
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Lecolle, Michel; Derre, Colette; Rjimati, Ech Cherki; Fonteilles, Michel; Azza, Addi; Benanni, Abdelhak (1993): A silicated and phosphated peraluminous hydrothermal alteration with associated rutile in the Upper Proterozoic of the Saghro (Anti-​Atlas, Morocco)​. Genesis and metallogenic consequences. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Serie II: Mecanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de la Terre et de l'Univers 316, 123-130.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: A. J. Irving, T. E. Bunch, Alan E. Rubin & John T. Wasson (2010). Northwest Africa 2828/Al Haggounia 001 is a Weathered, Unequilibrated EL Chondrite: Trace Element and Petrologic Evidence. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Vol. 45, p. A90. [Supplement]
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Szaibélyite
Formula: MgBO2(OH)
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Takovite
Formula: Ni6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Talmessite
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Talmessite var: Cobaltoan Talmessite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Co)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Talmessite var: Nickeloan Talmessite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Ni)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
'Talmessite - β-Roselite Series'
Tavorite
Formula: LiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., Roberts, A. C., Stanley, C. J., & Culetto, F. J. (2006). Jonassonite, Au (Bi, Pb) 5S4, a new mineral species from Nagybörzsöny, Hungary. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(5), 1127-1136.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tetra-auricupride
Formula: AuCu
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Theisite
Formula: Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Joan Rosell - Rosellminerals
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Tissintite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Na,□)AlSi2O6
Reference: Ma, C., Liu, Y. and Tschauner, O. (2013) Tissintite, IMA 2013-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2707; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709; Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Beckett, J.R., Liu, Y., Rossman, G.R., Zhuravlev, K., Prakapenka, V., Dera, P., Taylor, L.A. (2015): Tissintite, (Ca, Na, □)AlSi2O6, a highly-defective, shock-induced, high-pressure clinopyroxene in the Tissint martian meteorite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 422, 194-205
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71. (in French)
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tranquillityite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12
Reference: Leroux, H., & Cordier, P. (2006). Magmatic cristobalite and quartz in the NWA 856 Martian meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 41(6), 913-923.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Reference: FRANSOLET, A.-M. (1974) Les phosphates lithiques des pegmatites de la plaine des Zenaga (Anti-Atlas, Maroc). Notes Serv. géol. Maroc, 35, 137-143
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Tuite
Formula: Ca3(PO4)2
Reference: Baziotis, I. P., Liu, Y., DeCarli, P. S., Melosh, H. J., McSween, H. Y., Bodnar, R. J., & Taylor, L. A. (2013). The Tissint Martian meteorite as evidence for the largest impact excavation. Nature Communications, 4, 1404.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Lyckberg, P., Lierl, H. J., Bode, R. & Brandstätter, G. (2003): Marokko - Land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, 543 pp (p.340)
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Reference: Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1991-19-Se:AsCo'
Formula: (Co,Ni)AsSe
Reference: Vinogradova, R. A.; Uljanov, A. A.; Korotaeva, N. N.; Obraztsov, V. V.; Azizi, S. M. R.; Maasha, L. (1994): Selenium-bearing sulfarsenides of the cobaltite-gersdorffite series from deposits of Bu-Azzer district (Morocco). Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 123, 64-68 (in Russian).
Uranospinite
Formula: Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Vanadinite var: Arsenatian Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Varlamoffite
Formula: (Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Vestaite (TL)
Formula: (Ti4+Fe2+)Ti4+3O9
Type Locality:
Reference: Pang, R.-L., Harries, D., Pollok, K., Zhang, A.-C. and Langenhorst, F. (2017) Vestaite, IMA 2017-068. CNMNC Newsletter No. 40, December 2017, page 1578; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1577–1581; Pang, R.-L., Harries, D., Pollok, K., Zhang, Ai-C., Langenhorst, F. (2018): Vestaite, (Ti4+Fe2+)Ti34+O9, a new mineral in the shocked eucrite Northwest Africa 8003. American Mineralogist: 103:, 1502–1511.
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Reference: Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
Vishnevite
Formula: (Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2O
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Vladimirite
Formula: Ca4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.; Bernhard Pracejus (2015) The Ore Minerals Under the Microscope, Volume 3 2nd Edition. Elsevier 1118p
'Wad'
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Wakefieldite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(VO4)
Description: In quartz veins.
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 657-663.
Walentaite
Formula: H(Ca,Mn2+,Fe2+)Fe3+3(AsO4,PO4)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Weilite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4)
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Wendwilsonite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Dunn, P.J., et al (1987) American Mineralogist:72: 217-221.
'Whiteite'
Reference: Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Wickmanite
Formula: Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Ma, C., Tschauner, O., Liu, Y., Beckett, J. R., Rossman, G. R., Zuravlev, K., ... & Taylor, L. A. (2014, March). Discovery of Ahrensite gamma-Fe2SiO4 and Tissintite (Ca, Na, □) AlSi2O6: Two New High Pressure Minerals from the Tissint Martian Meteorite. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 45, p. 1222).
Xanthoconite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Yukonite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71
Yukonite var: Chromian Yukonite
Formula: Ca3(Fe3+,Cr)(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Zincroselite
Formula: Ca2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Kosakevitch, A. (1974): Supergene remobilization of lead in the antimony deposit of Mejmaa Salihine (central Morocco). Comptes Rendus du Congres National des Societes Savantes, Section des Sciences 96 (Volume Date 1971), 637-645 (in French).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Eugenite1.AD.15cAg11Hg2
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Luanheite1.AD.15bAg3Hg
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Potarite ?1.AD.25PdHg
Schachnerite1.AD.15aAg1.1Hg0.9
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Kongsbergite1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tetra-auricupride1.AA.10bAuCu
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Argentopyrite ?2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
var: Danaite2.EB.20(Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bohdanowiczite2.JA.20AgBiSe2
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bowieite ?2.DB.15(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuprobismutite2.JA.10aCu8AgBi13S24
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Fettelite ?2.LA.30[Ag6As2S7][Ag10HgAs2S8]
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Imiterite (TL)2.BD.05Ag2HgS2
Isomertieite2.AC.15aPd11Sb2As2
Jonassonite2.LA.65AuBi5S4
Jordisite2.EA.30MoS2
Kashinite2.DB.15(Ir,Rh)2S3
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
Kieftite2.EC.05CoSb3
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Laitakarite2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luzonite2.KA.10Cu3AsS4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-I2.AC.15bPd11(Sb,As)4
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
var: Rhenian Molybdenite2.EA.30(Mo,Re)S2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Nickelskutterudite2.EC.05(Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Palladseite2.BC.05Pd17Se15
Paraguanajuatite2.DC.05Bi2Se3
Pararammelsbergite2.EB.10eNiAs2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pekoite2.HB.05aPbCuBi11(S,Se)18
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrostilpnite ?2.GA.10Ag3SbS3
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Schalenblende2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Xanthoconite2.GA.10Ag3AsS3
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Nadorite3.DC.30PbSbClO2
Nantokite3.AA.05CuCl
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akimotoite4.CB.05(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Burtite (TL)4.FC.10Ca[Sn(OH)6]
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chenmingite (TL)4.BB.FeCr2O4
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Crednerite4.AB.05CuMnO2
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Dmitryivanovite (TL)4.BC.10CaAl2O4
Francevillite4.HB.15Ba(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossite4.CC.15CaAl4O7
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Hibonite4.CC.45(Ca,Ce)(Al,Ti,Mg)12O19
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Janggunite4.FG.05Mn5-x(Mn,Fe)1+xO8(OH)6
Karibibite4.JA.15Fe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)
Lechatelierite4.DA.30SiO2
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Nickeloan Magnetite4.BB.05(Fe2+,Ni)Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Marokite (TL)4.BC.05CaMn3+2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Eisenkiesel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Iris Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
var: Quartzine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Sceptre Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Schneiderhöhnite4.JA.35Fe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13
Sengierite4.HB.10Cu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2O
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stishovite4.DA.40SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Varlamoffite4.DB.05(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
Wickmanite4.FC.10Mn2+[Sn(OH)6]
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bayleyite5.ED.05Mg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2O
Brugnatellite5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
var: Iceland Spar5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
var: Strontian Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Sr)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Cobaltoan Dolomite5.AB.10(Ca,Mg,Co)CO3
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
var: Manganoan Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Gerhardtite ?5.NB.05Cu2(NO3)(OH)3
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Spherocobaltite5.AB.05CoCO3
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16