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Boddington Mine, Boddington, Boddington Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 43' 59'' South , 116° 22' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -32.73333,116.36667
GeoHash:G#: qd4tzcpde
Owned/operated by:Newmont Mining Corporation (100%)
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


An openpit gold mine located 130 km SE of Perth, in the northeastern jarrah forest, 12 km from the town of Boddington. The mine was a joint venture owned by Newmont Mining Corporation and AngloGold Ashanti.
Production ceased in 2001. In 2009 Newmont purchased AngloGold Ashanti's shares to become the sole owner.

A 1979 survey identified an anomaly in the Saddleback Greenstone Belt. A large open cut operation commenced in 1987, and ceased in 2001, after the known oxide ore resource had been processed. The mine was jointly owned by Normandy Mining, Acacia Resources, and Newcrest Mining. At the time it was the largest gold operation in Australia.

After an extended period the mine was acquired by Newmont Mining, who identified a gold bedrock resource to the north of the original pit. Two pits were opened in 2010, and again forms Australia's largest gold mine (2012), as far as the production of gold. It has estimated reserves of 20 million ounces of gold, and copper production of 30 000 tonnes per year. The estimated life of the mine is 25 years.

The Saddleback Greenstone Belt is a fault bounded sliver of Archaean volcanic and shallow level intrusive rocks, surrounded by granitic and gneissic rocks. The main zone of gold mineralisation occurs reasonably continuously over a strike length of about 5 kilometres long and 1 kilometre wide. This mineralisation forms a semi continuous blanket within the upper iron rich laterite, with more eratic gold distribution in the lower zones. The basement rocks below the oxide zone has gold mineralisation with predominantly andesitic volcanics and diorite dykes. In the primary ore gold is present in millimetre to centimetre scale veinlets in quartz epidote/clinozoisite actinolite.

Gold in the higher grade secondary zone from the base upwards is:
1. Saprolite zone (1-5 metres) of green clay.
2. Clay Zone (30-100 metres)of light brown to white oxidised kaolinitic clay.
3. Laterite Zone (4-10 metres) dark red to brown laterite, mainly gibbsite.

In the primary diorite host the gold is found in dense quartz veins, and surrounding alteration haloes. Relic quartz veins persist in the overlying laterite zone. The gold is closely associated with copper minerals. In the upper levels is malachite and cuprite, intermediate levels chalcocite and native copper, and the lowest level of the weathered zone is chalcopyrite.

A small number of high quality, non gold specimens were recovered during the early days of exploration by enlightened geologist Roger Staley. These were donated to the Brisbane Mineral Museum, who off-loaded some spare specimens onto the collectors market. Copper specimens are usually free of matrix and cleaned of patina. The southern pit the specimens came from is now back-filled with the overlying bauxite ore, and rehabilitated.

During the early stages of the original mining period, white quartz with visible veins of gold were found in one section. Three specimens were studied by the Western Australian Chemical Laboratories in 1993. On one specimen the new species Saddlebackite was found in association with the gold.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


49 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
'Andesite'
Reference: Mock, C., Elliott, B.G., Ewers, G.R., Lorenz, R.P. (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'Basalt'
Reference: Mock, C., Elliott, B.G., Ewers, G.R., Lorenz, R.P. (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'Bauxite'
Reference: Mock, C., Elliott, B.G., Ewers, G.R., Lorenz, R.P. (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
'Biotite'
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987 ; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geolphysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'Clay'
Reference: Mock, C., Elliott, B.G., Ewers, G.R., Lorenz, R.P. (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Copper
Formula: Cu
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Reference:  
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
'Diorite'
Reference: Mock, C., Elliott, B.G., Ewers, G.R., Lorenz, R.P. (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987 ; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'Gabbro'
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geolphysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
'Gneiss'
Reference: Mock, C., Elliott, B.G., Ewers, G.R., Lorenz, R.P. (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Reference:  
'Granite'
Reference: Mock, C., Elliott, B.G., Ewers, G.R., Lorenz, R.P. (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'Hornblende'
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Specimens held by Kim Macdonald, Id by geologist Roger Staley and the Brisbane Mineral Museum
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Stein, H.J., Markey, R.J., Morgan, J.W., Selby, D., R.A. Creaser, T.C. (2001) Re-Os Dating of Boddington Molybdenite, SW Yilgarn: Two Au Mineralization Events. AGSO-Geoscience Austalia, Record 2001/37, p. 469-471.; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
'Monazite'
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987 ; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Saddlebackite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Bi2Te2S3
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; AJM 1997, 119-24
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Specimens held by Kim Macdonald, Id by geologist Roger Staley and the Brisbane Mineral Museum
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Reference: [MinRec 39:476]; Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Reference: Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Mock, C. et al (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Dept of Primary Industries and Energy, Bur of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Aleksite'2.GC.40aPbBi2Te2S2
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
'Argentopentlandite'2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Breithauptite'2.CC.05NiSb
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Clausthalite'2.CD.10PbSe
'Cobaltite'2.EB.25CoAsS
'Cubanite'2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Hedleyite'2.DC.05Bi7Te3
'Hessite'2.BA.60Ag2Te
'Ikunolite'2.DC.05Bi4(S,Se)3
Laitakarite2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Saddlebackite (TL)2.GC.40dPb2Bi2Te2S3
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Gibbsite'4.FE.10Al(OH)3
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Clinozoisite'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andesite'-
'Basalt'-
'Bauxite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clay'-
'Diorite'-
'Gabbro'-
'Gneiss'-
'Granite'-
'Hornblende'-
Monazite-
Smectite Group-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Maldonite1.1.3.1Au2Bi
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Saddlebackite (TL)2.2.7.Pb2Bi2Te2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Aleksite2.6.3.2PbBi2Te2S2
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
Ikunolite2.6.2.3Bi4(S,Se)3
Laitakarite2.6.2.4Bi4Se2S
Pilsenite2.6.2.5Bi4Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Argentopentlandite2.7.1.2Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Tsumoite2.8.20.1BiTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Miscellaneous
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 2
Volynskite3.7.1.3AgBiTe2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Andesite'-
'Basalt'-
'Bauxite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clay'-
'Diorite'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Gabbro'-
'Gneiss'-
'Granite'-
'Hornblende'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnataseTiO2
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
S ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
S LaitakariteBi4Se2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
CuCopper
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
SeSelenium
Se ClausthalitePbSe
Se IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
Se LaitakariteBi4Se2S
Se NaumanniteAg2Se
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag NaumanniteAg2Se
Ag SilverAg
Ag StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Ag VolynskiteAgBiTe2
SbAntimony
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
TeTellurium
Te AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
Te AltaitePbTe
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PilseniteBi4Te3
Te SaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3
Te StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te TsumoiteBiTe
Te VolynskiteAgBiTe2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
Au MaldoniteAu2Bi
PbLead
Pb AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb SaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3
BiBismuth
Bi AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
Bi BismuthBi
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
Bi LaitakariteBi4Se2S
Bi MaldoniteAu2Bi
Bi PilseniteBi4Te3
Bi SaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Bi TsumoiteBiTe
Bi VolynskiteAgBiTe2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoarchean : 2724 Ma to 2595 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Archean
  Neoarchean
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)2595 Ma
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)2724 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 926877
ferruginous duricrust 38498

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Description: Ferruginous duricrust, laterite; pisolitic, nodular, vuggy; may include massive to pisolitic ferruginous subsoil, mottled clays, magnesite, reworked products of ferruginous and siliceous duricrusts, calcrete, gossan; residual ferruginous saprolite

Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Regolith

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3189638
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Yilgarn Craton

Lithology: Amphibolite/granulite grade orthogneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mock, C., Elliott, B.G., Ewers, G.R., Lorenz, R.P. (1987), Gold Deposits of Western Australia, BMR, Datafile (MINDEP), Resource Deposit 3, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth Government of Australia, 1987
Clarke, R.M. (1997): Saddlebackite Pb2 Bi2 Te S a New Mineral Species from the Boddington Gold Deposit, Australian Journal of Mineralogy (1997): 3: 119-124.
McCuaig, T.C., Behn, M., Stein, H., Hagemann , S.G., McNaughton, N.J., Cassidy, K.F., Champion, D. & Wyborn, L. (2001): The Boddington gold mine: a new style of Archaean Au -Cu deposit. In: Cassidy, K.F., Dunphy, J.M. & van Kranendonk, M.J., eds., Fourth international Archaean symposium, Extended abstracts, Australian Geological Survey Organisation, 2001/37, 453-455.
Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).

External Links



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