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Aris Quarries (Ariskop Quarry; Railway Quarry), Aris, Windhoek District, Khomas Region, Namibia

This page kindly sponsored by Joachim Esche
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 46' 6'' South , 17° 7' 51'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -22.76861,17.13111
GeoHash:G#: k7unmz47p
Locality type:Group of Quarries
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


Two phonolite quarries, the Railway Quarry and the Ariskop Quarry, are located 25 km S of Windhoek, on the road to Rehoboth. The two open pits are less than 1 km apart. The Railway Quarry (west side of the road) has been inactive [in 2011] for the last 10-15 years, whereas the Ariskop Quarry (east side of the road) has been active during at least the last decade and was active in 2011. Most of the minerals, including the type minerals, collected in recent years came from the workings of the Ariskop Quarry.
Note that each of the two quarries extracts material from a different intrusion, differentiated by its geochemical features (F. Koller, pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch, 2015).

Mineralogy is somewhat similar to that of the Saint-Amable sill (Demix-Varennes quarry), Québec, Canada, the Point of Rocks phonolite in New Mexico, USA and, in part, to that of Mont Saint-Hilaire. The most notable difference between these localities is the extreme scarcity of eudialyte-group minerals at Aris.

IMPORTANT NOTES on the mineral list (updated/cleaned up in May, June and July 2006, September & December 2007, August 2008, August 2009, May 2011, October 2011 and April 2016 by Uwe Kolitsch; see also booklet of Kolitsch et al., 2016):

1) Several other species were reportedly found and/or sold by dealers, but have never been confirmed. They are, in alphabetical order:
- canasite;
- gyrolite (confused with globular fluorite? there is also an apparently new mineral with an appearance similar to that of gyrolite);
- hiorthdalite II (confused with nenadkevichite or some other labuntsovite-group mineral?);
- hisingerite;
- iraqite-(La) (confused with sazhinite, probably because the powder diffraction patterns are similar);
- isokite (a sample labeled as "isokite" contained no isokite at all);
- sepiolite-Fe;
- tetranatrolite (a sample labeled as "tetranatrolite" turned out to be makatite);
- zakharovite (in fact, the mineral is the unnamed Fe-analogue of zakharovite).

2) Eudialyte, originally mentioned in von Knorring & Franke (1987) and von Knorring et al. (1992) has been confirmed - as a eudialyte-group mineral - for the first time only in 2008 (a single specimen) and then again in 2009 (another single specimen) and 2016 (several specimens). EDS analyses of several specimens suggest eudialyte sensu stricto (Kolitsch et al., 2016); no EPMA of these eudialyte-group specimens are available yet. Most "eudialytes" in collections are probably villiaumite.

A larger number of presently unidentified minerals, some of them certainly new to science, are under study in various laboratories, partly in collaborative efforts (Vienna, Tempe, Copenhagen, Oslo, Ottawa, Moscow).

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Aris Quarries, Windhoek, Namibia
Aris, Windhoek District, Khomas Region, Namibia
Aris Quarries (Ariskop Quarry; Railway Quarry), Aris, Windhoek, Windhoek District, Khomas Region, Namibia
Aris Quarries, Aris, Windhoek District, Khomas Region, Namibia
Aris, Windhoek District, Namibia
Aris, Windhoek District, Namibia

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


104 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Habit: prismatic xx, up to 2 mm
Colour: dark green, black-greenish
Description: Dark green; also dark yellow to brown-yellow (Uwe Kolitsch, single-crystal XRD)
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987) A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; American Mineralogist (1999) Volume 84, pages 1170–1175; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82: 243-244; Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016) Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Aenigmatite ?
Formula: Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral. http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm does not give any analytical or descriptive details.
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German). [unconfirmed]; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173; Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD analysis Nov. 2012); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65.
Amphibole Supergroup
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Habit: icositetrahedric xx up to 2 mm
Colour: white
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Apatite'
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244
'Apophyllite'
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; Van King
Aragonite ?
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
'Arisite'
Reference: Van King; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German).
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)
Formula: NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Reference: P. C. Piilonen, A. M. McDonald, J. D. Grice, R. Rowe, R. A. Gault, G. Poirier, M. A. Cooper, U. Kolitsch, A. C. Roberts, W. Lechner and A. G. Palfi (2010): Arisite-(Ce), a new rare-earth fluorcarbonate from the Aris phonolite (Namibia), Mont Saint-Hilaire and the Saint-Amable sill (Québec). Can. Mineral. 48, 661-671.; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Arisite-(La) (TL)
Formula: NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Reference: P. C. Piilonen, A. M. McDonald, J. D. Grice, M. A. Cooper, U. Kolitsch, R. Rowe, R. A. Gault and G. Poirier (2010): Arisite-(La), a new REE-fluorcarbonate mineral from the Aris phonolite (Namibia), with descriptions of the crystal structures of arisite-(La) and arisite-(Ce). Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 257-268.; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Reference: KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.
Baryte ?
Formula: BaSO4
Description: No analytical details given. Possibly confused with arisite (baryte can be pseudohexagonal).
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Description: As pseudomorphs after new hexagonal tabular Na-REE-carbonate (U. Kolitsch) and after sazhinite (U. Kolitsch). Also as typical crystals according to other sources (probable confusion with arisite?).
Reference: von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152; Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Bastnäsite-(La)
Formula: La(CO3)F
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (PXRD- and EDS-analysis; pseudomorph after tabular arisite crystals); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Biotite'
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral.
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
'Britholite-(La)' ?
Formula: Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SEM-EDS analysis)
'Calcioancylite'
Description: No data. Visual identification.
Reference: Joachim Esche
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch and Hans Vidar Ellingsen (SXRD + SEM-EDS); Uwe Kolitsch & Joachim Gröbner (SXRD + SEM-EDS); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Rare; colourless xls in various habits.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Canasite ?
Formula: K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral.
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Jost, B.M. (2012): Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Master’s Thesis, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, 64 pp.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Paula Piilonen, unpublished results
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Clinoptilolite'
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German).
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Cryolite
Formula: Na2NaAlF6
Description: Small white or pale blue crystals.
Reference: Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L., Cámara, F. and Buseck, P. R. (1999): Crystal structure of kanemite, NaHSi2O5•3H2O, from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. Am. Mineral., 84, 1170-1175; Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Joachim Esche collection (SEM-EDS-analysed by Vincent Bourgoin; contains only minor Na, Al, Fe); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Jahn et al. (2014) briefly describe dolomite as "crystals", accompanied by "cryolite, quartz and albite", based on a pers. comm. of G. Niedermayr (2004). No further details are known.
Reference: Jahn, S., von Bezing, L. and Wartha, R. (2014): Aris bei Windhoek in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 84-110 (in German).
Ellingsenite (TL)
Formula: Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: Chemical analysis in preparation.
Reference: Paula Piilonen, unpublished results (pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch)
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Description: Described as "pink incrustations in thin veinlets" (von Knorring and Franke, 1987).
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Eudialyte Group'
Description: Pale pinkish glassy platelets.
Reference: Camara, F., Ottolini, L., Devouard, B., Garvie, L. A. J., Hawthorne, F. C. (2006): Sazhinite-(La), Na3LaSi6O15(H2O)2, a new mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 405-418 [Camara et al. (2006) cite only the 1987 paper]; confirmed only in 2008 and 2009: two single specimens with pale pinkish glassy platelets (U. Kolitsch, SXRD)
Ferroceladonite
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German). ; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Ferro-pargasite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral; http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm does not give any analytical or descriptive details.
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm
Ferro-tschermakite ?
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Convincing analytical data needed
Reference: www.excaliburmineral.com/mind-j.htm.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Habit: prismatic xx up to 12 mm
Colour: colorless, pink, yellow
Description: Refined occupancy of F site: 1.00 (R = 1.8%; Uwe Kolitsch structure refinement) -> fluorapophyllite
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Fockenberg, T., Toft, P.C. & Rattay, M. (1997): Natrophosphate from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1997, 511-517; Uwe Kolitsch (structure refinement from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data; R = 1.8%, F-site occupancy: 1.00); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179.; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Fluorapophyllite-(Na) ?
Formula: NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Description: Probably confused with fluorapophyllite.
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: Mainly as white spheres and hemispheres; also as pinkish crusts, cream-coloured curls/strands and pale greenish cuboctahedra.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); Ellingsen, H. V. (2006): Sérandit aus Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 51.(in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Habit: cubic xx up to 2 mm
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Götzenite
Formula: NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD-analysis of "gypsum" specimens gave either kanemite or calcite)
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244
Hematite ?
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).
Heulandite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Description: The measured Si:Al ratio ranges between ~3.5:1 and ~4:1 (analyses on crystal faces) and thus straddles, for the Si-richest compositions, the boundary between heulandite-Na and clinoptilolite-Na.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD and EDS analyses); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: Horváth collection confirmed by XRD. Horváth, L. & Horváth, E. (2011): Hilairite from the Ariskop quarry, Aris, Namibia. Aris Group Bulletin #16 (2011 11 28); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) ?
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Description: see Fluorapophyllite
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Hydroxylapatite ?
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Description: Probably fluorapatite.
Reference: Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L., Cámara, F. and Buseck, P. R. (1999): Crystal structure of kanemite, NaHSi2O5•3H2O, from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. Am. Mineral., 84, 1170-1175; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'
Formula: (La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), Germano Fretti specimen
Kaersutite ?
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Description: Probably only as a rock-forming mineral; http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm does not give any analytical or descriptive details.
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Kalsilite
Formula: KAlSiO4
Description: Single colourless tabular crystal; later turned out to be arisite-(La). Confusion and original misidentification arose because the unit-cell parameters of arisite-(La/Ce) are very similar to those of kalsilite (Bravais type is identical).
Reference: Joachim Esche collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD + EDS)
Kanemite
Formula: HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Reference: Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L., Cámara, F. and Buseck, P. R. (1999): Crystal structure of kanemite, NaHSi2O5•3H2O, from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. Am. Mineral., 84, 1170-1175.; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Katophorite ?
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral; described as "Magnesio-aluminokatophorite".
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Kenyaite
Formula: Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Description: White coatings
Reference: G. Niedermayr (2005): Pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Korobitsynite
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Niedermayr, G., Gault, R. A., Petersen, O. V. and Brandstätter, F. (2002): Korobitsynite from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002, 42-48; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Kozoite-(La)
Formula: (La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Labuntsovite-Mn
Formula: Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Petersen, O. V., Niedermayr, G., Pekov, I. V., Balić Žunić, T. and Brandstätter, F. (2004): Tsepinit-Na und Labuntsovit-Mn, seltene Mineralien aus dem Phonolith von Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (2), 44-48. (in German)
Labuntsovite Supergroup
Reference: If there is nenadkevichite, korobitsynite etc. the must be labuntsovite group - needed for unanalyzed specimens
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Description: Tiny prisms in association with quartz and others.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Lovdarite
Formula: K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Lovozerite Group
Formula: A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Reference: L. Horvath & G. Y. Chao, unpublished data
Magadiite
Formula: Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Description: Never confirmed by XRD methods. The specimens labeled "magadiite" probably represent a new mineral. At least some "magadiite" is in fact Unnamed (MSH UK77).
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral.
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Makatite
Formula: Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: fibrous xx
Colour: white
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987) A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65.; Petersen, O.V., Fockenberg, T., Toft, P.C. & Rattay, M. (1997) Natrophosphate from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1997, 511-517.; Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Manganoneptunite ?
Formula: Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Description: Convincing chemical-analytical details are apparently missing. Note that most (or all?) "manganoneptunite" from Aris is in fact neptunite (Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German).).
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS(?)); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82: 243-244; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173; Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German).
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Habit: tabular xx up to 1-2 mm
Colour: milky white
Description: It is one of the main components of Aris phonolites.
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Monazite'
Description: Listed as accessory component of matrix.
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Description: Spindle-shaped, yellowish. Also as tiny whitish star-shaped aggregates perched on tuperssuatsiaite needles.
Reference: Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 656 (in English); Uwe Kolitsch (powder X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), specimens of Marco Sturla; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Montmorillonite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Description: Pale greyish brown, tabular.
Reference: Robin Tibbit collection (SXRD analysis by Uwe Kolitsch + EDS analysis by Franz Neuhold); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Habit: prismatic xx up to 4 mm
Colour: white-grey, colorless
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987) A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244.; Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm];
Natrophosphate
Formula: Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Fockenberg, T., Toft, P.C. & Rattay, M. (1997): Natrophosphate from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1997, 511-517; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Nenadkevichite
Formula: (Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); Petersen et al.: Mineralienwelt 15(2): 44-48 (2004); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Description: As component of phonolite.
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987) A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82: 243-244; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011) Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.; Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.
Neptunite
Formula: Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Habit: Short prismatic to blocky.
Colour: Black; small crystals are dark red.
Description: Often twinned. Note: Most manganoneptunites turned out to be neptunites; the occurrence of neptunite has not been reliably confirmed (Blaß et al., 2014; Kolitsch et al., 2016).
Reference: Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179.
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), Germano Fretti specimen
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: L. Horváth collection (XRD-analysed); Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Phonolite'
Reference: Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.
Polylithionite ?
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Habit: Micaceous hexagonal xx up to 2 mm.
Colour: white, with greenish hue
Description: Analytical details missing in all references.
Reference: http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm; Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Petersen, O. V., Niedermayr, G., Pekov, I. V., Balić Žunić, T. and Brandstätter, F. (2004): Tsepinit-Na und Labuntsovit-Mn, seltene Mineralien aus dem Phonolith von Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (2), 44-48. (in German); Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Pyrite ?
Formula: FeS2
Description: No analytical details provided in Wartha et al. (2006). A suspected pyrite crystal turned out to be sphalerite with a very thin golden oxidation layer (U. Kolitsch, unpublished SXRD-analytical results). A natrolite-analcime sample from a phonolite outcrop nearby the two quarries contained tiny cubic pyrite crystals (J. Esche material, visually identified) (Kolitsch et al., 2016).
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German).
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Rinkite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Description: As accessory component of the phonolite.
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
'Rosenbuschite Group'
Description: Small (up to ~20 micron) grains, not uncommon in thin sections. Chemical composition intermediate between rosenbuschite and götzenite.
Reference: Prof. Friedrich Koller, University of Vienna (chemical analyses on thin sections; pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch, 7/2009)
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244; Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.
'Sazhinite'
Reference: Domenico Priete photo; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German).
Sazhinite-(Ce)
Formula: Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Habit: xx up to 3 mm
Colour: white-yellowish
Description: NOTE: Some xls or regions within xls are actually La-dominant. Sazhinite-(La) has been recently approved by the IMA.
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Sazhinite-(La) (TL)
Formula: Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Reference: Camara, F., Ottolini, L., Devouard, B., Garvie, L. A. J., Hawthorne, F. C. (2006): Sazhinite-(La), Na3LaSi6O15(H2O)2, a new mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 405-418.
Schizolite
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Description: Specimen of Ellingsen (2006) may be marshallsussmanite (Kolitsch et al., 2016).
Reference: Ellingsen, H. V. (2006): Sérandit aus Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 51. (in German); Prof. Friedrich Koller, University of Vienna (chemical analyses on thin sections; pers. comm. to U. Kolitsch, 7/2009); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Description: As component of phonolite.
Reference: [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Colour: amber yellow
Description: Sometimes it is included in natrolite.
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244
Steacyite
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Reference: Joachim Esche collection (SEM-EDS-analysed); Horváth collection XRD & EDS analyzed; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Steacyite Group'
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (several crystal structure refinements)
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Description: As accessory component of the phonolite; also as microscopic grains in voids.
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173; Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), specimens of Marco Sturla; Uwe Kolitsch (SEM-EDS analysis)
Thornasite
Formula: (Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Reference: Paula Piilonen, unpublished results; Horváth specimen collected in 2011 confirmed by XRD; Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Description: Only as a rock-forming mineral.
Reference: Knorring et al. (1992); Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Description: No description given.
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Description: Black needles; preliminarily IDed as todorokite. More analyses necessary.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Tsepinite-Na
Formula: Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Petersen, O. V., Niedermayr, G., Pekov, I. V., Balić Žunić, T. and Brandstätter, F. (2004): Tsepinit-Na und Labuntsovit-Mn, seltene Mineralien aus dem Phonolith von Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (2), 44-48. (in German)
Tuperssuatsiaite
Formula: Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Habit: acicular xx up to 1 cm
Colour: red-brown, dark brown, green
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65 [as "unknown iron silicate"]; von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152.; Min Rec 36:3 pp275-280; Cámara, F., Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L. and Buseck, P. R. (2002): The structure of Mn-rich tuperssuatsiaite: A palygorskite-related mineral. Am. Mineral. 87, 1458-1463; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244; Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179. [includes analysis of a tuperss.]
Turkestanite ?
Formula: (K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Description: Tetragonal tabular xls. Quant. chem. analysis not done yet; might be steacyite (or iraqite?)
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German).
'Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)'
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Rastsvetaeva, R. K., Aksenov, S. M., Chukanov, N. V. and Tremmel, G. (2013): Crystal structure of a new mineral of the labuntsovite group: Ca, Na-ordered analogue of korobitsynite. Doklady Physical Chemistry, 452, Part 2, 239-242; Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German).
'Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))'
Formula: (Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)'
Formula: Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Laurence Garvie et al., IMA proposal in prep. (ca. 2003); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)'
Formula: HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)'
Formula: NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Reference: Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Verin, I.A. (2012): Crystal structure of the NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7·5H2O mineral: A new representative of the palygorskite group. Crystallography Reports, 57, 43-48.
'Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)'
Formula: Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012), William Lechner specimens
'Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)'
Formula: ~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov chemical-analytical data (2012), Germano Fretti specimen
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)'
Formula: Na, La, Si, O, H
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpublished data)
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)'
Formula: Na, La, Si, O, H
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (unpublished data)
Villiaumite
Formula: NaF
Colour: pink
Description: Weak red fluorescence to LW UV.
Reference: von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992) Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152.; Petersen, O.V., Fockenberg, T., Toft, P.C. & Rattay, M. (1997) Natrophosphate from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1997, 511-517.; Windisch, W. (2014) An introduction to micromounting.; Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.; Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016) Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.; http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm
Vinogradovite
Formula: Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Reference: Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
Wairakite ?
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).
Windhoekite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Blab, G., Belakovsky, D.I. and Van, K.V. (2011) Windhoekite, IMA 2010-083. CNMNC 2536 Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2537. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540; Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179; Blass, G. & Tremmel, G. (2014): Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 76-83 (in German).
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Habit: pseudo-tetrahedric xx, often twinned
Colour: brown
Description: 15 R polytype confirmed on one specimen.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction + SEM-EDS); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
Yofortierite
Formula: Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Description: XRD-analysed only (chem. composition not studied)[source?]
Reference: Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.[listed as associated mineral, no details given]
Zakharovite
Formula: Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Description: Listed without description. In fact, all analysed "zakharovite" specimens turned out to be the unnamed Fe-analogue of zakharovite.
Reference: Rocks & Min. (2007) 82: 243-244 (abs.)
Zakharovite var: Ferroan Zakharovite
Formula: Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Description: All analyses so far indicate a composition corresponding to the Fe-analogue of zakharovite (the description in Wartha et al., 2001, is misleading).
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
'Zinnwaldite' ?
Reference: Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2006): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006): Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Pyrite ?2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
'Cryolite'3.CB.15Na2NaAlF6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Villiaumite3.AA.20NaF
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Baddeleyite'4.DE.35ZrO2
Hematite ?4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite' ?5.AB.15CaCO3
'Arisite-(Ce)' (TL)5.BD.18NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
'Arisite-(La)' (TL)5.BD.18NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
'Bastnäsite-(Ce)'5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
'Bastnäsite-(La)'5.BD.20aLa(CO3)F
'Calcioancylite-(Ce)'5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cordylite-(Ce)'5.BD.05NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)5.BD.20a(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Kozoite-(La)5.DC.05(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte' ?7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum ?7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite ?8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Natrophosphate8.DN.05Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Aegirine-augite'9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Aenigmatite' ?9.DH.40Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Analcime'9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
'Canasite' ?9.DG.80K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
'Cancrinite'9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Catapleiite'9.CA.15Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
'Cerite-(Ce)'9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
'Clinoptilolite-Na'9.GE.05Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Diopside'9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Eudialyte'9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ferro-pargasite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite ?9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferroceladonite9.EC.15K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorapophyllite-(Na) ?9.EA.15NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Götzenite9.BE.22NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Heulandite-Na9.GE.05(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Hilairite9.DM.10Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) ?9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaersutite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalsilite ?9.FA.05KAlSiO4
Kanemite9.EF.25HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Katophorite ?9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Kenyaite9.HA.10Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Korobitsynite9.CE.30aNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Labuntsovite-Mn9.CE.30eNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Lovdarite9.GF.15K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Magadiite9.EA.20Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Makatite9.EE.45Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Manganoneptunite ?9.EH.05Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite ?9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nenadkevichite9.CE.30a(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Neptunite9.EH.05Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Polylithionite ?9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Rinkite-(Ce)9.00.20(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sazhinite-(Ce)9.EA.30Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Sazhinite-(La) (TL)9.EA.30Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Steacyite9.CH.10K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thornasite9.GF.50(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tsepinite-Na9.CE.30bNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Tuperssuatsiaite9.EE.20Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Turkestanite ?9.CH.10(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Vinogradovite9.DB.25Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Wairakite ?9.GB.05Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Windhoekite (TL)9.EE.20Ca2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Yofortierite9.EE.20Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Zakharovite ?9.EE.65Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
var: Ferroan Zakharovite ?9.EE.65Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Arisite'-
'Biotite'-
'Britholite-(La)' ?-Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
'Calcioancylite'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Ellingsenite' (TL)-Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
'Eudialyte Group'-
Labuntsovite Supergroup-
Lovozerite Group-A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Monazite-
Phonolite-
Pyrochlore-
Rosenbuschite Group-
Sazhinite-
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Steacyite Group-
Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)-(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))-(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)-Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)-HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)-Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)-NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)-~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)-Na, La, Si, O, H
Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)-Na, La, Si, O, H
Zinnwaldite ?-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pyrite ?2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite ?4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Villiaumite9.1.1.3NaF
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Cryolite11.6.1.1Na2NaAlF6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(La)16a.1.1.2La(CO3)F
Cordylite-(Ce)16a.1.7.1NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
'Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)'16a.1.2.2(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Arisite-(Ce) (TL)16a.5.7.1NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Arisite-(La) (TL)16a.5.7.2NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Calcioancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.2(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte ?28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum ?29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)38.4.3.2La(PO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite ?41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Natrophosphate42.13.9.1Na7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Cerite-(Ce)52.4.6.1(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Götzenite56.2.5.4NaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 59 - CYCLOSILICATES Three-Membered Rings
Three-Membered Rings, hydrated
Catapleiite59.2.2.1Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Hilairite59.2.3.1Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Nenadkevichite60.1.3.1(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Steacyite group)
Steacyite63.1.1.1K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite ?66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Katophorite ?66.1.3b.11{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Vinogradovite68.1.2.1Na4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite ?69.2.1a.1Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Narsarsukite70.1.2.1Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Manganoneptunite ?70.4.1.2Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Neptunite70.4.1.1Na2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite ?71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite ?71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Thornasite72.1.2.1(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 8-membered rings
Sazhinite-(Ce)72.2.1.3Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorapophyllite-(Na) ?72.3.1.3NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double layers
Kanemite73.1.5.1HNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Makatite74.3.5.2Na2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Tuperssuatsiaite74.3.1a.2Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Yofortierite74.3.1a.3Mn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Kalsilite ?76.2.1.1KAlSiO4
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Wairakite ?77.1.1.3Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Zakharovite ?78.1.17.1Na4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Canasite ?78.5.4.1K3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Lovdarite78.6.2.1K2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Kenyaite78.7.7.1Na2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Magadiite78.7.12.1Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alkali Feldspar'-
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite ?-CaCO3
'Arisite'-
'Biotite'-
'Britholite-(La)' ?-Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
'Calcioancylite'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
Clinoptilolite-Na-Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Ellingsenite (TL)-Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
'Eudialyte Group'-
Ferro-pargasite ?-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite ?-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferroceladonite-K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Heulandite-Na-(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) ?-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Korobitsynite-Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Kozoite-(La)-(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
Labuntsovite Supergroup-
Labuntsovite-Mn-Na4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Lovozerite Group-A3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
'Monazite'-
'Phonolite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
Rinkite-(Ce)-(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
'Rosenbuschite Group'-
'Sazhinite'-
Sazhinite-(La) (TL)-Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
'Steacyite Group'-
Tsepinite-Na-Na2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Turkestanite ?-(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
'Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)'-(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
'Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))'-(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)'-Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
'Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)'-HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)'-Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)'-NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
'Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)'-~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)'-Na, La, Si, O, H
'Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)'-Na, La, Si, O, H
Windhoekite (TL)-Ca2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Zakharovite
var: Ferroan Zakharovite ?
-Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
'Zinnwaldite' ?-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
H Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
H CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
H Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
H Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
H FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
H HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
H KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
H Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
H KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
H Kozoite-(La)(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
H Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
H LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
H Lovozerite GroupA3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
H MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
H MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
H Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
H Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
H SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
H TuperssuatsiaiteNa2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
H Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
H Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
H Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
H Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
H Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
H Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
H Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
H Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)Na, La, Si, O, H
H Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)Na, La, Si, O, H
H VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
H WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
H YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
H ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
LiLithium
Li ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Li NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Li PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
C Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
C Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
C CalciteCaCO3
C Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
C Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
C Kozoite-(La)(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
C Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AenigmatiteNa2Fe52+Ti(Si6O18)O2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
O Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
O Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
O Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
O CalciteCaCO3
O CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
O Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
O CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
O Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
O Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
O Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
O FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
O GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
O HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O KalsiliteKAlSiO4
O KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
O Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
O KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
O KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
O Kozoite-(La)(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
O Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
O Lovozerite GroupA3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
O MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
O Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
O Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
O SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
O SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
O TuperssuatsiaiteNa2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
O Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
O Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
O Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
O Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
O Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
O Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
O Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
O Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)Na, La, Si, O, H
O Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)Na, La, Si, O, H
O VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
O WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
O YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
O ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
F Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
F Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
F Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
F CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
F NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
F NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
F Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
F PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
F Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
F Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
F VilliaumiteNaF
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AenigmatiteNa2Fe52+Ti(Si6O18)O2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Na Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Na CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Na Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Na Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Na Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Na CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Na EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Na EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Na Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Na Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Na GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Na HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Na Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Na KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Na KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Na Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Na LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Na MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Na MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
Na Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Na Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Na Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Na SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Na SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Na Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Na TuperssuatsiaiteNa2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Na Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Na Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Na Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
Na Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Na Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
Na Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
Na Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)Na, La, Si, O, H
Na Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)Na, La, Si, O, H
Na VilliaumiteNaF
Na VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Na ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
Mg YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
AlAluminium
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Al Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al CryoliteNa2NaAlF6
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Al Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Al VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Al WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AenigmatiteNa2Fe52+Ti(Si6O18)O2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Si CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Si Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Si CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Si Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Si Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Si Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Si FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Si GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Si HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si KalsiliteKAlSiO4
Si KanemiteHNaSi2O5 · 3H2O
Si Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Si KenyaiteNa2Si22O41(OH)8 · 6H2O
Si KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Si Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
Si Lovozerite GroupA3D3G2M(HxSi6O18) · nH2O (x = 0-6)
Si MagadiiteNa2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Si MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Si Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
Si SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Si SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Si TuperssuatsiaiteNa2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Si Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Si Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Si Unnamed (Kanemite-related mineral)HNaSi2O5 · 2H2O or HNaSi2O5 · 1.5H2O
Si Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Si Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
Si Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)Na, La, Si, O, H
Si Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)Na, La, Si, O, H
Si VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
Si WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Si YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Si ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
P NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TroiliteFeS
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
K FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K KalsiliteKAlSiO4
K Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
K ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
K PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
K Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
K VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
CaCalcium
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Ca Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
Ca Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ca Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca EllingseniteNa5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13 · 6H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Ca Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ca SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Ca SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O
Ca Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Ca Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Ca Unnamed (Na-Ca Silicate)Na7Ca3Si11O27(F,OH)3
Ca WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Ca WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
TiTitanium
Ti AenigmatiteNa2Fe52+Ti(Si6O18)O2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti KorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Ti Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Ti ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Ti NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Ti NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
Ti Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
Ti VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3
MnManganese
Mn EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Mn Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Mn Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Mn ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Mn SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn TuperssuatsiaiteNa2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mn Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Mn Unnamed (Na-Mg-Mn Oxide)~NaMgMn4O5(OH)
Mn YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
Mn ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AenigmatiteNa2Fe52+Ti(Si6O18)O2
Fe Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Fe Zakharovite (var: Ferroan Zakharovite)Na4(Mn,Fe)5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Fe FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Fe NeptuniteNa2KLiFe22+Ti2Si8O24
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TroiliteFeS
Fe TuperssuatsiaiteNa2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fe Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Zakharovite)Na4Fe5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
Fe Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2O
Fe WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O
Fe YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
SrStrontium
Sr Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Zr EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Zr HilairiteNa2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Nb Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
Nb Unnamed (Ca-Na-ordered analogue of Korobitsynite)(Ca,Na)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ba Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2O
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba Tsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2O
LaLanthanum
La Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
La Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
La Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
La Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
La Kozoite-(La)(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
La Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
La Sazhinite-(La)Na3La[Si6O15] · 2H2O
La Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
La Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral I)Na, La, Si, O, H
La Unnamed (Sazhinite-related mineral II)Na, La, Si, O, H
CeCerium
Ce Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Britholite-(La)Ca2(La,Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
Ce Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Ce Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ce Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Ce Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Ce Rinkite-(Ce)(Ca3Ce)Na(NaCa)Ti(Si2O7)2(OF)F2
Ce Sazhinite-(Ce)Na2CeSi6O14•6H2O
Ce Unnamed (Ce-analogue of Kozoite-(La) and -(Nd))(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH)
NdNeodymium
Nd Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
ThThorium
Th SteacyiteK0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thornasite(Na,K)12Th3[Si8O19]4 · 18H2O
Th Turkestanite(K,◻)(Ca,Na)2ThSi8O20 · nH2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic - Paleoproterozoic
1000 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3187780
Paleoproterozoic-Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1000 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Statherian - Orosirian
1600 - 2050 Ma



ID: 3306351

Age: Paleoproterozoic (1600 - 2050 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic-sedimentary

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Burger, A.J. and Walraven, F. (1977) Summary of age determinations carried out during the period April 1975 to March 1976. Annals of the Geological Survey of South Africa, 11, 323-329.
Von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987) A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65.
Von Knorring, O., Petersen, O.V., Karup-Moller, S., Leonardsen, E.S., and Condliffe, E. (1992) Tuperssuatsiaite from Aris phonolite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1992, 145-152.
Niku-Paavola, V. (1997) Alkaline rocks in the Aris area, Central Namibia. Ph. D. Thesis Department of Geology and Mineralogy, University of Helsinki, 71 pp.
Petersen, O.V., Fockenberg, P.C., Toft, P.C., and Rattay, M. (1997) Natrophosphate from Aris phonolite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1997, 511-517.
Garvie, L.A.J., Devouard, B., Groy, T.L., Càmara, F., and Buseck, P.R. (1999) Crystal structure of kanemite, NaHSi2O5·3H2O, from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. American Mineralogist, 87, 1170-1175.
Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F., and Petersen, O.V. (2001) Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179 (in German).
Niedermayr, G., Gault, R.A., Petersen, O.V., and Brandstätter, F. (2002) Korobitsynite from the Aris phonolites, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2002, 42-48.
Petersen, O.V., Niedermayr, G., Pekov, I.V., Balić Žunić, T., and Brandstätter, F. (2004) Tsepinit-Na und Labuntsovit-Mn, seltene Mineralien aus dem Phonolith von Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 15(2), 44-48 (in German).
Sturla, M., Yakovenchuk, V.N. and Bonacina, E. (2005) Aris, Namibia: geo-paragenesi et minerali. Micro, 1, 55-80.
Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F., and Petersen, O.V. (2006) Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In: Jahn, S., Medenbach, O., Niedermayr, G. & Schneider, G., Eds. (2006) Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. 2nd ed., Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 228-239 (in German).
Cámara, F., Ottolini, L., Devouard, B., Garvie, L.A.J., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2006) Sazhinite-(La), Na3LaSi6O15(H2O)2, a new mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 405-418.
Ellingsen, H.V. (2006) Sérandit aus Aris, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 17(3), 51 (in German).
Piilonen, P.C., Rowe, R., Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A., Cooper, M., Kolitsch, U., and Lechner, W. (2005) Two new sodium rare-earth fluorcarbonates from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. Oral presentation, 32nd Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Rochester, NY, USA, April 14-17, 2005, abstract in Program and Abstracts, 27-28 and in Rocks & Minerals, 82 (2007), 243-244.
Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Grice, J.D., Rowe, R., Gault, R.A., Poirier, G., Cooper, M.A., Kolitsch, U., Roberts, A.C., Lechner, W., and Palfi, A. (2010) Arisite-(Ce), a new rare-earth fluorcarbonate from the Aris phonolite, Namibia, Mont Saint-Hilaire and the Saint-Amable sill, Quebec, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 661-671.
Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Grice, J.D., Cooper, M.A., Kolitsch, U., Rowe, R., Gault, R.A., and Poirier, G. (2010) Arisite-(La), a new REE-fluorocarbonate mineral from the Aris phonolite (Namibia) with descriptions of the crystal structures of arisite-(La) and arisite-(Ce). Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 257-268.
Marsh, J.S. (2010) The geochemistry and evolution of Palaeogene phonolites, central Namibia. Lithos, 117, 149-160.
Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011) Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
Horváth, L. and Horváth, E. (2011) Hilairite from the Ariskop quarry, Aris, Namibia. Aris Group Bulletin #16 (2011 11 28).
Horváth, L. and Horváth, E. (2011) Pectolite from the Ariskop quarry. Aris Group Bulletin #17.
Chukanov, N.V., Britvin, S.N., Blass, G., Belakovskiy, D.I., and Van, K.V. (2012) Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4·10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 171-179.
Jost, B.M. (2012) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Master’s Thesis, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, 64 pp.
Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., and Verin, I.A. (2012) Crystal structure of the NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7·5H2O mineral: A new representative of the palygorskite group. Crystallography Reports, 57, 43-48.
Koller, F., Škoda, R., Palfi, A.G., and Popp, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, central Namibia, Africa. Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava, Czech Republic, May 23-24, abstracts volume, p. 40.
Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Aksenov, S.M., Chukanov, N.V., and Tremmel, G. (2013) Crystal structure of a new mineral of the labuntsovite group: Ca, Na-ordered analogue of korobitsynite. Doklady Physical Chemistry, 452, Part 2, 239-242.
Blass, G. and Tremmel, G. (2014) Neptunit und weitere neue Mineralien aus den Phonolith-Steinbrüchen von Aris, Windhoek. Mineralien-Welt, 25(1), 76-83 (in German).
Jahn, S., von Bezing, L., and Wartha, R. (2014) Aris bei Windhoek in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 25(1), 84-110 (in German).
von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S. (2014) Namibia. Minerals and localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Salzhemmendorf, 608 pp. (in German). [section on Aris: pp. 12-35].
Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.
Jahn, S., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R., Blass, G., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., and Ciriotti, M.E. (2015) Aris, Namibia. Località alcalina mondiale. Micro, 3/2015, 102-147.
Haugen, A. (2015) Mineraler fra Aris-steinbruddene i Namibia. Norsk mineralsymposium 2015, 71-78 (in Norwegian).
Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., and Esche, J. (2016) Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt, 27(4), 48-60 (in German).
Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M., and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016) Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp. [https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ciriotti_Marco/publication/306361470_Aris_-_Mineralogy_of_the_famous_alkaline_phonolite/links/5903558f0f7e9bc0d58d6d8f/Aris-Mineralogy-of-the-famous-alkaline-phonolite.pdf]
Uwe Kolitsch, 2000-2016, unpublished results (see also http://www.mindat.org/mesg-6-82439.html - thread on new finds from Aris) - now all published in Kolitsch et al. (2016).

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