Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Wiluna Shire, Western Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
MKD5 nickel depositDeposit
Mount KeithMountain
Wiluna ShireShire
Western AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 12' 53'' South , 120° 32' 45'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -27.21484,120.54588
GeoHash:G#: qejtpjdy4
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Mount Keith is one of the world’s largest low grade nickel mines, with total resources of 477 Mt (cut off of 0.4% Ni).

Located 90 km NNE of Leinster.

Considered the largest open cut nickel mine in the world. 85 kilometres south of Wiluna. Discovered in 1968 by local pastoralist Jim Jones, who convinced a friend with a drilling rig to drill one hole in some gossanous material, discovering disseminated Ni sulphides at a depth of 70 metres. The deposit was subsequently explored by the Metals Exploration/Freeport of Australia joint venture, with ore production starting in 1994 by Western Mining Corporation. The mine was acquired by BHP Billiton in 2005 when it took over Western Mining Corporation. The pit is 2.4 kilometres long by 1.4 kilometres wide by 300 metres deep. The deposit is mineralogically diverse due to hydrothermal alteration overprinting.

The location is of interest to rare species collectors. Woodallite was discovered here in 2001 by Ben Grguric et. al., and is found only at Mt Keith and the nearby West Jordan nickel prospect. At Mt Keith it occurs as whorls and clusters of minute platelets up to 6mm across in lizardite-brucite altered dunite, also with associated species chromite, iowaite, pentlandite, magnetite, and tochilinite. It forms as the result of hydrothermal alteration of primary magmatic chromite by Cl rich solutions at temperatures less than 320 degrees. Mt Keith is also the type locality for Mountkeithite discovered in 1981, and found at only four localities worldwide, including the nearby West Jordan nickel prospect. The mine contains many species. A very limited number and variety are in circulation. Violarite/pyrite specimens have been known to degenerate over the years.

The deposit is located in a greenstone belt containing lower interbedded volcanics, pyroclastics, shale and chert. It is overlain by an upper sequence of pillowed basalt, a thick suite of volcaniclastic rocks, a zone of komatiite and an upper series of thin komatiite flows, layered gabbro and high magnesium and tholeiitic basalt.

The mine is contained within the Mount Keith ultramafic complex, a thick komatiitic dunite body as subvolcanic sills emplaced within or below an extrusive komatiite pile. The dunite bodies are not an integral or neccessary part of the komatiite flow field. Nickel mineralisation is within a zone of orthocumulate rich ultramafic body called MKD5. The orebody strikes for 2 kilometres, to at least 500 metres deep.

The MKD5 area shows a basal olivine orthocumulate, then an un-mineralised adcumulate grading to a layered olivine-sulphide adcumulate-orthocumulate containing the orebody, and finally orthocumulate gabbroic ultramafic rocks.

No relict olivine remains, and it has been completely serpentinized. The overlying mafic/ultramafic rocks have been altered to an albite-actinolite-epidote-chlorite assemblage. It has also been strongly structurally controlled altered with intense carbonate-talc on the outer margins of MKD5, and along faults. The hanging wall and footwall show strongly sheared ultramafic rocks.

The primary sulphide zone contains lobate aggregates 1-2mm across, mainly pentlandite with magnetite. 20% of the orebody is pentlandite-millerite and heazlewoodite and magnetite. The Ni-Fe sulphides show oxidation/weathering
where pyrrhotite has been replaced by marcasite, pentlandite replaced by violarite, violarite by millerite and finally the decomposition of the sulphides. The serpentine host rock is bleached in this zone and with high weathering the serpentine is replaced by clay minerals, with alot of quartz and dolomite. Overlying this is a ferruginous zone dominated by goethite, clay minerals and the absence of serpentine. The lower part of this zone also contains manganese oxides. Overlying this is a hardpan clay zone of transported detritus.

Allophane is found as waxy, robin-egg blue coloured, as a weathering product in the oxide zone, as joint fillings, associated with pyrite in the Hanging Wall chert.

In August 2001, a handful of 'gemmy' emerald green Ni brucite was collected by geotechnical engineer Tim Summons at the North Knob section of Stage E pit. The crystals are hexagonal prisms to 15 mms as clusters, and also as fracture fill, associated with magnesite on a serpentine and pyroaurite matrix. A few are in private collections. Brucite is also seen as silky white fibrous material.

Dolomite with trace Ni as fracture coatings and wall linings, yellow-green to oil-green in colour. Some are yellow-green dolomite crystals liberally scattered on bluish-grey botryoidal chalcedony. Also quartz-carbonate-chlorite veins containing colourless sugary dolomite rhombs to 3 mms, encrusting quartz crystals in small vughs.

Abundant graphite sometimes confused with tochilinite, as very coarse lustrous aggregate in black shale units of the Hanging Wall, sometimes associated with pyrite balls. On the 349 and 379 benches of Stage D pit, mine staff collected many pyrite ball specimens, some subsequently mounted on wooden bases. These are similar to the pyrite balls listed under the Millstream Oasis Mindat locality. The Mount Keith specimens are generally yet to be seen publically. Also euhedral pyrite cubes to 10 mms lining walls of iowaite and pyroaurite filled fractures and euhedral 5 mm crystals in weathered serpentine matrix, and massive pyrite.

Clear colourless selenite slabs were collected by mine surveyors from the southern part of the Stage E pit cutback, but are yet to be seen publically.
Heazlewoodite is common in the northern part of the deposit as blebs, and coarse intergrowths with pentlandite, millerite, or godlevskite. Abundant white, cream, or Ni influenced pale green, chalky nodules and segregations of magnesite on its own, or intergrown with talc and/or antigorite.

Common magnetite as thin veinlets and segregations. In one part of the Stage D pits the rocks were covered with millions of glittering octahedral, cube, or combinations of both magnetite microcrystals, along joint planes, associated with sharp pyrite cubes, acicular clear magnesite microcrystals, and scattered pink chromian mountkeithite patches.

Millerite is common in what mine workers call the 'Millerite Domain', associated with pentlandite, cobaltian violarite, and goldlevskite. Pentlandite is the most important nickel ore at the mine as disseminated blebs, and rarely massive, and as a matrix nickel sulphide component.

Quartz in the oxide, and to a lesser extent supergene zones, as blue or grey chalcedony, sometimes coated with druses of minute quartz crystals, and variously coloured prase, poor quality chrysoprase, moss agate, moss opalite, honey opal, cherts, and poor quality coarsely banded pale agate.

Violarite as lath-like exsolution lamellae in pentlandite, sometimes assocated with small round bravoitic pyrite crystals. Unusually iowaite and pyroaurite is abundant at MKD5. These are found as vein fillings associated with cubic pyrite crystals in lizardite-brucite altered dunite. Pyroaurite is white to pale blue, and opaque, while iowaite is a deep sea green colour, translucent, turning to silky white on exposure to air.

Attractive slabbed specimens have been seen of stichtite, woodallite, and/or mountkeithite, associated with pentlandite veinlets and iowaite, in a lizardite-brucite altered dunite, serpentinite, or peridotite matrix.





Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
West Australian Element, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, AustraliaCraton
Mount Keith Nickel Metallogenic Province, Western Australia, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


83 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
'Biotite'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Copper
Formula: Cu
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Godlevskite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)9S8
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Graphite
Formula: C
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite
Formula: Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iowaite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Konyaite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Millerite
Formula: NiS
'Monazite'
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Mountkeithite (TL)
Formula: [(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Type Locality:
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tochilinite
Formula: Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Woodallite (TL)
Formula: Mg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Godlevskite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe)9S8
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
Tochilinite2.FD.35Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Iowaite4.FL.05Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Woodallite (TL)4.FL.05Mg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotalcite5.DA.50Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Konyaite7.CC.80Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Morenosite7.CB.40NiSO4 · 7H2O
Mountkeithite (TL)7.DD.35[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Népouite9.ED.15(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Monazite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
Spionkopite2.4.7.7Cu39S28
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
Heazlewoodite2.5.3.1Ni3S2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Godlevskite2.7.4.1(Ni,Fe)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite2.8.11.2NiSb
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Polydymite2.10.1.7Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite2.12.1.13PtAs2
Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
Tochilinite2.14.2.1Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Valleriite2.14.1.1(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Maghemite4.3.7.1Fe3+2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Baddeleyite4.4.14.1ZrO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Iowaite6.4.5.1Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrotalcite16b.6.2.1Mg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Pyroaurite16b.6.2.3Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Stichtite16b.6.2.2Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Konyaite29.3.5.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Morenosite29.6.11.3NiSO4 · 7H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Mountkeithite (TL)32.4.3.1[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite71.1.2b.3(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Sepiolite74.3.1b.1Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Biotite'-
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Monazite'-
Woodallite (TL)-Mg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
H Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFex3+)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
H TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
H HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C GraphiteC
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
C HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
OOxygen
O WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
O Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFex3+)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O BaddeleyiteZrO2
O HematiteFe2O3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MaghemiteFe23+O3
O RutileTiO2
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
O HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
MgMagnesium
Mg WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Mg Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFex3+)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Mg TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Mg HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Al HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFex3+)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S HeazlewooditeNi3S2
S MilleriteNiS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S SpionkopiteCu39S28
S Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
S KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
ClChlorine
Cl WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Cl IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr StichtiteMg6Cr23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
FeIron
Fe Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFex3+)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MaghemiteFe23+O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni HeazlewooditeNi3S2
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
Ni PolydymiteNi2+Ni23+S4
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
Ni Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ni Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu SpionkopiteCu39S28
Cu Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As NickelineNiAs
As SperrylitePtAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr BaddeleyiteZrO2
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
RuRuthenium
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
IrIridium
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
PtPlatinum
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 930234
colluvium 38491

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Colluvium and/or residual deposits, sheetwash, talus, scree; boulder, gravel, sand; may include minor alluvial or sand plain deposits, local calcrete and reworked laterite

Comments: regolith; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Regolith

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean
2500 - 3200 Ma



ID: 3188638
Archean volcanic and intrusive rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 3200 Ma)

Comments: Yilgarn Craton

Lithology: Greenstone belt; mafic-ultramafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Marston, R.J. (1984) Nickel Mineralization in Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 14, Geological Survey of Western Australia, 291p. 
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol.9, No.2 pp.55-71.
Rosengren, N.M., Beresford, S.W., Grugic, B.A., Cas, R.A.F. (2005) An intrusive origin for the komatiitic dunite-hosted Mount Keith diesseminated nickel suplphide deposit, Western Australia. Economic Geology Jan 2005 Vol.100(1) pp.149-156.
Mills, S. J., Wilson, S. A., Dipple, G. M. & Raudsepp, M. (2010) The decomposition of konyaite: importance in CO₂ fixation in mine tailings. Mineralogical Magazine Vol.74(5) pp.903–917.
Stephen J. Barnes, Marco L. Fiorentini und Michael C. Fardon (2012) Platinum group element and nickel sulphide ore tenors of the Mount Keith nickel deposit, Yilgarn Craton, Australia. Mineralium Deposita Vol.47 pp.129-150.
Butt, C.R.M., Nickel, E.H. (1981) Mineralogy and geochemistry of the weathering of the disseminated nickel sulphide deposit at Mt. Keith, Western Australia, Economic Geology Vol.76(6) pp.1736-1751.
Grguric, B., Madsen, I.C., Pring, A. (2001) Woodallite, a new chromium analogue of iowaite from the Mount Keith nickel deposit, Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.65(3) pp.427-435.

External Links



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: May 20, 2019 16:26:49 Page generated: January 8, 2019 04:01:37
Go to top of page