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Maid of Sunshine Mine, Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District), Dragoon Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Maid of Sunshine MineMine
Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)Mining District
Dragoon MtsMountain Range
Cochise Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 46' 26'' North , 109° 48' 32'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Elfrida459 (2011)15.2km
Sunizona281 (2011)19.0km
McNeal238 (2011)23.3km
Tombstone1,312 (2017)25.4km
Dragoon209 (2011)35.6km


A former small underground Cu-Ag-Au mine located in the SW ¼ sec. 16, T.19S., R.25E, ½ mile SE of Turquoise Mountain, on private land. Produced 1913-1929. Owned/operated, or in part, by the Leadville Mining Co., Calumet & Arizona Mining Co. and the Phelps Dodge Corp.

Mineralization is oxidized copper ores in an irregular blanket-like deposit, an average of 15 feet thick, in thrust fault breccia between Bolsa Quartzite above and Carboniferous Abrigo limestone below. Ore concentration was oxidation.

Local structures include the overthrust of Bolsa Quartzite over Paleozoic rocks. Post-thrust faults strike from N-S to NW-SE and dip from 50 to 70 degrees E. These faults broke the thrust plane into irregular steps. Post-thrust faulting was later than mineralization. In some areas, Abrigo Limestone underlies the Bolsa Quartzite in the overlying plate. The thickness of the overthrust material is about 100 feet.

Workings include a shaft and an incline and total 3,212.59 meters in length and 121.92 meters in depth. The workings adjoin the Germania and Mary drifts on the 145 foot, 200 foot, 215 foot, 229 foot, 275 foot, and 311-foot levels. The incline is 150 feet to the surface.

Several thousand tons of ore were produced from 1898 to 1915, some 15,000 tons in 1918 and 1919, and about 12,000 tons from 1923 to 1929.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Colour: Blue
Reference: Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 105.; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.; Handbook of Mineralogy.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Occurs as large, crystallized masses.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 105, 125, 198.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.:
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Habit: Sharp acicular
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 146.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: P Haas collection
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Reference: R.O. Meyer collection
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048114, MRDS ID #M800134.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Habit: Acicular crystal groups.
Description: Abundant.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 198, 376.
Glaucocerinite
Formula: (Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Description: Occurs as fibrous masses.
Reference: Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 4. Frost, et al (2004).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: Micro-crystals
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: Small but superb crystals at times
Description: Occurs as large masses or small but superb crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 198, 285; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 53.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Habit: Good crystals to 1 mm long; micro-crystal.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 198, 376.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 391; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 27.
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Description: Fibrous to spherulitic form.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 425.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Crednerite4.AB.05CuMnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Glaucocerinite7.DD.35(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Crednerite7.1.2.1CuMnO2
(AB)2X3
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Glaucocerinite31.4.8.1(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O CredneriteCuMnO2
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O TenoriteCuO
O CupriteCu2O
O Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O CalciteCaCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CovelliteCuS
ClChlorine
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn CredneriteCuMnO2
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
CuCopper
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu CredneriteCuMnO2
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
ZnZinc
Zn Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
PbLead
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187054
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Olenekian - Ediacaran
247.2 - 635 Ma



ID: 2817071
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic to Triassic (247.2 - 635 Ma)

Description: Undivided Paleozoic limestone, dolostone, quartzite, shale, and related sedimentary rocks. (248-544 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{limestone,dolostone,quartzite}, Minor:{shale}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wilson, E.D. (1927) Geology and ore deposits of the Courtland-Gleeson region, Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 123, 79 pp. [56-58].
Galbraith, F.W. and Brennan, D.J. (1959) Minerals of Arizona: 27, 53.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973) Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 187: 83 (Table 4).
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1995) Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 105, 125, 144, 146, 198, 278, 285, 376, 391, 425.
Frost, et al. (2004).
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 4.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology file data.
Arizona Bureau of Mines files.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048114, MRDS ID #M800134; and, Dep. ID #10137187, MAS ID #0040030648.

USGS MRDS Record:10048114
This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
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