SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Kramer Borate deposit, Boron, Kern Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Kramer Borate depositDeposit
BoronTown
Kern Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 2' 28'' North , 117° 41' 14'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Boron2,253 (2011)5.8km
North Edwards1,058 (2011)13.5km
Edwards Air Force Base2,063 (2013)26.5km
California City13,277 (2017)28.7km
Johannesburg172 (2011)37.2km


A large borate-B-As-Sb-clay deposit located in secs. 19, 23 & 24, T11N, R8W, SBM, approximately 7 miles NW of Kramer and 4 miles NW of Boron. MRDS database stated accuracy for this location is 10 meters. Discovered in 1913 by Dr. John K. Suckow. Suckow discovered colemanite when drilling a water well. In 1925, a second water well discovered a huge deposit of borax. Initial production occurred in 1927 and continues). Owned-Operated by the U.S. Borax (Subsidiary Of Rtz Borax Ltd. Of Rtz Corp. PLC (London, UK), Los Angeles, California (end 1992). Listed as "Kramer Borate deposit" by the USGS-MRDS database. The name was changed to the USGS name to prevent confusion with the other "Kramer pit," (MAS No. 0060290688). Listed in MAS and not on the USGS list (June, 1994).

Mineralization is a sedimentary deposit (Deposit model: Model code: 260; USGS model code 35b.3; Deposit model name: lacustrine borates), hosted in the Tank Hill Limestone, Ricardo Formation shale, claystone, sandstone and volcanic ash. The ore body is generally lenticular in form with a dip 10-15SE at a thickness of 91.44 meters, depth-to-top of 91.44 meters, width of 804.65 meters and a length of 3,218.6 meters. Controls for ore emplacement included a structurally closed basin and the presence of B-bearing thermal springs during deposition. The deposit was buried by 1,000 to 2,000 meters of continental sediments. Although much of this material had been removed by erosion and subsequent uplift. The shale is greenish in color. Associated rocks include Pliocene-Miocene Saddleback Basalt. Local rocks include Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits.

The ore layer extends over 500 acres. The deposit is a roughly lenticular crystalline mass of borax and kernite containing interbedded claystone. The deposit is completely enveloped by ulexite-bearing shales. Studies have indicated that the borates were deposited in a small structural, non-marine basin, associated with thermal spring activity. The deposit consistently grades 10 to 30% B2O3, and very few other salts occur with the borates. Only borax, kernite, and minor tincalconite are exploited. The overburden thickness ranges from 60 to 150 meters (1992).

Local structures include a down warped ancient lake bed, folded and faulted, structural basin, and the Portal Fault (strikes West). Related tectonic structures include the West-central Mojave Desert.

Workings included surface and underground openings with the underground openings subsequently being subhumed by the open pit mining operations.

Production data are found in: World Mining Developments 1979-19: 419.

Reserve-Resource data are found in: Kistler and Smith (1985); and in Roskill (1993).

99%+ of all the specimens from this deposit have come from the open pit mine. Very few specimens exist or can be verified from any of the underground mines in the deposit that were operated before the open pit mine began. The exception to this are the many specimens of borax crystals that were almost exclusively from the underground sections of the deposit and probably the majority of those were collected from shallow flooded stopes in the West Baker mine. Almost all of these specimens have long since dehydrated to white Tincalconite pseudomorphs after borax and have fallen apart and been thrown out. Each year, for many years the company has collected fresh borax specimens from the underground for the benefit of the local gem and mineral society which are sold at their annual show. Also, most of the Ulexite "clam shells" were collected from the overhead shale underground in the West Baker mine. Almost all other specimens have been collected from the open pit mine itself or from the dumps that lie mostly to the north of the mine.

Analytical data results: Averaged 25% B2O3.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

83 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Description: Occurs as subhedral to anhedral grains in the tuff beds bordering the main sodium borate beds.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 146; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 360.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
'Apatite var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'
Description: Constituent of phosphatic material of fossil bones.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 146; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 315.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Description: Comprises fossil shells in shales underlying the borate deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 146; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 215.
Aragonite var: Strontian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Description: Comprises fossil shells in shales underlying the borate deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 146; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 215.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Colour: Blackish to silvery
Description: Occurs sparingly as small rounded grains or subhedral crystals on fibrous ulexite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 146; Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 213.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Colour: Colourless to whitish
Description: Occurs as minute grains and octahedral crystals.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 147; Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 186.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Colour: Bluish; pink (microscopic spikes)
Description: Occurs as tabular crystals to 3 mm long and microscopic spikes on colemanite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 147; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 292.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Description: Rounded grains.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 147, 172; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Habit: Fibrous
Colour: Iridescent purplish
Description: Occurs as fibrous material with colemanite and as spherules up to 2.5 mm in borax; as flakes in kernite and borax.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Soc. of California, Montebello, CA): 34; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 102; California Division of Mines & Geology (1969), Mineral Information Service: 22(9) (Sept 1969); Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 147; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 137.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Colour: Blackish to brown
Description: Occurs as specks on colemanite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 168; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 168 (photo 4-5).
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Description: Occurs with opal as fracture coatings in sandy clay of the Ricardo Formation.
Reference: Walker, G.W., Lovering, T.G., and Stephens, H.G. (1956), Radioactive Deposits in California: Special Report 49 of the California Division of Mines & Geology: 19; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 326.
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Chlorite Group'
'Clays'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Clinoptilolite'
Description: Occurs with dominant phillipsite in tuff beds above the borate orebody.
Reference: Hay, Richard Le Roy (1966) Zeolites and zeolitic reactions in sedimentary rocks: Geological Society of America Special Paper 85, 130 p.: 44; Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1967a) Areal geology of western Mojave Desert, California. USGS Professional Paper 522: 126-127; Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 147; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 375.
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs as silky, curling, fibrous crystals.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 266.
'Erionite'
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Garrelsite
Formula: Ba3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Colour: Colourless
Description: A few subhedal grains (0.1 x 0.6 mm) occurred in ulexite in the B-zone above the lower ore.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 512.
Gerstleyite (TL)
Formula: Na2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist 41 (1956), 839-843
'Gmelinite'
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 286.
Gypsum var: Satin Spar Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs poorly developed in the open pit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 286.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Colour: Colourless
Description: Occurs as scaly masses and incrustations in clay surrounding the deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 286.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Description: Occurs as efflorescences.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 191.
Hectorite
Formula: Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Description: Material has a high Li content.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 439.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Description: Occurs in claystone and in basalt float.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 161.
Heulandite-Na
Formula: (Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Colour: Black to reddish brown
Description: Occurs as a thin glassy coating on joint-crack surfaces of basalt.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 152, 165, 168; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 66, 438; Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service: 22(9) (Sept 1969).
'Hornblende'
Colour: Greenish
Description: Basaltic; elongate crystals in ulexite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 401.
Howlite
Formula: Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Description: Occurs as sparse cauliflower-like nodules in the clay or siltstone envelope of the Na-borate orebody; at one location, thin platy crystals to 0.15 mm occur in nodules of colemanite.
Reference: Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1946), Geology of the Kramer borate district, Kern County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 332; Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1967a) Areal geology of western Mojave Desert, California. USGS Professional Paper 522: 126-127; Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 510.
Hydroboracite
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Description: Occurs as crystals to 1.5 mm in vesicles of basalt float.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 385.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Colour: Blackish
Description: Occurs as grains in the siltstone bed.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 171.
Inderite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Description: Rare but found in fine single crystals.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Society of California, Montebello, CA): 25; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 229; California Division of Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9) (September 1969).
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 9 Sept 1969
Kernite
Formula: Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
'K Feldspar'
Description: Occurs as remnants of euhedral and subhedral grains being replaced by borax in borax crystals and massive borates.
Reference: Bowser, C.J. (1965a), Geochemistry and petrology of the sodium borates in the non-marine evaporative environment: Unpublished Ph.. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 307 pp.: 137, 267-268; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 360.
Kurnakovite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Colour: Reddish brown
Description: Occurs as a powdery alteration of hypersthene in basalt float in the overburden of the deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 165-166; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 162.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Description: Occurs as a constituent of the Saddleback basalt.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 66; California Division of Mines & Geology: Mineral Information Service: 22(10) (Oct 1969).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Mazzite-Na (TL)
Formula: Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: Acicular
Colour: White
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World: 64.; Valange, S., Gabelica, Z. (1996) Zeolieten. Pages 59-71 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).; Arletti, R., Galli, E., Vezzalini, G., Wise, W.S. (2005) Mazzite-Na, a new zeolite from Boron, California: Its description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 90(7), 1186-1191.
'Melnikovite'
Description: Occurs as micro-particles of highly magnetic material disseminated throughout the clay-shale portion of the deposit. Occurs in nodules of kurnakovite and colemanite above the main orebody.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 71;
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Colour: Black
Description: Occurs as a thin black coating on a specimen of clay.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 115.
Meyerhofferite
Formula: Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
'Mica Group'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Description: Occurs as furry growths in old underground workings; also in the borate beds. Single acicular crystals to 30 cm (12 inches) long.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 165, 169; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 280.
'Monazite'
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Reference: Am Min 90:1186-1191
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Description: The second most abundant clay at the deposit.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 152; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 427.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Colour: Brownish to gray, white
Description: Occurs as masses up to 3 cm; some dense, white material, apparently pseudomorphic after ulexite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 165, 169; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 355.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
'Phillipsite'
Phillipsite-Na
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (2005): 90: 1186-1191; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Probertite (TL)
Formula: NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1928) 13, 452-453; Nickel & Nichols (1991) Mineral Reference Maual; Frondel C, Morgan V (1956) Inderite and gerstleyite from the Kramer borate district, Kern County, California. American Mineralogist 41, 839-843
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Habit: Tabular to bladed
Colour: Dark reddish brown
Description: Occurs as crystals to 1 mm long in vesicles of red basalt float.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 165-166; Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 174.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Occurs as minute cubes in joint cracks in a dense black basalt underlying the deposit. Also occurs as minute brassy crystals in nodules and geodes of calcite.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 166; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 72; California Division of Mines & Geology: Mineral Information Service: 22(10) (Oct 1969).
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite var: Ferroan Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Searlesite
Formula: Na(H2BSi2O7)
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Colour: Pale yellow
Description: Occurs as efflorescent clusters of needle-like crystals to 1.5 mm.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 168; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278-279.
Smythite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Habit: Acicular
Colour: Black
Description: Needle-like crystals and clusters of shiny material occur throughout the deposit; specifically, it occurs as minute spherulites in kernite and borax.
Reference: Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1930), Borate minerals from the Kramer district, Mohave Desert, California: USGS PP 158-I: 137-170; […Mineralogical Magazine: 22: 622 (1931)]; Dickson, F.W. and W.J. Raab (1965) Origin of stibnite associated with borax at Kramer, California. Geological Society of America Program: 44-45; Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 147, 168; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 127, 137.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Colour: Yellowish tan and greenish gray to blackish
Description: Occurs as masses of fibers to 2.5 cm (1 inch).
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 169; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 218.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Colour: Yellow
Description: Occurs as minute crystals in the main orebody.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 169; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 52.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Tincalconite
Formula: Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 168; Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
Tunellite (TL)
Formula: SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Erd, R.C., Morgan, V., and Clark, J.R. (1961) Tunellite, a new hydrous strontium borate from the Kramer Borate District, California. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 424-C, 294-297.; Speckels, M.L. (1965) Minerals for everyone: the complete guide to micromounts. Gembooks, Mentone, California.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite
Formula: Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Wardsmithite
Formula: Ca5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Description: Occurs on montmorillonite as clusters of minute crystals at the bottom of the pit.
Reference: Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 243.
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Colour: White
Description: Rounded pellets.
Reference: Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 147, 172; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Gerstleyite (TL)2.HE.05Na2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Smythite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Carnotite4.HB.05K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Sr)CO3
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Colemanite6.CB.10Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Howlite6.CB.20Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Hydroboracite6.CB.15CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite6.CA.15MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite6.CA.35Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kernite6.DB.05Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Kurnakovite6.CA.20MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Meyerhofferite6.CA.30Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Probertite (TL)6.EB.15NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Tincalconite6.DA.15Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Tunellite (TL)6.FC.05SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite6.EC.15Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Wardsmithite6.H0.25Ca5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Satin Spar Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na9.GE.05Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Garrelsite9.AJ.15Ba3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Gmelinite-Na9.GD.05Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Hectorite9.EC.45Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Heulandite-Na9.GE.05(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mazzite-Na (TL)9.GC.20Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Phillipsite-Na9.GC.10(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Ferroan Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Searlesite9.EF.15Na(H2BSi2O7)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Pararealgar2.8.21.2As4S4
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Smythite2.8.10.2(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
1 < ø < 2
Gerstleyite (TL)3.8.8.1Na2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Howlite25.3.5.1Ca2B5SiO9(OH)5
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Colemanite26.3.5.1Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Hydroboracite26.3.6.1CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite26.3.1.3MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Inyoite26.3.1.1Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Kurnakovite26.3.3.1MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Meyerhofferite26.3.2.1Ca2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Kernite26.4.5.1Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Tincalconite26.4.2.1Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Pentaborates
Probertite (TL)26.5.12.1NaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Veatchite26.5.9.1Sr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Hexaborates
Tunellite (TL)26.6.6.2SrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Wardsmithite26.7.7.1Ca5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Carnotite40.2a.28.1K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Garrelsite54.2.4.1Ba3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Hectorite71.3.1b.4Na0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Searlesite71.3.5.4Na(H2BSi2O7)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite-(Ca,Sr)CO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Chabazite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clays'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
Clinoptilolite-Na-Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Erionite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Gmelinite'-
Gmelinite-Na-Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gypsum
var: Satin Spar Gypsum
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Heulandite-Na-(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Mazzite-Na (TL)-Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
'Melnikovite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Phillipsite'-
Phillipsite-Na-(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Saponite
var: Ferroan Saponite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
H ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
H GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
H TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
H TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
H KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
H VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
H Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
H Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
LiLithium
Li HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
BBoron
B ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
B TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
B TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
B KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
B HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
B VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
B SassoliteH3BO3
B SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
B GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
B HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
B InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
B MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
O ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
O GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
O TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
O TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
O KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
O VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
O SassoliteH3BO3
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
O Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
O Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O TridymiteSiO2
O WitheriteBaCO3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
NaSodium
Na Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Na ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Na GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Na KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Na SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
Na Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Na Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Na Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Mg Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Mg Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Al Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Al Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
SiSilicon
Si Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Si Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
Si Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Si Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
S RealgarAs4S4
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S PararealgarAs4S4
S Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SulphurS8
S StibniteSb2S3
S BaryteBaSO4
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MetacinnabarHgS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca ProbertiteNaCaB5O7(OH)4 · 3H2O
Ca ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5
Ca InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca WardsmithiteCa5Mg[B4O7]6 · 30H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Satin Spar Gypsum)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Saponite (var: Ferroan Saponite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
AsArsenic
As GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
As PararealgarAs4S4
As ArsenicAs
As ArsenoliteAs2O3
SrStrontium
Sr TunelliteSrB6O9(OH)2 · 3H2O
Sr VeatchiteSr2B11O16(OH)5 · H2O
Sr Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Sr Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
SbAntimony
Sb GerstleyiteNa2(Sb,As)8S13 · 2H2O
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
HgMercury
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
UUranium
U CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Yale, Charles G. & Hoyt S. Gale (1913), Borax: Mineral Resources of the United States, 1912, part 2: 839-846.
Noble, Levi Fatzinger (1926a), Borate deposits in the Kramer district, Kern County, California: USGS Bulletin 785-C: 45-61; […(abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 37: 185 (1928)]: 45-61.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1927), Kernite, a new sodium borate: American Mineralogist: 12: 24-25.
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1929), Probertite, a new borate: American Mineralogist: 14: 427-430.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1930), Borate minerals from the Kramer district, Mohave Desert, California: USGS PP 158-I: 137-170; […Mineralogical Magazine: 22: 622 (1931)]: 137-170.
Murdoch, Joseph (1945), Probertite from Los Angeles County, California: American Mineralogist: 30: 719-721.
Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1946), Geology of the Kramer borate district, Kern County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 332, 362.
Frondel, Clifford & V. Morgen (1956), Inderite and gerstleyite from the Kramer borate district, Kern County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 839-843.
Frondel, Clifford, V. Morgan & J.L.T. Waugh (1956), Lesserite, a new borate mineral American Mineralogist: 41: 927-928.
Smith, George Irving, Hy Almond, & D.L. Sawyer, Jr. (1958), Sassolite from the Kramer borate district, California: American Mineralogist: 43: 1068-1078.
Christ, C.L. & R.M. Garrels (1959), Relations among sodium borate hydrates at the Kramer deposit, Boron, California: American Journal of Science: 257: 516-528.
Pemberton, H. Earl, Wm. Moller, Jack Schwartz & George Masimer (1960), The minerals of Boron, California, 40 pp. (Published by the Mineral Research Society of California, Montebello, CA): 25, 31.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore & Mary Emma Mrose (1960), The naming of the hydrous magnesium borate minerals from Boron, California – a preliminary note: American Mineralogist: 45: 732-734.
Barnard, R.M. & R.B. Kistler (1961), Stratigraphic and structural evolution of the Kramer sodium borate ore body, Boron, California, in: Second Symposium on Salt, J.L. Rau (editor): Northern Ohio Geol. Sc.: 133-150.
Bowser, C.J. & F.W. Dickson (1961), Chemical zonation of the borates of Kramer, California, In: J.L. Rau (ed.), Second Symposium on Salt: 1: 122-132, Northern Ohio Geological Society.
Obert, L. and Long, A.E. (1962) Underground borate mining, Kern County, California. US Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 6110, 67 pp.: 1-12.
Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 63.
Ver Planck, Wm. E., Jr. (1962), Kramer Borate District, California Division of Mines and Geology; County Report 1: 39-40.
Hay, Richard Le Roy (1964), Phillipsite of saline lakes and soils American Mineralogist: 49: 1367.
Rumanova, I.M. and Ashirov, A. (1964) The determination of the crystal structure of inderite. Soviet Physics-Crystallography: 8: 414-428.
Bowser, C.J. (1965a), Geochemistry and petrology of the sodium borates in the non-marine evaporative environment: Unpublished Ph.. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 307 pp.: 49-50, 147-148.
Dickson, F.W. and W.J. Raab (1965) Origin of stibnite associated with borax at Kramer, California. Geological Society of America Program: 44-45.
Pecora, W.T. and Staff (1965) Mineral Resources. Geological Survey Research, 1965. USGS Professional Paper 525-A, 376 pp.: 9.
Hay, Richard Le Roy (1966) Zeolites and zeolitic reactions in sedimentary rocks: Geological Society of America Special Paper 85, 130 p.: 44.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 154, 229, 235, 236-237, 295, 319.
Dibblee, T.W., Jr. (1967a) Areal geology of western Mojave Desert, California. USGS Professional Paper 522: 126-127.
Smith, W.C. (1968) Borax solution at Kramer, California. Economic Geology: 63(2): 877-883.
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 143-153, 165-172.
Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10.
Razmanova, .P., Rumanova, I.M., and Belov, N.V. (1970) Crystal structure of kurnakovite Mg2B6O11•15H2O = 2Mg[B3O3(OH)5]•5H2O. Soviet Physics, Doklady: 14: 1139-1142.
Kistler, R.B., and Smith, W.C. (1975), Boron and Borates, in: Lefond, S.J., editor, Industrial Minerals and Rocks (non-metallics other than fuels): New York, A.I.M.E.: 473-496.
Puffer, J.H. (1975) The Kramer borate mineral assemblage. Mineralogical Record: 6: 84-91.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Minerals Yearbook, 1978-1979: volume 1: 120.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 51, 52, 66, 69, 71, 72, 115, 127, 132, 137, 161, 162, 168 (photo 4-5), 171, 174, 186, 191, 210, 213, 215, 219, 222, 216, 240, 243, 249, 256, 259, 266, 278-279, 280, 286, 292, 315, 355, 360, 368, 375, 382, 385, 401, 427, 428, 438, 439, 510, 512.
Smith, George Irving (1985) Borate deposits in the United States: Dissimilar in form, similar in geologic setting, in Barker, J.M., and LeFond, S.J., 1985, Borates: Economic Geology and Production; Proceedings of a symposium held on October 24, 1984, at the fall meeting of SME-AIME in Denver, Colorado: New York, Society of Mining Engineers of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc: 38-51.
California Division of Mines and Geology (1990), Mines and mineral producers active in California (1988-89), California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, Special Publication 103.
O'Driscoll, Mike (1990), “Minerals in the US Southwest - breaking rocks in the hot sun” Industrial Minerals, no. 272: 56, 59.
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World: 64.
Roskill Information Services Ltd. (1993), “The Economics of Boron 1993, 7th ed.” London, Roskill Information Services Ltd., 156 p.
American Mineralogist (2005): 90: 1186-1191.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10080426 & 10284982.
Currier, Rock (2010), personal communication with Mindat/org.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file #0060291052.

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
USA

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 23, 2019 21:58:26 Page generated: September 21, 2019 22:37:13
Go to top of page