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Borax Lake Mine (Lake Hachinhama; Little Borax Lake; Clear Lake), Clear Lake, Sulphur Creek Mining District (Sulfur Creek Mining District; Wilbur Springs Mining District), Lake Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Borax Lake Mine (Lake Hachinhama; Little Borax Lake; Clear Lake)Mine
Clear LakeLake
Sulphur Creek Mining District (Sulfur Creek Mining District; Wilbur Springs Mining District)Mining District
Lake Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 58' North , 122° 40' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Clearlake15,182 (2017)3.6km
Clear Lake Riviera3,090 (2017)4.9km
Clearlake Oaks2,359 (2011)6.6km
Lower Lake1,294 (2011)7.9km
Soda Bay1,016 (2011)11.2km


A former Borate-Halite-Co-Na mine located 3.6 km (2.2 miles) WNW of Clear Lake (coordinates of record) and 4 miles W of Borax Lake.

Mineralization is a lacustrine borate and halite deposit hosted in clay, mud and evaporite.

Production data can be found in Yale (1904).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Description: Occurs in solution in the lake.
Reference: Bailey, Gilbert E. (1902), The saline deposits of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 24: 52; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 189: 109, 356.
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 189: 356.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: Hanks, Henry Garber (1883), Report on borax deposits: California Mining Bureau. Report 3, part 2, 111 pp.: 38; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 377.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Borax6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Pentaborates
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
BBoron
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
CCarbon
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
OOxygen
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
CaCalcium
Ca GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hanks, Henry Garber (1883), Report on borax deposits: California Mining Bureau. Report 3, part 2, 111 pp.: 38.
Bailey, Gilbert E. (1902), The saline deposits of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 24: 52.
Yale, Charles G. (1904), Borax: in Mineral Resources of the U.S., 1903, USGS, Washington, D.C.: 1017-1028.
Smith, W.C. (1966) Borax and other compounds. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 191, part 1: 104-111.
Smith, G.I. (1985) Borate deposits in the United States: Dissimilar in form, similar in geologic setting, in Barker, J.M., and LeFond, S.J., 1985, Borates: Economic Geology and Production; Proceedings of a symposium held on October 24, 1984, at the fall meeting of SME-AIME in Denver, Colorado: New York, Society of Mining Engineers of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, Inc: 38-51.
Ver Planck, W.E. (1956) History of Borax Production in the United States: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 52(3): 273-191.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 189: 109, 356, 377.
Lyday, P.A. (1992), History of Boron Production and Processing: Industrial Minerals, No. 303: 19-37.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

North America
North America PlateTectonic Plate

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