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Braen Quarry (Braen Stone Industry Quarry; Sam Braen Quarry), Haledon, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Braen Quarry (Braen Stone Industry Quarry; Sam Braen Quarry)Quarry
Haledon- not defined -
Passaic Co.County
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Mineralized scoria at the Braen Quarry 2009

Braen Quarry, Haledon, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
Saul & Joe at Braen Brothers Quarry, 1963

Braen Quarry, Haledon, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
Mineralized scoria at the Braen Quarry 2009

Braen Quarry, Haledon, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
Saul & Joe at Braen Brothers Quarry, 1963

Braen Quarry, Haledon, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
Mineralized scoria at the Braen Quarry 2009

Braen Quarry, Haledon, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
Saul & Joe at Braen Brothers Quarry, 1963

Braen Quarry, Haledon, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 56' 7'' North , 74° 11' 48'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Haledon8,451 (2017)0.9km
Prospect Park5,953 (2017)1.9km
North Haledon8,548 (2017)2.4km
Paterson147,754 (2017)2.9km
Totowa10,973 (2017)3.5km


A trap rock quarry located within the Preakness Mountain Basalt of the Watchung Mountains, which commenced operations in 1920. The Braen family acquired the land in 1948 and has run it ever since. Mineralization occurs within the pillow formation, veins, amygdaloidal pockets, scoriaceous basalt and diapiric structures containing cavities. This quarry is one of the very few extensive exposures of the Preakness Basalt.

The Braen quarry in Haledon has been listed as a locality for canaphite ever since the original description was published (Peacor, et al, 1985). However, the original description was based on one specimen and all the available evidence indicates that the specimen was mislabeled. Questions about the mineral led Rouse, et al (1988) to determine the history of the original discovery, the only one in the region, from the original collectors. That discovery was at Great Notch, not the Braen quarry in Haledon.

On Mindat's canaphite page the attribution to Haledon is based on the Handbook of Mineralogy. Oddly, the Handbook entry lists Rouse, et al (1988) among the references although those who included it do not seem to have read the text.






Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


27 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Habit: trapezohedral
Colour: white
Description: Specimen consists of a 2" breccia pocket with several isolated white 3/16" crystals.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Specimens in E. Stanchich and B. Plotkin collections.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Canaphite
Formula: Na2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
Description: The Braen quarry in Haledon has been listed as a locality for canaphite ever since the original description was published (Peacor, et al, 1985) However, the original description was based on one specimen and all the available evidence indicates that the specimen was mislabeled. Questions about the mineral led Rouse, et al (1988) to determine the history of the original discovery, the only one in the region, from the original collectors. That discovery was at Great Notch, not the Braen quarry in Haledon. On Mindat's canaphite page the attribution to Haledon is based on the Handbook of Mineralogy. Oddly, the Handbook entry lists Rouse, et al (1988) among the references although those who included it do not seem to have read the text.
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy Rouse, R.C., Peacor, D.R., Freed, R.L. (1988): Pyrophosphate groups in the structure of canaphite, CaNa2P207·4H20: The first occurrence of a condensed phosphate as a mineral. American Mineralogist 73, 168-171.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
'Heulandite subgroup'
Colour: Tan
Description: Occurs in cavities in Watchung basalt.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Habit: orthorhombic
Colour: white to clear
Description: Found in breccia pockets.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Habit: orthorhombic, spheres
Colour: green, whitish-green, yellow-green
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
'Pumpellyite-(Fe)'
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)
Formula: Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Reference: Excalibur Mineral Corporation Specimen
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Occur in cavities in Watchung basalt. Recent material is very attractive drusy pyrite crystals coating other whitish minerals in cavities.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Van King
Quartz var: Agate
Description: Beautiful red and gray banded agate was very sparingly found with amethyst in basalt.
Reference: Mason, B., 1960, Trap Rock Minerals of New Jersey.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Description: Beautiful red and gray banded agate was very sparingly found with amethyst in basalt.
Reference: Mason, B., 1960, Trap Rock Minerals of New Jersey.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Colour: Colorless, whitish
Description: Occurs as botroidal crusts and spheroidal structures in cavities in the Watchung basalt.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
'Stilbite subgroup'
Habit: Aggregates of crystals forming sheaves.
Colour: Snow-white.
Fluorescence: None.
Description: Occur in cavities in Watchung basalt. Recent material is snow-white crystal aggregates on matrix in cavities.
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Canaphite ?8.FC.10Na2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)9.BG.20Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Pumpellyite-(Fe)'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Canaphite ?40.7.4.Na2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)58.2.2.6Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Chabazite'-
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Pumpellyite-(Fe)'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H CanaphiteNa2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
OOxygen
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O CanaphiteNa2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
FFluorine
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na CanaphiteNa2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
AlAluminium
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
PPhosphorus
P CanaphiteNa2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
CaCalcium
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CanaphiteNa2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2O
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2772868
Preakness Basalt

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Preakness Basalt

Description: (Olsen, 1980) - Dark-greenish-gray to black, very-fine-grained, dense, hard basalt composed mostly of intergrown calcic plagioclase (An55-60) and clinopyroxene (pigeonite and augite). Crystals are generally less than 1 mm (0.04 in) long, but locally feldspar crystals are larger than 1.3 cm (0.5 in.). Small spherical to tubular cavities (gas-escape vesicles) may be filled by zeolite minerals or calcite. Consists of at least three major flows. Prominent amydaloidal zones occur at most contacts between flows. A thin, 2 to 8 m (6.6-26 ft) bed of siltstone (Jps) separates the lower flows. The basal 20 m (66 ft) of the lowest flow is commonly highly vesicular or brecciated. Radiating slender columns 20 to 71 cm (8-28 in) wide, caused by shrinkage while cooling, are most abundant in the highest flow. The small, circiular extrusive body forming Round Top west of Oldwick is identified as Preakness Basalt by geochemistry and position above the Orange Mountain Basalt (Houghton and others, 1992). Thickness ranges from 250 m (820ft) (Olsen and others, 1989) to 320 m (1,050 ft).

Comments: Newark Supergroup, Brunswick Group (Lyttle and Epstein, 1987). Units Jp and Jps are described together on printed map. The units were split into separate records and appropriate descriptions for each were used. Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{basalt}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3187774
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Newark Graben System; Newark-Delaware Basin

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mason, B. (1960), Trap Rock Minerals of New Jersey.
Imbriacco III, F.A. (2009) The Braen Quarry, Haledon, Passaic County, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record, 40:511-524.
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Simmons, W.B., Wicks, F.J. (1985) Canaphite a new sodium calcium phosphate hydrate from the Paterson area, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record 16, 467-468.
Rouse, R.C., Peacor, D.R., Freed, R.L. (1988): Pyrophosphate groups in the structure of canaphite, CaNa2P207·4H20: The first occurrence of a condensed phosphate as a mineral. American Mineralogist 73, 168-171.


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