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Hill End, Wellington Co., New South Wales, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Hill End- not defined -
Wellington Co.County
New South WalesState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 1' 53'' South , 149° 25' 3'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -33.03167,149.41777
GeoHash:G#: r64k04f8w
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hill End167 (2012)0.2km
Lewis Ponds560 (2018)29.7km
Euchareena313 (2018)30.8km
Peel177 (2018)37.5km
Eglinton2,272 (2011)40.2km


A former gold mining town / historic site. Produced 21.46 t of gold.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Eastern Province, Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

11 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.; Andrew, A. S., Gulson, B. L., & Mizon, K. J. (1993). Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits" Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 423-436.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.; Andrew, A. S., Gulson, B. L., & Mizon, K. J. (1993). Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits" Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 423-436.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.; Andrew, A. S., Gulson, B. L., & Mizon, K. J. (1993). Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits" Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 423-436.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.; Andrew, A. S., Gulson, B. L., & Mizon, K. J. (1993). Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits" Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 423-436.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.; Andrew, A. S., Gulson, B. L., & Mizon, K. J. (1993). Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits" Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 423-436.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Andrew, A. S., Gulson, B. L., & Mizon, K. J. (1993). Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits" Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 423-436.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.; Andrew, A. S., Gulson, B. L., & Mizon, K. J. (1993). Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits" Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 423-436.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Judy Rowe specimen; Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.; Andrew, A. S., Gulson, B. L., & Mizon, K. J. (1993). Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits" Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 423-436.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Downes, P. M., Seccombe, P. K., & Carr, G. R. (2008). Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.; Andrew, A. S., Gulson, B. L., & Mizon, K. J. (1993). Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits" Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57, 423-436.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian - Silurian
358.9 - 443.8 Ma



ID: 3189599
Paleozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Comments: Lachlan Fold Belt

Lithology: Felsic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Pridoli - Ludlow
419.2 - 427.4 Ma



ID: 709421
Chesleigh Group

Age: Silurian (419.2 - 427.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Chesleigh Group

Description: Felsic volcaniclastic, quartz-lithic, feldspar-lithic and quartzose sandstone, siltstone, slate, shale; crystal and vitric tuff; breccia and conglomerate; chert, felsic porphyry

Comments: feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Seccombe, P.K., Hicks, M.N. (1989) The Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia—early metamorphic deposition of auriferous quartz veins. Mineralogy and Petrology, 40(4), 257-273.
Seccombe, P.K., Lu, J., Andrew, A.S., Gulson, B.L., Mizon, K.J. (1993) Nature and evolution of metamorphic fluids associated with turbidite-hosted gold deposits: Hill End Goldfield, NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57(3), 423-436.
Windh, J. (1995) Saddle reef and related gold mineralization, Hill End gold field, Australia; evolution of an auriferous vein system during progressive deformation. Economic Geology, 90(6), 1764-1775.
Lu, J., Seccombe, P.K., Foster, D., Andrew, A.S. (1996) Timing of mineralization and source of fluids in a slate-belt auriferous vein system, Hill End goldfield, NSW, Australia: Evidence from 40Ar39Ar dating and O-and H-isotopes. Lithos, 38(3), 147-165.
Downes, P.M., Seccombe, P.K., Carr, G.R. (2008) Sulfur-and lead-isotope signatures of orogenic gold mineralisation associated with the Hill End Trough, Lachlan Orogen, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 151-173.

Localities in this Region
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