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Clevedon Beach, Clevedon, North Somerset, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Clevedon BeachBeach
ClevedonCivil Parish
North SomersetUnitary Authority
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
51° 26' 33'' North , 2° 51' 43'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
ST386702
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Clevedon21,002 (2017)0.3km
Tickenham585 (2017)4.1km
Kingston Seymour388 (2017)4.9km
Yatton10,251 (2017)6.6km
Nailsea20,543 (2017)7.3km


Barium, lead, zinc and copper mineralisation is associated with a faulted unconformity between Upper Palaeozoic sandstones and shales and Triassic dolomitic conglomerate. The site is noted for the occurrence of a number of relatively rare secondary minerals which have formed by reaction of the original primary minerals with sea water. The secondary minerals occur in situ and as rounded pebbles on the beach.

The site is now an SSSI and collecting is restricted

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


30 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Habit: Tabular
Colour: Colourless
Description: Tabular crystals to 0.6mm on yellow beudantite
Reference: Steve Rust; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: BMS Database
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Own collection
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: BMS Database
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Own collection; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: BMS Database
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: BMS Database
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Own collection; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: BMS Database
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Own collection; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Own collection
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: BMS Database
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Own collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Spionkopite
Formula: Cu39S28
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: BMS Database; Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
'Tennantite var: '
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: BMS Database
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Spionkopite2.CA.05cCu39S28
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'var: Zincian Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Spionkopite2.4.7.7Cu39S28
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Idaite2.9.14.1Cu5FeS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Feldspar Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Tennantite
var: Zincian Tennantite'
-Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O QuartzSiO2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S IdaiteCu5FeS6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S DigeniteCu9S5
S SpionkopiteCu39S28
S YarrowiteCu9S8
S Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ClChlorine
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IdaiteCu5FeS6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu IdaiteCu5FeS6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu SpionkopiteCu39S28
Cu YarrowiteCu9S8
Cu Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
AsArsenic
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As Tennantite (var: Zincian Tennantite)Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

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