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Emerald deposit, Leckbachgraben (Leckbachrinne), Nasenkopf, Habach Valley, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Emerald depositDeposit
Leckbachgraben (Leckbachrinne)- not defined -
Nasenkopf- not defined -
Habach ValleyValley
Hohe Tauern- not defined -
SalzburgState
AustriaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
View of the C-gallery entrance of the Habachtal emerald mine, 1906.

Emerald deposit, Leckbachgraben, Nasenkopf, Habach Valley, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Austria
View of the D-gallery entrance of the Habachtal emerald mine, 1906.

Emerald deposit, Leckbachgraben, Nasenkopf, Habach Valley, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Austria
View of the C-gallery entrance of the Habachtal emerald mine, 1906.

Emerald deposit, Leckbachgraben, Nasenkopf, Habach Valley, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Austria
View of the D-gallery entrance of the Habachtal emerald mine, 1906.

Emerald deposit, Leckbachgraben, Nasenkopf, Habach Valley, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Austria
View of the C-gallery entrance of the Habachtal emerald mine, 1906.

Emerald deposit, Leckbachgraben, Nasenkopf, Habach Valley, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Austria
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
47° 12' 12'' North , 12° 22' 9'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Mühlbach448 (2018)7.0km
Wenns191 (2018)7.2km
Bramberg am Wildkogel2,096 (2018)7.7km
Reitlehen461 (2018)7.9km
Weyer136 (2018)8.1km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Smaragdlagerstätte, Leckbachgraben (Leckbachrinne), Nasenkopf, Habachtal, Hohe Tauern, Salzburg, Österreich


Layer of talc-actinolite schists with inclusions of blastomylonitic rocks (serpentinites and talc schists) and emerald-bearing biotite-chlorite schists, intercalated between scheelite-bearing banded gneisses (including Cu, Fe and Bi sulphides) and amphibolites of the Habach formation. This association of rocks trends from the Hollersbach valley in the east to the Untersulzbach valley in the west, and meanwhile emeralds were also found in its outcrops in the neighbouring valleys.

An emerald mine was first mentioned in 1797, but the deposit was probably worked much earlier. The present mine with its four adits (named A, B , C and D adit) was started in 1860, by the jeweller Samuel Goldschmiedt of Vienna. In 1896 the lease was taken over by the "Emerald Mines Ltd." of London., who worked the deposit until 1913. During the following years, the mine was intermittently worked by different owners until 1949, when it was abandoned. Since 1964, it is privately owned, but worked only sporadically. Presently (2008), it is owned by the strahler Andreas Steiner of Bramberg.
In general, the emeralds are of rather low quality; specimens suited for cutting are rarely found. They usually contain inclusions of a wide variety of minerals. In fact, many of the minerals listed here were only found as inclusions in emeralds.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

56 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Actinolite var: Smaragdite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: H Neutkens collection
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Strasser, A. (1989) : Die Minerale Salzburgs, Eigenverlag, Salzburg 1989
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Aschamalmite ?
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: C Mavris collection, not analyzed
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Habit: Hexagonal prisms.
Colour: Light to dark emerald green
Description: Best European Emerald locality.
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Ferrimolybdite ?
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
'Gadolinite'
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Gadolinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
'K Feldspar'
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Margarite var: Beryllian Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
'Monazite'
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Muscovite var: Barian Muscovite
Formula: (K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Reference: Min.Rec.:20(5):351-354.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Quartz var: Capped Quartz
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Scheelite var: Molybdoscheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Aschamalmite ?2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brannerite4.DH.05UTi2O6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Capped Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite ?7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
var: Molybdoscheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite9.DE.10Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
var: Beryllian Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Barian Muscovite9.EC.15(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Monazite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Aschamalmite ?3.1.11.1Pb6Bi2S9
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Brannerite8.3.4.1UTi2O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite ?49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Ce)54.2.1b.2(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Smaragdite-Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gadolinite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Margarite
var: Beryllian Margarite
-CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Barian Muscovite
-(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Capped Quartz
-SiO2
Scheelite
var: Molybdoscheelite
-Ca(WO4)
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Margarite (var: Beryllian Margarite)CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
OOxygen
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O BranneriteUTi2O6
O UraniniteUO2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Margarite (var: Beryllian Margarite)CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Mg Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Margarite (var: Beryllian Margarite)CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
SiSilicon
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Margarite (var: Beryllian Margarite)CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S CovelliteCuS
S StibniteSb2S3
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S AschamalmitePb6Bi2S9
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Margarite (var: Beryllian Margarite)CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
Ca Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti BranneriteUTi2O6
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Cr Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
FeIron
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Fe Actinolite (var: Smaragdite)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Cr)5Si8O22(OH)2
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
YYttrium
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
LaLanthanum
La Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
CeCerium
Ce Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
NdNeodymium
Nd Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Scheelite (var: Molybdoscheelite)Ca(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AschamalmitePb6Bi2S9
BiBismuth
Bi AschamalmitePb6Bi2S9
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
UUranium
U BranneriteUTi2O6
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3138079
Tauernfenster

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{mica schist,meta-volcanic rock group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187719
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Grundmann, G.(1981): Die Einschlüsse der Berylle und Phenakite des Smaragdvorkommens im Habachtal (Land Salzburg, Österreich). Der Karinthin, 84, p.227-237.
- Exel, R. (1993): Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs.
- Groat, L.A., Giuliani, G., Marshall, D.D., and Turner, D. (2008): Emerald deposits and occurrences: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 87-112.
- Grundmann, G. (1991): Smaragd, Grünes Feuer unterm Eis, ExtraLapis 1. Christian Weisse Verlag, pp.96
- Burgsteiner, E. (2002): Das Smaradbergwerk im Habachtal. Kristallschätze, Mineraliensammler im Oberpinzgau. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 88-103.
- Grundmann, G. (2007): Das Habachtal erneut im Rampenlicht. Pinzgau, ExtraLapis 32. Christian Weisse Verlag, 70-75.
- Kandutsch, G., Wachtler, M. (2000): Smaragde - Triumph und Tragik. Die Kristallsuchr Band 2. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 91-97.

External Links


Localities in this Region
Show map

  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Habach valley
        • Nasenkopf
          • Leckbachgraben (Leckbachrinne)

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