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Hunza Valley, Gilgit District, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistani
Regional Level Types
Hunza ValleyValley
Gilgit DistrictDistrict
Gilgit-BaltistanTerritory
PakistanCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
36° 18' 21'' North , 74° 37' 45'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


Valley of the Hunza River. Hosts complex granitic pegmatites near Nagar and Chumar Bakhoor, as well as various metamorphic deposits around Aliabad.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent
The Himalayas, AsiaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

27 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Pericline
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: traded at place by José Zendrera
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Wolfgang Henckel
'Axinite Group'
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Reference: Collection of NHM, Vienna
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: José Zendrera collection
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gübelin, E. (1982) Die Edelsteinvorkommen Pakistans. 1. Teil. Die Rubine aus dem Hunzatal. Lapis, 7(5), 19-26.; Hall, C. (1998) Identifying Gems & Precious Stones (The new compact study guide and identifier). Chartwell Books, Inc., 80 pp. (p. 20).
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
'Feldspar Group'
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Herderite ?
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Description: No data available. Certainly erroneous.
Reference: ExtraLapis No. 24 Pakistan & Afghanistan
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: various added photos
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Bernard and Hyršl, 2004. Minerals and Their Localities
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: [www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Garnier, V., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Dubessy, J., Banks, D., Vinh, H.Q., Lhomme, T., Maluski, H., Pêcher, A., Bakhsh, K.A., Long, P.V., Trinh, P.T., and Schwarz, D. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 169-191.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Pericline9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Clinohumite52.3.2d.1Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Pericline
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Chlorite Group'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Feldspar Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CorundumAl2O3
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Mg ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
AlAluminium
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
SiSilicon
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Albite (var: Pericline)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gübelin, E. (1982) Die Edelsteinvorkommen Pakistans. 1. Teil. Die Rubine aus dem Hunzatal. Lapis, 7(5), 19-26.
Weerth, A. (1992) Les découvertes récentes de la vallée de Hunza dans le Nord Pakistan. Lapis, 17(10), 38-44; 82.

Localities in this Region


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