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Lavrion District slag localities, Lavreotiki, East Attica, Attica, Greecei
Regional Level Types
Lavrion District slag localities- not defined -
LavreotikiMunicipality
East AtticaRegional Unit
AtticaAdministrative Region
GreeceCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
37° North , 24° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~14km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Σκωριές Περιοχής Λαυρίου, Αττική, Ελλάδα


This general "header" covers the minerals found at the ancient slag localities of the Lavrion District in the Attiki ("Attika," "Attica") Prefecture of Greece, which are noted for the rare minerals which were created by sea water chemically reacting with the coastal slag heaps produced by processing ores mined inland from the slag sites during ancient times (mainly 500-200 B.C., but as early as 3000 B.C. at Thorikos). (There is a separate list of minerals found in the mines - see Lavrion District Mines: http://www.mindat.org/loc-1942.html.)

From north-northeast to south-southwest along the coast, the slags heaps were located on the shores and in the sea at the areas of Tourkolimanon, Vrissaki, St. Nikolas, Thorikos, Port of Lavrion (the only actual town), Oxygon, Panormos, Passa Limani, and Sounion. Nearly all of the slags are now gone from these sites; collecting them today requires scouring beaches and inter-tidal areas for materials that were not recovered from the sea. Most of the slags were actually dumped into the sea, and they still wash up from time to time. Slags can also be retrieved by diving.

(NOTE: The editors of these pages could not ascertain the actual Type Localities for fiedlerite, laurionite, nealite, paralaurionite, and penfieldite. The samples from which these species were described were obtained from stockpiles at a smelter site, the materials gathered in from a number of different slag localities. They are therefore noted as "TL" species in this list, rather than in specific locality lists. It should be understood, though, that this is a unique situation, and that usually Type Localities are specific sites, NOT the District in general.)

Regions containing this locality

EuropeContinent
Aegean Sea PlateTectonic Plate

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

132 valid minerals. 6 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Albite var: High Albite
Formula: NaAlSi3O8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anthonyite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Bannermanite
Formula: (Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Reference: Igor Pekov analysis (IR, SXRD, EPMA); Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Barnesite
Formula: (Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Barstowite
Formula: Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Only based on PXRD data.
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Blixite
Formula: Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Boleite
Formula: KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1982a): Connellit, Botallackit, Paratacamit und Leadhillit in den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss 33, 3-6.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Calumetite
Formula: Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
'Chlorite Group' ?
Reference: Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Chlorophoenicite
Formula: (Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Chloroxiphite
Formula: Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Cyanochroite
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Damaraite
Formula: Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1992): Damarait - ein Mineralneufund aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion/Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 43, 245-246.
Diaboleite
Formula: Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ecdemite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Feroxyhyte
Formula: Fe3+O(OH)
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Fiedlerite (TL)
Formula: Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 69; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fougèrite
Formula: Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Reference: Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelade etc.Ko Jansen.
Freedite
Formula: Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
'Friedel's Salt'
Formula: 3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Georgiadèsite (TL)
Formula: Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Reference: Lacroix, A. & De Schulten, A. (1908): Note sur des minéraux plombifères des scories athéniennes du Laurion. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 31, 79-90 (in French).; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 792; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Gibbsite ?
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Gilalite
Formula: Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Grantsite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Heliophyllite
Formula: Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Huemulite
Formula: Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber (identification method not given); Stephan Wolfsried collection; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Hydrocalumite
Formula: Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110; Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags.; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Lead
Formula: Pb
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Legrandite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Liebenbergite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude Piet van Kalmthout and Christin Rewitzer
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Lorettoite'
Formula: Pb7O6Cl2
Reference: Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Ludlockite
Formula: PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Macphersonite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Mammothite
Formula: Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Mendipite
Formula: Pb3Cl2O2
Metamunirite
Formula: NaVO3
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Namuwite
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Nealite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Min.Rec.(1980) 11, 299-301; Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1981): Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Nosean
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Paralaurionite (TL)
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 65; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion (1996): The Minerals in the Ancient Slags.; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pascoite
Formula: Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Pascoite Group'
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Paulmooreite
Formula: Pb2[As2O5]
Penfieldite (TL)
Formula: Pb2Cl3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Smith, G. F. H. (1899): On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12, 102-110.; American Mineralogist (1941): 26: 293; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 67; Cesbron, F. & Schubnel, H. J. (1968): Penfieldite. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 91, 407-408 (in French).; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Perite
Formula: PbBiClO2
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Fritz Schreiber Collection
Pseudoboleite
Formula: Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Schäferite
Formula: Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Shakhovite
Formula: (Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Reference: van Kalmthout, P. (2012): De slakkenmineralen van Lavrion (Gr.) - Ontwikkelingen na 1996, inclusief een archeologische ontdekking. GEA, 45 (1), 14-19 (in Dutch).; Fritz Schreiber Collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Rewitzer, C. & Hochleitner, R. (1982): Neue und alte Schlackenmineralien. Lapis 7 (6), 17.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorikosite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Tooeleite
Formula: Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Trevorite
Formula: Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn'
Formula: (Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet)'
Formula: {NaCa2}[Ni2](V5+3)O12
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet)'
Formula: {Na3}[Fe3+2](V5+3)O12
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2017): Crystal chemistry of vanadate garnets from old metallurgical slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 194, 19-25.
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'
Formula: NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)'
Formula: NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
Reference: Kokkoros, P. & Vassiliadis, K. (1953): Röntgenkristallographie von Hydrocerussit. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 3, 298-304; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)'
Formula: Na1.2V3O8
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)'
Formula: (Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
Reference: Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
'Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)'
Formula: Ni3(VO4)2
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)'
Formula: Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch and H. Pristacz (2009): An orthorhombic dimorph of barstowite, Pb4Cl6(CO3)•H2O, from slags at Maria Waitschach, Austria, and Lavrion, Greece. Poster, Joint MinPet 2009 and 4th MSCC, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-11; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 83; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)'
Formula: Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'
Formula: Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)'
Formula: Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
Reference: Fritz Schreiber collection (PXRD- and EDS-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
'Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)'
Formula: Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'
Formula: Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
'Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)'
Formula: Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
Reference: Siidra, O.I., Krivovichev, S.V., Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A., Voudouris, P. (2011): The crystal structure of Pb5(As3+O3)Cl7 from the historic slags of Lavrion, Greece – a novel Pb(II) chloride arsenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 337-345.
'Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)'
Formula: α-3PbO · PbCl2
Reference: Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German); Hochleitner, R. (1981): Lavrion - die Mineralien der antiken Bleischlacken. Lapis 6 (9), 9-14 (in German).
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Veszelyite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
'Whitlockite Group'
Reference: Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
Wüstite
Formula: FeO
Reference: Stephan Wolfsried specimen
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996): Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Anthonyite3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Barstowite3.DC.95Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Blixite3.DC.50Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Boleite3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Botallackite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Calumetite3.DA.40Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Chloroxiphite3.DB.30Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Damaraite3.DC.75Pb3Cl(OH)O2
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Ecdemite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Fiedlerite (TL)3.DC.10Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Heliophyllite3.DC.65Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Mendipite3.DC.70Pb3Cl2O2
Paralaurionite (TL)3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Penfieldite (TL)3.DC.15Pb2Cl3(OH)
Perite3.DC.30PbBiClO2
Pseudoboleite3.DB.10Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thorikosite (TL)3.DC.40Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Bannermanite4.HF.05(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Barnesite4.HG.45(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Feroxyhyte4.FE.40Fe3+O(OH)
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Fougèrite4.FL.05Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Freedite4.JB.65Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Georgiadèsite (TL)4.JB.70Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Gibbsite ?4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grantsite4.HG.55(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Huemulite4.HG.10Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Hydrocalumite4.FL.10Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Ludlockite4.JA.45PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Metamunirite4.HD.20NaVO3
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Nealite (TL)4.JD.05Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Pascoite4.HC.05Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Paulmooreite4.JA.50Pb2[As2O5]
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Shakhovite4.FB.05(Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Tooeleite4.JD.15Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Trevorite4.BB.05Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Wüstite4.AB.25FeO
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Macphersonite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cyanochroite7.CC.60K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Mammothite7.BC.60Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Namuwite7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Spangolite7.DD.15Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
'UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn'7.DD.80(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Chlorophoenicite8.BE.35(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Hidalgoite8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hörnesite8.CE.40Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Legrandite8.DC.10Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Schäferite8.AC.25Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Veszelyite8.DA.30(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: High Albite9.FA.35NaAlSi3O8
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Gilalite9.HE.05Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Liebenbergite9.AC.05(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Nosean9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group' ?-
'Friedel's Salt'-3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Lorettoite'-Pb7O6Cl2
'Pascoite Group'-
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet)'-{NaCa2}[Ni2](V5+3)O12
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet)'-{Na3}[Fe3+2](V5+3)O12
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)'-NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'-NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
'Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)'-Na1.2V3O8
'Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)'-Ni3(VO4)2
'Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)'-(Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
'Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)'-Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
'Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)'-Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)'-Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
'Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)'-Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
'Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)'-α-3PbO · PbCl2
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'-Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)'-Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'-Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
'Whitlockite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Wüstite4.2.1.6FeO
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Akaganeite6.1.6.1(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Feroxyhyte6.1.4.4Fe3+O(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Anthonyite6.2.6.1Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Calumetite6.2.5.1Cu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
X(OH)3
Gibbsite ?6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Miscellaneous
Fougèrite6.4.6.2Fe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Hydrocalumite6.4.4.1Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Trevorite7.2.2.5Ni2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
AX2
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite10.1.3.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Blixite10.2.4.1Pb2(O,OH)2Cl
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Paralaurionite (TL)10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
Perite10.2.5.1PbBiClO2
Thorikosite (TL)10.2.6.1Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Fiedlerite (TL)10.3.2.1Pb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Mendipite10.3.1.1Pb3Cl2O2
A2(O,OH)Xq
Penfieldite (TL)10.4.1.1Pb2Cl3(OH)
Am(O,OH)pXq
Damaraite10.5.10.1Pb3Cl(OH)O2
'Lorettoite'10.5.12.1Pb7O6Cl2
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Boleite10.6.6.1KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Chloroxiphite10.6.4.1Pb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Cumengeite10.6.7.1Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pseudoboleite10.6.8.1Pb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Thomsenolite11.6.6.1NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Barstowite12.1.7.1Pb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Macphersonite17.1.4.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Cyanochroite29.3.6.2K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Mammothite30.1.14.1Pb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Spangolite31.1.5.1Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
'UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn'31.1.6.2(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Namuwite31.4.7.1Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Ktenasite31.6.3.1Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Hörnesite40.3.6.7Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Symplesite40.3.8.1Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p > 4:1
Chlorophoenicite41.1.1.1(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Georgiadèsite (TL)41.1.3.1Pb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Veszelyite42.2.3.1(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Legrandite42.6.4.1Zn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Tooeleite42.12.5.1Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hidalgoite43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
Miscellaneous
Shakhovite44.3.8.1(Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Group 45 - ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
Miscellaneous
Ludlockite45.1.14.1PbFe3+4As3+10O22
Paulmooreite45.1.8.1Pb2[As2O5]
Group 46 - ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO3)pZq
Freedite46.1.5.1Cu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Nealite (TL)46.1.6.1Pb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Ecdemite46.2.1.1Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Heliophyllite46.2.2.1Pb6Cl4(As2O7)
Group 47 - VANADIUM OXYSALTS
Normal Anhydrous Vanadium Oxysalts
Metamunirite47.1.3.2NaVO3
Anhydrous Vanadium Oxysalts Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Huemulite47.2.3.1Na4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Pascoite47.2.1.1Ca3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Hydrated Normal Vanadium Oxysalts
Bannermanite47.3.5.1(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Barnesite47.3.1.3(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Grantsite47.3.1.5(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Liebenbergite51.3.1.3(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Gehlenite55.4.1.2Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Cuspidine56.2.4.3Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Amesite71.1.2c.1Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Nosean76.2.3.2Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Gilalite78.4.4.1Cu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: High Albite
-NaAlSi3O8
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite-(Ca,Pb)CO3
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group' ?-
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
'Friedel's Salt'-3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Pascoite Group'-
Schäferite-Ca2NaMg2(VO4)3
'Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet)'-{NaCa2}[Ni2](V5+3)O12
'Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet)'-{Na3}[Fe3+2](V5+3)O12
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)'-NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
'Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)'-NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
'Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)'-Na1.2V3O8
'Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)'-Ni3(VO4)2
'Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)'-(Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
'Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)'-Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
'Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)'-Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)'-Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
'Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)'-Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
'Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)'-α-3PbO · PbCl2
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)'-Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
'Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)'-Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
'Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)'-Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
'Whitlockite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
H FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
H GeorgiadèsitePb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
H ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
H ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
H CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
H Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
H BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
H CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
H Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)
H LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
H ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
H NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Shakhovite(Hg2+)Hg22+(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
H Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
H Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
H AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
H BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
H Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
H NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
H Barnesite(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
H Grantsite(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
H Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
H TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
H Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
H Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
H UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
H HuemuliteNa4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
H SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H PascoiteCa3(V10O28) · 17H2O
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
C MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
C Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
C Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
C UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
C FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
OOxygen
O NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
O FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
O GeorgiadèsitePb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
O ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O BismocliteBiOCl
O CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
O ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
O CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
O LorettoitePb7O6Cl2
O Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O ZinciteZnO
O BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
O BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
O CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O LithargePbO
O MiniumPb3O4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
O Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
O CupriteCu2O
O FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)
O LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
O LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O MendipitePb3Cl2O2
O PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
O ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O PeritePbBiClO2
O MassicotPbO
O PaulmooreitePb2[As2O5]
O BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Shakhovite(Hg2+)Hg22+(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O FreediteCu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
O AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
O Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
O Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
O Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
O Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
O BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
O MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
O GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
O QuartzSiO2
O Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)α-3PbO · PbCl2
O SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
O TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
O NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
O Albite (var: High Albite)NaAlSi3O8
O Barnesite(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
O Grantsite(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
O Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)Na1.2V3O8
O Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)Ni3(VO4)2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
O Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
O TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
O Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
O Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
O Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
O UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
O HuemuliteNa4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
O SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O PlattneritePbO2
O Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
O WüstiteFeO
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)(Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O PascoiteCa3(V10O28) · 17H2O
O MetamuniriteNaVO3
O Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet){Na3}[Fe23+](V35+)O12
O Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet){NaCa2}[Ni2](V35+)O12
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
FFluorine
F FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
F MatlockitePbFCl
F ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
Na NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Na Albite (var: High Albite)NaAlSi3O8
Na Barnesite(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
Na Grantsite(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Na Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)Na1.2V3O8
Na Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Na Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
Na HuemuliteNa4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Na Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na MetamuniriteNaVO3
Na Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet){Na3}[Fe23+](V35+)O12
Na Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet){NaCa2}[Ni2](V35+)O12
MgMagnesium
Mg Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Mg AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Mg SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
Mg HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Mg HuemuliteNa4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
Mg Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)(Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
AlAluminium
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Al ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Al AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Al GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Al NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Al Albite (var: High Albite)NaAlSi3O8
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Al Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Si AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Si GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Si GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Si Albite (var: High Albite)NaAlSi3O8
Si CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
PPhosphorus
P Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S SulphurS8
S CovelliteCuS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S GalenaPbS
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
S HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
S UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
ClChlorine
Cl NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Cl FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Cl GeorgiadèsitePb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Cl ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
Cl ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl LorettoitePb7O6Cl2
Cl BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
Cl BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cl CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Cl Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Cl HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl MendipitePb3Cl2O2
Cl PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cl PeritePbBiClO2
Cl BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl FreediteCu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Cl Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
Cl Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
Cl Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
Cl Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
Cl SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Cl DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2
Cl Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
Cl Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)α-3PbO · PbCl2
Cl HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Cl Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
Cl Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
K BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ThomsenoliteNaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
Ca GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
Ca SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
Ca Grantsite(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
Ca CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca Friedel's Salt3CaO · Al2O3 · CaCl2 · 10H2O
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca PascoiteCa3(V10O28) · 17H2O
Ca Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet){NaCa2}[Ni2](V35+)O12
VVanadium
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
V SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
V Barnesite(Na,Ca)V6O16 · 3H2O
V Grantsite(Na,Ca)2+x(V5+,V4+)6O16 · 4H2O
V Unnamed (Na-V Oxide)Na1.2V3O8
V Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)Ni3(VO4)2
V HuemuliteNa4Mg(V10O28) · 24H2O
V Bannermanite(Na,K)0.7V4+0.7V5+5.3O15
V Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)(Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
V PascoiteCa3(V10O28) · 17H2O
V MetamuniriteNaVO3
V Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet){Na3}[Fe23+](V35+)O12
V Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet){NaCa2}[Ni2](V35+)O12
MnManganese
Mn Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
FeIron
Fe NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Fe FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)
Fe LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
Fe TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
Fe SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe WüstiteFeO
Fe Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)(Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
Fe Unnamed (Na-Fe Vanadate Garnet){Na3}[Fe23+](V35+)O12
NiNickel
Ni Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
Ni TrevoriteNi2+Fe23+O4
Ni Unnamed (Ni Vanadate)Ni3(VO4)2
Ni Unnamed (Ni-Mg-analogue of Lyonsite)(Ni,□)2(Mg,Ni)2(Fe3+,Ni)4(VO4)6
Ni Unnamed (Na-Ca-Ni Vanadate Garnet){NaCa2}[Ni2](V35+)O12
CuCopper
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
Cu ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Cu CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cu CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu FreediteCu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Cu AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
Cu UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn ZinciteZnO
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Zn Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
As GeorgiadèsitePb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
As EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
As HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
As LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
As LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As PaulmooreitePb2[As2O5]
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As FreediteCu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
As Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
As Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
As HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
As Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
As Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
As SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
SbAntimony
Sb ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Sb MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Sb Shakhovite(Hg2+)Hg22+(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
HgMercury
Hg Shakhovite(Hg2+)Hg22+(Sb3+O3)(OH)3
PbLead
Pb NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2O
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
Pb FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
Pb GeorgiadèsitePb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)
Pb ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Pb ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb LorettoitePb7O6Cl2
Pb LeadPb
Pb BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
Pb BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Pb CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb LithargePbO
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)
Pb LudlockitePbFe43+As103+O22
Pb MendipitePb3Cl2O2
Pb PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
Pb PeritePbBiClO2
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb PaulmooreitePb2[As2O5]
Pb BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
Pb FreediteCu+Pb8(AsO3)2O3Cl5
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb Unnamed (Orthorhombic dimorph of Barstowite)Pb4CO3Cl6 · H2O
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Cu Chloride-Hydroxide)Pb, Cu, Cl, O, H
Pb Unnamed (Pb Hydrogen Arsenite Chloride)Pb2(HAsO3)Cl2
Pb Unnamed (Pb Arsenite Chloride)Pb5(AsO3)Cl7
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
Pb MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Fe-As-Cl-O-H)Pb, Fe, As, Cl, O, H
Pb Unnamed (Pb Oxide Chloride)α-3PbO · PbCl2
Pb HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb Unnamed (Pb Diarsenite-Chloride-Hydrate)Pb9(H2O)3(As2O5)2Cl10
Pb Unnamed (Pb-Cu Arsenite-Chloride)Pb6Cu(AsO3)2Cl7
Pb Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide)NaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
Pb Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II)NaPb5(CO3)4(OH)3
Pb PlattneritePbO2
BiBismuth
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
Bi PeritePbBiClO2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cordella, A. (1864) Ueber eine neue Gesteinbildung oder alluviales Schlackenconglomerat. Berg- und Hüttenmännische Zeitung, 26(35), 285-286 [http://reader.digitale-sammlungen.de/de/fs1/object/display/bsb10228259_00293.html].
Zboinski, C.H.T. (1889) L'Attique décrite au point de vue géologique, métallifère, minier et métallurgique. Mémoires de la Société Belge de Géologie, III, 137-148.
Binder, J. (1895) Laurion. Die attischen Bergwerke im Alterthum. Jahresbericht der k.u.k. Staatsoberrealschule Laibach, Laibach, 54 pp. [https://archive.org/details/lauriondieattisc00bind].
Lacroix, A. (1896) Les minéraux néogènes des scories plombeuses athéniennes du Laurium (Grèce). Compte Rendu de l'Académie des Sciences, 123(22), 955-958.
Smith, G.F.H. and Prior, G.T. (1899) On some lead minerals from Laurium, namely, laurionite, phosgenite, fiedlerite, and (new species) paralaurionite. Mineralogical Magazine, 12(55), 102-110.
Lacroix, A. and De Schulten, A. (1907) On a new mineral species from the Athenian lead slags at Laurium. Compt. rend. 145, 783-785 (in French).
Lacroix, A. and De Schulten, A. (1908) Note sur des minéraux plombifères des scories athéniennes du Laurion. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 31, 79-90 (in French). [mineralogy of Vrissaki point slags].
Guillaume, L. (1910) Smelting Refractory Lead Ores at Laurium. Engineering and Mining Journal, 88, 446-467.
Palache, C. (1934) The form relations of the lead oxychlorides, laurionite, paralaurionite, and fiedlerite. Mineralogical Magazine, 23(146), 573-586.
Conophagos, C.E. (1960) A forgotten method of cupellation of argentiferous lead employed by the ancient Greeks. Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques, 11, 137-149 (in French).
Conophagos, C. (1975) Smelting furnaces and the technique of smelting argentiferous lead ores of Laurium in ancient Greece. Annales Géologiques des Pays Helléniques, 26, 338-366 (in Greek).
Hanauer, A. and Heinrich, G. (1977) Schätze unter Schlacken - Mineralien aus Laurium. Mineralien-Magazin, 1(4), 184-188.
Grolig, H. and Grolig, E. (1978) Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3(5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuß, K., and Standfuß, L. (1981) Neufunde von Mineralen aus den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 32, 165-169.
Pernicka, E. (1981) Archäometallurgische Untersuchungen zur antiken Silbergewinnung in Laurion. I. Chemische Analyse griechischer Blei-Silber-Erze. Erzmetall, 34, 396-400.
Bachmann, H.G. (1982) Archäometallurgische Untersuchungen zur antiken Silbergewinnung in Laurion. II. Charakterisierung von Bleiverhüttungsschlacken aus Laurion. Erzmetall, 35(5), 246-251 (in German).
Hochleitner, R. (1982) Pharmakosiderit in den antiken Bleischlacken von Lavrion. Lapis, 7(10), 23.
Rewitzer, C. and Hochleitner, R. (1982) Neue und alte Schlackenmineralien. Lapis, 7(6), 17 [on a find of connellite and strontianite].
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuß, K., and Standfuß, L. (1982) Connellit, Botallackit, Paratacamit und Leadhillit in den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss, 33, 3-6.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuß, K., and Standfuß, L. (1982) Neue Schlackenminerale aus Laurion. Der Aufschluss, 33 (12), 459-462.
Pernicka, E. and Bachmann, H.G. (1983) Archäometallurgische Untersuchungen zur antiken Silbergewinnung in Laurion. III. Das Verhalten einiger Spurenelemente beim Abtreiben des Bleis. Erzmetall, 36(12), 592-597 (in German).
Jones, J.E. (1984) Ancient Athenian silver mines, dressing floors and smelting sites. Journal of the Historical Metallurgy Society, 18, 65-81.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuß, K., and Standfuß, L. (1985) Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10(5), 13-16; 50.
Hochleitner, R. and Rewitzer, C. (1986) Ludlockit aus den Schlacken von Lavrion. Lapis, 11(6), 30.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11(6), 25-29; 42.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuß, L., and Standfuß, K. (1988) Weitere Neufunde in Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis, 13(2), 11-14; 42.
Rewitzer, C. and Hochleitner, R. (1989) I minerali delle antiche scorie di Laurion, Grecia. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1, 21-38; 2, 83-100 (in Italian).
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuß, K., and Standfuß, L. (1991) Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16(6), 21-23.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuß, K., and Standfuß, L. (1992) Damarait - ein Mineralneufund aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion/Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 43(4), 245-246.
Hanke, H. (1994) Die Fundstellen mit Lageskizen. Emser Hefte, 2, 58-xx.
Gelaude, P., van Kalmthout, P., and Rewitzer, C. (1996) Laurion: the minerals in the ancient slags. Authors publishing, The Netherlands, 195 pp. [http://pietvankalmthout.ruhosting.nl/laurion/]
Rüsenberg, K.A. (2001) Mineralparagenesen in den Schlacken von Lavrion und ihre Entstehung. Der Aufschluss, 52(1), 25-44 (in German).
van Kalmthout, P. (2012) De slakkenmineralen van Lavrion (Gr.) - Ontwikkelingen na 1996, inclusief een archeologische ontdekking. GEA, 45(1), 14-19 (in Dutch). [http://natuurtijdschriften.nl/download?type=document&docid=568560 (free PDF version)]
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K.H., Blaß, G., and Gröbner, J. (2014) Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 25(2), 82-95 (in German). [http://rruff.info/uploads/MW25_82.pdf]
Ottens, B. and Voudouris, P. (2011) Griechenland: Mineralien - Fundorte - Lagerstätten. Christian Weise Verlag, Munich, Germany, 480 pp. (in German) [with long chapter on Lavrion, including slag localities].

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